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of very strong beer, eked out with a fair allowance of the reviewer paints a little too much en beau. A mighty claret, and wind up with five or six glasses of light but improvement has taken place of late years in Anglospirited champagne, taken with her dessert. The only Indian society ; but there still remains much to be done. effect it seemed to produce upon her was visible in the Society in India is composed, almost exclusively, of diminished languor of her manner, and the increased reasonably well-educated people ; and much more may brilliancy of her eyes. I hoped at first that she was an justly be expected of them than if they were intermixed, exception; but I was very soon convinced that she but as in this country, with the ignorant. But they have exemplified the general rule. It is in this manner that still a great deal of trash and frippery to get rid of. the majority of English ladies combat the lassitude of The enervating influence of the climate can be no exmind and body induced by the climate; but the time cuse for these in social life, for, as regards serious duties, soon comes when such a regimen as this destroys their no country under heaven produces more brilliant exhealth. They are then compelled to leave their hus amples both of physical and intellectual energy. Nay, bands, and return with their children to Europe. But even the Calcutta belle, who passes a great part of the the fatal habit is contracted; the voyage home only day 'annihilated' by the heat, rushes into the dance in tends to strengthen it. As time advances, it becomes the evening with an enthusiasm and perseverance unmore deeply rooted; and too often the brandy bottle is equalled at Almacks. The import trade in books, the miserable finale of the sweet creatures, who left their however, languishes. We believe we are correct in mother's arms and their father's roof all bright in purity stating that, notwithstanding the movement in the poand beauty. This picture is of course represented as pulation, not the slightest improvement has taken place ludicrously absurd. The count's mistake, we are told, for many years; whereas the import trade in millinery arises from the custom, still extant in India, of asking continues to make a steady and triumphant progress! people to take wine. The glass of the lady of the house | These are awkward signs of the times and we venture may thus be in part replenished a dozen times, but it to suggest that they would afford a good subject for the would be monstrous to assert that she drinks a dozen earnest and able pen of the reviewer. glasses of wine. He might have added, that returned Indian ladies are not more famous for brandy-drinking than other ladies in England. Let us note also, that,

JAMES CROWTHER, THE NATURALIST. for the sake of the climax, the poor, plain, and ungenteel It is somewhat remarkable that there has long been adventuress is now supposed to have been the pure and at Manchester a set of men in humble life who debeautiful darling of a tender home.

