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Madeira he had just tasted was “but sad poor stuff was tried before the sessions for robbing a hen-roost, about a match for Garrow's trashy speech.'
and acquitted for want of evidence against him. The The Welsh judge looks upon it as a sort of suicide chairman was ordering him to be discharged as a matfor an undistinguished lawyer to enter parliament. ter of course; but Raine said, though he fully agreed, • Of all inferiority, the most marked is the disastrous yet he conceived it would be well to have him first lot of the barrister, who, failing in the law, quits his whipt. The other justices repressed this ebullition of gown, and carries his tongue to market in parliament. professional zeal, and explained the difference between Respectful as the House of Commons ever is to high justices and schoolmasters in respect of whipping. station, to success at the bar, it is contemptuous in the extreme to the body of lawyers there who have failed
NEW MEDICAL DISCOVERY. under the wig. I remember some years ago, before I quitted parliament, an ingenious ruddy-looking young The public journals for the last few weeks have been gentleman (he seemed only five-and-twenty, but proved teeming with accounts of a new method of producing much older) addressing the house in a maiden speech, insensibility to pain. The discovery is of American clothed in a country gentleman's attire, of top-boots origin, and seems to bid fair to become among the most and leather breeches. He was listened to with the eminent of the benefits yet bestowed upon suffering attention and even kindness which might be expected humanity. The inventors are Dr Charles J. Jackson, to attend such a performance, until he unhappily let a distinguished chemist, and Dr Morton, a dentist of fall the expression, " as I have had occasion to know on Boston. The process has been made the subject of a our circuit,” when suddenly there burst forth a yell of patent, principally, it is said, to prevent its abuse-a indignation at the fraud under which he had obtained precaution which the singular properties of the remedy audience—the kind of false colours he had been sailing appear to justify. A considerable number of the gravest under, and sailing, too, before the wind. Such a chorus, operations in surgery have been performed upon patients such a concert, concordia discors, such a storm of cough- subject to its influence, and in most cases the result ing, of laughing, of scraping, of calls of question, of has been a complete freedom from suffering. We beg roars of scorn and disgust, never greeted mine ears. to present a short account of this remarkable process. It was, indeed, over in a minute ; but the speech, too, It consists in the inhalation of, as it is supposed, the was over, and nothing could have appeased it but vapour of pure sulphuric ether. It is administered by the termination of that speech which it had brought means of a simple but peculiar apparatus. The patient about.'
is seated in the operating chair, and is requested to In the old Welsh circuits, "the whole appearance of breathe through a mouth-piece, which is connected with the court was different from an English court: the ha- some appropriate apparatus for the vaporisation of the bits of the people, and even their dress, were distinct; ether, and is supplied with valve-work, which prevents and when, as in most cases, the witnesses could not talk the return of vitiated air to the apparatus. The reEnglish, and had to be examined by an interpreter, you spiration is continued for a few minutes, until the might well fancy yourself in a foreign country. Indeed, patient has lost all sensation, and very generally all in addressing the jury, whether by the bar or from the consciousness as well, and lies back apparently in a bench, it was but too obvious that the majority fre gentle slumber. The sleep lasts, if the mouth-piece is quently understood but little of what was said to them. removed, for two or three minutes, and the inhaler In the north, the dialect of the witnesses was occasionally awakes considerably exhilarated by the operation. The puzzling enough. We used to hear people talk of the apparatus used by the inventors consisted simply of a house or the house-parts--meaning the kitchen; of a two-necked bottle, like that known as Woolf's, partly middenstead for a dunghill; of a stee for a ladder; of filled with sponges saturated with ether; that which lating for reckoning; and laking for playing; nay, of has been used in London is an adaptation of the welldurrock for day's work; and a trewihsin for a three known soda-water apparatus, North’s. It has been weeks since. But in Wales there was much less in taken for granted in England that the liquid used is common between the natives of the country and the simply and only sulphuric ether ; but the inventors professors of the law brought into the country to admi- themselves have not yet disclosed the true