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* Your afflictions have made you neither humble nor Jones was not able to leave her bed, the good woman grateful, Miss Annesley,' Miss Bellingdon contemp- quietly lifted the latch ; but the visitors drew back tuously remarked, writhing bitterly under a question on beholding the scene which the chamber presented. which she felt to be unanswerable,

The invalid lay stretched on her low pallet, to all ap• They have not made me servile, madam,' Ruth re-pearance in the last stage of dissolution. Her sightless joined; but you are mistaken in supposing that they eyes were closed, and her livid lips were firmly comhave blunted my sense of gratitude, for my heart was pressed with strong convulsions, but there was no never so keenly alive to kindness. But I am detaining signs of terror in her aspect—her gentle spirit seemed you from your evening amusement, where voices will ready for its departure. By her side, in a kneeling whisper far different language in your ear,' she added, attitude, was the emaciated and almost broken-hearted stepping aside as she spoke, to let the footman pass and Ruth, in earnest but mute devotion. open the door for his mistress. Miss Bellingdon drew The scene was too sacred to be intruded upon, and the more closely around her the rich Indian shawl which woman gently closed the door, unperceived by the occuher lady's-maid had just placed upon her shoulders, to pants of the chamber. The ladies returned in silence to shield her from the cold night air, and then hurried into the carriage; and no sooner had they entered it, than the carriage, whilst her fragile and exhausted com- Miss Bellingdon burst into a flood of penitential tears. panion set out unprotected, to walk a distance of more Keenly alive to sudden impulses of feeling, she had than three miles to her miserable home.

been impressed in no small degree by the sight she had Ruth had, in the foregoing scene, acted in opposition just witnessed. Had she, she mentally inquired, been to the natural gentleness of her character. Her feelings the means of hastening the aged woman's death? - of had been powerfully wrought upon by injustice, and further blanching the wan cheek of that fair girl who the sufferings of one dearer to her than her own exis was but in the first blush of womanhood ? And she now tence; but when again alone, she shed a torrent of unhesitatingly related the whole affair to her cousin, tears, which in some measure relieved her overcharged who, seeing that she was already so deeply moved, heart.

strove to soothe and comfort her. We leave the inhabitants of the narrow garret-one Next day the visitors returned, accompanied by Dr of whom appeared to be on the confines of eternity Penrose; but interference was now too late. Mrs Jones -to accompany the fair heiress to an elegant party had died the preceding night, and Ruth was confined to assembled at the mansion of Mrs Mapleton. The usual bed, her disease a combination of low fever and concircle of admirers and flatterers attended her steps, and sumption, brought on by cold, want, and neglect. Everyhung upon her smiles, but she was this evening ab- thing which skill could imagine was attempted, but in stracted and spiritless. The once musical but now vain; and useless also was the almost incessant watchhollow voice of the young seamstress seemed ever and ing of Andrew Crawford by the bedside of the sufferer, anon to sound in her ear, and the form of her dying from the day he had heard of her illness. In seventeen relative was present to her mental vision. She was days from the death of her aunt, the body of poor Ruth selfish and inconsiderate, but not heartless, and bitterly Annesley was carried from the same obscure dwelling, did she now repent having neglected the young crea- and laid in the same obscure grave-her fate nothing ture she had professed to serve. Her painful remi- uncommon, except in so far as it exemplified the hollow niscences were augmented by the presence of Celia delusions of not an ill-meaning, but only an inconsistent Howard, whom she had not met since the day that and giddy PATRONESS. Ruth had been first introduced to her.

Miss Howard had that morning arrived at the house of her cousin, Mrs Mapleton, with the intention of again

'GATHERINGS FROM SPAIN.' making it her home for a few days. She had not for- MR MURRAY'S 'Home and Colonial Library,' one of the gotten the circumstance; and when alone with Miss best of the popular serials, has been enriched by no Bellingdon for a few minutes, she asked, with much con- work of greater interest than that which has just apcern, what had become of the young needlewoman whom peared, 'Gatherings from Spain.' Abounding in much Dr Penrose had taken her to visit on the day on which new matter, gleaned not from books, but from actual she had left town. The question caused a flush of crim- journeys over the country, and written in a lively and son to suffuse the cheek of the gay beauty, and she was suitable style, the volume possesses an original merit, for a few moments incapable of replying. Rallying, how- and may appropriately occupy a place in all those ever, she murmured something about having lost sight | libraries now forming for general instruction and enterof her for some time, of having met with her that very tainment. A few odds and ends of sketches from its evening, and of an intention to call upon her on the pages may amuse our readers.

