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Mr Howitt's proposed remedy is, combination on the the gratification of the reading public; such are the part of the authors—combination for funds to succour writers and editors of periodical works, and those who distressed members of their corps, ' for the support of devote themselves to compilations of all kinds; nineevery authorly interest, and the defence of every au- tenths, it is probable, of the whole literary class. These thorly right!' We are sorry that we most thoroughly men are precisely in the situation of thousands of able believe combination for any purpose impracticable and well-educated persons who have to give their days amongst literary men. Irritability of temper and to the drudgeries of medicine or the technicalities of mutual jealousy are the causes of this doom. But even the law. They should contemplate themselves as strictly though they could associate, we cannot see what asso members of the great legion of the unendowed, who ciation would do for them, supposing that they remain have nothing to depend upon but intellect judiciously in other respects the same. It seems to us purely and industriously exercised. It is, accordingly, no more visionary to expect that the literary class will acquire than right and proper that these men should seek, by the strength or dignity which Mr Howitt desires for all honourable means, to improve their worldly circumit, otherwise than by an increase of integrity and pru- stances, exactly as the members of other professions are dence in the individuals of which the literary class is doing. Nor can it be derogatory to any real dignity composed.

which belongs to their functions, that they should subIt may be possible, however, to show improved ar- mit to all the prudent restrictions which beset other rangements respecting literary labours and rewards, men in the like circumstances. If they were to see their which would greatly ameliorate the worldly circum- real position in a true light, they would be under no stances of authors, and prove favourable to that mo- danger of neglecting these maxims; they would resist rality on which the elevation of the class must, we the vanity which has before now caused an author with think, depend. It is not the first time that we have his first spare hundred pounds to set up a carriage; endeavoured to show that literary men, in being the and they would put down the promptings of the worse employés of tradesmen, are in a wholly false position. imp which would persuade them that they are priviThe relation should be exactly the reverse; that is to leged by the use of a goose quill to every ridiculous say, men pursuing an active literary career should be foible, and not a few of the petty vices. the masters and employers, the tradesmen being subor There is a smaller class of literary men who seek dinate to them, or, at the most, associated in a copart- to produce works of a higher order, with but a small nery. Authors should, in short, use means to take rank chance of being remunerated for their trouble. Such as capitalists, and write for the realisation of publish- are the poets, the writers of laborious historical works, ing schemes in which they have a mercantile interest. and the authors of speculative treatises. The producTalk not of difficulties in acquiring capital, when these tions of this class immensely exceed all others in value, are overcome by men of every class and grade every yet they are not on that account sure to produce an day. So that there be saving, there will soon be capi- adequate reward. Such is the unavoidable effect of the tal. Let literary men condescend, if it be a condescen- mercantile principle to which literature is left in the sion, to this law of political economy, and their rise to present stage of society, that the veriest toy of the the rank of capitalists is certain. In many instances brain, which it has only taken a clever man a fortnight where there happened to be harmony of character and to produce, may realise for its author a thousand pounds, pursuit, literary firms might be established for the or even more-such things are !—while an emanation carrying out of the larger class of designs. So far, in of true genius, never to be allowed to die, or an elimipeculiar circumstances, the present system might occa- nation of truth which is to help on the regeneration of sionally be departed from. Or one literary man of ma our race, will not pay the expenses of putting it through ture years might be the employer of a corps of younger the press. One cannot but view with deep regret and

But the leading idea is—let the author be the sympathy the narrow circumstances to which authors ruler of his own labours, and the reaper of their proper of this kind are subject. But while society proceeds i rewards. By this plan there would be the further ad- upon a commercial mercantile principle, it is not easy vantage, that literary schemes would be more heartily to see how such men, who have no patrimony to sustain and justly worked out than at present. The bookseller, them, are to be otherwise than poor, if they give themas is well known, is often baffled in his efforts to get a selves to labours which notoriously produce no solid plan realised, by reason of the difficulty which one mind rewards. Authorship of such a kind, in such circumexperiences in entering into the views of another. stances, should be looked upon as a voluntary sacrifice Where an author works upon his own plan, he of course of immediate and gross benefits, for the sake of someworks with a clearer perception of what he ought to do, hin more spiritual and more highly esteemed. А and also with a stronger interest in his subject.