composition nister justice. This sometimes led to some odd mis- of the anodyne they employ. The experiments with takes: take, as an example, the jury, who, after hear us have been made with ether alone, and their success ing a trial for sheep-stealing, in which the facts were, warrants the conclusion that this is the agent which that the sheep had been killed on the hill, and there has been used in Boston. Almost invariably, the first skinned, the robber taking away the carcase, and leav- result of the inhalation is to cause a little spasm of the ing the skin for fear of detection—all this was proved glottis, and cough, but this commonly vanishes after in evidence, but the jury supposed it to relate, not to a two or three inspirations, and the new atmosphere apsheep, but to a human being, and brought in, after some pears to be inhaled almost with avidity. Some persons hesitation, what they considered a safe verdict of man become highly excited under its influence, and are posslaughter!' But the lawyers on these circuits were as sessed with an irresistible desire to be in motion ; but if comical in their way as the witnesses and juries. One the inhalation is continued, this excitement gives place of then, Clarke, all unintentionally to create a laugh to a condition of complete etherial inebriation, and the and not very fond of any such testimony to his powers, patient becomes perfectly still and motionless. At this would now and then make his audience merry without stage there is a complete loss of volition, the hand may meaning it. As when the opposite counsel had been be lifted up, but it falls down powerless by the side of the pathetic on his orphan client's hard lot—" Gentlemen," inebriate; and if the eyelid is raised, it will no longer said Clarke, “why, I am myself an orphan”—he was close against a threatened blow: this is the moment for seventy odd years old—“people's fathers and mothers the operation. In this unconscious condition the pacannot live for ever." No one can doubt of the pathos tient will then remain for about three minutes; but it is raised before being suddenly dissipated by this unex at the option of the operator to prolong the narcotism to pected sally—not of humour, but of mere anger at any fifteen, twenty, or even thirty minutes, without inconpathos having been imported into the cause. So, venience to the generality of patients. Thus the most when a witness whom he was pressing with his angry, tedious and severe operations of the surgeon, which and oftentimes scolding, cross-examination, suddenly seldom exceed twenty minutes, and are generally of a dropped down in a fit, and some said it was apoplectic much shorter duration, are capable of being performed -but privately Clarke heard it was epileptic—“My during the state of insensibility. The most curious lord,” said he, “it's only epilepsy—she must answer the circumstance perhaps is, that the patient awakes from question,” as if the courts had taken a distinction be- his lethargy almost at once; but for some hours after, he tween apoplexy and epilepsy.' The first time old experiences an unusual buoyancy of spirits, which only Raine,' an ex-schoolmaster, sat in judgment, a man evaporates with the etherial odour itself. In a con
siderable number of experiments the loss of sensation utter forgetfulness of everything. The soul seems to seems general, but the effects of the vapour are very va- have cast off its earthly clog, and to be wandering it rious. Dr Bigelow, in the Boston Medical and Surgical knows not where: in a word, there is a complete loss of Journal, gives an account of the phenomena presented individuality, a feeling as if one were another person in several cases which came before him. A young man altogether. At this time the operation was performedtook his seat in the chair, and after inhaling for a short the first tooth being extracted without a trace of pain, time, rejected the apparatus, and taking from his pocket though it appeared to disturb the lethargic state, so a pencil and card, wrote and summed up figures. He that a dull pain of a trifling nature accompanied the was then asked if he would submit to the extraction of removal of the second. Shortly afterwards the writer bis tooth, and he assented. The tooth was extracted, awoke, discovering, to his complete amazement, two and shortly after the young man recovered his senses. grim-looking teeth on the table at his side. No ill He was quite unconscious of any pain. Other patients effects followed. manifested the activity of certain intellectual faculties ; and some, while still insensible, will raise themselves in
