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has presently vanished, the whole world has kept holi. within a man's ear, he is not easily to be got out day; there has been no nien but heroes and poets, no again. He is a siren to himself, and has no way to women but nymphs and shepherdesses : trees have escape shipwreck but by having his mouth stopped borne fritters, and rivers flowed plum-porridge. When instead of his ears. He plays with his tongue as a he writes, he commonly steers the sense of his lines cat does with her tail, and is transported with the by the rhyme that is at the end of them, as butchers delight he gives himself of his own making. do calves by the tail. For when he has made one line, which is easy enough, and has found out some

An Antiquary sturdy hard word that will but rhyme, he will hammer the sense upon it, like a piece of hot iron Is one that has his being in this age, but his life upon an anvil, into what form he pleases. There is and conversation is in the days of old. He despises no art in the world so rich in terms as poetry; a the present age as an innovation, and slights the whole dictionary is scarce able to contain them; for future ; but has a great value for that which is past there is hardly å pond, a sheep-walk, or a gravel-pit and gone, like the madman that fell in love with in all Greece, but the ancient name of it is become a Cleopatra. term of art in poetry. By this means, small poets All his curiosities take place of one another accordhave such a stock of able hard words lying by them, ing to their seniority, and he values them not by as dryades, hamadryades, aönides, fauni, nymphæ, their abilities, but their standing. He has a great sylvani, &c., that signify nothing at all; and such a veneration for words that are stricken in years, and world of pedantic terms of the same kind, as may are grown so aged that they have outlived their emserve to furnish all the new inventions and thorough ployments. These he uses with a respect agreeable reformations' that can happen between this and Plato's to their antiquity, and the good services they have great year.

done. He is a great time-server, but it is of time out

of mind to which he conforms exactly, but is wholly A Vintner

retired from the present. His days were spent and Hangs out his bush to show he has not good wine; |

gone long before he came into the world ; and since,

i his only business is to collect what he can out of the for that, the proverb says, needs it not. He had

ruins of them. He has so strong a natural affection rather sell bad wine than good, that stands him in

to anything that is old, that he may truly say to no more ; for it makes men sooner drunk, and then

dust and worms, you are my father,' and to rottenthey are the easier over-reckoned. By the knaveries

ness, thou art my mother.' He has no providence he acts above-board, which every man sees, one may

nor foresight, for all his contemplations look backeasily take a measure of those he does under-ground

ward upon the days of old, and his brains are turned in his cellar ; for he that will pick a man's pocket to

with them, as if he walked backwards. He values his face, will not stick to use him worse in private,

things wrongfully upon their antiquity, forgetting when he knows nothing of it. He does not only spoil

that the most modern are really the most ancient of and destroy his wines, but an ancient reverend pro

all things in the world, like those that reckon their verb, with brewing and racking, that says, “In vino veritas; for there is no truth in his, but all false and

pounds before their shillings and pence, of which they sophisticated ; for he can counterfeit wine as cun

are made up. He esteems no customs but such as

have outlived themselves, and are long since out of ningly as Apelles did grapes, and cheat men with it,

use ; as the Catholics allow of no saints but such as as he did birds. He is an Antichristian cheat, for

| are dead, and the fanatics, in opposition, of none but Christ turned water into wine, and he turns wine into

the living. water. He scores all his reckonings upon two tables, made like those of the Ten Commandments, that he may be put in mind to break them as oft as possibly

WALTER CHARLETON. he can; especially that of stealing and bearing false witness against his neighbour, when he draws him

Another lively describer of human character, who bad wine, and swears it is good, and that he can take

flourished in this period, was Dr WALTER CHARLEmore for the pipe than the wine will yield him by the

TON (1619-1707), physician to Charles II., a friend of bottle-a trick that a Jesuit taught him to cheat his