counsellor who, instead of taking briefs, spent his nights But the plan is visionary—it could never be reduced and days in efforts to reform the laws, would be in a to practice!' This is not quite true. Several literary precisely analogous situation, and his poverty would be men are actually realising it to a very considerable no marvel. Now, there is hardly one of the former and extent, and are, we believe, feeling the benefits of it. larger class of literary men who does not aspire to We have ourselves acted upon this plan for many years, labours of a higher kind than those to which he devotes and not only found it easily practicable, but the only himself. He wishes, but the necessity of bread forbids. possible arrangement under which, to all appearance, And thus his whole literary life consists of exertions the same labours could have been conducted. The gist which are not according to the first intention of his mind, of the matter is, that literary men ought to become men but which he must reconcile himself to as unavoidable of the world in a greater degree than they are, if they in his situation. Here, however, we have an evil no would wish to keep abreast of men of the world. Of greater than what falls to the lot of nearly all profescourse, the plan now sketched is only applicable to men sional men. We all have an inner life of the mind in who seek a regular livelihood, and the means of rising which we would spend our whole time, if it were not in society, by the industrious use of their pen. Such that the outer life calls us in some other direction. are the writers of books primarily designed merely for Perhaps few enjoy the good fortune of the literary man,


in having daily labours so near akin to those on which this rule is observed, a fair share of literary merit is they would spend themselves. These take him into the undoubted passport to most of those worldly advanthe society of the intellectual—they allow him converse tages which the generality of men are in search of : with books—they place him in circumstances from where it is disregarded, intellectual merit, of whatever which he may in the easiest possible manner ascend to degree, must go very much for nothing, the exertions in which he would be engaged. And it occurs to us forcibly that the very hope of being able in time to produce some work of an important character,

THE PATRONESS. ought to be a powerful inducement to the slave of the

A TALE, press to be diligent in his calling and prudent in his On one of those densely foggy evenings so well known living, that he may the sooner emancipate himself from to the inhabitants of our great metropolis, when all who the toil which only gives a pecuniary reward. How have comfortable parlours or drawing-rooms will shut much nobler to husband resources for this purpose, out the unpleasant scene the windows present by closely than to launch into the vanities of the world, and sell drawing the curtains, and ringing for candles earlier the whole soul for a wretched competition with the than the wonted hour-when the link-boys tender the Common Rich!

welcome auxiliary of light to the foot-passenger who While much is said of the calamities of authors, we can afford a trifling recompense, and none will venture never hear of the calamities of booksellers—of which out of doors who have not some very pressing call-on class it is always assumed that they are not merely well such an evening in the winter of 1835, a young and off, but wallowing in wealth. Yet publishers, in the delicate pedestrian might have been seen threading the mass, are by no means an extravagantly successful class maze formed by the narrow streets of Whitechapel