THE COUNT CONFALONIERI. the chair if desired to do so. It is very general, at the moment when the instruments are used, to notice that EVERY one who has read Silvio Pellico's affecting there is an expression of pain upon the countenance of narrative of his imprisonment in Spielberg, the great the intoxicated person : there is a frown, or a scowl, or state-prison of Austria, will recollect that one of his even sometimes a moan is heard; but these appearances companions in misfortune was the Count Frederick are entirely illusive; the patients have experienced no Confalonieri or Gonfalionieri, as it is sometimes written. suffering whatever. One woman exclaimed on recover- Pellico, blind, and otherwise injured in bodily health by ing, . That it was beautiful : she dreamed of being at his long confinement, still lives in northern Italy, but home; it seemed as if she had been gone a month. A the newspapers have lately announced the death of his boy, who is likely to become famous, was so enchanted old friend Confalonieri. with his sensations while two of his teeth were removed, Of the character of this now deceased victim of as to insist upon the extraction of a third. With only Austrian oppression, very different accounts are given, one or two exceptions has any pain been experienced, but all will allow that the penalty he paid for his errors most of the patients expressing themselves as totally was sufficiently severe. Some time ago, in speaking of unconscious of anything unpleasant. It would almost his imprisonments and their effects, he gave in a few seem probable that the cases of partial failure -- and words the following impressive history :they seem more proportionately frequent in England "I am an old man now; yet by fifteen years my than in America — have their explanation in some soul is younger than my body! Fifteen years I existed, imperfections in the process of inhalation. A patient for I did not live-it was not life-in the self-same operated on in London by Mr Liston was not aware dungeon ten feet square! During six of those years I that his leg was removed until he was told so. A had a companion ; during nine I was alone! I never young lady had five teeth extracted without being sen- could rightly distinguish the face of him who shared sible of the operation in the slightest degree. Tumours my captivity in the eternal twilight of our cell. The have been dissected out; the difficult, tedious, and first year we talked incessantly together; we related painful operation of lithotomy has been successfully our past lives, our joys for ever gone, over and over completed; and a number both of the capital and minor again. The next, we communicated to each other our operations of surgery have been performed, with com- thoughts and ideas on all subjects. The third year, we plete absence of pain, and without any unfavourable had no ideas to communicate ; we were beginning to after-results. Nay, what is more marvellous still, and lose the power of reflection! The fourth, at the interwhat we believe the inventors could have scarcely anti- val of a month or so, we would open our lips to ask cipated, the process has been adopted in the practice of each other if it were indeed possible that the world midwifery—the first to try its efficacy in this depart. still went on as gay and bustling as when we formed a ment being Professor Simpson of Edinburgh, who has portion of mankind. The fifth, we were silent. The found it to succeed to admiration in relieving the pa- sixth, he was taken away, I never knew where, to exetient from pain and consequent exhaustion, and this cution or to liberty; but I was glad when he was gone; without obstructing in the least the ordinary efforts of even solitude was better than the dim vision of that nature. Such has been the prosperous commencement pale vacant face! After that I was alone, only one of the career of this new remedy-to which no man event broke in upon my nine years' vacancy. One day, will deny one of the first places in the list of blessings it must have been a year or two after my companion bestowed by medical science upon mankind. Simple, left me, the dungeon door was opened, and a voiceobvious, free from all show of mystery-except so far whence proceeding I knew not-uttered these words : as the physiological action of the ether is concerned “ By order of his imperial majesty, I intimate to you the discovery has, in the course of a few months, estab- that your wife died a year ago.” Then the door was lished itself in the faith of the public as thoroughly as shut, and I heard no more; they had but flung this great the discoveries of Jenner, Harvey, and the other masters agony in upon me, and left me alone with it again.' of medical science. It is true that different operators It is painful to think that the man who could speak may meet with different success, according to the per- thus should have died not without a stain on his fection of the apparatus employed, and the suscepti- memory-unmerited, for anything we know, and at bility of the patient; but this is no more than what this distance it is difficult to get at the truth. The attends the introduction of every new process-expert- following appears in the Parisian correspondence of the ness and certainty can only be acquired by an enlarged Atlas newspaper :experience.