morrow. Will you allow me to accompany you, Ade Spain, as the author begs us to understand, is not | laide?' Miss Howard asked; “I purposed spending the one, but a collection of countries, differing very con

morning with you.' Miss Bellingdon would gladly have siderably from each other in social and physical feadispensed with her society on such an occasion, but as tures; and to this cause he ascribes their ruin from the she could think of no pretext for preventing her, she beginning — a bundle of small bodies, tied together was compelled to acquiesce.

with a rope of sand, and which, being without union, is The morning came, and the two ladies set out in Miss also without strength, has been beaten in detail.' This, Bellingdon's carriage for the apartment Ruth and her however, can only be a secondary cause of national aunt occupied at Whitechapel. Twelve months pre- disaster. A people with radically good faculties would viously, the fair heiress had entered this neighbour- surely have long since dropped petty distinctions, and hood with self-gratulations, now she felt like a culprit united for the general benefit, had circumstances perabout to appear at the bar of justice; and had not her mitted such a course. At present, Spain may be said cousin been her companion, it is doubtful whether she to be in a process of fusing down to one general whole. would have proceeded on her errand, though she was now It is losing its separate individualities and its old usages, really desirous of making some reparation for the misery and it remains to be seen whether there be a sufficient she had caused. Her inquiries for the young seamstress leaven of intelligence to carry it forward in a new and were answered by the mistress of the lodging-house, respectable career. Our own impression is, that it must who, supposing that they were come to visit the go through a furnace of long tribulation before it realises sick woman, and feeling much for the orphan girl and the ardent expectations of its admirers. her aged relative, politely said she would show them One thing remarkable about Spain, is its hatred of up into their room. The two ladies followed their France, contiguity in this instance producing only jeaguide up the stairs, till she stopped at a low door, lousy and contempt. The Pyrenees, which form the at which she gently knocked. Supposing that Ruth dividing boundary, are inhabited by a race of highwas from home on business, and knowing that Mrs landers as impracticable as their granite fastnesses.

• Here dwell the smuggler, the rifle sportsman, and all in collecting the taxes is universal, and there seems no who defy the law : here is bred the hardy peasant, who, possibility of making the revenue meet the national accustomed to scale mountains and fight wolves, be- expenses. Recourse has therefore been had to usurious comes a ready raw material for the guerrilleros ; and loans and wholesale confiscations. 'Public securities none were ever more formidable to Rome or France have been “ repudiated,” interest unpaid, and principal than those marshalled in these glens by Sertorius and sponged out. No country in the old world, or even Mina. When the tocsin bell rings out, a hornet-swarm new drab-coated world, stands lower in financial disof armed men—the weed of the hills--starts up from credit. Let all be aware how they embark in Spanish every rock and brake. The hatred of the Frenchman, speculations!' which forms “part of a Spaniard's nature,” seems to With the example of universal peculation before them, increase in intensity in proportion to vicinity, for as and favoured by the weakness of the police, highwaythey touch, so they fret and rub each other : here it is men in Spain do not stand on trifles, and carry on a the antipathy of an antithesis ; the incompatibility of large and thriving trade. Travelling with an armed the saturnine and slow with the mercurial and rapid ; diligence, or in armed bands, seems a general precauof the proud, enduring, and ascetic, against the vain, tion; Spaniards, with all their boasting, not liking to the fickle, and sensual ; of the enemy of innovation and encounter firearms. When not well provided with these change, to the lover of variety and novelty; and how appliances, our author recommends submission with a ever tyrants and tricksters may assert in the gilded good grace. “Those who have a score or so of dollars galleries of Versailles that Il n'y a plus de Pyrénées

, this (four or five pounds), the loss of which will ruin no party-wall of Alps, this barrier of snow and hurricane, man, are very rarely ill-used ; a frank, confident, and does and will exist for ever. Placed there by Provi- good-humoured surrender not only prevents any bad dence, as was said by the Gothic prelate Saint Isidore, treatment, but secures even civility during the disagreethey ever have forbidden, and ever will forbid, the banns able operation. Pistols and sabres are, after all, a poor of an unnatural alliance.'