, of men. Some acquire wealth, which is the case in all without companion or protector, and almost sinking professions; but many fail miserably in their under- under the weight of a cumbersome parcel, which bore takings, and some of the greatest have died without a the appearance of needlework, from one of the waresovereign. It is a sad consideration that Archibald houses with which that neighbourhood abounds. Her Constable, who had a truly generous feeling for authors, hurried and terrified manner attracted no attention, paid only half-a-crown in the pound. View the history, each individual being intent upon reaching his own fireof the late edition of the ‘Encyclopædia Britannica' side; and the darkness was so intense, that it shielded her - a really creditable undertaking, carried on and from the observation of the rude passer-by, who otherfinished in a most conscientious manner towards the wise would have frequently stared beneath her coarse public, yet leaving its proprietors at the present mo straw-bonnet to gaze upon a face of uncommon beauty. ment L. 19,000 minus! Sometimes we hear of a book. She stopped ever and anon to relieve herself for a few seller making what is called a hit. He gives one hun moments from her heavy burden, by resting it on a doordred pounds for a manuscript, and gains six or seven step; and paused at every turn, passing her ungloved times his own money. Then there is sure to be a hand over her fair brow, as if recalling to remembrance dreadful outcry about the poor author, as if he were the spot on which she stood. Her apprehensions lest a robbed man ; the public never reflecting, that for she had mistaken her way, redoubled when she found one fortunate venture, the bookseller makes three or herself in a place of which she had no recollection; and four by which he loses, and that he did not buy the in a state of great excitement and alarm she now article below its ascertained value, but speculated upon ventured to enter a chandler's shop, that she might a contingency. We also lay out of account the many make inquiries for the street in which her home was losses which publishers undergo by their advances to situated. Such a question from one on whom poverty authors. There is a kind of Arabian feeling in the has set its unmistakeable seal, is not always answered latter gentlemen with respect to the trade,' as if it with civility, especially when it calls the shopkeeper, were only justice to leave them losers. For instance, on a cold evening, from the snug parlour and blazing Goldsmith owes L.111 to his publisher, Mr John fire. Ruth Annesley, however, met with a courteous Newbery, who had taken a kindly charge of his reply from the kind-hearted widow to whom her agiaffairs, even to paying his landlady her weekly rent. tated appeal was addressed. She cheerfully set about a Goldsmith is in difficulties for a sum, and his friend minute and somewhat lengthy explanation; but to the Johnson takes the manuscript of his . Vicar of Wake- terrified and almost bewildered girl the frequent repetifield' to be sold, but not to John Newbery-for' with tion of third turning to the right, second to the left,' him,' in Mr Howitt's words, it would have gone to &c. was like the jargon an unknown tongue. reduce the standing claim'no, but to Francis New • You are a stranger in London?' the widow observed, bery, a nephew, and probably rival of John, who gives looking compassionately upon her. Ruth replied in the sixty pounds. This transaction is an example of the affirmative, adding that she lived with an aged relative, manner in which booksellers are treated at this day, who was anxiously awaiting her return. even by men to whom they have behaved with the "Well, don't be frightened, my poor girl,' she kindly highest degree of generosity. Can we doubt that such rejoined; “I'll promise you that you shall be at your treatment tends to the injury of booksellers, and helps own door in less than a quarter of an hour, if you don't to make them regard authors in the manner in which mind trusting yourself to the care of my son. He is as they were regarded by the person adverted to at the steady and as good a lad as ever mother was blessed beginning of this paper ?

with,' she pursued, perceiving that her auditor started To conclude. We would again earnestly commend to a little at the proposition, so you need not be a bit the attention of literary men the views which have afraid to put yourself under his protection; and he been here unfolded regarding improved arrangements knows the way so well

, that he could go blindfold, havfor the publication of their writings. Let them be no ing trodden it every day, Sundays excepted, for the last bnger children, content with the first gewgaw offered seven years. Then he will carry your load for you, for them, but steady, earnest, and honourable men of the you seem well-nigh tired,' she feelingly added, and she world. It is, meanwhile, possible, under the present lifted a stool from the other side of the counter as she arrangements, for a man of literary talent to realise a spoke. subsistence by his pen, and even, by its means alone, You are very good ma'am,' was all Ruth could reply, to raise himself in the social scale. For this, however, as she sunk exhausted into the offered seat. The benesteady industry and unfailing fidelity are necessary. volent widow now hurried into her little parlour, in It were obviously the greatest folly to suppose that which the young man alluded to was sitting, too much booksellers are to encourage men of a different charac- absorbed by the perusal of a book to hear what had ter, or that society is to receive them with cordiality. been passing between his parent and her fair companion. The first lesson, therefore, to be learned by an aspirant But no sooner was the communication made, than he for literary honours is to be a good citizen. Where I started upon his feet, and taking his hat from its

