An analysis of Adam Smiths' Inquiry into the nature and causes of the wealth of nations, repr., with additions, from the 3rd ed. of J. Joyce's abridgement, revised and ed. by W.P. Emerton, Том 1
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according accumulation Adam Smith advantage afford agriculture annual produce bank become capital carrying causes cent century CHAPTER circulating circumstances cloth coin commodities consequently consists consumption continually corn cultivated demand depends destined diminish Edition effect employed employment England equal Europe exchange expense fall foreign former give gold and silver greater hands Hence History immediate improvement increase industry interest kind land landlord latter less lower maintaining maintenance manufactures masters materials means metals Mill mines natural necessary never owing Oxford paid particular person Political Economy poor powers present principle profits progress proportion purchase quantity questions raise regulate relation rent require rich rise Rogers rude produce shillings society sometimes sort sufficient supply tend things tion towns trade vary wages of labour wealth whole workmen
Сторінка xiii - The word VALUE, it is to be observed, has two different meanings, and sometimes expresses the utility of some particular object, and sometimes the power of purchasing other goods which the possession of that object conveys. The one may be called ' value in use;' the other, * value in exchange.
Сторінка xvi - Labour alone therefore, never varying in its own value, is alone the ultimate and real standard by which the value of all commodities can at all times and places be estimated and compared.
Сторінка 12 - The exclusive privileges of corporations, statutes of apprenticeship, and all those laws which restrain, in particular employments, the competition to a smaller number than might otherwise go into them, have the same tendency, though in a less degree.
Сторінка i - THE annual labour of every nation is the fund which originally supplies it with all the necessaries and conveniences of life which it annually consumes, and which consist always either in the immediate produce of that labour, or in what is purchased with that produce from other nations.
Сторінка viii - But man has almost constant occasion for the help of his brethren, and it is in vain for him to expect it from their benevolence only.
Сторінка 150 - Bekker ; with an Introduction, a Marginal Analysis, and Explanatory Notes. Designed for the Use of Students in the Universities. By DRUMMOND PERCY CHASE, MA, Fellow of Oriel College, and Principal of St.
Сторінка iv - The separation of different trades and employments from one another, seems to have taken place in consequence of this advantage. This separation, too, is generally carried furthest in those countries which enjoy the highest degree of industry and improvement ; what is the work of one man in a rude state of society being generally that of several in an improved one.
Сторінка 131 - ... thought which the student may usefully follow out to any extent for himself, and that it affords an instructive example of a thoughtful, scientific, and in the best sense academical style of treating political questions. ' With regard to my own annotations, the object which I have chiefly kept in view has been to direct attention to such later writings as have expressly undertaken to fix the scientific meaning of the political terms here discussed, and above all "Austin's Lectures on Jurisprudence,"...