* The death of Gonfalionieri, that former idol of our As the writer of this notice has undergone the republican salons, has not created one single public exetherial inebriation, and during that condition had two pression of regret, nor given birth to a single “ Ode to molar teeth removed, he can add his own personal ex- Liberty,” or “ Lament for the Brave,” in any of the reperience to the entire credibility of the facts stated here. publican journals. He was among the few survivors The sensations produced by the ether are extremely of Spielberg tyranny. His history is a romance, not so curious, if his own are a fair specimen of them, as it much for his own adventures, as for the extraordinary appears probable they are. A general thrill pervades affection and devotion he had inspired in his wife, who the body to its very extremities at first, and there was one of the most lovely and accomplished women of occur a series of, as it were, electric discharges in the her day. From the very hour of his arrest, which took brain-no better simile is at hand. These feelings give place at a ball at Milan, she left him not, save to interray to a dreamy state, in which external objects partly cede with his persecutors. She spent lier youth, her enter and partly appear excluded : to this follows an ( fortune, in her ceaseless endeavours to soften the liearts
of his enemies, and finally laid down life itself, worn are, in fact, flats or sets of chambers, consisting of two sets out with her efforts, to save him from captivity and on each floor. Each set consists of one living-room and death. She followed, attired in her ball-dress, all two sleeping-rooms. The floors are of arched brick. The through the night of horror which changed his exist- living-room is floored with a hard Welsh fire-brick tile ; ence from a powerful leader of a popular party to that the sleeping-room floors are boarded. The staircases are of a miserable and neglected captive. She cared not for of stone, with iron balustrades. The flat brick arches of
which the floors are constructed are tied together with the cold nor the rain, which fell in torrents ; but at iron ties, and the whole building is fireproof. each relay she descended from the carriage which con
The most important points of improvement are, however, veyed her, to hover round that which contained her those in which some principles of the sanitary report, in husband, heedless of the brutal jeers and rebuffs of the respect to the means of cleansing and ventilation for the gensd'armes, who repulsed her with drawn sabres. At working-classes, are carried out. Each set of rooms is furlength, when, after some days' journey, they reached nished with a constant supply of water, and also with sinks the gates of Spielberg, she fell upon her knees in sup- for washing, and a water-closet, and means of communicaplication for one last word-one single word before the tion with a dust shaft from the whole set of chambers, by dungeon closed upon him perhaps for ever. She was
which all dust and ashes might be removed at once froin refused; and then she gave the cushion on which her the apartments without the necessity of the inmates leavhead had rested during that long and weary journey into ing them. The party entered the rooms which were inhathe hands of the least ferocious-looking of his guards, of them. One nursing mother, in a neat and well-kept set
bited, and questioned the inmates as to their experience bidding him deliver it to the count, and tell him that of rooms, attested to the superior conveniences of this she had been in the carriage which had followed his so arrangement, as a most important relief from the fatigue closely; that it was her voice which he must have heard and exposure to the weather in a common town dwelling. at each relay in wailing supplication and lament; and She had now no occasion to leave her child alone whilst the pillow she now sent to him to rest his head upon she went to a distance to fetch water; neither had she to was wet with tears shed for him alone. The guard keep dirty or waste water, or dirt or ashes in the room, took the pillow, and, with a cruel laugh at so much until she could find time to carry them away. “She had ingenuity wasted, cut it open before her face, fully ex
now scarcely ever to go down stairs and leave her child." pecting to find some important papers, some clue to a
Each set of rooms was provided with one conduit for the conspiracy, within. And Gonfalionieri knew not for ingress of fresh air, and another for the egress of vitiated years that she had even thought of him once after he air. Those examined were newly inhabited, but the immehad left her side; nor that she had hovered, disguised in diate sanitary effect of the arrangements was perceptible
to those who have visited such abodes in the entire absence a peasant's dress, for months together, round the bleak of offensive effluvia or of close smells.” This observation hill of Spielberg; nor that, by the sacrifice of her for was extended to the whole range of buildings. The sinks tune, she had at length obtained the promise of his in each room were trapped with bell-traps, as were all the liberty, and then died! What must have been his feel-openings to the drains and the gully-shoots in the paved ings when he learnt all this! What must have been courts and thoroughfares. A constant supply of water was his love, his gratitude, to her memory! And how did secured, the house-drains were well flushed with water, he prove it? you will say. Why, he married again! and cesspools were entirely abolished. This range of build and has died, the victim of his avarice, at the foot of the ings is perhaps the first practical example of the entire
reinoval of one chief source of physical depression and Alps, overtaken by the cold, which neither his age nor his feeble health were made to encounter in the cheap pestilence common to all the existing dwellings of the
working-classes in towns. conveyance which he had chosen. He has died enor
* The price at which these objects were attained was the mously rich, his property not having been confiscated, next topic of inquiry. The rents charged were from 3s. 6a. but allowed to accumulate during his long imprison. to 58. each set, according to its position. But this included ment. He had outlived popularity, and leaves no regret a constant supply of water, and the use of one gas-burner behind; he had suffered his fellow-martyrs to languish in each set of rooms, and all rates and taxes, and, moreover, in want, nor extended a kindly hand to aid them, in two iron bedsteads, and a grate with an oven, and convespite of his wealth ; so that the utter silence of the nient fixtures. Some of the inmates admitted that they partisans of his cause is but just, and conveys a strong had paid as high a rent in Liverpool and other towns for impressive moral.'
