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He ceas'd ;-shout of wild applause,

IRISHMEN ON A HOLIDAY. Tumultuous burst, from rooks and daws! Ne'er yet, had yonder central sun,

When they met at a “ pattern," (patron, Since worlds had in their orbits run,

perhaps,) or merry-making, the lively dance Beheld upon a spot of earth

of the girls, and the galloping jig-note of So much of simultaneous mirth.

the bagpipes, usually gave place to the Scarce had the turbulence subsided,

clattering of alpeens, and the whoops of When, as if Fate their joy derided, The hatchet reach'd with thund'ring stroke

onslaught; when one of them sold his pig, Tha tree from whence the Chairman spoke.

or, under Providence, his cow, at the fair, Alas! the triumph was but brief;

the kicking up of a “scrimmage," or at The sound struck awe-like midnight thief

least the plunging head foremost into one, The senate fled from falling trees,

was as much matter of course as the long And stretch'd their pinions to the breeze:

draughts of ale or whiskey that closed his The shrubs behind Spring Garden-place

mercantile transaction. At the village Receiv'd the emigrated race.

hurling-match, the “ hurlet," or crooked Now far from woodman's axe, with care

stick, with which they struck the ball, often They build, and breed, and nestle there.

changed its playful utility; nay, at a fune

ral, the body was scarce laid in the grave, T. T.

when the voice of petty discord might be heard above the grave's silence.

These contentions, like all great events, generally arose from very trivial causes.

A drunken fellow, for instance, was in a MUSIC AND ANIMALS.

strange public-house; he could not content

himself with the new faces near him, so Bonaventure d'Argonne says, “ Doubte struck at some three, six, or ten, as it ing the truth of those who say it is natural be; and, in course, got soundly drubbed for us to love music, especially the sounds On his return home he related his case o of instruments, and that beasts are touched injury, exhibiting his closed eye, battered with it, I one day, being in the country, mouth, or remnant of nose ; enlisting all his endeavoured to determine the point; and relatives, “kith-and-kin;" in fact, all while a man was playing on the trump

neighbours who liked a bit of diversion," marine, made my observations on a cat, à and they generally included the whole in dog, a horse, an ass, a hind, cows, small population able to bear arms. At the ned birds, and a cock and hens, who were in a of his faction he attended the next fail, ... yard, under a window on which I was other place of popular resort, where leaning. I did not perceive that the cat might expect to meet his foes; the nois was the least affected; and I even judged, his muster went abroad, or he sent a poco by her air, that she would have given ali vious challenge : the opposite party assen the instruments in the world for a mouse, bled in as much force as possible, nerer sleeping in the sun all the time; the horse declining the encounter; one or other sous stopped short from time to time before the was beaten, and tried to avenge its ar window, lifting his head up now and then, on the first opportunity ; defeat again tol as he was feeding on the grass; the dog lowed, and again produced like en continued for above an hour seated on his results; and thus the solemn fet hind legs, looking steadfastly at the player; through a number of years and se the ass did not discover the least indication of generations. his being touched, eating his thistles peace. A wicked, "devil-may-care” tentons ably : the hind lifted up her large wide ish for sport, would, at fait, para ears, and seemed very attentive; the cows funeral, sometimes smite another slept a little, and after gazing as though any provocation, merely to create a they had been acquainted with us, went the standers-by would take different.; forward : some birds who were in an aviary, as their taste or connections inclined and others on the trees and bushes, almost and the fray, thus commencing tore their throats with singing; but the two individuals who owed each o cock, who minded only his hens, and the ill-will, embroiled half the assemor hens, who were solely employed in scraping course. Nay, a youth, in despair on a neighbouring dunghill, did not show fine a multitude was likely to sop in any manner that they took the least plea« peaceably, stripped off his heavy sure in hearing the trump marine.

coat, and trailed it through the puddie daring any of the lookers on to tread upon


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it; his defiance was rarely ineffectual; he to ascertain which side might prove the knocked down, if possible, the invited weakest; for to the weakest (the most agoffender; a general" battle ensued, that grieved formed no part of his calculations) soon spread like wild-fire, and every “al- Jack invariably extended his patronage. peen" was at work in senseless clatter and The vanithee, good woman, when she unimaginable hostility.

heard of an approaching fair, or other The occurrence of the word “alpeen" popular meeting, immediately set about seems to suggest a description of the weapon preparing plasters and ointments; and of which it is the naine, and this can best this resulted from a thrifty forecast; for be given in a piece of biographical anecdote. were she to call in a doctor every time her