Hobbes, and for several years president of the College own conscience with. When he is found to over

of Physicians in London. He wrote many works reckon notoriously, he has one common evasion for

on theology, natural history, natural philosophy, all, and that is, to say it was a mistake; by which

medicine, and antiquities; in which last department he means, that he thought they had not been sober

his most noted production is a treatise published enough to discover it; for if it had passed, there had

in 1663, maintaining the Danish origin of Stonebeen ng error at all in the case,

henge on Salisbury Plain, in opposition to Inigo

Jones, who attributed that remarkable structure to A Prater

the Romans. The work, however, which seems to

deserve more particularly our attention in this place Is a common nuisance, and as great a grievance to is, A Brief Discourse concerning the Different Wits those that come near him, as a pewterer is to his of Men, published by Dr Charleton in 1675. It is neighbours. His discourse is like the braying of a l interesting, both on account of the lively and accumortar, the more impertinent, the more voluble and rate sketches of character which it contains, and loud, as a pestle makes more noise when it is rung because the author, like a sect whose opinions have on the sides of a mortar, than when it stamps down- lately attracted much notice, attributes the varieties Fight, and bits upon the business. A dog that opens of talent which are found among men to differences upon a wrong scent will do it oftener than one that in the form, size, and quality of their brains.* We bever opens but upon a right. He is as long-winded as I shall give two of his happiest sketches. a ventiduct, that fills as fast as it empties; or a tradeWind, that blows one way for half a year together, and

The Ready and Nimble Wit. another as long, as if it drew in its breath for six months, and blew it out again for six more. He has such as are endowed wherewith have a certain exno mercy on any man's ears or patience that he can temporary acuteness of conceit, accompanied with a get within his sphere of activity, but tortures him, as quick delivery of their thoughts, so as they can at

correct boys in Scotland, by stretching their lugs without remorse. He is like an ear-wig, when he gets |

* See Phronological Journal, vii. 697.

pleasure entertain their auditors with facetious pas- whereby they might be redeemed from obscurity, and sages and fluent discourses even upon slight occasions ; raised to employments answerable to their faculties, but being generally impatient of second thoughts and and crowned with honours proportionate to their deliberations, they seem fitter for pleasant colloquies merits. The best course, therefore, for these to overand drollery than for counsel and design ; like fly- come that eclipse which prejudice usually brings upon boats, good only in fair weather and shallow waters, them, is to contend against their own modesty, and and then, too, more for pleasure than traffic. If they either, by frequent converse with noble and discerabe, as for the most part they are, narrow in the hold, ing spirits, to enlarge the windows of their minds, and destitute of ballast sufficient to counterpoise and dispel those clouds of reservedness that darken their large sails, they reel with every blast of argu- the lustre of their faculties ; or by writing on some ment, and are often driven upon the sands of a 'non- new and useful subject, to lay open their talent, 80 plus;' but where favoured with the breath of common that the world may be convinced of their intrinsic applause, they sail smoothly and proudly, and, like | value. the city pageants, discharge whole volleys of squibs

In 1670 Dr Charleton published a vigorous transand crackers, and skirmish most furiously. But take them from their familiar and private conversation

| lation of Epicurus's · Morals,' prefaced by an earnest into grave and severe assemblies, whence all extem

vindication of that philosopher. We extract one porary flashes of wit, all fantastic allusions, all per- |

of the chapters, as a specimen of the style in which sonal reflections. are excluded, and there engage the ancient classics were ' faithfully Englished' in them in an encounter with solid wisdom, not in light the middle of the seventeenth century. skirmishes, but a pitched field of long and serious debate concerning any important question, and then

Of Modesty, opposed to Ambition. you shall soon discover their weakness, and contemn Concerning this great virtue, which is the fourth that barrenness of understanding which is incapable branch of temperance, there is very little need of sar. of struggling with the difficulties of apodictical know-ing more than what we have formerly intimated, when ledre, and the deduction of truth from a long series we declared it not to be the part of a wise man to affect of reasons. Again, if those very concise sayings and greatness, or power, or honours in a commonwealth ; lucky repartees, wherein they are so happy, and which but so to contain himself, as rather to live not only at first hearing were entertained with so much of privately, but even obscurely and concealed in some pleasure and admiration, be written down, and brought secure corner. And therefore the advice we shall to a strict examination of their pertinency, coherence, chiefly inculcate in this place shall be the very saine and verity, how shallow, how frothy, how forced will we usually give to our best friends. Live private and they be found ! how much will they lose of that concealed (unless some circumstance of state call applause, which their tickling of the ear and present forth to the assistance of the public), insomuch as ex. flight through the imagination had gained ! In the perience frequently confirms the truth of that provergreatest part, therefore, of such men, you ought to bial saying, “He hath well lived who hath well conexpect no deep or continued river of wit, but only a | cealed himself.' few plashes, and those, too, not altogether free from Certainly, it hath been too familiarly observed, that inud and putrefaction.

