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advantage agricultural amount applied become called capital carried causes circumstances commodity competition condition consequence considerable considered consists consumed cost cultivation demand depends desire diminished economy effect employed employment enable England equal existing expense extent fact fall farmer farms fixed France give given greater hands human important improvement increase individual industry interest Italy kind labor land landlord least less limited live maintain manufacture materials means ment natural necessary never object obtained occupation operations paid peasant permanent persons political population portion possession practice present principle produce profit proportion proprietors quantity question raise reason remuneration rent rise saving says society soil sufficient supply suppose things tion trade unless usually wages wealth whole yield
Сторінка 197 - It is not so with the Distribution of Wealth. That is a matter of human institution solely. The things once there, mankind, individually or collectively, can do with them as they like.
Сторінка 369 - ... first, the agreeableness or disagreeableness of the employments themselves ; secondly, the easiness and cheapness, or the difficulty and expense of learning them ; thirdly, the constancy or inconstancy of employment in them ; fourthly, the small or great trust which must be reposed in those who exercise them ; and fifthly, the probability or improbability of success in them.
Сторінка 3 - It often happens that the universal belief of one age of mankind — a belief from which no one was, nor without an extraordinary effort of genius and courage, could at that time be free — becomes to a subsequent age so palpable an absurdity, that the only difficulty then is to imagine how such a thing can ever have appeared credible.
Сторінка 235 - This is partly intelligible, if we consider that only through the principle of competition has political economy any pretension to the character of a science.
Сторінка 374 - We trust our health to the physician: our fortune and sometimes our life and reputation to the lawyer and attorney. Such confidence could not safely be reposed in people of a very mean or low condition. Their reward must be such, therefore, as may give them that rank in the society which so important a trust requires.
Сторінка 335 - The condition of the class can be bettered in no other way than by altering that proportion to their advantage ; and every scheme for their benefit which does not proceed on this as its foundation is, for all permanent purposes, a delusion " (Mil1's Principles of Political Economy, 1849, Vol.
Сторінка 293 - ... have a plain interest that the whole produce should be as great as possible, in order that their own proportion may be so.
Сторінка x - Nations" is in many parts obsolete, and in all, imperfect. Political Economy, properly so called, has grown up almost from infancy since the time of Adam Smith : and the philosophy of society, from which practically that eminent thinker never separated his more peculiar theme, though still in a very early stage of its progress, has advanced many steps beyond the point at which he left it. No attempt, however, has yet been made to combine his practical mode of treating his subject with the increased...
Сторінка 373 - ... common trade, such as that of shoemakers or weavers, and you will find that the former sum will generally exceed the latter. But make the same computation with regard to all the counsellors and students of law, in all the different inns of court, and you will find that their annual gains bear but a small proportion to their annual expense, even though you rate the former as high, and the latter as low, as can well be done.