Jack Mullally still lives in fame, though husband's head wanted piecing, it would his valiant bones are dust. He was the run away with the profits of her business. landlord of a public-house in a mountain Jack, indeed, never forgot his dignity so far district; a chivalrous fellow, a righter of as to inform his wife that he intended being wrongs, the leader of a faction of desperate engaged on such occasions; but she always fighting men, and, like Arthur, with his took it for granted, and with the bustle of doughty knights, a match for any four a good housewife, set about her preparaamong them, though each a hero; and, tions accordingly: till, at length, a breach above all, the armourer of his department. happened in his skull which set her art at In Jack's chimney-corner hung bundles of defiance; and ever since she lives the sole sticks, suspended there for the purpose of proprietor of the public-house where Jack being dried and seasoned ; and these were once reigned in glory. The poor widow of two descriptions of warlike weapons; has thriven since her husband's death; and shortish oaken cudgels, to be used as quar- is now rich, not having lately had Jack's ter-staves, or, par excellence, genuine shilo assistance in spending, (she never had it in lelaghs; and the alpeens themselves,-long earning.) She recounts his exploits with wattles with heavy knobs at the ends, to be modest spirit; and one blessing at least wielded with both hands, and competent, has resulted from her former matronly care under good guidance, to the felling of a of the good man-she is the Lady Bountireasonable ox.

ful of her district; a quark it may be, yet Jack and his subjects, Jack and his sufficiently skilful for the uncomplicated alpeens, were rarely absent from any fair ailments of her country customers.* within twenty miles, having always business on hands in the way of their association. When a skirmish took place, the side that could enlist in its interests Jack, his alpeens,

LONDON HOLIDAYS. and his merry men, was sure of victory. Holidays, like all other natural and lively The patriarch was generally to be found things, are good things ; and the abuse seated by his kitchen fire; business was does not argue against the use. They beneath him; he left all that to the “ vani- serve to keep people in mind that there is thee;" and his hours lapsed, when matters a green and glad world, as well as a world of moment did not warn him to the field, of brick and mortar and inoney-getting. either in wetting his sticks with a damp They remind them disinterestedly of one cloth, and then heating them over the turf another, or that they have other things to blaze, to give them the proper curve; or, in interchange besides bills and commodities. teaching a pet starling to speak Irish, and If it were not for holidays and poetry, and whistle “ Shaun Buoy ;" or, haply, in im- such like stumbling blocks to square-toes, bibing his own ale or whiskey, and smoking there would be no getting out of the way his short black pipe, or doohdeen, as himself of care and common-places.--They keep termed it. And here he gave audience to the world fresh for improvement. The the numerous suitors and ambassadors who, great abuse of holidays is when they are day by day, came to seek his aid, prepara- too few. There are offices, we understand, tory to a concerted engagement. His an- in the city, in which, with the exception of swer was never hastily rendered. He pro- Sundays, people have but one holiday or so mised, at all events, to be with his corps at throughout the year, which appears to us a the appointed ground; and then and ihere very melancholy hilarity. It is like a single he would proclaim of which side he was the living thing in a solitude, which only adds ally. This precautionary course became to the solitariness. A clerk issuing forth the more advisable, as he was always sure on his exclusive Good Friday must in vain of a request from both factions; and time, forethought, and inquiry, were necessary Tales of the O'Hara Family, First Series.

attempt to be merry, unless he is a very extensively so. No person, however, would merry person at other times. He must be ever be in want of a meal amongst them, oppressed with a sense of all the rest of the and they are always kind and attentive to year. He cannot have time to smile be- strangers when there is nothing offensive in fore he has to be grave again. It is a differ- their manners. They are just in their deala ence, a dream, a wrench, a lay-sabbath, ings amongst themselves, but would not be any thing but a holiday. There was a scrupulous in overreaching government or Greek philosopher, who, when he was those without. Theft is scarcely known asked on his death-bed what return could amongst them, and the voice of the com, be made him for the good he had done his munity is loud against all breaches of de country, requested that all the little boys corum, and attaches weight and respectamight have a holiday on the anniversary of bility to virtuous conduct in its members. his birth-day. Doubtless they had many The vices of this people, which they owe besides, and yet he would give them anchiefly to their government, are dissimulas other. When we were at school, we had a tion, cunning, and a disregard to truth. holiday on every saint's day, and this was They are naturally timid, and will endea. pretty nearly all that we, or, indeed, any vour to redress their wrongs rather by one else, knew of some of those blessed stratagem than more generous means; when names in the calendar. When we came to roused, however, they will be found not know that they had earned this pleasure without courage, nor by any means con, for us by martyrdom and torment, we con- temptible enemies. Although not remarks gratulated ourselves that we had not known able for sharpness, they are not wanting in it sooner; and yet, upon the principle of intelligence. They are all minutely informed the Greek philosopher, perhaps a true lover in every thing that relates to their own calle of mannikin-kind would hardly object to ing. They are fond of conversation, discuss have his old age burnt out at the stake, if the merits of different modes of agriculhe could secure to thousands hereafter the ture, the characters of their neighbours, and beatitude of a summer's holiday.*

every thing that relates to the concerns of the community, and many of them are not

without a tolerable knowledge of the lead- THE HUSBANDMEN OF HINDU.

ing events of the history of their country.

