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Mr. Gassiot is still pursuing his electrical researches, and we may be assured that he will feel this acknowledgment of his labours by the Royal Society not merely as a recompense for that he has accomplished, but as in obligation to continued exertion and new discoveries.

Mr. Gassiot,:

You will receive this Medal as a mark of the deep interest which the Royal Society takes in the investigations in which you are engaged, and of the high value which it attaches to the results with which you have already enriched our Transactions.

These are the grounds on which the Medal has been awarded to you by the Council. But it may be permitted to me to express the hope that you will also associate with it—as it is impossible that we should not do—the Society's recognition of the generous and kindly spirit which has manifested itself, as elsewhere, so also in all your pursuit of Science; and of which one memorial amongst others will remain in future times connected with the Society, in the establishment of the Scientific Relief Fund.

On the motion of Professor Owen, seconded by Mr. Gwyn Jeffreys, it was resolved—" That the thanks of the Society be returned to the President for his Address, and that he be requested to allow it to be printed."

The Statutes for the election of Council and Officers having been read, and Dr. W. Farr and Mr. Evans having been, with the consent of the Society, nominated Scrutators, the votes of the Fellows present were collected, and the following were declared duly elected as Council and Officers for the ensuing year:—

President.—Major-General Edward Sabine, R.A., D.C.L., LL.D. Treasurer.—William Allen Miller, M.D., LL.D. , . f William Sharpey, M.D., LL.D.

*• 1 George Gabriel Stokes, Esq., M.A., D.C.L. Foreign Secretary.—Prof. William Hallows Miller, M.A.

Other Members of the Council.—James Alderson, M.D.; George Busk, Esq-, Sec. L.S.; Col. Sir George Everest, C.B.; Hugh Falconer, M.A., M.D.; John Hall Gladstone, Esq., Ph.D.; Joseph Dalton Hooker, M.D.; Henry Bence Jones, M.A., M.D.; Prof. James Clerk Maxwell, M.A.; Prof. William Pole, C.E.; Archibald Smith, Esq., M.A.; Prof. Henry J. Stephen Smith, M.A.; The Earl Stanhope, P.S.A., D.C.L.; Prof. James Joseph Sylvester, M.A.; Thomas Watson, M.D., D.C.L.; Prof. Charles ^neatstone, D.C.L.; Rev. Prof. Robert Willis, M.A.

On the motion of Mr. Brayley, seconded by Mr. Balfour Stewart, the 'hanks of the Society were voted to the Scrutators. The Society then adjourned.

Receipts and Payments of the Royal Society between December 1, 1862, and November 30, 1863.

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Estates and Property of the Royal Society, including Trust Funds.
Estate at Mablethorpe, Lincolnshire (55 A.2 R.2.p.), £1176s. 4d.

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One-fifth of the clear rent of an estate at Lambeth Hill, from

per annum.

annuin.
Fee farm rent in Sussex, £194s. per annum.

the College of Physicians, £3 per annum.
£14,000 Reduced 3 per Cent. Annuities.
426,969 15s. 7d. Consolidated Bank Annuities.
£5139s. 8d. New 23 per Cent. Stock.

4.5133 10 3

8. Salaries, Wages, and Pension .................................... 996 9 The Scientific Catalogue ................ ------------------ 194 10 Books for the Library and Binding Printing Transactions and Proceedings, Paper, Binding, ving, and Lithography ................................. 2292 11 , Painting, and Miscellaneous House Expenses. 66 16

Law Expenses ........... o: 11 4

Postage, Parcels, and Petty ol. Subscription, Mablethorpe Schools.

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... 198 15 1

Coal and Lighting 97 5
Tea Expenses.............. 53 3
Fire Insurance ........... --- 42 I Şı
Shipping Expenses 23 12 -
Fittings and Gas for Illumination.............................. 33 2

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Donation Fund........... 126 19
Rumford Fund... . 237 10
Wintringham Fund................... --- .......... 34 13
Copley Medal Fund.............................. ---------- 4 15
Mr. Sorby, Bakerian Lecture .................. ---------- 3 17
Prof. Lister, Croonian Lecture ......... --- ---------- 2 17
Rev. T. S. Evans, Fairchild Lecture ........................... 2 17 10
Balance at Bank ........................... --------------------- 641 14 0
Catalogue Account........................ .......... 10 3 9

Treasurer.