vote their leisure time chiefly to the study of natural We have now done with Count de Warren, and shall history. The newspapers lately gave an account of a give the reviewer's opinion of married life in India : member of this corps, which has struck our minds not * We do not hesitate to express an opinion to the effect, merely as a curious and interesting piece of biography, that in no community with whose social characteristics but as something singularly affecting. James Crowther, we are acquainted, is there more married happiness than though known in the scientific world for his having among the English in the East. ... There are many cir- discovered many British plants in situations where they cumstances peculiar to India favourable to the develop- were not previously suspected, was never in any supement of married happiness; none which are unfavour- rior position in life to that of a warehouse porter. Ile able to it, in the aspects represented by our author. died in January of the present year, at the age of Husbands and wives are more dependent on each other seventy-eight, in obscure and necessitous circumstances in this country than at home. Necessitated during the -even, we regret to think, under a certain degree of greater part of the day to remain within doors, the mar- privation; that is to say, while not without the common ried officer seldom fails to derive comfort and consola- necessaries of life, he entirely wanted those comforts tion from the companionship of his wife; he has a better which his age and ailments demanded. Yet this seems ordered house, a better-regulated establishment; and to have been rather owing to his own modesty, in not what a difference when sickness is there! There is no making his wants known, than to any indifference on place in the world where a man stands more in need of the part of his neighbours, and those who knew his such companionship; and if imprudent marriages are acquirements as a naturalist. Still, it is sad to think sometimes perpetrated, there is everything to excuse that this worthy old man had only a pension of three them. In a worldly sense, doubtless poverty is a great shillings a-week to depend upon-the bounty of a Soevil; domestic privations, whether in one hemisphere ciety for the Relief and Encouragement of Scientific or another, are not very pleasant to bear; but in India, Men in Humble Life—and that one of the seven sovepoverty has rarely that very humiliating aspect which reigns which were subscribed for his funeral and the it so frequently wears at home. Poverty, we repeat, erection of a little stone over his grave, would have does not rub against us so painfully as it does in Eng- been felt by him as a blessing at any time during the land; it is not so palpable--its evils are not so omni- few weeks preceding his decease. present. Neither the physical nor the moral evils are Crowther was a native of Manchester, and from nine 80 keenly felt, for there is no want; and where debt has years of age, when he became a draw-boy, he formed a not come to humble us, there is no degradation. Look unit among the toiling thousands of that seat of inat the struggles of poor people in England! We do not dustry. He had previously attended various schools, speak of poor people, but of poor rich people. How and thus entered life as a man not wholly illiterate. painful their efforts to appear respectable—to conceal From his earliest years, he delighted to examine every the deprivations which they endure! Poverty in this natural object which came in luis way, and plants, above country is not an unforgiveable offence. Here a man all things, attracted him. He soon came into connexion may have a very small income, and a very large circle with the group of working-men who then associated in of friends. At home, this phenomenon may sometimes Manchester for the cultivation of botany. It was not be seen in the person of a clever and agreeable bachelor. uncommon for forty such persons to meet together But let him marry, and the scene is changed. Here weekly in the spring and summer seasons, in order to poor married people are not, as such, cut off from show to each other the rare plants they had collected, society; they are not regarded as people to be avoided; and discuss their characters. To pursue the account of they are not taught by their richer neighbours to feel Crowther, read some years ago before the society which what it is to be poor. Neither is the name of poverty latterly contributed to his support— Often after he had inseparably associated with ideas of maids-of-all-work, finished his day's work, he would set off and walk fifteen hashed mutton, soap-suds, and tallow-candle-ends.' or twenty miles out of town, to collect a plant he had

Being able to sift the evidence on both sides, with the been informed of. He generally managed to reach the assistance of more than one score of conflicting wit- place of his destination at dawn of day, before any of nesses, we are of opinion that Count de Warren's pictures the people were stirring, and thus escaped being taken are grossly and ridiculously overcharged, and also that up as a thief or a poacher, and was able to return to


Manchester in time for his work. Notwithstanding all and Crowther went up to the Star Inn, and, as Sir his precautions, however, he was often pursued, and J. E. Smith declares, furnished him with all the inforhad many narrow escapes from being captured. He mation he was in search of.' Crowther, in like manoften contrived to elude his pursuers by his extraordi- ner, assisted Dr Hull in his work on ‘British Botany.' nary swiftness in running. Many were the hot chases A gentleman named Carmeletti had in a similar way he had had; but the most severe run was with Mr been obliged to him. Crowther always spoke of the Hopwood's keepers, in Hopwood Park. They once pur- last-mentioned person with peculiar pleasure, for he sued him three or four miles straight across the country had given the poor porter four shillings and a pair of without stopping, and he considered it nearly a miracle new shoes for bringing him one rare plant which he that he escaped them. John Dewhurst and Edward Hob- found growing near Middlewich. Crowther was also son were his chief companions in these excursions, and fond of entomology, and had collected many insects as amusing are the anecdotes he relates of their botanical well as plants, all of which were sold from time to time rambles in Cotterill, Marple, Ashworth, and Birtle when old age and poverty fell upon him. Cloughs, and in the neighbourhood of Greenfield, in When Crowther was a young man, there was a colSaddleworth - all famous localities for lichens and lege in Manchester, which was afterwards removed to