The Hindu husbandman rises at cock They are generally termed Koonbees, crow, washes his hands, feet, and face, reand on the whole they are better informed peats the names of some of his gods, and than the lower classes of our own country- perhaps takes a whiff of his pipe or a quid men; they certainly far surpass them in of tobacco, and is now ready to begin his propriety and orderliness of demeanour. labour. He lets loose his oxen, and drives They are mild and unobtrusive in their them leisurely to his fields, allowing them manners, and quickly shrink from any thing to graze, if there is any grass on the ground, like an opposite behaviour in others. Liti as they go along, and takes his breakfast gation is not a marked part of their charac. with him tied up in a dirty cloth, or it is ter. They are forgetful of injury; or if sent after him by one of his children, and they harbour animosity, they are seldom consists of a cake (made unleavened of the hurried by it into acts of violence or cruelty. Hour of Badjeree or Juwaree,) and some of Custom has taught them not to have much the cookery of the preceding day, or an respect for their women, or rather, indeed, onion or two. On reaching his field it is to look on them with contempt; but they perhaps seven or eight o'clock; he yokes are always indulgent to them, and never his oxen, if any of the operations of husput any restraint on their liberty. The bandry require it, and works for an hour or great attachment they have to their children two, then squats down and takes his breakforms an amiable part of their character. fast, but without loosing his cattle. He reThey are usually frugal, inclining to parsin sumes his work in a quarter of an hour, mony, and not improvident; but at their and goes on till near twelve o'clock, when marriage feasts they are lavish and profuse, his wife arrives with his dinner. He then and on these and other occasions often con- unyokes his oxen, drives them to drink, and tract debts that are a burden to them for allows them to graze or gives them straw; life. Their religion strongly enjoins charity, and takes his dinner by the side of a well and they are disposed to be hospitable, but or a stream, or under the shade of a tree if their extreme poverty is a bar to their being there happens to be one, and is waited on

during his meal by his wife. After his . * Literary Pocket Book,

dinner hę is joined by any of his fellow

labourers who may be near; and after a vantages, not únfrequently gain as great an chat takes a nap on his spread curley or ascendancy over their lords as in other parts: jota for half an hour, while his wife eats. of the world.* what he has left. He yokes his cattle again about two or half-past two o'clock, and works till sunset, when he proceeds leisurely

ROUND ROBIN. home, ties up and feeds his oxen, then goes himself to a brook, bathes and washes, or

. It was customary among the ancients to has hot water thrown over him by his wife

write names, whether of the gods, or of at home. After his ablutions, and perhaps

their friends, in a circle, that none might on holidays anointing himself with sandal

take offence at seeing another's name prewood oil, he prays before his household

ferred to his own. The Cordeliers have gods, and often visits one or more of the formerly been known to have paid the same village temples. His wife by this time has

attention to delicacy, and when a pope has prepared his šupper, which he takes in

demanded the names of some priests of

demande company with the males of the family. their order, that one might be raised to the His principal enjoyment seems to be be

purple, they have sent those names written tween this meal and bed-time, which is nine

circularly, that they might not seem to reor ten o'clock. He now fondles and plays.

commend one more than another. The with his children, visits or is visited by his race of sailors are the only people who neighbours, and converses about the labour

preserve this very ancient custom in its of the day and concerns of the village, Durity for when any remonstrance is on either in the open air or by the glimmering foot among them, they sign it in a circle, light of a lamp, learns from the shopkeeper and call it a round robin. or beadle what strangers have passed or stopped at the village, and their history, and from any of the community that may

NAMES. have been at the city (Poohnah) what news he has brought. In the less busy times, Toward the middle of the fifteenth cenwhich are two or three months in the year, tury, it was the fancy of the wits and the cultivators take their meals at home, learned men of the age, particularly in and have sufficient leisure for amusement. Italy, to change their baptismal names for They then sit in groups in the shade and classical ones. As Sannazarius, for instance, converse, visit their friends in the neigh- who altered his own plain name “ Jacopo ” bouring villages, go on pilgrimages, &c. &c. to “ Actius Syncerus." Numbers did the