defence compared to civil words, as Mr Cribb used to Spanish authors, it appears, either dare not or cannot say. The Spaniard, by nature high-bred, and a cabal. tell what is the cause of national ruin. They ascribe it lero, responds to any appeal to qualities of which he to the depopulation of the country by the drain of ad- thinks his nation has reason to be proud; he respects venturers for America. But colonisation never pro- coolness of manner, in which bold men, although robduced a vacuum of this sort. Our author's theory goes bers, sympathise.' nearer the mark. The real permanent and standing There are, however, other kinds of robbing in Spain. cause of Spain's thinly-peopled state, want of cultiva- One consists in the exaction of certain dues at city tion, and abomination of desolation, is bad government, gates, similar to the octroi in France; and as these civil and religious; this all who run may read in her dues are generally farmed out, they are exacted from lonely land and silent towns. But Spain, if the anec. the peasantry with great severity and incivility. There dote which her children love to tell be true, will never is perhaps no single grievance among the many, in the be able to remove the incubus of this fertile origin of mistaken system of Spanish political and fiscal economy, every evil. When Ferdinand III. captured Seville, and which tends to create and keep alive, by its daily retail died, being a saint, he escaped purgatory, and Santiago worry and often wholesale injustice, so great a feeling presented him to the Virgin, who forth with desired him of discontent and ill-will towards authority as this does : to ask any favours for beloved Spain. The monarch it obstructs both commerce and travellers. The officers petitioned for oil, wine, and corn-conceded; for sunny are, however, seldom either strict or uncivil to the skies, brave men, and pretty women — allowed; for higher classes, and if courteously addressed by the cigars, relics, garlic, and bulls—by all means; for a stranger, and told that he is an English gentleman, the good government—"Nay, nay,” said the Virgin; "that official Cerberi open the gates and let him pass un. never can be granted; for were it bestowed, not an molested, and still more if quieted by the Virgilian sop angel would remain a day longer in heaven.": A of a bribe. The idea of a bribe, however, must be nation which can console itself with a joke, is perhaps carefully concealed; it shocks their dignity, their sense more to be pitied than if it were aware of its own of honour. If, however, the money be given to the infamy. Bad government is only a result of a cause. head person, as something for his people to drink, the Universal dishonesty is at the root of the evil. From delicate attention is sacked by the chief, properly apthe first minister of the crown to the lowest official, preciated, and works its due effect.' The worst of all every one is a born cheat. Where robbing and job- robbers, however, are the lazy, do-nothing keepers bing are the universal order of the day, one rascal of country inns or ventas. • These ventas have, from keeps another in countenance. A man who does not time immemorial, been the subject of jests and pleafeather his nest when in office, is not thought honest, santries to Spanish and foreign wits. Quevedo and but a fool. The magic influence of a bribe pervades a Cervantes indulge in endless diatribes against the land where everything is venal, even to the scales of roguery of the masters, and the misery of the accomjustice. Here men who have objects to gain begin to modations, while Gongora compares them to Noah's work from the bottom, not from the top, as we do in ark; and in truth they do contain a variety of animals, England. In order to insure success, no step in the from the big to the small

, and more than a pair of more official ladder must be left unanointed. A wise and than one kind of the latter. ... Many of these ventas prudent suitor bribes from the porter to the premier, have been built on a large scale by the noblemen or contaking care not to forget the under-secretary, the over- vent brethren to whom the village or adjoining territory secretary, the private secretary, all in their order, and to belonged, and some have, at a distance, quite the air of a regulate the douceur according to each man's rank and gentleman's mansion. Their walls, towers, and often influence. If you omit the porter, he will not deliver elegant elevations, glitter in the sun, gay and promising, your card. If you forget the chief clerk, he will mislay while all within is dark, dirty, and dilapidated, and no your petition, or poison his master's ear. In matters better than a whitened sepulchre.' of political importance, the sovereign, him or herself, On arriving at one of these ventas, the inexperienced must have a share; and thus it was that Calomarde traveller is a little surprised to find that the host recontinued so long to manage the beloved Ferdinand mains unmoved and imperturbable, as if he never had and his counsels. He was the minister who laid the had an appetite, or had lost it, or had dined. Not that greatest bribe at the royal feet. “Sire, by strict atten- his genus ever are seen eating, except when invited to a tion and honesty, I have just been enabled to econo- guest's stew: air, the economical ration of the chamemise L.50,000 on the sums allotted to my department, leon, seems to be his habitual sustenance; and still more which I have now the honour and felicity to place at as to his wife and womankind, who never will sit and your majesty's disposal.” “Well done, my faithful and eat even with the stranger; nay, in humbler Spanish good minister; here is a cigar for you!” Peculation families, they seem to dine with the cat in some corner,

