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frequent attacks by torpedo- calls it-presses her forward ; boats, some of which must but unless we mean to recede sooner or later prove successful, before the advancing Muscovite as the crews of the ships would wave, we must make a stand at soon be worn out with anxiety Wei-hai-wei. and constant watching - for It has been more than once even at sea they would not be proposed that Great Britain safe. In short, the conditions should endeavour to come to a of the game would be quite un- friendly agreement with Russia endurable for the British ; and about China. A very excellent they would either have to pack proposal, if feasible, as comup their traps, embark the gar merce pays better than war; rison (which would not be much and it is quite certain that if trouble), haul down the union- the former Power is firmly esjack, and "scuttle"

“scuttle" to the tablished at Wei-hai-wei in a south on the first threat of secure and properly protected war, or else stay in their ex- harbour, she will be able to posed position at Wei-hai-wei, come to much more advantawith the certainty of losing geous—if not more friendlysome, if not many, of their terms with Russia than if she ships, by the repeated attacks remains flitting along the shore of Russian torpedo-boats acting like a sea-gull, and alighting from a secure base.

temporarily at a

"secondary The question may then be naval base.” A bargain is a asked, Of what use is Wei- bargain, which sounds like a hai-wei to the British? The truism ; but before we begin answer is, that it is worse bargaining, it will be just as than useless (assuming war with well that we have something Russia possible) unless a de- substantial to show on our side, fensible harbour is constructed, something done, something beat an estimated cost of between sides potentialities and good one and two millions sterling. intentions. If we have this The above are plain facts, and “something” in our hands, we it is folly to ignore them. shall be able to strike an adWhat, then, is the alternative? vantageous bargain for Can we withdraw ? Certainly selves and our friends; without not. As well talk of with- it, we shall have to recede, drawing from Gibraltar, Malta, with the subsequent loss of Aden, and Singapore. Honour enormous trade interests in and interest alike forbid a cow- Northern China, and to the ardly policy. All the world is bitter disappointment of our watching our movements in the friends, who are looking to Far East; and it is not too us for a lead, and who, if we much to say that most of the “funk” now, will for ever after nations will shape their policy mistrust us, and will certainly by ours.

Russia perhaps is the leave us in the lurch when the sole exception : she means to go day of trial comes, as come it on; whatever happens, she can- must ere long. not halt. Her destiny-as she Neither “Little Jap” nor

our

ours.

are

com

our

“Uncle Sam” intends to pull be without delay treated on the the chestnuts out of the fire for lines indicated above, and not us; but they will do their fair held—as it is now—merely at share of chestnut-pulling, and, the pleasure of a foreign Power if necessary, of bear-baiting, if whose interests in North China we give them the lead by mak are not precisely the same as ing a firm stand in Northern China. This can only be done Russia is our very dear friend by constructing a defensible at present: she wants peace harbour at Wei-hai-wei, and badly (also “at present"): her adequately fortifying the island. strategic railways not The command of the sea must finished, and Port Arthur is also be maintained : that goes dependent for its supplies by without saying, in the case of sea routes. But is it certain such an isolated position. Shall that she will always want we do this? Or shall we let our peace? And has she not proved case go by default?

herself capable of tearing up The main consideration of treaties when they become the problem is that of time. inconvenient ? Moreover, we If the breakwater is

know that she respects force. menced at once, it is almost Under these circumstances, it certain that a splendid defen seems to us that if we really sible harbour can be completed mean to defend

trade (and the island can certainly interests in North China, and be adequately fortified) before not merely play a game of bluff, Russia can complete her stra- it will be wise to put Wei-haitegic railways, or be ready for wei in such a condition that it an advance on Peking. Are can be held in war as well as in there any political or inter- peace. Now is the time to act. national reasons for hesitation The course is clear, and delays or delay? We are willing, like are dangerous. Mr Punch's rustic, to admit that Before closing these remarks Lord Salisbury may have some we desire to say a few words information that we have not as to the climate of Wei-hai-wei, got. We do not profess to be in for that must always be an imthe secrets of the Cabinets of portant point to consider in Europe, and they would not be the establishment of any naval safe for a moment if we were, station. Well, to begin with, for we have no faith in secrecy : we should consider it a downbut the problem appears to be right insult to Wei-hai-wei to fairly simple. Either we mean compare it to Hong-kong, where to defend our trade interests in we have our principal naval, Northern China or we do not. and only military, hospitals. If we do not, the sooner we And as to Yokohama, where evacuate Wei - hai - wei the now have our auxiliary better, as the game is only one naval hospital and sanitarium, of bluff: but if we do mean the climate, though fine on the to defend those interests, it is whole, is very hot and relaxing essential that the place should in summer, and not to be com