Crowther has discovered many plants and in- | York. One of the Roscoes of Liverpool, studying at sects new to this neighbourhood. In company with this seminary, was an ardent botanist, and frequently John Dewhurst, lie first found the Limossella aquatica at employed Crowther to collect specimens for him. SomeMere, in Cheshire. When he saw it, he threw up his times they took botanical excursions together. To folhat for joy; and on Dewhurst turning round to see low the obituary memoir of our hero in the Manchester what was the matter, Crowther cried out that he had Guardian— He was in his youth fond of a practical joke. found a new plant- perfect gem. On their return On one excursion, noticing that Mr Roscoe was genhome, they informed Hobson of the circumstance; butteelly attired in the costume of that day-in shorts and he would not believe them, he said, unless he saw with white silk stockings-Crowther made his way into a his own eyes the plant growing. The journey of Crow. soft, boggy, dirty place, somewhere in Crumpsall

, the ther and Hobson to see this plant is very pleasingly character of which was somewhat disguised by a green described by Mr Moore, F.L.S. in his memoir of the covering of grass and herbage; and when in the midst late Edward Hobson, in the following words :-“ An of this, he called eagerly to Mr Roscoe, as if he had amusing instance of Hobson's perseverance in procuring found some rare plant. Mr Roscoe hastened towards scarce specimens is related in connexion with his old him, and soon plunged up to his knees, his white silk companion Crowther. The latter having declared that stockings receiving a complete coating or varnish of he had seen an aquatic plant, which Hobson much boggy mud. Mr Roscoe bore his ludicrous mishap with wanted, growing in a mere near Knutsford, it was great good-humour; and after getting cleansed, and a agreed that they should go there and procure it. Hob little refreshment at a llouse not far off, they returned son had great doubts as to their meeting with it; and home. Shortly afterwards, Crowther, visiting Mr Roscoe when they came in sight of the lake, poor Crowther, at his lodgings, was induced to take hold of the chain whose accuracy was in question, had the mortification of an electrical machine (and these machines were then to find it so swollen with recent rains, that the plant not so well known as at present), when Mr Roscoe gave was at least three feet under water. Hobson felt for him as severe a shock as he dared ; and Crowther said Crowther's disappointment, and set about botanising in he was quite stunned by it, and did not feel right again the adjoining fields, rather than complain of a fruitless for some time afterwards. There,” said Roscoe, “ you journey. Whilst so engaged, he heard a plunge in the bogged me; now I've electrified you; and we are all water, and looking round, Crowther had disappeared. straight again." In the greatest alarm, Hobson rushed back, and had The writer in the Guardian' adds a few, anecdotes of the satisfaction to see the old man just emerging from the perils which then beset such poor votaries of science the water, with the precious specimen in his grasp.” in their ramblings after plants. • On one occasion

During manhood, and till age incapacitated him for Crowther and Richard Buxton went out together to work, Crowther was a warehouse porter. He married, Staly Moor, and to a valley called Staly Brushes, in and had several children, all of whom are still in humble search of a particular plant, taking with them as a life. His wages-at first sixteen shillings, afterwards a guide a person who lived at Ashton. By him they were pound, a-week--were always rendered by him in full led rather higher up the hill-side of the moor than they into his wife's guidance. To obtain a little more money ought to have gone, and consequently they got amongst for the gratification of his peculiar tastes, this honest the grouse. They had not been there long hunting, fellow would go after six at night to wait the arrival of not the grouse, but their own botanical game, when a the Duke of Bridgewater's packet by the canal, that he gamekeeper came up, told them they were trespassing, might have a chance of getting a gentleman's luggage and accused them of poaching. They for some time to carry. Being a favourite with the captains of the could not satisfy him that they were only botanists, that packets, who respected him, he was generally employed they were in search of a particularly rare plant, the if a passenger required a porter. When the late Sir “cloudberry”—so called from its growing on high hills, James E. Smith was eng ed on one of his botanical which are often cloud-capped—(the Rubus chamemorus). works, he was spending a few days with his friend, the The gamekeeper for some time would not believe them, late Mr Roscoe, at Liverpool. Happening to mention and was very abusive, saying he knew they were after to his host that he was delayed with his book from game. They showed him their plant-boxes ; but he want of information relative to certain mosses and said these were shuffling excuses, and he threatened lichens, the former suggested that he should make in- to take them before the magistrates for poaching. At quiries of the weavers of Manchester, some of whom last, however, finding they had no guns, or snares, were good botanists. Sir J. E. Smith at first ridiculed and by degrees becoming satisfied of their having no the idea ; but on being assured by his friend that he hostile views on the grouse, he permitted them to go, was likely to obtain the information he required, he and directed them the way to the bottom of the valley, proceeded to Manchester by the Duke of Bridgewater's which they took with great alacrity, and with no small packet. On arriving at Knott Mill, he inquired for a thankfulness at their escape from so awkward a preporter to carry his carpet-bag up to the inn, and old dicament. Crowther was engaged. After proceeding a short dis •Upo

