Philosophical Dimensions of Public Policy

Передня обкладинка
Verna V. Gehring, William Arthur Galston
Transaction Publishers - 349 стор.

At the mid-point of the twentieth century, many philosophers in the English-speaking world regarded political and moral philosophy as all but moribund. Thinkers influenced by logical positivism believe that ethical statements are merely disguised expressions of individual emotion lacking propositional force, or that the conditions for the validation of ethical statements could not be specified, or that their content, however humanly meaningful, is inexpressible.

Philosophical Dimensions of Public Policy presents thirty-four articles written by research scholars numerous fields-philosophy, political theory, medicine, law, biology, economics, ecology and sociology-treating a broad range of topics in practical philosophy. The Institute for Philosophy and Public Affairs has been home for these ideas, pioneering a distinctive method of conducting inquiry into the moral dimensions of public life, and contributing to public discussion and deliberation. Members of the Institute reject the idea that public philosophy means reaching into the philosopher's tool-kit and "applying" prefabricated theories to particular problems. They set in motion a dialogue between the distinctive moral features of practical problems and the more general moral theories or considerations that seem most likely to elucidate these problems.

The volume is divided into five areas: "Politics, Civic Life, and Moral Education"; "Diversity, Identity, and Equal Opportunity"; "Human Rights, Development Ethics, and International Justice"; "Biotechnology, Genetic Research, and Health Policy"; and "Natural Environment, Human Communities."

Philosophical Dimensions of Public Policy presents empirical data and philosophical arguments with the intention of informing public policy and public deliberation. Scholars as well as graduate and undergraduate students are certain to find it useful to their research work.

Verna V. Gehring is editor at the Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy at the School of Public Affairs, University of Maryland. She serves as editor of Philosophy & Public Policy Quarterly, reviewer of ethics manuscripts for Oxford University Press, and moderator for the Aspen Institute.

William A. Galston is director at the Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy at the School of Public Affairs, University of Maryland. He is a political theorist who both studies and participates in American politics and domestic policy. Galston is the author of nearly one hundred articles on moral and political theory, American politics, and public policy, and the author of five books, including Liberal Purposes.

 

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Зміст

Mandated Service and Moral Learning
21
Chastity Morality and the Schools
39
Value Pluralism and Political Liberalism
55
Getting Practical about Deliberative Democracy
77
Racism in the Head Racism in the World
91
Multiculturalism and Cultural Authenticity
97
The Merits of Merit
105
The Affirmative Action Debate
115
Negotiating Jerusalem
181
War and Sacrifice in Kosovo
201
Retribution and Reconciliation
211
Biotechnology and the Idea of Human Nature
223
Futile Treatment and the Ethics of Medicine
231
Issues in Genetic Testing
239
The Ethics of Human Cloning
247
An Ethical Appraisal
257

Revising the U S Census
133
Disability Rights
143
Income and Development
155
Population Policy and the Clash of Cultures
163
Asian Values and the Universality of Human Rights
171
Trials on Trial
265
Assessing Damages for Oil Spills
275
Alternatives to the Mass Consumption Society
283
Can We Put a Price on Natures Services?
291
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