accustomed peg, hastened to perform the part of a she bounded up a flight of stone steps into a large but knight-errant to the distressed maiden. His precipi- miserable-looking house, which stood at the entrance of tance was, however, checked by his good mother, who the court. suggested that, on such a damp evening, a greatcoat A week elapsed ere the young seamstress completed was necessary, tenderly adding, that as he had suffered her task, and proceeded again in the direction of the severely from a cold last winter, it would be well for abode of her new-found friends. Her surprise was only him to wear her woollen shawl for a cravat. Andrew exceeded by her gratitude, on finding that the widow Crawford submitted to these precautions with some had already interested a benevolent physician in her thing like impatience, but actually blushed for his ap- behalf. This gentleman had engaged to represent her pearance on beholding the slightly-clad figure of the unfortunate situation to some ladies of his acquaintance, frail delicate girl whom he was about to escort, and who he knew could serve her by finding her better without uttering a word, he tore the shawl from his employment. throat and wrapped it around her shoulders. Struck We will now, with the reader's permission, shift the by this unlooked-for kindness, as well as by his frank scene a little, and take a peep into the richly-ornamented and open countenance, Ruth now unhesitatingly yielded drawing-room of Mrs Mapleton, a young lady of fashion, her burden and herself to his protection and guidance. who had recently become a bride. The mistress of the During the period occupied by the walk, the youth mansion, arrayed in an elegant dishabille, was reclining drew from his gentle companion an artless recital of the on one of the sofas. Her companions were her cousins, events of her brief life. She and a twin brother, since two ladies who had filled the important office of bridedead, had, she said, been left orphans in infancy. Her maids; and a more striking contrast could scarcely be father's relations were persons of property, but as they conceived than thie trio presented. Miss Bellingdon, the had refused to render them any pecuniary assistance, elder of the group, was a beautiful young woman of they must have been brought up in a workhouse, had five-and-twenty, who for the last four years had been not her mother's only surviving kinswoman her sole mistress of an immense fortune. Her bright black grandaunt - taken the charge upon herself. * This eye, and clear brunette complexion, bespoke a character dear relative,' she added, worked for us when we of impassioned energy. Widely removed from these were unable to work for ourselves, imparted to us two extremes was the gentle Celia Howard. She posall the knowledge she possessed, and was to us in every sessed neither the insipid beauty of the one, nor the respect like a fond mother.' She then proceeded to animated charms of the other, but her mild countenance state that fresh misfortunes had since assailed them ; bore the expression of good sense and modesty, which, that her brother's long illness had reduced them to a though exciting less admiration, won for her more really sad condition of poverty; and that her kind friend, now attached friends. very aged and infirm, had lately been bereft of sight. Into this elegant scene a gentleman was introduced. This circumstance had induced them to come from This was Dr Penrose, the benevolent-minded physician Sheffield to London, with the hope that the best medi- who had undertaken to find some remunerative employcal aid, there afforded gratuitously, would effect a cure; ment for the poor seamstress. Nor was he unsuccessbut this hope had not been realised. She had, she ful. His representations greatly affected the ladies; and further said, whilst residing in the country, gained Miss Bellingdon at once offered to give her some articles some knowledge of the art of dressmaking, but had of dress to make, which she had in hand. Come, not been able to turn it to any account in London, be- doctor, you will escort me in your carriage to the house cause work in that department of female labour was not of the young needlewoman,' gaily added the fair pagenerally to be obtained at home, and she would endure troness. any hardships rather than leave her aged and afflicted • Gallantry forbids that I should disregard such a relative : they were, consequently, now residing toge- request from a lady,' the doctor returned with a sinile ; ther in a humble lodging, living on the little she could and the fair heiress quitted the room to equip herself earn by making shirts for a neighbouring outfitting for the visit. warehouse.