and on scraps. This is a remnant of the Roman and which we have ridden in his caravan, and longer his Moorish treatment of women as inferiors. Their lord robber yarns, to which we paid no attention; and it and husband, the innkeeper, cannot conceive why must be admitted that these cavalcades are truly naforeigners on their arrival are always so impatient, tional and picturesque. Mingled with droves of mules and is equally surprised at their inordinate appetite. and mounted horsemen, the zig-zag lines come threadAu English landlord's first question, “Will you not like ing down the mountain defiles, now tracking through to take some refreshment?” is the very last which he the aromatic brushwood, now concealed amid rocks would think of putting. Sometimes, by giving him a and olive-trees, now emerging bright and glittering cigar, by coaxing his wife, flattering his daughter, and into the sunshine, giving life and movement to lonely caressing Maritornes, you may get a couple of his pollos nature, and breaking the usual stillness by the tinkle or fowls, which run about the ground floor, picking up of the bell and the sad ditty of the muleteer-sounds anything, and ready to be picked up themselves and which, though unmusical in themselves, are in keepdressed.' Travellers are therefore in the habit of taking ing with the scene, and associated with wild Spanish a part in hastening things forward in the great open rambles, just as the harsh whetting of the scythe is kitchen-““One eye to the pan, the other to the real mixed up with the sweet spring and newly-mown hay cat," whose very existence in a venta, and among the meadow.' pots, is a miracle. By the way, the naturalist will ob Another oddity is the Spanish barber-the Figaro. serve that their ears and tails are almost always cropped The profession of this personage is one of great imclosely to the stumps. All and each of the travellers, portance in all the towns of the peninsula. There is when their respective stews are ready, form clusters no mistaking his shop; for, independently of the exand groups round the frying-pan, which is moved from ternal manifestations of the fine arts practised within, the fire hot and smoking, and placed on a low table or his threshold is the lounge of all idlers, as well as of block of wood before them; or the unctuous contents those who are anxious to relieve their chins of the are emptied into a huge earthen reddish dish, which in thick stubble of a three days' growth. Here is the form and colour is the precise paropsis, the food platter, mint of scandal ; and all who have lived intimately described by Martial and by other ancient authors. with Spaniards, know how invariably every one stabs Chairs are a luxury. The lower classes sit on the his neighbour behind his back with words—the lower ground, as in the East, or on low stools, and fall to in orders occasionally using knives sharper even than their a most Oriental manner, with an un-European igno- tongues. Here, again, resort gamblers, who, seated on rance of forks, for which they substitute a short wooden the ground with cards more begrimed than the earth, or horn spoon, or dip their bread into the dish, or fish pursue their fierce game as eager as if existence was at up morsels with their long-pointed knives. They eat stake ; for there is generally some well-known cock of copiously, but with gravity-with appetite, but without the walk, a bully, or guapo, who will come up and lay greediness; for none of any nation, as a mass, are better his hand on the cards, and say, "No one shall play bred or mannered than the lower classes of Spaniards.' with any cards but with mine.” If the parties are

