The Roman Goddess Ceres

Передня обкладинка
University of Texas Press, 1996 - 256 стор.

Interest in goddess worship is growing in contemporary society, as women seek models for feminine spirituality and wholeness. New cults are developing around ancient goddesses from many cultures, although their modern adherents often envision and interpret the goddesses very differently than their original worshippers did.

In this thematic study of the Roman goddess Ceres, Barbette Spaeth explores the rich complexity of meanings and functions that grew up around the goddess from the prehistoric period to the Late Roman Empire. In particular, she examines two major concepts, fertility and liminality, and two social categories, the plebs and women, which were inextricably linked with Ceres in the Roman mind. Spaeth then analyzes an image of the goddess in a relief of the Ara Pacis, an important state monument of the Augustan period, showing how it incorporates all these varied roles and associations of Ceres. This interpretation represents a new contribution to art history.

With its use of literary, epigraphical, numismatic, artistic, and archaeological evidence, The Roman Goddess Ceres presents a more encompassing view of the goddess than was previously available. It will be important reading for all students of Classics, as well as for a general audience interested in New Age, feminist, or pagan spirituality.

 

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Зміст

HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
1
12 Regal Rome
4
13 The Early Republic
6
14 The Middle Republic
11
15 The Late Republic
16
16 The Augustan Period
20
17 The Early Roman Empire
24
18 The Late Empire and Afterward
30
44 Ceres and Plebeian Social Consciousness
90
45 Ceres thePlebs and Political Propaganda
97
46 Conclusion
102
WOMEN
103
53 Female Virtues
113
54 Ceres and Women of the Imperial family
119
55 Conclusion
123
CERES IN THE ARA PACISAUGUSTAE
125

FERTILITY
33
22 Agricultural Fertility
34
23 Human Fertility
41
24 Ceres and Fertility in Roman Imperial Political Symbolism
47
25 Conclusion
49
LIMINALITY
51
32 Rites of Passage
53
33 Rites of Intensification
62
34 Ceres and the Death of Tiberius Gracchus
73
35 Conclusion
79
THE PLEBS
81
42 The Temple of Ceres Liber and Libera
82
43 Plebeian Magistrates and Ceres
86
62 The Central Figure of the Ara Pacis Relief
127
63 The Side Figures of the Ara Pacis Relief
134
64 The Ceres Panel and the Relief Program of the Ara Pacis
141
65 Ceres and the Political Message of the Ara Pacis
149
66 Conclusion
151
ORIGINALTEXTOF TRANSLATEDPASSAGES
153
WOMENOF THEIMPERIALFAMILY IDENTIFIEDWITHCERES
169
NOTES
183
REFERENCES
229
GENERAL INDEX
245
INDEX OF PASSAGES CITED
253
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Про автора (1996)

Barbette Stanley Spaeth is Associate Professor of Classical Studies at Tulane University in New Orleans.

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