• Adelaide is a spoiled child, and must always have • Have you, then, no other friend in this great city?' her own way,' the bride remarked; and while Miss Bel. the young man interrogated, in a tone which betrayed lingdon was employed in searching for the articles she the deep interest he had taken in her simple tale. spoke of, Miss Howard took the opportunity of slipping

I have no other friend on earth,' she made answer. a small donation into the hands of the doctor. Will you “Now my brother is gone, I have no one else to love or to become my almoner, dear sir?' she quietly said; adding love me.'

in a still lower key, ‘ permit me to caution you not to *Yours is a sad case,' he added commiseratingly; trust wholly to the discretion of my cousin, Miss Belbut if you will call again upon my mother, she may be lingdon, with regard to the future movements of your able to recommend you to something better than your interesting protégée. She is kindly-intentioned, but is present employment, which I fear is but ill paid for.' apt to imagine that more can be effected by her patron

'It is indeed,' Ruth replied. “I labour fifteen hours age than experience proves. it is painful to make these every day, frequently many more, and after all, can remarks,' she hurriedly observed ; but I feel it a duty scarcely provide the common necessaries of life. Yet,' to do so, lest your kind efforts to serve this young she quickly rejoined, 'I am thankful to get even this, woman should be a source of evil instead of benefit.' for London is a sad, unsocial, selfish place, and we The re-entrance of the young heiress prevented the should otherwise have died for want.'

physician's reply,.but his countenance expressed all his • Though you have not been so fortunate as to meet lips would have uttered. with them, London has many charitable people in it, * Mrs Mapleton is a subscriber to several charitable and is full of benevolent institutions, the young man institutions,' Miss Bellingdon observed, addressing her returned, a little jealous for the credit of his native city. venerable companion as they entered the densely-popu* Yet,' he musingly added, 'I know not of any institu- lated neighbourhood in which the home of the young tion for the encouragement of female industry. But you seamstress was situated ; and,' she pursued, as she will call on my mother-will you not? I think she can has a great objection to anything like trouble, and be of service to you.'

fancies she is too sensitive to come in contact with Oh yes, I shall call on her to thank her for her distress of any kind, she imagines that to be the most goodness to me this night,' the maiden energetically efficient way of doing good. For my own part,' she exclaimed, as with a joyful heart she now recognised continued, • I like to find out worthy objects for private the little court which contained her home. “A thousand charity, and really feel obliged, Dr Penrose, by your thanks, too, for your kindness, sir,' she hurriedly added, mentioning this poor young creature to me.' returning the shawl, and taking the parcel from his • Each in its turn has a claim upon us, my dear Miss hands. 'Good-night;' and as slie spoke the last words, / Bellingdon,' the doctor made answer.

The interest Dr Penrose had excited in the breast of your employers,' was that lady's unhesitating reply ; the fair heiress for Ruth Annesley rather augmented and vain were the poor girl's representations that her than decreased when that young lady entered her lodg- health was sinking under the effort, which was even ing, notwithstanding that she had to climb up three greater than that she had made at her former occupaflights of dark and dirty stairs ere her curiosity was tion. You have yet to learn, Miss Bellingdon progratified. There was to her a charm in novelty which ceeded, that there is nothing about which a lady is so counterbalanced all difficulties, and the very wretched impatient as the fabrication of a new dress. She will ness of the abode gave it an air of romance which highly bear the loss of a lover with a better grace than a disdelighted her. The little room occupied by the aunt appointment of that sort; so I tell you, my good girl, and niece was, however, far from partaking of the cha- that you must get them all done by the time specified racter of the other parts of the house; it was meanly by the owners, or you will ruin yourself in the onset.' furnished and ill-lighted, but there was a certain some And can these ladies be really desirous of serving thing which bespoke it the residence of minds of a supe- me in giving me this employment?' Ruth could not help rior order. The young needlewoman was amazed and saying to herself; but she dared not ask so rude a almost terrified at the sight of the elegant tissue which question of her noble patroness. With great exertion, was unrolled before her. She was diffident in exercising accompanied by no small amount of bodily pain, the her skill on such costly materials; and though grateful young needlewoman at length effected the task ; but for the offered aid, would fain have declined it, but her her trials were not over when this was accomplished. visitor would not hear of a refusal. She was sure, she One of the ladies who had been so keenly touched by said, from the excellent fit of her own dress, simple as it Miss Bellingdon's affecting recital of her sufferings, and was, that she could accomplish it to her satisfaction; who was, to use her own words, ' quite anxious to paand she proceeded to make an appointment for the next tronise the poor young thing,' did not scruple to make morning for her to take her pattern.

