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INDEX TO THE ECONOMIC JOURNAL

ORIGINAL ARTICLES :-

PAOK

541

432

243

Adams, Prof. H. (.., The Science of Finance, an Investigation of Public' Ex-

penditures and Public Revenues. By Prof. C. F. Bastable

Agnelli, Arnaldo, Libero Scambio. By Prof. C. F. Bastable
Ansiaux, Maurice, Travail de Nuit des Ourrières de l'Industrie dans les Pays

Étrangers. By A, H. Blomefield

A postol, Panl, L'Artèle la Co-opération en

histoire et son état

actuel. By E. Castelot

70

REVIEWS (continued)

PAGE

...

Arendt, Charles, Economie Politique Scientifique ; Définitions et Jethodes.
By E. Castelot

236
Ashley, Prof. W. J., Translated and Edited by, Reflections on the Formation
and Distribution of Riches, by Turgot. By Henry Higgs...

78
Bernstein, Eduard, Die Voraussetzungen des Sozialismus und die Aufgaben
der Sozialdemocratie. By J. Bonar

551
Brentano, Prof. Lujo, Gesammelte Aufsätze. By Ernest Schuster

248
Brough, William, Open Mints and Free Banking. By L. Darwin

70
Brown, Mary Willcox, The Development of Thrist. By Helen Bosanquet 229
Census, The Federal, Edited by a Special Committee. By A. L. Bowley 428
Chance, W., M.A., Our Treatment of the Poor. By Helen Bosanquet

563
Children's Labour Question, reprinted from The Daily News. By Helen
Bosanquet

228
Cohn, Prof. Gustav, System der Nationalökonomie. By Prof. W. J. Ashley... 256
Davidson, Prof. John, The Burgain Theory of Wages. By Prof. F. Y.
Edgeworth

229
Devine, Edward Thomas. Ph.D., Economics. By Edwin Cannan

560
Diehl, Prof. Dr. Karl, Veber das Verhältnis von Wert und Preis im ökonomis-
chen System von Karl Marx. By F. M. Butlin

73
German Coal Miner, A, How the English Workman Lives. By Prof. F. Y.
Edgeworth

440
Giddings, Franklin Henry, The Elements of Sociology. By Prof. H. Sidgwick 411
Hall, Fred. S., Sympathetic Strikes and Sympathetic Lockouts. By Ernest
Aves

424
Howard, E., To-morrow : A Peaceful Path to Real Reform. By F. M. Butlin 71
Hull, Charles Henry, The Economic Writings of Sir Willian Petty, together

wilh the Observations upon the Bills of Mortality, more probably by Captain
John Graunt. By Henry Higgs

564
Inama-Sternegg, Dr. Karl Theodor von, Deutsche Wirlschaftsgeschichte. By
Prof. W. J. Ashley

416
Knapp, Georg Friederich, Grunelherrschaft und Rittergut. By Prof. W. J.
Ashley

253
Koren, John, Economic Aspects of the Liquor Provlem. By Sidney Peel 565
Lawrence, F. W., Local Varialions in Wages. By C. P. Sanger

421
Loria, Prof. Achille, La Costituzione Economica Odierna. By J. Bonar 243
Mabilleau, Léopold, Rayneri, Charles, and Count de Rocquigny, La Prévoyance
Sociale en Italie. By E. Castelot

236
Macfarlane, C. W., Value and Distribution: an Historical, Critical, and

Constructive Study in Economic Theory. By Prof. F. Y. Edgeworth 233
Mantovani, Felice, Bilanci di Trenta Famiglie di Contadini in Provincia di
Treviso. By Henry Higgs

79
Marco, Prof. A. de Viti de, Saggi di Economia e Finanza. By Prof. C. F. Bastable 242
Mary, Karl, Value, Price, and Profit. By F. M. Butlin

72
Masė-Dari, E., Sul Bilancio dello Stato. By Prof. C. F. Bastable

562
Massart, Jean, et Emile Vandervelde, Parasitisme organique et parasitismo
Social. By Ernest Mahaim

75
Mayo-Smith, Richmond, Statistics and Economics. By L. L. Price

557
Menger, Dr. Anton, The Right to the Whole Produce of Labour ; the Origin

and Development of the Theory of Labour Claim to the Whole Product of
Industry. By J. Bonar

246
Micheli, M. Horace, State Purchase of Railways in Switzerland. By W. M.
Acworth ...

69

...

...

REVIEWS (continued) —

PAOE

Neymarck, Alfred, Vocabulaire Manuel d'Economie Politique. By E. Castelot 236
Odgers, William Blake, Local Government. By F. W. Hirst...