no larger apartments of the common inferior construction, but without any of the conveniences and additions. The
directors stated that they conceived there would be little DWELLINGS OF THE WORKING-CLASSES.
value in an example which was not fairly remunerative to
the capitalist, and that for this class of town dwellings, On this subject we have on divers occasions spoken. No- considering the trouble and attention they required, a less thing would afford us greater pleasure than to hear of any return than eight per cent on the outlay would not suffice rational plan, on fair commercial principles, being set on as an inducement to their construction; and this return foot for providing houses of a neat and salubrious kind for they should make. Those who have lived in chambers in the operative classes generally. Schemes have been pro- London, would admit that they had in the essentials very jected for erecting whole villages out of London for work- inferior accommodation for double and treble, and much men, the conveyance to and from town being at a cheap higher rents. Each set of rooms was perfectly " self-conrate by railway. All such projects are visionary. We want tained," and the arched brick floors gave them advantages to see no expulsion of working- men's families to what in respect to quiet which few sets of chambers possess. would soon be called Pariah villages. It is our belief that, ' The impression produced by the inspection of these without building houses at all, but only leasing old pro- dwellings was evidently one of satisfaction. Mr Chadwick, perties in town, and arranging them on an economical whilst expressing liis warın concurrence as to the advance footing, pretty nearly all good ends would be served. made, stated his opinion that an additional room was re
Among the best schemes yet brought into operation, in quired, and submitted that further improvements might regard to erecting new houses, is that at Birkenhead, the yet be achieved, especially in the mode of warming and rising town opposite Liverpool. Some time ago the Times' ventilation. The ventilation was at present with cold air, presented an account of the visit of Mr Chadwick and other which all experiments showed the inmates would in gentlemen to the dwellings erected for the working-classes winter try to stop, and succeed in doing so. The egress of in this place, from which we gather the following parti vitiated air was to some degree dependent on the percepculars :
tion and care of the inmates. He considered that the ven• Without drawings or plans, it would be difficult to give tilation must be self-acting, and that in such a range of an accurate conception of the improvements. The buildings buildings it might be accomplished with air that was warm are four-storeyed, of red brick, with light sandstone window as well as fresh, of which practical instances were in prosills and copings. Their external aspect would suggest to gress. Tubular chimneys of fire-brick, which had been in a Londoner the idea of a block of buildings constructed use in various places, with a much smaller bore, would for professional persons, for an inn or court of Chancery, “ draw" better, and, with a careful disposition of fire-brick and, with little addition and variation of ornament, they over the fire-grates, would give greater warmth with less might match with the new hall of Lincoln's Inn. They | fuel. He pointed to marks of damp on the stairs, opposite
to the ornamental sandstone copings, as a defect incident cat, which she called Lily, in an open basket, lined with to the use of so absorbent a material. The thickness of the soft hay, at the side of the fireplace. The first thing she walls diminished the damp or the expenditure of fuel to did in the morning was to visit the little stranger, and feed prevent it, from the use of so absorbent a material as the her with warm milk. Indeed at first little Mary felt incommon brick. But by the use of a harder or machine- clined to spend the whole day in playing with her cat; but made brick, and by the construction of hollow walls, her mother reminded her that her book and her work warinth or dryness might be obtained with a less expendi- should not be neglected. So Mary, like a good child, went ture of fuel. In all respects, however, they were far supe- after breakfast, and accomplished her lessons, and afterrior to the common dwellings erected by building societies. wards assisted her mother in various household duties, Wider thoroughfares, which would give more sunlight to before she indulged herself in a game of play with Miss the lower and interior dwellings, would be well purchased, Lily. in some instances, by an addition of rent for an addition of Some weeks passed, and no one having come to claim space. The quality of the water supplied must be dete- the kitten, her little mistress began to regard her as riorated by its retention in the expensive tanks at the top entirely her own, and loved her better every day. Towards of the building. This, however, was attributable to the the end of February there was a heavy fall of snow, and common and pernicious system of intermittent supplies of for several days the ground was deeply covered. Edward water by the water companies, which the public health found time to assist Mary in building a snow-house, which, required should be abolished. The size of the chimneys, as she said, “looked like a real palace.' But its glories Mr Lang the architect pointed out, was due, with other were short-lived ; for the skilful architects soon destroyed errors, to ill-advised building regulations. The materials their own work by a pitiless pelting of snow-balls. of construction were the best the district afforded. The directors also stated that their own experience had sug- frozen hands by the fire, preparatory to hemming a hand
One bitterly cold morning, as Mary was warming her gested to them further improvements in the details of con kerchief for her brother, he came in, holding something struction.'
carefully under his jacket.