a bargain by which she was a considerable gainer, ex• We must transplant that sweet flower to a more cusing her avarice by saying that she could not of genial soil, my good sir,' Miss Bellingdon energetically course pay a person whom she employed under such exclaimed when they re-entered the carriage; "she must circumstances the same as she did one of the fashionnot be allowed to wither away in this polluted atmo- able milliners; another thought it an excellent opporsphere. I have already formed a plan for her future tunity of getting credit, which had been refused by her support. She must have a well-furnished floor in the late modiste; a third, supposing the obligation she western suburbs, and I'll venture to promise her plenty conferred on Ruth by employing her entitled her to of employment from my friends alone.'

dictate even in her domestic affairs, withdrew her pa'Your plan is good, my dear Miss Bellingdon,' the tronage on the plea of her base ingratitude, because doctor returned; but we must not be too sanguine of the poor girl did not think proper to follow her advice success. If

in everything; and a fourth-a dashing widow, whom Oh, I will have no buts or ifs,' the lady interposed, Miss Bellingdon had represented as a very paragon of . nor will I allow you to thwart my schemes of benevo- benevolence-having a favourite notion that the work. lence by your prudent precaution. I assure you that I ing-classes are incapable of husbanding their earnings, can fully calculate upon success, and I'll take the entire doled out her payments in such small sums, and took responsibility upon myself.'

up so much time in calls at her mansion in order to * If you will do that, my fair friend, I can make no receive these sums, that the money was literally twice further opposition,' her companion quietly rejoined. earned ere it reached the hands of the person who was

The result of the above-related conversation was, that so unfortunate as to be employed by her. To these Ruth and her aunt were removed from the obscure were added several ladies who were really desirous of garret they had for the last six months inhabited, to a serving her, but who engrossed so much of her attention comfortable lodging in the neighbourhood of Hyde and time—the young needlewoman's only property-by Park. Miss Bellingdon found no difficulty in persuad- trivial remarks and minute directions, that little profit ing her young protégée to make the exchange; for, trust could be derived from the work they put into her hands. fal and guileless as she was, she never for a moment This latter evil arose from inconsiderateness, not wilful doubted whether her patroness would fulfil all her en- injustice, but it was not the less felt on that account. gagements. To her it appeared an almost miraculous Thus, though our heroine had no lack of occupation, she deliverance from the bitter want she and her beloved was not so amply remunerated as she had been led to relative had so long endured, and her grateful heart expect, and she was still frequently distressed for the beat high with thankfulness to a merciful Providence means for providing the necessaries of life. The lodgwho had directed her steps in the darkness to the ings Miss Bellingdon had engaged for their use were abode of the widow, who had been the primary human expensive; and notwithstanding the promise that lady iostrument in bringing about her present happiness. had made to Dr Penrose, and that she had more than To her more sage and experienced protectress, however, once intimated to Ruth herself, that she would take the the scheme did not appear quite so desirable. She was entire responsibility, she never afterwards alluded to less sanguine than Ruth of the success of her new the subject. undertaking, and doubtful of the continuance of Miss The interest which had been excited for Ruth did not Bellingdon's patronage. She had seen too much of life to flag through the winter months. Many a beautiful lip place implicit reliance in fluency of profession; yet as spoke with seeming sympathy of the fair young seamher niece was full of hope and delight at the proposal, stress who had fabricated the dress or mantle in which and was, in their present circumstances, wasting her the lovely wearer was arrayed, and they doubtless youth by incessant and ill-requited toil, she could not flattered themselves into the belief that they had been long withhold her consent to the change. Miss Belling- really actuated by benevolence when finding her emdon was so enraptured with the manner in which Ruth ployment. The London season followed — the busy had accomplished the task she had assigned her, that season, as it is emphatically denominated by the west she was more than usually energetic whilst appealing end' milliner and dressmaker—the season when the to her fair friends in her behalf. Her affecting relation jaded apprentice and journeywoman can get neither of the trials the young seamstress had so recently necessary bodily exercise by day nor rest by night; and endured drew tears from many a bright eye, and our during these months there was still no complaint of heroine had not been many days in her new abode, ere want of occupation, whatever there might be of pecushe was supplied with more work than she knew how to niary embarrassment. But when this season was over, perform. She thus found herself in such an awkward and the metropolis emptied itself of its fashionable indilemma, that she was obliged to apply to her patroness habitants, that they might seek the sea-side breezes, or for counsel. "Oh, you must do it all