another occasion, Crowther was actually tance, he asked if Crowther knew some person who brought before a magistrate on suspicion of poaching. lived at Hullard Hall ? “Oh yes, sir, I do, very well; He was botanising on the estate of Mr Egerton of he is a bit in my way.” “Why, what way is that?" | Tatton, and when in search of aquatic plants, he freasked Sir J. E. Smith. “He is fond of collecting mosses quently carried a rod, not unlike a fishing-rod in geneand lichens,” was the reply. A conversation ensued, ral appearance, having joints, with brass ferrules; but

at the end of this long rod were two hooks, one sharp- to advance science itself. Nor should we overlook the ened at the inner edge, in the form of a sickle, with important effects of such studies in bringing men of which he cut off plants growing far in the water, and different classes together on a footing of equality, which with the other hook, which was not sharpened, he must tend to make the social machine the firmer in its angled the plants to the bank. Once while thus en- joinings. On the other hand, what a redemption is gaged in a mere, or piece of water, on the estate of Mr furnished by natural history for the young man of forEgerton, two gamekeepers came up and seized him ; tune! Those energies, those precious possessions, which and notwithstanding all his protestations to the con are too often squandered on the turf, or dissipated in trary, and his assurances that he was not fishing for tiresome idleness, how might they be converted to noble fish, but for plants, took him before Mr Egerton on a uses, if our youth of the higher classes were inspired charge of poaching, Mr Egerton interrogated him, and with a love of natural history! On this subject we Crowther told him what his pursuit really was, and shall relate an illustrative anecdote, which may form exhibited his tackle and hooks, which it was at once an appropriate conclusion to the present paper. An seen were not very well adapted for angling for carp, ingenious naturalist was lecturing a few years ago at perch, or trout; and the result was, that Mr Egerton a watering-place on certain curious preparations of the directed that he should be immediately liberated, saying lower marine animals, which he had spent years in elato the keepers, “Let him go wherever he has a mind borating. Amongst the audience was a peer, who had in future, and do not molest him any more.”

spent a brilliant fortune in the follies which beset his Another of Crowther's perils was from a savage class, and was now in much reduced circumstances, but bull

. It was his habit, in the Whitsuntide week, when who had naturally some good dispositions. This gentlethe annual races gave a general holiday to the work. man listened to the lecture with the keenest interest, and people of the town and neighbourhood, to make a pedes after its conclusion, lingered behind to examine the trian botanical excursion to Craven, Yorkshire; and specimens, and converse with the lecturer. “Oh God!' he visited that neighbourhood several years at that he at last exclaimed, ' had I but been taught a little of period. On one occasion, while botanising there, he this science in my early days, from what it might have found a bull coming directly towards him, with most saved me!' unequivocal symptoms of intending mischief.

The hilly fields in that neighbourhood are all divided by stone fences, some of these being walls of considerable