Whether by robbing, taking bribes, or plundering cowed, they give him a halfpenny each. If, however, guests at inns, when a man has made a purse, the diffi- one of the challenged be a spirited fellow, he defies culty consists in knowing where to put it. Conse- | him, and a fight is the consequence. The interior quently there is much hoarding and hiding in secret of the barber's shop is curious. France may boast, to places. The idea of finding hidden treasures, which lead Europe in hairdressing and clipping poodles, but prevails in Spain, as in the East, is based on some Figaro snaps his fingers at her civilisation, and no cat's grounds; for in every country which has been much ears and tail can be closer shaved than his ones are. exposed to foreign invasions, civil wars, and domestic | The walls of his operating room are neatly lathered misrule, where there were no safe modes of investment, with whitewash; on a peg hangs his brown cloak and in moments of danger property was converted into gold conical hat; his shelves are decorated with clay-painted or jewels, and concealed with singular ingenuity. The figures of picturesque rascals, arrayed in all their Andamistrust which Spaniards entertain of each other often lusian toggery - bandits, bull-fighters, and smugglers. extends, when cash is in the case, even to the nearest The walls are enlivened with rude prints of fandango relations—to wife and children. Many a treasure is dancings, miracles, and bull - fights, in which the thus lost from the accidental death of the hider, who, Spanish vulgar delight, as ours do in racing and ring dying without a sign, carries his secret to the grave, notabilities. The barber's implements of art are duly adding thereby to the sincere grief of his widow and arranged in order ; his glass, soap, towels, and leather heir. One of the old vulgar superstitions in Spain is strap, and guitar, which indeed, with the razor, conan idea that those who were born on a Good-Friday, stitutes the genus barber. Few Spaniards ever shave the day of mourning, were gifted with a power of themselves; it is too mechanical; so they prefer, like seeing into the earth, and of discovering hidden the Orientals, a “razor that is hired;" and as that treasures. One place of concealment has always been must be paid for, scarcely any go to the expensive under the bodies in graves: the hiders have trusted to luxury of an every-day shave. Indeed Don Quixote the dead to defend what the quick could not. This advised Sancho, when nominated a governor, to shave accounts for the universal desecration of tombs and at least every other day if he wished to look like a churchyards during Bonaparte's invasion.'

gentleman. The peculiar sallowness of a Spaniard's From all we can understand, there seems to be but face is heightened by the contrast of a sable bristle. one class of habitually honest men in Spain, and that is Figaro himself is all tags, tassels, colour, and emthe muleteers. With a number of loaded mules march- broidery, quips and quirps : he is never still ; always ing slowly in single file, these men act as carriers all in a bustle; he is lying and lathering, cutting chins and over the country. * The muleteer either walks by capers, here, there, and everywhere. If he has a mothe side of his animal, or sits aloft on the cargo, with ment free from taking off beards and making paper his feet dangling on the neck, a seat which is by no cigars, he whips down his guitar, and sings the last means so uncomfortable as it would appear. A rude seguidilla : thus he drives away dull care, who hates gun, loaded with slugs, hangs always in readiness by the sound of merry music : and no wonder ; the opehis side, and often with it a guitar. .... The Spanish rator performs his professional duties much more skilmuleteer is a fine fellow : he is intelligent, active, and fully than the rival surgeon, nor does he bungle at any enduring; he braves hunger and thirst, heat and cold, little extraneous amateur commissions; and there are mud and dust; he works as hard as his cattle, never more real performances enacted by the barbers in Seville robs or is robbed; and while his betters in this land itself, than in a dozen European opera-houses.' put off everything till to-morrow except bankruptcy, We may close our notice of this amusing volume with he is punctual and honest, his frame is wiry and sinewy, the author's account of Spanish dances and music. 'In his costume peculiar. Many are the leagues, and long, Spain, whenever and wherever the siren sounds are