we

one

pared to that of Wei-hai-wei. a fortnight. They last In short, we believe the clim- generally from one to three ate of Wei-hai-wei to be the days, and sometimes bring a healthiest in the world, and we little snow with them : they speak with some experience. blow from west round to north, It is never too hot in summer; and they are decidedly unthere is always a cool breeze pleasant, the air being keen to temper the heat. The spring and cutting, but quite dry. and autumn are magnificent. Between these blizzards the There is an adequate rainfall, weather is simply magnificent but it does not go dribbling more like the Riviera in on for days together as it does winter than any other climate in the British Isles; it comes we have ever seen, but superior down with a good swish, and to the Riviera in that the air then clears up and the sun is drier and more bracing, and shines brightly. And as to the sunshine, if possible, more winter—the dreaded arctic win- brilliant. ter of Northern China that one The soil of the island at hears so much about, it is Wei-hai-wei (and also of the undoubtedly cold at Wei-hai- mainland) is extremely fertile. wei for about four months in The whole southern slope of the the year, but it is a bright, island could be turned into a clear, dry, bracing cold ; no vineyard, or a fruit-garden if fogs, no rain, and very little preferred. Vineyards have been snow. Europeans living at started at Chefoo on a considerChefoo (which is about forty able scale, under both French miles from Wei-hai-wei, and in and German management, and the same latitude) say that with every prospect of success. the winter of 1898-99 was an The Chefoo pears are famous exceptionally mild one. That all over China ; the cultivation may but even if greater of them started about cold is sometimes experienced, thirty years ago by an American all accounts seem to indicate missionary. that the general characteristics To sum up then : Wei-haiof the weather are as described wei can be turned into a paraabove.

dise, a sanitarium, and a fortified During the winter of 1898- harbour; but it cannot be held 99 there were occasional bliz as a secondary naval base in zards—an average perhaps of time of war.

be so,

was

INDEX TO VOL. CLXV.

et seq.

Abdul - Hamid, Sultan, friendship of, Bonneville, Captain, adventures of, as a
with the German Emperor, 921.

fur-trader, 46 et seq.
ADMIRAL SIR W. MENDS: FIFTY-FIVE Borgu, claim of the Royal Niger Com-

YEARS OF NAVAL SERVICE, 853. pany on, 606- French attempts to
*Adventures of Captain Bonneville, the,' gain possession of, 608—Captain Lug.

Washington Irving's narrative of, 46. ard's command of the British forces
AFRICAN ELEPHANTS, THE PRESERVA in, 612 et seq.—the French evacuate,
TION OF, 89.

616.
America, war between Northern and BORGU, THE STRUGGLE FOR: AN UN-

Southern States of, neutrality of WRITTEN CHAPTER OF HISTORY, 605.
British Government in, 233—the task BORROW, GEORGE, 724.

of, in the Philippines, 1028 et seq. Borrow, George, fondness of, for boxing,
American colonists, manners and habits 726—sympathy of, for footpads, 727–
of the earlier, 585 et seq.

Dr Knapp's charge against the step:
American Revolution, Sir George Tre daughter of, ib. - autobiographical
velyan's History of the, criticised, 581 nature of the works of, 728—-fondness

of, for outdoor life, 731-appearance
Angel of the Covenant, the,' by J. and character of, 733.

MacLaren Cobban, notice of, 101 et “Boston massacre,” Sir George Tre-
seq.

velyan's version of the, 589.
ANNO DOMINI, 351.

BOSWELL, AN IRISH, 884.
APOLOGY, A BIRTHDAY LETTER OF, 312. Boswell, James, the Life of Dr Johnson
ARGYLL, MONTROSE AND, IN FICTION, 93. by, 80 et seq.
Argyll, the Duke of, Napier's por: Brackenbury, General Sir H., reminis-

trait of, 94—Dr Munro's treatment cences of Sir George Pomeroy-Colley
of, in ‘John Splendid,' 101—Mr Mac by, 558 et seq.
Laren Cobban's character of, in 'The Brackenbury, the family of, 376 et seq.
Angel of the Covenant,' 102.

-services of, to the State, 384,
Ashley, General, fox-hunting expedi. Bridge, the new game of, 979.
tion of, 44.

Bright, John, the parliamentary speeches
AT THE BACK OF BEYOND, 669.

of, 240.
* Autobiography and Letters of Mrs BUCHANAN, UNDER THE BEARD OF, 264.

M. O. W. Oliphant,' notice of, 895 et Burdy, Samuel, the biographer of Philip
seq.

Skelton, account of, 885 et seq.
AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF A CHILD, Chapters BYGONE DAYS, 461.

XV.-XIX., 52–XX. -XXIII., 364–xxiv., Byng, Admiral, the execution of, 466.
XXV., 514-XXVI.-XXIX. (Conclusion), Byron, Moore's Life of, 82.
707.

California, first discoveries of gold in,
BACK OF BEYOND, AT THE, 669.

273 et seq.
Battle of Leipsic, account of the, 704 et CALIFORNIAN GOLD DISCOVERIES : Ro.
seq.

MANCE OF THE MINES, 272.
BIRDS, 703.

'Campaign in the Philippines, the,' by
BIRTHDAY LETTER OF APOLOGY, A, 312. Colonel Don F. Monteverde, notice of,
Bitche, the dungeons of, 946 et seq.