“Look, Mary,' he said, “what I found just now in the
turnip-field.' Column for Young People.
He took his hand from under his jacket, and displayed a MARY'S PETS.
thrush, apparently frozen to death. Its little claws were
stiff, and its eyes closed ; but its heart still throbbed, and It was a bitter evening towards the end of January, when by not bringing it near the fire, but gently chafing it with Farmer Wilson drew his arm-chair close to the clean- his hands, Edward soon succeeded in restoring it to life. swept, blazing hearth, and seated his little daughter Mary He and Mary then fed it; and great was their joy to see on his knee, while his wife busied herself in preparing their the poor little thing hopping about the floor. savoury supper of bacon and eggs.
* It would be a pity,' he said, “ to keep it in a cage; but Farmer and Mrs Wilson were an honest, industrious it can sleep in a corner of the hencoop, and I daresay it couple, residing on a well-stocked farm in one of the mid- will soon get as tame and as Miss Lily herself.' A land connties of England. They had but two children: sudden thought struck him. • What shall we do, Mary,' their son Edward, a fine active lad of fifteen, was already he said, if your cat should take it into her head to eat most useful to his father in the management of their land, the poor bird ?' and withal possessed a considerable share of book-learning, Ah, brother, I'm sure she wouldn't be so wicked; see so that he could write a letter, and cast up an account, as how gentle she is, and she always has plenty to eat. Poor well as the village schoolmaster. Better than all, he had little Bobby! I'll call you Bobby-shall I, little bird ?' a warm, affectionate heart, was obedient to his parents, * For all that,' said Edward, 'if she were a little older, I and fondly attached to his little, gentle, blue-eyed sister would not trust to her kindness. You know 'tis the nature Mary, whó, though now arrived at the mature age of ten of cats to devour birds, and they do it whether hungry or years, was still the pet and plaything of the family. not. However, she is so young, that I daresay we shall be
On the evening I have mentioned, they were all chatting able to teach her that she inust keep the peace towards happily together, the feeling of warınth and snug comfort Master Bobby.' being rather increased than diminished by the wild howl By constant watching and admonition, they did indeed
ing of the wind out of doors, and the pelting of sleet succeed in establishing a perfectly good understanding be| against the windows. Suddenly a low crying was hcard tween the two favourites, so that no encounter of a hostile outside, repeated at intervals.
nature ever took place between them. Hush !' said Edward ; 'what is that?'
Two years passed on, and Mary's attachment to her pets TiB some poor animal perishing in the cold,' replied his was rather increased than diminished. Lily had grown father. Bring it in, my boy, and we will see.'
a beautiful cat-deep orange shaded into fawn mingled Edward lighted á lantern, and closing the door after with velvet-black and pure white on her glossy coat; her him, went out. Having searched in vain for some time, whiskers would put to shame those of any German count; he heard the sound repeated near his foot ; and stooping, and her sharp polished claws, ever ready to exterminate he picked up a miserable little kitten, covered with mud. her natural enemies—the rats and mice-were always most He brought it into the house, saying, “Look, father ; this carefully drawn in, and covered with their furry sheath, was the little animal you heard. I suppose it must have before she ventured to bestow a playful pat on Master Bob. strayed from a distance, for it seems half-dead.'
His appearance was also greatly improved : surely never Ah, give it me, brother: poor little thing !' said Mary; thrush had a more beautifully-speckled breast, or warbled and, regardless of the injury sustained by her nice white a more melodious song, at least in the opinion of his young pinafore, in its contact with the soiled fur of the poor kit- mistress. He was never confined in a cage, but spent his teo, she carried it hastily towards the fire.
time in hopping about the house and yard, and playing 'Gently, Mary,' said her mother ; 'let me wash it in with his friend Lily. It was quite curious to see them warm water, and then you shall get it some milk.'