SOCIAL MEETINGS. height. He succeeded in reaching and climbing one of In all ages of the world, and almost everywhere in the these high walls before the bull reached the spot. world, there have been social meetings for the purpose There stood the savage animal just below him, bellow- of eating and drinking. These are the grand staples of ing, lashing his tail, and exhibiting every mark of fury. mutual entertainment, pitched upon by the general Crowther, as he sat on the coping of the wall, just out instinct of mankind, and the exceptions are so few, as of reach of the bull, thought, if he could detach a large to prove the rule. We live, however, in an age that stone from it, he might give the animal a temporary has very little respect for customs, merely because they quietus. He succeeded in loosening a large and heavy are old; and perhaps the fulness of time has come stone, and poising it with both hands, he launched it when it will not be thought downright impiety to inwith all his force at the bull's head, and with such quire whether there is any extraordinary merit in a effect, that the animal dropped on the ground as if killed. social dinner? Eating and drinking are mere animal Crowther stayed not to see the issue of his adventure, necessities, which can hardly be supposed to require but ran off on the other side of the wall. When telling encouragement; and if it is not for the purpose of enthis adventure, he invariably expressed his belief that couragement, surely it is a little absurd to invest them he had really killed the bull.'

with so much state and dignity. Why choose this inOur humble botanist seems to have been at all times stinct for patronage in preference to any of the rest ? a sober and well-behaved man. In the various notices Why elevate hunger into a virtue? We really cannot respecting him, we hear of no blame whatever attend tell. All we know is, that mankind in all ages have had ing his modest but persevering love of natural history. a pleasure in eating and drinking together. The practice He seems to have borne the penury of his latter years infers hospitable and social feelings : there is friendship, with the most perfect resignation, as befitted the pure it is said, even in the interchange of a pinch of snuff! and unsophisticated lover of nature. His last wish was, Social meetings being universally acknowledged to be that he might be laid in St George's burial-ground at one of the good old ways of securing a little happiness, Hulme, next the remains of his old friend Hobson, with it strikes us that it is of importance to do the thing whom, when alive, he had passed his happiest hours. well. Some people perhaps imagine that money is the It was a 'last wish' worthy of the simple and amiable great moving power in social intercourse. Nobody of character of the man, and of course it was fulfilled. course can eat and drink without having a purse of

Amongst the various means of superseding mean with some kind to draw on; but money, after all, is only a worthy and innocent indulgences, we are surprised that subordinate in the affair - there must be something natural history has met with so little attention. As a else; and it is for want of consideration on this point source of gratification and amusement, taking it in its that social dinners, so called, are often so terribly dull. lowest aspect, we know nothing so exempt from all cor- What, too often, is a modern dinner? Some dozen or rapting tendency. It seems to have the irresistible 'so of ladies and gentlemen meet in a drawing-room, effect of abstracting the mind from all that is gross and all nicely dressed, all desperately dull, few perhaps ac. sordid. The first simplicity is sustained by nothing so quainted with each other, none knowing exactly what well as by natural history. Perhaps we should not be to say, or caring to say it if he did, and everybody saying too much if we said that the elements of a beau- wondering when that horrible quarter of an hour is to tiful religion lay in this study, when its study is set end. At length the welcome announcement is heard. about in a right manner. Why, then, are not our youth The party move off in pairs, and down stairs they trip, more generally initiated in natural history as a branch with the decorum of the company entering the ark, of education? In no rank would it fail to work to good each male and female after its kind.' ends. The poorest class of workmen would possess

"Is this a dinner? this a genial room? riches fineless,' in a taste like that of Crowther and

No: 'tis a temple and a hecatomb!' Ilobson. The common soldier, if acquainted in even a The more quiet people have dined hours ago, for it is small measure with botany or entomology, would have now far on in the evening; but they look at their at command a means of enjoyment which would make neighbours satisfying their hunger, and amuse themthe dreariest of home or foreign stations to him a pa- selves with the brilliance of the equipage and the firradise. And the researches of such persons, both at vour of the wines. As for the conversation, there is no home and abroad, would, we cannot doubt, help much such thing—and there can be none. The host has pro