many, who had mounted up to the highest pinnacle :

of honour, have been on & sudden, and, as it were, The Slow but Sure Wit.

with a thunderbolt, thrown down to the bottom of

misery and contempt; and so been brought, though! Some heads there are of a certain close and reserved too late, to acknowledge, that it is much better for a 1 constitution, which makes them at first sight to pro- man quietly and peaceably to obey, than, by laborious mise as little of the virtue wherewith they are en- climbing up the craggy rocks of ambition, to aspire dowed, as the former appear to be above the imper- to command and sovereignty; and to set his foot fections to which they are subject. Somewhat slow rather upon the plain and humble ground, than upon they are, indeed, of both conception and expression; that slippery height, from which all that can be with yet no whit the less provided with solid prudence, reason expected, is a precipitous and ruinous downfall. When they are engaged to speak, their tongue doth Besides, are not those grandees, upon whom the adnot readily interpret the dictates of their mind, so miring multitude gaze, as upon refulgent comets, and that their language comes, as it were, dropping from prodigies of glory and honour; are they not, we say, their lips, even where they are encouraged by familiar of all men the most unhappy, in this one respect, that intreaties, or provoked by the smartness of jests, their breasts swarm with most weighty and troublewhich sudden and niinble wits have newly darted at some cares, that incessantly gall and corrode their them. Costive they are also in invention; so that very hearts? Beware, therefore, how you believe that when they would deliver somewhat solid and re- such live securely and tranquilly; since it is imposmarkable, they are long in seeking what is fit, and as sible but those who are feared by many should themlong in determining in what manner and words to selves be in continual fear of some. utter it. But, after a little consideration, they pene- Though you see them to be in a manner environed trate deeply into the substance of things and marrow with power, to have navies numerous enough to send of business, and conceive proper and emphatic words abroad into all seas, to be in the heads of mighty and by which to express their sentiments. Barren they victorious armies, to be guarded with well armed and are not, but a little heavy and retentive. Their gifts faithful legions; yet, for all this, take heed you do lie deep and concealed; but being furnished with not conceive them to be the only happy men, nay, notions, not airy and umbratil ones borrowed from the that they partake so much as of one sincere pleasure ; ; pedantism of the schools, but true and useful and if | for all these things are mere pageantry, shadows gilded, they have been manured with good learning, and the and ridiculous dreams, insomuch as fear and care are habit of exercising their pen-oftentimes they produce not things that are afraid of the noise of arms, or re- | many excellent conceptions, worthy to be transmitted gard the brightness of gold, or the splendour of purple, i to posterity. Having, however, an aspect very like to but boldly intrude themselves even into the hearts of narrow and dull capacities, at first sight most men princes and potentates, and, like the poet's vulture, take them to be really such, and strangers look upon daily gnaw and consume them. them with the eyes of neglect and contempt. Hence Beware, likewise, that you do not conceive that the it comes, that excellent parts remaining unknown, body is made one whit the more strong, or healthy, by often want the favour and patronage of great persons, the glory, greatness, and treasures of monarchy, espe!

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cially when you may daily observe, that a fever doth Las violently and long hold him who lies upon a bed

THOMAS FULLER. of tissue, under a covering of Tyrian scarlet, as him A conspicuous place in the prose literature of this that lies upon a mattress, and hath no covering but age is due to DR THOMAS FULLER (1608-1661), author rags; and that we have no reason to complain of the of various works in practical divinity and history. want of scarlet robes, of golden embroideries, jewels, Fuller was the son of a clergyman of the same name and ropes of pearl, while we have a coarse and easy settled at Aldwinkle, in Northampton: he and Drygarment to keep away the cold. And what if you, den thus were natives of the same place. A quick lying cheerfully and serenely upon a truss of clean intellect, and uncommon powers of memory, made straw, covered with rags, should gravely instruct men how vain those are who, with astonished and turbulent minds, gape and thirst after the trifles of magnificence, not understanding how few and small those things are which are requisite to a happy life? believe me, your discourse would be truly magnificent and high, because delivered by one whose own happy experience confirms it.