heard, a party is forthwith got up of all ages and sexes, society's literary organ. So much we have thought it who are attracted by the tinkling like swarming bees. necessary to say of the Law Review; although, on the The guitar is part and parcel of the Spaniard and his present occasion, we have no intention to meddle with ballads; he slings it across his shoulder with a ribbon, its more serious labours and duties. We have already as was depicted on the tombs of Egypt four thousand given our humble aid in the Journal to the cause of law years ago. The performers seldom are very scientific reform, and shall do so again; but just now we mean musicians; they content themselves with striking the to go on the Welsh circuit for our own amusement. chords, sweeping the whole hand over the strings, or The • Recollections of a Deceased Welsh Judge' form flourishing and tapping the board with the thumb, at the most amusing of the lighter papers in this legal which they are very expert. The multitude suit the periodical; and no wonder; for a regular Welsh judge, tune to the song, both of which are frequently extem- before law reform ‘let in the judges of England upon poraneous. The language comes in aid to the fertile the Celtic countrymen of Howel.dha and King Arthur,' mother-wit of the natives ; rhymes are dispensed with had little else to do than to look out for amusement. at pleasure, or mixed, according to caprice, with asso- The courts indeed' were more dull than can easily be nants, which consist of the mere recurrence of the same described, from the excessive stupidity of the people, vowels, without reference to that of consonants; and both witnesses and jurors—the difficulty of getting any. even these, which poorly fill a foreign ear, are not al- | thing like English out of them, or putting anything like ways observed. There is very little music ever printed sense into them—the trifling nature of their endless in Spain; the songs and airs are generally sold in ma- disputes—the inextricable entanglement of their endless nuscript. Sometimes, for the very illiterate, the notes pedigrees: yet the assizes lasted but a couple of days are expressed in numeral figures, which correspond with at each place, for the most part; and there was great the number of the strings. The best guitars in the pleasure in their clear air and fine scenery, especially world were made appropriately in Cadiz by the Pajez after the House of Commons and Westminster Hall family, father and son. Of course an instrument in so had fatigued one, and made London intolerable. Their much vogue was always an object of most careful streams were pure and refreshing, to say nothing of thought in fair Bætica; thus, in the seventh century, their fish; and their hills were wild and sunny, without the Sevillian guitar was shaped like the human breast, taking into account the good mutton they fed.' His because, as archbishops said, the chords signified the honour, accordingly, was very sorry when he found pulsations of the heart, à corde. The instruments of himself abolished, with no other compensation than his the Andalusian Moors were strung after these signi- pension ; and it is not surprising that he should have ficant heartstrings. Zaryàb remodelled the guitar by employed the additional leisure thus forced upon him adding a fifth string of bright red, to represent blood, in recalling the circumstances and characters of so the treble or first being yellow, to indicate bile; and to agrecable an official existence. this hour, on the banks of the Guadalquiver, when Among the first of his compeers he brings upon the dusky eve calls forth the Cloaked serenader, the ruby scene is .George Wood,' nicknamed the Wood Demon, drops of the heart female are surely liquefied by a judi- from a melodrama then in vogue-a lawyer greatly cious manipulation of catgut.' The Englishman who quizzed for his ugliness, and highly esteemed for his laughs at all this, and considers the Spanish love of profound knowledge of special pleading, accurate underdancing and guitaring to be a species of madness, cer- standing, sound judgment, and inflexible honesty. He tainly a cause of poverty, is thought by Spaniards to was famous for the extreme conciseness of his style, be habitually mad, from his everlasting working, and which followed him to the bench; and his brother judge also from what is a less equivocal symptom of insanity, gives us a specimen,' a story which, it may well be said, lending Spaniards money, and is accordingly laughed at - he used to tell,” for I believe he never told any other, in turn.

and that one he was constantly called upon to tell at the circuit table, and always told it in the same words,

and always with the same unbounded applause. It PLEASANTRIES OF THE BENCH.

was as follows, for having so often heard it, we knew * It seems difficult,' says the Law Review in its opening it by heart:-—"A man having stolen a fish, one saw paragraph, 'in casting our eye over the map of the bim carrying it away, half under his coat, and said, sciences, not to place jurisprudence in the highest rank, Friend, when next you steal, take a shorter fish, or if we do not indeed allow it the first place.

In this narrative-which cerNone re

wear a longer coat.' quires more enlarged understandings, more sagacious tainly represents the scene perfectly, and gives an epiminds; in its cultivators; none draws its materials from grammatic speech-there are not quite thirty words,