vided food and drink in every imaginable variety- any note do not like to be invited on the principle of porcelain, crystal, silver, till the eyes ache with splen- | being shown off, and therefore, possibly, they revenge dour; but as for conversation-as for the means of themselves by being nobody. passing the time otherwise than in the exercise of the Perhaps the best London parties of late years were animal instincts - it has not entered his thoughts. those of Dr Kitchener, where there was not only exThe very highest point to which his intelligence has cellent company, but excellent amusement. Usually, soared in the selection of the company, is with reference first-rate vocalists were frequently present; there was to the balance of the sexes. Beyond this, he cares no- always the telescope in the observatory, and sometimes thing about the matter. His dinner, according to rule the moon out of doors to be looked at; and at the end made and provided, is to be a mere feast of the senses, there was a repast, curious from its gastronomical treaintended for the gratification of the lower instincts of sures. But the doctor himself was the great curiosity his guests. There, then, lies the error. A dinner, to be of the evening—the spectacle, as it were, on which the worth anything, must not only be a good dinner in the attention of the company was fixed-a marvel to his usual sense of the word-it must be enjoyed by a pro- guests in astronomy, gastronomy, physic, music, and perly-assorted company; a happy party, each contri- optics. One grand regulation of these parties was, that buting his share of conversation and pleasantry to the no one was allowed to stay beyond a certain hour — feast. As all this seems unrealisable, we very nearly eleven o'clock. bring ourselves to the fancy that dinners will not long We remember some parties at John Martin's the be able to keep their ground. If not revolutionised, the painter, which were tolerably pleasant, apparently besystem must inevitably disappear.

cause they were small, and almost all the company well So also must there be a power of amusing to some acquainted with each other. But when our host accidistinct purpose in all other kinds of social meetings. dentally picked up a superb Venus at an old-furniture In private evening entertainments, the French have shop, and placed her behind a curtain in one of the always beat the English. What interesting accounts rooms, it is surprising what a fillip this gave to the could be given of the literary soirées of the seventeenth enjoyment of the evening. It was an object for all the century in Paris ! Among other places attractive for company to look at and think of; it was an object their intellectual brilliancy, was the residence of the of social attraction, which directed the current of conbeautiful and eccentric Marchioness Rombouillet. The versation ; and it set afloat more poetical ideas, and interior of her hotel was of her own design ; and with elicited more striking criticisms in art, than we had the fearlessness of genius, she even painted the walls ever met with before at an evening party, or ever met of another colour than the red and tawny to which with again. Paris was before restricted, calling one of her rooms the From these illustrations, it may be observed that Blue Chamber. It was in this room, which was fur- givers of parties should aim at something more than nished in blue velvet, embroidered with gold and silver, the mere trifling away of time, or the overpowering that she received her visitors; and it set the example of of the senses with splendour. We confess the difa light and elegant fashion, which subsequently became ficulty of the subject, the more especially as all are popular both in France and England - its windows not favourably situated for following out enlarged nosweeping down without interruption from the ceiling to tions of social intercourse. Fashion, that terrible bugthe floor, and thus affording free entrance to the air, bear, must also be overcome. We are not without the and a complete view of the garden without. Hither impression that, if evening parties were well organised, crowded, for nearly half a century, the most distin- they would go far towards putting down dinners, which, guished authors of the day, and here they were met, on with all that can be said for them, are a sort of ancescommon ground, by the aristocracy of rank. Admission tral absurdity-an excrescence clinging to the civilisato this enchanted circle fixed a man's position in society. tion of the age. And in putting down dinners, they

The reunions at the house of Paul Scarron, the buffoon would add to the general amount of sociality. Dinners, writer-deformed, gouty, and poor-comprised most of as usually conducted, are not only strictly unsocial the first wits, male and female, of the time. There La-themselves, but the cause of unsociableness in other fontaine recited his fables, Matta told his stories, and things. In spite of their rich meats and luscious wines, Ninon sang her songs. And so on with many other they give a dry and hard tone to society. The display, evening meetings, to which the charms of literature which is their being, extends throughout all the relalent their attractions. In the present day, though under tions of life. If dinners were at an end--if we broke a different style of manners, the evening parties in the ourselves of the habit of looking to them as the grand French capital are conducted on a principle of rational resource, we should by and by get the length even of intercourse, without either the formalities or the ex. visiting, in a friendly way, at each others' houses, like pense which, oppress London entertainments. What fellow-denizens of the earth, brethren and sisters of we would wish to see is a little more intellectuality in humanity, without an invitation at all! our reunions; a little more ease, love, and kindness, would likewise be an improvement. The following