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Annual Subscriptions

Admission Fees ..........

Compositions .............
ts

Ren
Dividends on Stock (exclusive of Trust Funds) ............
-- on Stevenson Bequest ..............................
Sale of Transactions, Proceedings, &c.........................
Chemical Society, for Proceedings, 1862–63 ...............
Chemical Society, Tea Expenses ............ 14 6
Geological Society, Tea Expenses and Gas £15 5
Linnean Society, Tea Expenses............... 14 6
Chemical, Geographical, and Linnean So-
cieties, and É. part cost of Illu- 24 0
mination, £6 each ...........................
Geographical Society, Gas at Evening 1 g o 0
Meetin
Social Science Association, and St. George's
Rifles, ditto....................................
Parcel Charges recovered .......................................

Receivable on this Year's account.

Miss Burdett Coutts Half cost of Plates to Dr. Heer's
and Mr. Pengelly's Papers ..............................

Income available for the Year ending Nov.30, 1863......
Expenditure in the Year ending Nov.30, 1863 ............

Excess of Income over Expenditure in the Year *}
Nov. 30, 1863

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Salaries, Wages, and Pension
The Scientific Catalogue -
Books for the Library
Binding ditto.......................................
Printing Transactions, Parts I. &II. 1862,
and Part I. 1863 ...........................
Ditto Proceedings, Nos. 52–57
Ditto Miscellaneous..............................
Paper for Transactions and Proceedings ... 328 7 4
Binding and Stitching ditto.....................
Engraving and Lithography
Painting and Cleaning ..........................................
Upholstery, Repairs, and Miscellaneous House Expenses
Coal and Lighting
Tea Expenses ...........
Fire Insurance...............................................
Fittings and Gas for Illumination ....................

Shipping
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The following Table shows the progress and present state of the Socie with respect to the number of Fellows:—

Patron Having Paying Paying

ho. Foreign. rol #. moto. Total

December 1, 1862.. 5 49 327 4 275 660 Since compounded. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +2 |...... –2

Since elected ...... + 1 | +3 +7 | . . . . . . + l l +22

Since admitted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . + 1 + 1

Since readmitted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . + 1 + 1

Since withdrawn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . –2 –2

Since deceased . . . . . . . . . . . –3 || – 12 -- – 10 | —25

November 30, 1863. 6 49 324 4 274 657

December 10, 1863.

Major-General SABINE, President, in the Chair.

The President announced that he had appointed the following Members of the Council to be Vice-Presidents :—

The Treasurer.
Dr. Falconer.
Dr. Hooker.
Professor Wheatstone.
The Rev. Professor Willis.

The Very Reverend Dr. Stanley, Dean of Westminster, was admitted into the Society.

The following communications were read :—

I. "On the Spectra of some of the Chemical Elements." By William Huggins, Esq., F.R.A.S. Communicated by Dr. W. A. Millee, V.P. and Treas. R.S. Received November 5, 1863.

(Abstract.)

The author has been engaged for some time in association with Prof. W. A. Miller in observing the spectra of the fixed stars. For the purpose of comparing the spectra of these with the spectra of the terrestrial dements, no maps of the latter were found that were conveniently available. KirchhofFs maps and tables, besides their partial incompleteness, were not nited for night work when the sun could not be simultaneously observed.

The author adopts the lines of the spectrum of common air as the fiducial points of a standard scale to which the spectra of the elements are referred. The air-spectrum has the advantage of being always visible with the spectra of the metals without increased complication of apparatus.

The observations were made with a spectroscope of six prisms of heavy glass of large size. The total deviation of the light with this train of prisms is for the D ray about 198°. The telescope and the collimator have both an aperture of 1*7 inch. The focal length of the telescope is 16-5 inches. The measures were partly taken from the readings of a finely divided arc of brass, which the arm carrying the telescope traverses, and partly from the readings of a wire micrometer attached to the eye-end of the telescope. The scale of measurement adopted gives five divisions for the interval between the components of the double line D. The excellent performance of this instrument is shown by the great distinctness of the finer lines of the solar spectrum. All those mapped by Kirchhoff are seen, and many others in addition to these.

The spark of an induction coil was employed, into the secondary circuit

VOL. XIII. E

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