particles included.' more various sources ; none assumes for its successful

These roystering lawyers had a grand court which study an ampler body of knowledge, whether of books or took cognisance of the misdeeds of its members. One of men ; but, above all, its importance to the interests of them, for instance, was guilty of delivering a letter of of mankind is beyond that of every other branch of introduction to an attorney ; whereupon he was brought learning: it is more eminently practical than any ; its to trial, and forth with appointed per postman to the concern is with the whole order, the peace, and the hap- circuit. Another actually dined with one of these propiness of society.'* The object of the work which com scribed parties, and received the congratulations of the mences thus, is to promote all discussions connected court upon his very select acquaintance, for which he with this department of science and literature; to ex- paid so many gallons of claret to the circuit purse. tend the knowledge of sound principles; and to further - J. Allan Park had somewhat puffed Richardson to an the real improvement of the laws, while checking the attorney or two as a young man of excellent promise, mere reckless desire of change. The Law Review is and stated that he had so irigh an opinion of him, that published under the auspices of the Society for Pro- he had made him his executor. The attorney-general moting the Amendment of the Law; a body which has failed not to note this in his next speech at the grand Lord Brougham at its head as president, with the Lord court, which seriously alarmed Richardson, and drew Chancellor, the Dukes of Richmond and Cleveland, from him a solemn declaration that he should consider Lords Devon, Radnor, Ashburton, Campbell, and Mr any such recommendations as hostile, and not friendly Lushington as vice-presidents. It includes among its acts. This, however, did not save him from the title of ordinary and honorary members many of the most dis- Executor; till some one, observing the testator's ruddy tinguished men of the day, and not a few of these have face of health, and the executor's very pale and emaenriched with their contributions the pages of the ciated appearance, made the two change places, and

gave Richardson the name of the Defunct.' All this, it * The Law Review and Quarterly Journal of British and Foreign

will be seen, under the guise of merriment, preserved Jurisprudence. Nos. I to 9. London: Richards.

the purity of the bar. Even the jests were subservient

-ancillary, as we say—to the same end. They kept be spent in sleep, were there no chessmen and no backus ever in mind of the serious visitations ready at any gammon. Sergeant Cockell of our circuit, in the vacamoment to come down upon real offences; they were tion, used to stand fishing for hours, and catch nothing ; like the crack of the wagoner's whip, to be followed by but the time between his breakfast and his dinner the stroke if the ear had been assailed in vain. Then seemed to him a foretaste of eternity, at least in point to the mummery of the circuit all were forced to bow. of duration. I believe Mr Justice Buller never was Whoever appeared in coloured clothes, had to pay for it known to exercise his mind except upon whist, when by a fine, following a lecture by the attorney-general, he was neither judging nor reading in “ the books." in which the propriety of mode and dressing of the Dampier, a good scholar, used to read a good deal, but person was the subject of discourse: the rich wardrobes I suspect it was chiefly old divinity. Gibbs notoriously of various leaders were gorgeously described; how Mr had never read anything since he left Cambridge with Sergeant Cockell might, if he chose, dazzle the asto a very good classical reputation. All lawyers, however, nished sight with whole yards of cloth of gold across his ' even Topping,' we are told, read a little of Shakspeare, portly paunch; how Mr Law himself could revel in the at least as much as enables them to quote, while going most flowery satins; how the very crier could appear upon circuit, “Thus far into the bowels of the land.' so bedizened in lace, that he might burn for hundreds Topping was the most uxorious of human kind, and of pounds. The sumptuary laws were intended to di- daily wrote a long letter to Nirs Topping. The subject minish the expense of the circuit to poorer men. The of the correspondence we all knew as well as she did rest of the rules were meant to prevent malpractices in herself-it was made up of his grievances. Did a jury the profession. The constantly flowing jest about small give a verdict against him, he wrote and complained to matters was calculated to beget a habit of not taking Mrs Topping; did any of the bar offend him, she was offence on grave occurrences, a very necessary thing in instantly informed. He never kept this to himself, but a profession the constant practice of which exposes always told us--often threatened us-occasionally reevery one to hear things said, and tempts most men to warded us with some such confidential disclosure as say things, somewhat painful to the feelings. Now and this, made most significantly, and as by one well aware then a man would appear among us who was either of its value, “ I'll assure you I felt so much how kind too high or too sore to bear with the rude pleasantry of you were, that I wrote to Mirs Topping.” But generally the body. Wo betide him if he showed such feelings! it went thus-" The vile fellow behaved very, very ill : He might, without intending it, be very unexpectedly I wrote to Mrs Topping." Nor was the judge spared. created a Duke, or even a Grand Duke, for his lofti- I have heard him say that “Mrs Topping felt my ness; or mayhap an Archdeacon, for keeping slyly out of lord's behaviour so much, she said she never could forthe way; or a Doctor of the Sorebone, if he testified get it.” But then he, being perhaps mollified by some sensitiveness of jokes. I forget which fate overtook a more favourable charge of his lordship, would tell us learned sergeant (Davenport) when he was wroth with that “he had written to intreat she would think no Mr Solicitor-General for filing against him an indict- more of it, and that he hoped he had prevailed.” Once, ment for manslaughter, because a man had fallen out of however, I heard him say at Carlisle, “that the sergeant the gallery during his address to the jury. It set forth had behaved so ill, that Mrs Topping vowed she never that he feloniously did kill and slay J S—, being would speak to him again as long as she lived;" and in the peace of our lord the king, with a certain blunt this he uttered as if he were stating that sentence of instrument, of no value, called a long speech. But I death had been pronounced upon the sergeant, whom he think my able, learned, and lamented friend, Ralph then regarded as a fallen and lost man.' Topping's Carr, was raised to the doctorate (of the Sorebone), irritability of temper gave him frequent occasion to when he took occasion to remark, that " he perceived write to Mrs Topping. I once entered the court at the whole of the circuit set against him, from Mr Attor- Durham when both he and the sergeant were standing ney-General Law down to Professor Christian," a joke with their backs voluntarily turned on the judge. I eminently pleasing to Law, who held his cousin Chris- saw some screw was loose. The first words that I could tian in extreme contempt.'