AN ADVENTURE IN HUNGARY. seems to be a pretty common receipt for making up evening parties :

On the third day after his departure from Vienna, a Take a certain number of ladies, and scatter them horse-dealer alighted at an inn situated at the entrance about one end of the room on chairs, two or three feet of a little town, which, to all appearance, was respectapart, each lady overflowing her chair with her ample able and quiet. He recommended his horse to the care drapery. Send in among them a forlorn-hope of white of the landlord, dried his clothes at the fire, and as soon cravats, the main body of which remains at the other as supper was ready, sat down to table with the host end of the room. Let a buzz of conversation arise from and his family, who appeared to be decent people. committees of rarely more than two, and never more During supper, the traveller was asked where he came than three in number; while many of the guests--per- from, and on his answering from Vienna, they were all haps the majority-show their talent for silence by anxious to hear some news of the capital. The horseholding their tongues. Set a young lady down to the dealer told them all he knew. The landlord then asked piano, and there let her murder an Italian song, while him what business had taken him to Vienna, to which she might have imparted some pleasure by giving a the latter replied that he had been there to sell some native melody. Let the servants glide through the of the very finest horses that had ever appeared in the assembly from time to time with coffee, and after the market there. At these words the landlord looked very ennui has become insupportable, let every body go away. significantly at a young man who sat opposite to him, Sometimes literary people, or those who affect to be and who appeared to be his son. His expressive glance such, form an element in these meetings; but some did not escape the observation of the traveller, who, how, even with their aid, the affair is triste. Men of however, took no notice of it; yet he very soon after


upon him.

wards had cause to regret his want of caution. Being and the landlord and his son were seen busily digging in want of repose, he begged the landlord, as soon as a pit. As soon as the murderers saw the horse-dealer, the supper was finished, to show him to his room. The they uttered a cry of horror, covered their faces with landlord took a lamp, and conducted the traveller across their hands, and fell to the ground. This was neither & yard into a detached building, which contained two from repentance nor the fear of punishment, but they tolerably neat rooms. A bed was prepared at the far- thought they saw before them the ghost of the murther end of the second.

dered man, notwithstanding they heard him speak. As soon as the landlord had retired, the traveller There was some trouble in convincing them to the conundressed himself, unbuckled a money-belt containing trary. They were then bound, and led into the outa considerable sum in gold, and took out his pocket- house where the horrible deed had been committed, book, which was full of Austrian bank-notes. Having anxious to see how the enigma would be solved. The convinced himself that his money was right, he placed prisoners appeared tolerably collected, or at least calm both under his pillow, extinguished the light, and soon and sullen ; but when, on entering the room, they perfell asleep, thanking God and all the saints for the suc-ceived the body which lay on the bed, the son fell cess of his journey. He had slept about an hour or two, senseless to the earth, and the father threw himself when he was suddenly awaked by the opening of the upon it with loud lamentations, clasped the bloody window, and immediately felt the night air blow in corpse, and exclaimed despairingly, “My son! oh my

son! I, thy father, am thy murderer !' Startled at this unforeseen circumstance, the traveller The murdered man was, in fact, the youngest son of raised himself up in bed, and perceived the head and the host. Drunkenness was the only fault this young shoulders of a man who was struggling to get into the man had ; and this night, instead of being, as father room; at the same time he heard the voices of several and brother supposed, in his bed, he had gone out persons, who were standing under the window. A secretly, and been carousing with some of his compadreadful terror seized our traveller, who gave himself nions at the alehouse. Soon becoming sufficiently up for lost; and scarcely knowing what he did, crept inebriated, and fearing his father's anger if he appeared under the bed as quickly as possible. A moment after before him in that state, he intended to pass the night wards, a man sprang heavily into the room, and stag- in the detached outhouse, as he had often done before. gered up to the bed, supporting himself against the His companions had accompanied him thither, and wall. Confounded as the horse-dealer was, he never- helped him to climb up to the window. The rest retheless perceived that the intruder was inebriated : this quires no further explanation. Nor do we need to add circumstance, however, gave him little hope, for he had that the murderers expiated their crime with their life; probably got intoxicated in order to summon up courage and that the horse-dealer, although saved, and again in for the contemplated crime; besides this, the traveller possession of his plundered property, still shudders at had heard the voices of persons outside, so that the the recollection of that dreadful night. murderer, in case of resistance, could count upon the assistance of his comrades. But how great was his astonishment when he saw the unknown person throw