together; the timidity of the bird and the ferocity of the Mary ran for a saucer, while Mrs Wilson washed and cat being completely overcome. They would eat off the dried the little animal. They then saw that it was a
same plate, and Bobby's favourite resting-place during beantiful tortoiseshell kitten, about three montlıs old. the day was on Pussy's back, as she lay before the fire, * To Mary's great delight, it lapped the warm milk most stretched in luxurious comfort. At night, he constantly eagerly, and soon seemed quite at home on the hearth. reposed in a corner of her warm basket, while she would
* Ah, mother,' cried the little girl, ‘may I keep it, and purr, and seem quite pleased to have her little friend so have it for my own cat? I'm sure it will be very good, and near. get very fond of me ; for you know poor old Tibby, that One fine morning in July, Mrs Wilson and the maid died last month, used to purr when I called her, and arch went out to milk the cows, leaving no one in the house but her tail, and rub herself against my frock ; and you know, Mary, who was busily employed in finishing a shirt for her since we lost her, we have been without a cat.'
brother. Miss Lily had gone off on her own devices, so the *Thou mayst indeed, my lass,' replied her father, “un little girl's sole companion was Master Bobby, who was as less some one should come to claim the little thing—which, busy as his mistress, picking up some crumbs which she as it is so handsome a tortoise, may happen belike. But had scattered for him on the floor. if not, we will keep it: it would be a sin to turn it out.' * You must give me a song, little birdie,' said Mary, 'as
Before Mary went to bed that night, she established her soon as you have finished your breakfast ; and then you
shall perch on my shoulder, and we will go out to the hay
STANZA S. field to see what Edward is doing.' While she was speaking, Lily ran into the house, not
There's not a bird that charms the air, with her usual gliding motion and well-pleased “fair round
There's not a flower that scents the gale, face, but with raised back, thickened tail, and fiercely
There's not a bee that wantons where gleaming eyes. She darted at poor Bobby, seized him in
The wild-rose gems the vale; her mouth, and in a moment climbed to the top of a very
But each has some secluded shrine, high dresser that stood at one end of the kitchen. Mary
The leafy tree, or fragrant fold gave a cry of horror, and was running instinctively to look
Of blossoms, that in clusters shine for a long stick with which to dislodge her, when she was checked by the sudden entrance of another cat, a stranger,
Its happy guest to hold. and a large ugly animal, which ran about the house smell
There's not a heart whose pulses tell ing the ground, and mewing in a most disagreeable man
How calm or wild the wish within, ner. Mary took the sweeping-brush, and soon succeeded
But there is yet some secret cell in turning out the intruder, and shutting the door. Hardly
No stranger eye can win. did she dare to raise her eyes to look at her now hated
There records sweet of banished hours, cat, whose jaws she expected to see covered with the blood
And tristful pangs of hope deferred, of her hapless bird. What was then her delighted asto
As light and shade upon the flowers nishment to see Lily come cautiously down from her ele
Are felt, but never heard. vated position, and opening her mouth, lay Bobby on the floor. Mary ran to take him up, and perceived that,
For many a sigh, and many a tear, although frightened, and his feathers a little ruffled, he was
And many a grief are buried there, perfectly uninjured. Then she knew the truth. The saga
While love's pale image linge near, cious cat seeing the approach of her strange sister, and
The picture of despair.
-RUFUS DAWES. knowing well that she would have no mercy on Bob, had rushed in just in time to save him. She had caught him by the wings, and held them over his back in such a way
THE FIRST STRIKING CLOCK. as not to hurt him ; and now she purred and waved her tail, and seemed quite ready to receive the joyous thanks
In the time of Alfred the Great, the Persians imported and caresses of her mistress. What a wonderful tale had into Europe a machine which presented the first rudiments Mary to tell her friends that day when they came in; and of a striking clock. It was brought as a present to Charwe can almost agree in its rapturous conclusion. 'Indeed, lemagne from Abdallah, king of Persia, by two monks of father, I'm quite sure there never was such a cat in the Jerusalem, in the year 800. Among other presents, says whole world as Lily, nor such a bird as Bobby.'