What though your house do not shine with silver and gold hatchments; nor your arched roofs resound with the multiplied echoes of loud music; nor your walls be not thickly beset with golden figures of beautiful youths, holding great lamps in their extended arms, to give light to your nightly revels and sumptuous banquets; why yet, truly, it is not a whit less (if not much more) pleasant to repose your wearied limbs upon the green grass, to sit by some cleanly and purling stream, under the refreshing shade of some well-branched tree, especially in the spring time, when the head of every plant is crowned with beautiful and fragrant flowers, the merry birds entertaining you with the music of their wild notes, the fresh western winds continually fanning your heats, and all nature smiling upon you. Wherefore, when any man may, if he please, thus

Thomas Fuller. live at peace and liberty abroad in the open fields, or him a scholar almost in his boyhood; his studies his own gardens, what reason is there why he should

why he should at Queen's college, Cambridge, were attended with affect and pursue honours, and not rather modestly the highest triumphs of the university, and on bound his desires with the calmness and security of l entering life as a preacher in that city, he acquired that condition? For, to hunt after glory by the ostentation of virtùe, of science, of eloquence, of nobi

the greatest popularity. He afterwards passed lity, of wealth, of attendants, of rich cloths, of beauty,

through a rapid succession of promotions, until he of garb, and the like, seriously, it is altogether the

| acquired the lectureship of the Savoy in London. fame of ridiculous vanity; and in all things modesty

Meanwhile, he published his History of the Holy War. exacts no more than this, that we do not, through

On the breaking out of the civil war, Fuller attached rusticity, want of a decent garb, or too much negli

himself to the king's party at Oxford, and he seems gence, do anything that doth not correspond with

spond with to have accompanied the army in active service for civility and decorum. For it is equally vile, and some years as chaplain to Lord Hopton. Even in doth as much denote a base or abject mind, to grow

by these circumstances, his active mind busied itself insolent and lofty upon the possession of these ad. in collecting materials for some of the works which Juncts of magnificence, as to become deiected, or sink he subsequently published. His company was at the in spirit, at the loss or want of them.

same time much courted, on account of the extraordiNow, according to this rule, if a wise man chance nary amount of intelligence which he had acquired. to have the statues or images of his ancestors, or and a strain of lively humour which seems to have other renowned persons of former aces, he will be very been quite irrepressible. The quaint and familiar lar from being proud of them, from showing them as nature of his mind disposed him to be less nice in badges of honour, from affecting a glory from

from the the selection of materials, and also in their arrange

the generosity of their actions and achievements, and as ment, than scholarly men generally are. He would far from wholly neglecting them, but will place them sit patiently for hours listening to the prattle of old (as memorials of virtue) indifferently either in his women, in order to obtain snatches of local history, porch or gallery, or elsewhere.

traditionary anecdote, and proverbial wisdom. And Nor will he be solicitous about the manner or place these he has wrought up in his work entitled The of his sepulture, or command his executors to bestow | Worthies of England, which is a strange melange any great cost, or pomp and ceremony, at his funeral of topography, biography, and popular antiquities. The chief subject of his care will be, what may be When the heat of the war was past, Fuller returned beneficial and pleasant to his successors; being well to London, and became lecturer at St Bride's church. assured that, as for his dead corpse, it will little con- He was now engaged in his Church History of Britain, cern him what becomes of it. For to propagate vanity which was given to the world in 1656, in one volume even beyond death is the highest madness; and not folio. Afterwards, he devoted himself to the prepamuch inferior thereto is the fancy of some, who in ration of his Worthies,' which he did not complete their lives are afraid to have their carcasses torn by till 1660. Meanwhile, he had passed through some the teeth of wild beasts after their death. For if other situations in the church, the last of which was that be an evil, why is it not likewise an evil to have that of chaplain to Charles II. It was thought that the dead corpse burned, embalmed, and immersed in he would have been made a bishop, if he had not been honey, to grow cold and stiff under a ponderous prematurely cut off by fever, a year after the Restomarble, to be pressed down by the weight of earth ration. This extraordinary man possessed a tall and and passengers

I handsome person, and great conversational powers.