PERPETUAL LAMP S. his coat upon the floor, and stretch himself upon the The incidental mention of these lamps, in an article bed which he had just quitted! A few moments after which appeared in No. 143 of the current series, has inwards, he heard the intruder snore, and his terror duced us to take up the subject with an endeavour to set began gradually to give way to reflection, although the at rest the doubts, and if possible to clear up the obscuwhole affair was quite incomprehensible to him. He rities, which still overshadow it. The paper mentioned was just preparing to quit his hiding-place, in order to in the article referred to was read at the York meeting awake the inmates of the house, and ask for another of the Archæological Institute by Mr Way; and thus, bed in place of that from which he had been so uncere- for at least the hundredth time, the question has been moniously expelled, when a new incident occurred. revived, discussed, and relinquished as an insoluble

He heard the outer door carefully opened, and on mystery after all. At the spoliation of the monasteries listening, the sound of cautious footsteps reached his in York, says Camden, a vault attached to a little ear. In a few minutes the door of his room opened, chapel was broken into, and an ignited lamp, which and two figures, those of the landlord and his son, stood must have been burning for ages, was discovered there. on the threshold. 'Keep the lanıp back,' muttered the in. A curious and most interesting communication by father in a suppressed voice. "What have we to fear?' Mr Wetherall followed, containing a minute account of said the young man; we are two against one: besides, another sepulchral lamp discovered on the route from he has only a small knife with him, and is sleeping Granada to Cordova, in an ancient Roman sepulchre, soundly: hear how he snores.' 'Do what I tell you,' which was also burning at the tune of discovery, but said the father angrily : 'do you wish to awake him? was broken in pieces by the carelessness of the labourers. would you have his cries alarm the whole neighbour. In both cases the flame was instantly extinguished. hood?' The horse-dealer was horrified with the spec- There have been many accounts of these everlasting tacle. He remained motionless under the bed, scarcely | lamps by the learned of almost every age. Two or daring to breathe. The son shut the door after him, three notices will here suffice. and the two wretches approached the bed on tiptoe. Fifteen hundred years after her death, the tomb of

An instant afterwards the bed was shook by a convul- Tullia, Cicero's daughter, was accidentally discovered, || sive motion, and a stified cry of pain confirmed the fore- and opened ; and it was found to be illuminated by one

boding that the unhappy man in the bed had had his of these lamps, the light being extinguished instantly throat cut. After a short pause of awful silence, the on the admission of fresh air. More marvellous is the Landlord said, " It is over now: look for the money.' relation about the lamp of Olybius:-A Paduan pea

I have found it under the pillow,' said the son ; it is sant, on digging into the earth, accidentally struck on in a leathern belt and a pocket-book.' The murderers an urn; this contained another urn, within which was disappeared. Everything being now quiet, the traveller a lamp still burning, between two other vessels, the one crept from under the bed, jumped out of the window, full of liquid gold, and the other of liquid silver! An and hastened to the adjoining town to inform the autho- inscription upon the urn informed him that the great rities of what had happened.

alchemical secret was contained in these vessels. PauThe mayor immediately assembled the military, and sanius relates that Callimachus constructed a golden in less than three-quarters of an hour the inn was sur- lamp, which he placed in the temple of Minerva at rounded by soldiers who had been summoned to arrest Athens ; and after some oil had been poured into it, it

the murderers. The whole house seemed buried in continued burning for a whole year. Then there is an i profound silence, but on approaching the stables they account, implicitly received by Licetus (the author of heard a noise. The door was immediately broken in, I a ponderous folio on the subject), that the tomb of

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