Eginhart, was a horloge of brass, wonderfully constructed I wish my young readers could have seen the saucer of by some mechanical artifice, in which the course of the rich sweet cream with which Miss Pussy was regaled that
twelve hours ad clepsydram rertebatur, with as many little evening: I am certain they would have thought slie de- brazen balls, which, at the close of each hour, dropped served it well.
down on a sort of bells underneath, and sounded the end of the hour. There were also twelve figures of horsemen, who, when the twelve hours were completed, issued out at
twelve windows, which till then stood open, and returnHISTORY OF PANTALOONS.
ing again, shut the windows after them. It is to be reThere is a tradition in Corsica, that when St Pantaleon here described ; and that he was an abbot, a skilful archi
membered that Eginhart was an eye-witness of what is was beheaded, the executioner's sword was converted into a wax taper, and the weapons of all his attendants into tect, and very learned in the sciences. — I\'arton's Dissertasnuffers, and that the head rose from the block and sung.
tion on the Introduction of Learning in England. In honour of this miracle, the Corsicans, as late as the year
PRIDE AND HUMILITY. 1775, used to have their swords consecrated, or charmed, by laying them on the altar while a mass was performed to in an unworthy mind. Of all trees, I observe that God hath
I never yet found pride in a noble nature, nor humility st Pantaleon. But what have I, who am writing in January chosen the vine-a low plant, that creeps upon the helpful instead of July, and who am no Papist, and who have the wall; of all beasts, the soft and patient lamb; of all fowls, happiness of living in a Protestant country, and was bap; the mild and guileless dove. When God appeared to Moses, tised, moreover, by a right old English name-- what have I it was not in the lofty cedar, nor the sturdy oak, nor the to do with St Pantaleon ? Simply this: My new pantaspreading plane, but in a bush-a humble, slender, abject loons are just come home, and that they derive their name
bush. As if He would, by these elections, check the confrom the aforesaid saint, is as certain as that it was high ceited arrogance of man. Nothing procureth love like time I should have a new pair. St Pantaleon, though the humility ;, nothing hate like pride.-- Feltham's Resolves. tutelary saint of Oporto (which city boasteth of his relics), was in more especial fashion at Venice; and so many of the grave Venetians were in consequence named after him, that
W. AND R. CHAMBERS The other Italians called them generally Pantaloni in deri- Have just added a small work to their Educational Course, entitled sion, as an Irishman is called Pat, and as Sawney is with the Primer ATLAB. It consists of quarto maps of the Hemius synonymous for a Scotchman, or Taffy for a son of spheres, Europe, the British Islands, Asia, Palestine, Africa, Cadwallader and votary of St David and his leek. Now
North America, and South America, coloured in outline, and done the Venetians wore long small-clothes; these, as being the national dress, were called Pantaloni also ; and when the been to give a humble class of scholars the means of acquiring
up in a strong cloth cover. As the object of the publishers has trunkhose of Elizabeth's days went out of fashion, we received them from France with the name of pantaloons. issued at the barely remunerative price of Half-a-crown.
a useful amount of geographical knowledge, this Atlas has been Pantaloons, then, as of Venetian and magnifico parentage, Geographical Primer, formerly published, price 8d., will serve as a
The and under the patronage of an eminent saint, are doubtless an honourable garb. They are also of honourable extrac
companion to this Atlas. tion, being clearly of the Braccæ family; for it is this part
The second volume of the Select Writings of Robert Chambers, of our dress by which we are more particularly distin- post 8vo., boards, with vignette title, is now published, price 4s.
As the stock of odd numbers of the INFORMATION FOR THE guished from the Oriental and inferior nations, and also from the abominable Romans, whom our ancestors-Heaven bo
PEOPLE is now nearly exhausted, W. and R. Chambers beg to praised !--subdued. Under the miserable reign of Hono- intimate, that they cannot insure a supply of any separate numrius and Arcadius, these lords of the world thought proper
bers of that work after the 1st of May; and would therefore reto expel the Braccarii, or breeches-makers, from their capi- commend early application by those who wish to complete their tals, and to prohibit the use of this garment, thinking it
sets. The work will always remain on sale, complete in 2 vols. a thing unworthy that the Romans should wear the habit 8v0., boards, price 168. of barbarians ; and truly it was not fit that so effeminate a race should wear the breeches. The pantaloons are of
Published by W. & R. CHAMBERS, High Street, Edinburgh. Also this good Gothic family. The fashion having been disused
sold by D. CHAMBERS, 98 Miller Street, Glasgow; W. 8. ORR,
147 Strand, and Amen Corner, London; and J. M'GLASHAN, for more than a century, was reintroduced some five-and 21 D'Olier Street, Dublin.-Printod by W. and R. CHAMBERS, twenty years ago.-Posthumous rolume of Southey’s ‘Doctor.' Edinburgh.