, my dear; you ruralise in sylvan vales, the poor young needlewoman's must not think of such a thing as disobliging any of interesting story was regarded as a bygone tale, and

her very name was in most instances forgotten. Miss Ruth would have sought the aid of the kind physician Bellingdon was not yet among the number who had left who had before taken such a lively interest in their town. For some reason she was a lingerer in its almost welfare, but she was unacquainted with his place of deserted fashionable places of resort. This reason was residence; and all her attempts to see Miss Bellingdon, certainly not that she might further the interests of her and to obtain the information from her, had been fruitprotégée, for a new favourite had taken poor Ruth's less. So fearful was Ruth that it might be supposed place in that fickle young lady's regard. This was a that she was vaguely soliciting pecuniary aid from the youthful painter, whom she declared to be a second widow Crawford, that she would not, when writing to Rubens, and whom she was now using her utmost her, inform her of the extent of her distress. endeavours to bring into notice.

The dense fog which had shirouded the streets during The sudden desertion of her patronesses, many of the day, making it necessary for the tradesman and whom were in her debt, was not the only trial our artisan to use artificial lights even at noon, had given heroine had at this time to endure, for she was, in place to a steady continuous rain, when the unhappy consequence, unable to pay the arrears of rent for their girl, thinly clad, and without anything to shield her furnished apartments. It was true this did not exceed from the inclemency of the weather, set out with the five pounds, yet it was a larger sum than she would intention of once more seeking Miss Bellingdon's manhave been able to raise, even by disposing of all her sion. The fair heiress was actually her debtor for the wardrobe. She naturally looked to Miss Bellingdon to last dresses she had made for her; and though it was assist her at such a juncture, at least by advice; but an unseasonable hour for calling on a lady of fashion on that lady was now inaccessible to her. She called again such business, Ruth, urged by despair, had formed the and again at her mansion, but always received an answer resolution to see her if possible, and even to force herthat she was particularly engaged, or from home. Her self into her presence should her request be denied. situation was rendered more pitiable by the rapidly None heeded the young pedestrian as she pursued her declining health of Mrs Jones, who stood in greater hurried course through the crowded streets of business, need than ever of those comforts Ruth had once fondly and she was equally unregarded and uncared for when anticipated being able to provide from the fruits of her she entered the aristocratic locality of the west. Her exertions. Constant toil and anxiety had blanched her earnest intreaties that the footman would take up her own cheek, and further enfeebled a frame always deli- name, received an answer that Miss Bellingdon was cate; but of herself she thought not; all her solicitude dressing for an evening party, and could not be spoken was called into exercise for that beloved relative who to, but that she would pass through the hall in her way had been to her as a mother. A circumstance hitherto to the carriage, if she chose to wait. unmentioned also served to augment our heroine's dis 'I will thankfully accept the offer,' Ruth replied; and tress; this was the absence of her humble friends, the as she spoke, she seated herself upon one of the chairs. Crawfords. An unlooked-for event in their family had The man had scarcely left the hall, when the light caused them, a few weeks previously, to leave London step of the fair heiress was heard descending from her for a residence in a distant part of the country; and as dressing-room. She was giving directions to her lady'stheir departure had been somewhat sudden, Ruth was maid as she proceeded, and was too much occupied to consequently deprived in this exigency of their sym- notice that any one was below, till