The women of the cultivators, like those same, and among the rest, Platina the his-' of other Asiatics, are seldom the subject of torian, at Rome, who, not without a solemn gallantry, and are looked on rather as a ceremonial, took the name of “ Callimapart of their live stock than as companions, chus," instead of “ Philip.". Pope Paul and yet, contrary to what might be expect. II., who reigned about that time, unluckily ed, their condition seems far from being chanced to be suspicious, illiterate, and unhappy. The law allows a husband to heavy of comprehension. He had no idea beat his wife, and for infidelity to maim ber that persons could wish to alter their names, or-else put her to death ; but these severi- unless they had some bad design, and ties are seldom resorted to, and rarely any actually scrupled not to employ imprison. sort of harsh behaviour. A man is despised. ment, and other violent methods, to discover who is seen much in company with women. the fancied mystery. Platina : was most. A wife, therefore, never looks for any fond- cruelly tortured on this frivolous account; ling from her husband; it is thought un- he had nothing to confess, so the pope, after becoming in him even to mention her name, endeavouring in vain to convict him of and she is never allowed to eat in company, heresy, sedition, &c. released him, after a with him, from the time of their wedding long imprisonment. dinner; but patiently waits on him during his meals, and makes her repast on what he

Formerly there were many persons surleaves. But setting aside these marks of

named Devil. In an old book, the title of contempt, she is always treated with kind

which does not rečur, mention is inade ness and forbearance, unless her conduct is

of one Rogerius Diabolus, lord of Monvery perverse and bad, and she has her

tresor. entire liberty. The women have generally the sole direction of household affairs, and if clever, notwithstanding all their disad- .* Mr. Coates in TrangBombay Lit. Soc.

An English monk, “Willelmus, cogno- too as they went along should sing aloud, mento Diabolus,” and another person, having each of them, as a recompense, a “ Hughes le Diable, lord of Lusignan.” handsome sum of money allotted for a por

Robert, duke of Normandy, son to Wil- tion. All the clergy of Padua marched liam the Conqueror, was surnamed “ the before in long procession, together with all Devil."

the monks of the convent, except those In Norway and Sweden there were two wearing black habits, whom he expressly families of the name of “ Trolle,” in Eng- excluded by his will, lest the blackness of lish “ Devil," and every branch of these their hoods should throw a gloom upon the families had an emblem of the “ Devil”, cheerfulness of the procession, for their coat of arms.

In Utrecht there was a family of " Teu. fels,” or “ Devils," and another in Brittany named “ Diable.”




Mr. Pye, the late poet laureate, in his

« Sketches," says, “When I was at OxAn Irishman, who served on board a ford, my tutor having the revisal of some man of war in the capacity of a waister, papers relative to the civil war, (I know was selected by one of the officers to hauí not if they have been published,) showed in a tow-line of considerable length, which me a letter from one of the king's secretawas towing over the tafrail. After rowsing ries, with remarks on the margin in the in forty or fifty fathoms, which had put his king's own handwriting. One expression patience severely to proof, as well as every particularly struck me, as seeming to show muscle of his arms, he muttered to himself, his determination to lay aside the use of “ Sure, it's as long as to day and to-mor- parliaments. The paper was a circular re. row! It's a good week's work for any five quest to some of the counties for their in the ship!-Bad luck to the arm or leg pecuniary assistance, I believe on the Scots' it'll leave me at last!-What! more of it invasion. The words were, as nearly as yet!-Och, murder; the sa's mighty deep I can recollect, (sixteen years having to be sure !"-After continuing in a similar elapsed since I saw the letter,) • Your strain, and conceiving there was little pro obliging me in this instance will induce me bability of the completion of his labour, to ask your aid in a manner more agreeable he suddenly stopped short, and addressing to yourselves. These words had a line the officer of the watch, exclaimed, “ Bad drawn through them; and there was written manners to me, sir, if I don't think some on the margin, in the king's hand : I have body's cut off the other end of it!"

SCORED out these words, as they seem to imply a promise of calling a parliament, of which I have no intention.''


Lodovick Cortusius, an eminent lawyer, THE YANKEE CAUGHT IN HIS OWN who died at Padua on the 15th of July,

TRAP. 1518, when upon his death-bed forbad his relations to shed tears at his funeral, and

For the Table Book. even put his heir under a heavy penalty if be neglected to perform his orders. On the A Pat-an odd joker-and Yansee more sly, other hand, he ordered musicians, singers,

Once riding together, a gallows pass'd by : pipers, and fiddlers, of all kinds, to supply

Said the Yankee to Pat, “If I don't make too free, the place of mourners, and directed that Give that gallows its due, pray where then would you fifty of them should walk before his corpse

be ?" with the clergymen, playing upon their “Why honey," said Pat, “ faith that's easily known, several instruments; for this service he or- I'd be riding to town--by myself—all alone." dered each of them half a ducat. He likewise appointed twelve maids in green habits

Sam Sam's Son. to carry his corpse to the church of St. Sophia, where he was buried, and that they

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