224
Ogilvy, A. J., The Third Factor of Production, and other Essays. By J.
Bonar

74
Orueta, Clemente Vidaurre y, Economia Politica. By Prof. F. Y. Edgeworth 441
Patten, Prof. Simon N., The Development of English Thought. By Prof.
W. J. Asley

417
Philippovich, Prof. E. von, Grundriss der Politischen Oekonomic. By J.
Bonar

442
Richmond, Mary E., Friendly l'isiting among the Poor; A Handbook for
Charity Workers. By Helen Bosanquet

226
Rodbertus, Karl, Overproduction and Crises. By Prof. E. C. K. Gonner 77
Romanes, J. H., Betterment and Municipal Improrements. By Edwin
Cannan

260
Seligman, Prof. Edwin, The Shifting Incidence of Taxation. By Prof. C. F.
Bastable

240
Sites, Clement M Lacey, Centralised Administrativn of Liquor Laws in the
American Commonwealths. By Sidney Peel

566
Souchon, Prof. A., La Propriété Paysanne, Étude d'Economic Rurale. By
E. Castelot

567
Stetson, Charlotte Perkins, Women and Economics. By Frances M. Butlin 439
Swain, Henry H., Economic Aspects of Railway Receiverships By W. M.
Acworth

68
Tessonneau, Marcel, Esquisse d'un Tableau Raisonné des Causes de la Pro-

duction, de la Circulation, de la Distribution ct de la Consommation de la

Richesse. By E. Castelot
Villey, Prof. Edmond, L'Envre Économique de Charles Dunoyer. By J.
Bonar

553
Virgilii, F.; e Garibaldi, C., Introduzione alla Economia Mathematica. By
Prof. F. Y. Edgeworth...

560
Waxweiler, Émile, La Participation aux Bénéfices. By Prof. Ch. Gide 238
Weber, Adna Ferrin, The Growth of Cities in the Nineteenth century. A
Study in Statistics. By Prof. F. Y. Edgeworth

558
Woods, Robert A., The City Wilderness. By J. Carter

426
Wright, Carroll D., Outline of Practical Sociology. By A. L. Bowley

555

...

236

92
569
277
136

NOTES AND MEMORANDA :

Acworth, W. M., Professor Cohn and State Railway Ownership in England...
An English Savings Bank Manager, The Problem of our National Savings
Bondfield, Margaret G., Conditions under which Shop Assistants Work
Bowley, A. L., Wages in the United States and Europe
Bradby, Barbara L., and Anne Black, Women Compositors and the Factory

Acts
Brooks, John Graham, Organised Labour in the United States
Burlumi, Theodore A., The Overproduction of Currants
Butlin, Frances M., International Congress of Women...
Chapman, S. J., Tho Trades Union Congress and Federation

The Regulation of Wages lwy Lists in the Spinning In.

dustry
Cohn, Gustav (Translated by C. A. Foley), State Railways and State Revenue

in Prussia

261

88
633
450
80

592

93

PAGE

...

NOTES AND MEMORANDA (continued) -

Dawson, William Harbutt, The Housing of the Working Classes in Germany 445
Deverell, Edith M., Slate Clubs

266
Duckworth, Arthur, The Economic Aspect of Australian Federation

322
Edgeworth, Prof. F. Y., On a Point in the Theory of International Trade 125

Professor Seligman on the Mathematical Method in
Political Economy ...

286
Flux, Prof. A. W., The Danish Lock-Out

455
Hutchins, B. L., Notes towards the History of London Wages

699
Ilbert, Lettice, Labourers' Dwellings

605
Jastrow, Henriette, Domestic Servants in Germany

625
Kiaer, A. Th., 'The Norwegian System of Regulating the Drink Traffic 101
Mahaim, Ernest Prof. (Translated by C. A. Foley), Political Economy in
Belgium ...

129
Oncken, August, New Tendencies in German Economics

462
Parker, E. H., The Chinese Salt Trade. An Opening for British Enterprise 116
Seligman, Prof. E., on the Mathematical Method in Political Economy 286
Soyeda, J., Letter from Japan

469, 651
Triidinger, Otto (Translated by C. A. Foley), State Protection of Industry
and Commerce in Württemberg

611
Westergaard, Prof. Harald, Mortality in Extreme Old Age

315
Wood, George Hy., The Course of Average Wages between 1790 and 1860 588
Z., Compulsory Arbitration...
Z., Successful Profit-Sharing

585

85

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RECENT PARLIAMENTARY PAPERS

328-330, 477-489

RECENT PERIODICALS AND NEW BOOKS... 150-160, 342-352, 494-504, 674-687

THE ECONOMIC JOURNAL

MARCH, 1899

OUGHT MUNICIPAL ENTERPRISES TO BE ALLOWED

TO YIELD A PROFIT?1

WHATEVER views he may hold as to the remote future, I do not suppose any one will be inclined to deny that just at present in this country the economic work—the purely and obviously economic work-of municipalities and similar local governments is increasing in importance, not only absolutely, but also in proportion to the whole of human economic activity. So if an English economist holds that economics ought to be useful to the population of this particular planet, not merely as an intellectual exercise affording food for thought and speculation, as Adam Smith says of religion, but also as affording some guidance in practical affairs, he is bound to endeavour to give some general answers to the important questions to which the extension of municipal economic activity gives rise. One of the most important of these questions is: Should municipal enterprises pay, or should they be worked at cost price ?—should they bring in where possible something in aid of the general rates of the locality, or should all such aid be foregone by the general body of ratepayers ?

Recently a Minister of the Crown, who had considerable municipal experience many years ago, likened a municipality to a joint-stock company. If the parallel were exact, there would be an end to the question which I have propounded, for no one supposes that joint-stock company enterprise could be carried on if dividends were disallowed. But the parallel is not at all exact. It is a useful comparison, however, and we cannot do better than approach the question with a brief review of the

1 Read before Section F of the British Association, 1898. No. 33.-VOL. IX.

B

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