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in Lombardoftreet, a few years ago, was discovered the remains of a Roman street, with numbers of coins, and several antique curiofities, fome of great elegance. The beds through which the workmen funk were four. The first consisted of factitious earth, about thirteen feet fix inches thick, all accumulated since the desertion of the antient street: the second of brick, two feet thick, the ruins of the buildings: the third of ashes only, three inches: the fourth of Roman pavement, both common and tessulated, over which the coins and other antiquities were discovered. Beneath that was the original earth. This account was communicated to the Society of Antiquaries by Doctor Combe, Sir John Henneker, and Mr. John Jackson of Clement’s-lane. The predominant articles were earthen-ware: and several were ornamented in the most elegant manner. A vase of red earth has on its surface a representation of a fight of men ; some on horseback, others on foot : or perhaps a shew of gladiators, as they all fought in pairs, and many of them naked: the combatants were armed with falchions : and small round shields, in the manner of the Thracians, the most esteemed of the gladiators. Others had spears, and others a kind of mace. A beautiful running foliage encompassed the bottom of this veffel. On the fragment of another were several figures. Among them appears Pan, with his Pedum or crook; and near to him one of the lascivi satyri, both in beautiful skipping attitudes. On the fame piece are two tripods; round each is a serpent regularly twisted, and bringing its head over a bowl which fills the top. Thefe seem (by the serpent) to have been dedicated to Apollo *, who, as well as his son Æfculapius, pre

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fided over medicine. On the top of one of the tripods ftands a man in full armour. Might not this vessel have been votive, made by order of a soldier restored to health by favor of the god; and to his active powers and enjoyment of rural pleafures, typified under the form of Pan and his nimble attendants ? A plant extends along part of another compartment, possibly allusive to their medical virtues : and, to shew that Bacchus was not forgotten, beneath lies a Thyrsus with a double head. All that appears of the two bowls I describe, have elegancies, which make it evident that Rome did not want its WEDGWOOD.

On another bowl was a free pattern of foliage. On others, or fragments, were objects of the chace, such as hares, part of a deer, and a boar, with human figures, dogs, and horses: all these pieces prettily ornamented. There were, besides, some beads, made of earthen-ware, of the same form as those called the ovum anguinum, and by the Wels, glain naidr ; and numbers of coins in gold, silver, and brass, of Claudius, Nero, Galba, and other emperors, down to Constantine. The more curious parts of this interesting discovery are engraven in the Archæologia, vol. viii. and merit the attention of the curious.

P. 422. After “ill-fated race," add-In Swithin's-lane, which runs between Lombard-street and Cannon-street, stood Tortington, the house of the prior of Tortington in Suffolk. It was the house of the Veres earls of Oxford, in 1598, and called Oxford-place.

Adjacent to the garden stood what Stow calls two other faire houses. In one dwelt Sir Richard Empson, in the other Edmund Dudley; the cruel inftruments of oppression under the royal miser Henry VII. Each of them had a door into the garden, where


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they met and had private conferences *; probably to concert the best means of filling their master's pockets by the rigorous enforcement of penal statutes, or the revival of obsolete laws: or by assisting in any mean bargain which Henry chose to make.


P. 422. Fenchurch-street.- In the same street was Northumberland-place, the site of the house of Henry earl of Northumberland, towards the end of the reign of Henry VI.

:, Ironmongers-hall is a great ornament to this street; as, it is an honor to its architect. It was built in 1748, and is the place of business and festivity of that great and opulent company. Maitland tells us, they have the happy ability of disposing of, annually, eighteen hundred pounds for charitable uses.

P. 423. For “ Great Marlow," l. ult. read — Boulter's-lock, above Maidenhead.

P. 427. Addition to the fish of the Thames.--Several of the leffer species of whales have been known to stray up the Thames ; a kind of Grampus, with a high dorsal fin, has been taken within the mouth of the river. It proved the Spekhugger of Strom. Hift. Sondmoer, i. 309; the Delphinus orca of Fabricius. Faun. Groenl. p. 46. Its length was twenty-four feet. Mr. J. Hunter has given a good figure in Phil. Trans. vol. lxxvii. tab. xvi.

Another, which is engraven by the same gentleman, in plate xvii. was of the length of eighteen feet, thick in proportion to its length, and very deep bellied, I think it a new species,

Stow's Survaie, 427.

A species



A species allied to the Delphinus, Delphis, or Dolphin, twentyone feet long, was taken in 1783 above London Bridge. The nofe is protracted and nender, like that of the Dolphin, but much Ihorter. It differs from the Bottle-nosed Whale of Mr. Dale, in several particulars. The nose does not turn up at the end; the body is flender, the dorsal fin placed near the tail ; and, as Mr. Hunter observes, has a very specific mark, two very small pointed teeth in the fore part of the upper jaw. This is

engraven in plate xx. of the fame volume of the Transactions and has furnished a second new species discovered by our great anatomist.

The common porpeffes frequently run up the Thames in numbers, and afford an eager diversion to the watermen.



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