distinguish was Baron Wood saying, "I think, on the This Law (Ellenburgh) is highly praised by the whole, you are right, Mr Topping;” to which he was judge both for his abilities and jokes." "I remember one pleased to answer, “I am sure I was very far from askof his chosen subjects (butts, as they might be called) ing what you thought.” Another judge of more penewas Sylvester Douglas (afterwards Lord Glenbervie). trable stuff would have been very angry at this bearish There was no end of the laugh ever ready to come at Law's growl; but old George, who well knew his man, only call, and at Douglas's expense. Sometimes he would dub said, “Well, well; who do you caal ?(call); so the him the Solicitor-General, in allusion to his constant ask- cause went on, while there was heard an undergrowl on ing for everything that fell. Then he would swear that the other side from the sergeant, abusing Topping for Douglas kept a Scotchman, at half-a-crown a-week, his insolence and ingratitude, and the baron for his always on the look-out, and to sit up all night, that he ignorance and partiality, and calling for his clerk to might be called if any one died in place. He had a notion bring him some of the stomach tincture, which we knew that Douglas's age was extremely great-nay, that he would console him, as it was generally brandy with some believed he was the Wandering Jew; and one morn water added, to give it a name, rather than materially ing, when in court, some doubt arose whether a statute alter its nature. Brandy and water was not the only was made in the fifth or sixth of Elizabeth—"Send,” cordial in requisition by the lights of the law. When said Ned Law, “for Douglas in the coffee-house, he is Garrow retired from court after gaining a cause, 'in likely to remember its passing.” Nor did this even about half an hour old Humphreys, his clerk, returned cease on Douglas leaving the bar. . I well remember, with Mr Garrow's compliments, and begging to have a when the kingdom of Etruria was announced by Bona- small wooden-cased flask which he had left. We had parte, and no one for some time was named, we were all seen the sergeant handling that bottle, and, while speculating who was to have it, Ned Law told us in Garrow was going on before the wind, quietly transfer the morning at Frank's, “Don't you know? Glenbervie it under his own bag, into which he quickly put it. So has asked for it, and has great hopes."

when the clerk came, the sergeant said, “What wouldst Lawyers, it would seem, are not always literary men. have, man? Your case is disposed of. Mr Garrow is Sergeant Lens, an excellent scholar, and a very consider- gone off to town.” Away went Humphreys; but Garable mathematician, is said to have entirely given over row would bear no rival in his own art, and he required reading since he came into business. A brother judge his flask on account of his "exhausted frame.” So back of mine, a crack scholar as far as longs and shorts can came Humphreys, and he would not go till the sergeant, make one, is believed to have no book in his house, and, most reluctantly, had to make his bag disgorge the case I will venture to say, never reads anything but a news - what he valued more than any of the others among paper, nor every day even that. His evenings would | which it had forced its way. His comfort was, that the

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