she came into conpathy and counsel. Her upright mind, however, sug- tact with the pale, emaciated figure of the young shirtgested the most honourable course to be pursued; which maker, who sat there shivering in her wet garments. was, she thought, for them to leave their little property A start of recognition followed. as a security for their debt, engage a low-rented apart *Ruth Annesley !' she exclaimed in astonishment. ment in the neighbourhood in which they had before “Ah, madam, I am indeed that wretched girl,' was resided, and for her to endeavour to procure work from the reply; and the tone of anguish in which it was her former employer. This plan met with Mrs Jones's uttered struck like a knell upon the ear of her auditor. approbation, though it was with a sickening heart • You look ill, child; what could bring you out on that she contemplated the entire blight of her niece's such a night?' prospects. Ruth's application for the employment 'Despair has driven me from my home to seek you, which had before yielded her such a miserable pittance madam; for I know not but that, on my return, I may was successful, and she recommenced her labours, though find my only earthly friend a corpse.' with a less hopeful spirit. Had the Crawfords been still Miss Bellingdon shuddered. 'Is your aunt so much in the vicinity, she would have felt her situation to be worse then?' she interrogated. “Why did you not let less lonely; for, to let the reader into a secret unac me know this before?' knowledged even by the parties most concerned, a 'I have sought you many times, madam, and sent you mutual affection, based on the purest esteem, had sprung my little account, but all my appeals have been disreup between the young artisan and the orphan girl. garded,' Ruth made answer. Though neither had allowed a word to escape the lips • The fault then rests with my servants,' Miss Belwhich could express his or her feelings on the subject, lingdon interposed, whilst the flush upon her already there was a firm conviction in the breast of each that rouged cheek revealed that she was giving utterance to the regard was reciprocal, and this thought would some- falsehood. Don't be cast down, however,' she soothtimes impart a ray of joy to the breast of the maiden ingly added. I will attend to the matter to-morrow; in the midst of her deepest distress. So entwined, how- meanwhile, take this trifle, and get your poor aunt ever, were her tenderest affections around the aged something to do her good. Call in a surgeon likewise, friend with whom she had for so many years shared her and I will pay his bill whatever it may be.' griefs and pleasures, that life seemed to offer a blank Ruth looked in the face of her late patroness. Main the event of her death.

dam,' she said, 'you engaged to pay for our lodgings at The summer passed, but the young shirt-maker saw Kensington; but I was obliged to deprive my dear aunt nothing of the green fields, of the flowers, and little even of necessaries in order to raise it myself, and finally to of the sun ; for her dark attic, with its sloping roof, and leave our little all as a security for the debt. I accept narrow window overlooking the back of some smoky of this,' she added, taking the offered coin, 'for it is dwellings, admitted but few of his beams. She beheld justly my due; but I ask for nothing more than justice not the golden grain ripe for the sickle, nor the cluster- at your hands. This dress,' she pursued, taking up the ing fruits of the autumnal season ; and the month with skirt of a beautiful silvered muslin tunic in which the which we commenced our narrative again returned fair heiress was arrayed—this very dress cost me a returned with sad forebodings to the sorrow-stricken night and a day of unrequited labour. Could you wear girl ; for the gentle and meek spirit of her aged com- it in the gay ball-room, and not think of one of your panion seemed now about to quit its frail tenement for own sex whom your inconsiderateness, not to say injusa more congenial and blessed abode. In this exigency | tice, has brought to the borders of the grave?'

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