1016 et seq.
Bonanza King, the, of California, 744. Canadian bear, shooting a, 796.

et seq.

Canadian Mounted Police, an outpost DARKNESS, THE HEART OF, 193, 479,
of the, 793.

634.
CANADIAN ROCKIES, MOUNTAIN Ex. DAUGHTER OF THE MOHAMMADANS, A,
PLORATION IN THE, 540.

250.
Carlists, the, possible rising of, 106, Dawson City, winter in, 994 et seq.-an

116 — the case for, considered, 107 exodus from, 1000.
et seq. — the “clans” and chiefs of, DAYS, BYGONE, 461.
110 et seq.- former risings of, 113– Delhi, siege of, share taken by Hodson's
the princes of, 117.

Horse in the, 533.
CARLISTS, THE: THEIR CASE, THEIR DIARY, MEN WHO HAVE KEPT A, 70.

CAUSE, AND THEIR CHIEFS, 106. Dickens, Charles, the letters of, 84.
CASE OF THE PAILIPPINES, THE, 1016. Divorce Court, passing of the Act estab-
Cavite, the campaign of, 1022 et seq. lishing a, 221.
Chamkannis, the Indian border tribe of Don Carlos, asserted right of succession

the, services of the Gurkha Scouts from the first, 107 — claims of the
against, 812.

present, 117.
Chilcoot Pass, crossing the, 785 et seq. Double Thread, the,' notice of, 975.
CHILD, AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF A, Chapters Dreyfus, the banishment of, 1052—re-

XV.-XIX., 52–XX.-XXIII., 364—XXIV., opening of the case of, 1054—the bor.
xxv., 514-XXVI.-XXIX. (Conclusion), dereau in the trial of, 1057—events
707.

following the condemnation of, 1059
Children of the Mist' by Eden Phil.
pott, notice of, 266.

' Duet, the,' by A. Conan Doyle, notice
China blue - book, publication of the of, 975.
new, 773.

Dyea, the Indian village of, 782.
China, British interests in, 778 et seq EASTERN POLICY, A NOTE ON, 443.

the disintegration of, 1072—proposed Eddy, the Rev. Mary Baker G., reputed
agreement between Russia and Britain foundress of “Christian Science,” 659
regarding, ib., 1075.

-healing of diseases by, 664 — un-
CHRISTIAN” QUACKERY, 658.

founded claims of, as the discoverer
Christian Science, the new creed known of Christian Science, 845—profits of
as, 659 et seq.- cures effected by, 664 writings by, 847.
- probable results of, 668—the real Education Act of 1870, disappointed
founder of, 845—the rival camps of, hopes regarding effects of the, 503
846—introduction of, into England,
ib. — Miss Harwood's exposure of, EDUCATION, THE SINS OF, 503.
848 et seq. — religious worship con. Elephant, the African, extermination
nected with, 851.

of, 89 — proposed sanctuaries for, 90
“ CHRISTIAN SCIENCE," THE ORIGIN OF, -protection of undersized, 91 — the
845.

taming of, ib.
Colley, Sir George Pomeroy., labours of, Erebus and Terror, Antarctic explora-

as Professor of Military History, 558 tions of the, 470.
-services of, in the Ashanti War, 560 Esterhazy, the handwriting of, in the
-on Sir Garnet Wolseley's staff in Dreyfus case, 1059 et seq.
Natal, 561–in Zululand, 563–in the Evelyn, John E., the diary of, 73.
Transvaal, 564-summoned back to Fiction, the popular demand for, 505.
India by Lord Lytton, ib.-operations Field-King, Mrs, introduction of Chris-
of, against the Boers, 565 et seq. tian Science into England by, 846—
defeat of, at Majuba Hill, 568 the aims of, 847-religious services
et seq.

held by, 851.
Comstock, discovery of Nevada silver * Figaro,' revelations of the, in the Drey-

reefs by, 736-silver-lode named after, fus case, 1067.
738 et seq. passim.

FORGOTTEN PURITAN COLONY, A, 868.
CONSTANTINOPLE, GERMANY'S INFLU- Fowler, the,' by Beatrice Harraden,
ENCE AT, 921.

notice of, 975.
Coronation of Queen Victoria, reminis. Fox, Charles James, Sir George Trevel-
cences of the, 471.

yan's inaccuracies regarding, 582.
CORPORAL LACOSTE, THE SWORD OF, FRANCE, THE NEGATIVE ROLER OF,
385.

1052.
Crater Lake, in Alaska, description of, French prize-ships, capture of, 926.
788.

Friars, different Orders of, in the Philip-
CUTTIN' RUSHES, 894.

pines, character of the, 1019.
Daisy, His, 833.

FROM FOREIGN PARTS: A Song OF
Dargai, the Gurkha Scouts at the attack Devon, 137.
on, 805 et seq.

FROM THE NEW GIBBON, 241.

et seq.

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