He was of kind dispositions, and amiable in all the Father, the Good Soldier, the Good Master, and so domestic relations of life. He was twice married; on. In this and the other productions of Fuller, on the second occasion, to a sister of Viscount Bal- there is a vast fund of sagacity and good sense, fre.

quently expressed in language so pithy, that a large collection of admirable and striking maxims might easily be extracted from his pages. We shall give samples of these, after presenting the character which he has beautifully drawn of

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The Good Schoolmaster. There is scarce any profession in the commonwealth more necessary, which is so slightly performed. The reasons whereof I conceive to be these :-First, young scholars make this calling their refuge; yea, perchance, before they have taken any degree in the university, commence schoolmasters in the country, as if nothing else were required to set up this profession but only a rod and a ferula. Secondly, others who are able, use it only as a passage to better preferment, to patch the rents in their present fortune, till they can provide a new one, and betake themselves to some more gainful calling. Thirdly, they are disheartened from doing their best with the miserable reward which in some places they receive, being masters to their chil. dren and slaves to their parents. Fourthly, being grown rich they grow negligent, and scorn to touch the school but by the proxy of the usher. But see how well our schoolmaster behaves himself.

His genius inclines him with delight to his professicn. Some men had as well be schoolboys as schoolmasters, to be tied to the school, as Cooper's Dictionary and Scapula's Lexicon are chained to the desk therein; and though great scholars, and skilful in other arts, are bunglers in this. But God, of his goodness, hath

fitted several men for several callings, that the necesOld St Bride's Church, Fleet Street.

sity of church and state, in all conditions, may be

provided for. So that he who beholds the fabric tinglass. As proofs of his wonderful memory, it is thereof, may say, God hewed out the stone, and apstated that he could repeat five hundred unconnected pointed it to lie in this very place, for it would fit words after twice hearing them, and recite the whole none other so well, and here it doth most excellent. of the signs in the principal thoroughfare of London | And thus God mouldeth some for a schoolmaster's after once passing through it and back again. His life, undertaking it with desire and delight, and disonly other works of the least importance are The charging it with dexterity and happy success. Profane and Holy States, and A Pisgah View of He studieth his scholars' natures as carefully as i Palestine.

they their books; and ranks their dispositions into The principal work, the “Worthies,' is rather a several forms. And though it may seem difficult for collection of brief memoranda than a regular com- him in a great school to descend to all particulars, position, so that it does not admit of extract for yet experienced schoolmasters may quickly make a these pages. While a modern reader smiles at the grammar of boys' natures, and reduce them all (sar. vast quantity of gossip which it contains, he must ing some few exceptions) to these general rules: also be sensible that it has preserved much curious i. Those that are ingenious and industrious. The information, which would have otherwise been lost. conjunction of two such planets in a youth presage The eminent men whose lives he records, are ar much good unto him. To such a lad a frown may be ranged by Fuller according to their native counties, a whipping, and a whipping a death ; yea, where their of which he mentions also the natural productions, | master whips them once, shame whips them all the manufactures, medicinal waters, herbs, wonders, week after. Such natures he useth with all gentleness. buildings, local proverbs, sheriffs, and modern battles. 2. Those that are ingenious and idle. These think The style of all Fuller's works is extremely quaint with the hare in the fable, that running with snails and jocular; and in the power of drawing hurno (so they count the rest of their schoolfellows), they rous comparisons, he is little, if at all, inferior to shall come soon enough to the post, though sleeping Butler himself. Bishop Nicolson. speaking of his a good while before their starting. Oh, a good rod • Church History,' accuses him of being fonder of a would finely take them napping. joke than of correctness, and says that he is not scru 3. Those that are dull and diligent. Wines, the pulous in his inquiry into the foundation of any stronger they be, the more lees they have when they good story that comes in his way. •Even the most

are new. Many boys are muddy-headed till they be serious and authentic parts of it are so interlaced

clarified with age, and such afterwards prove the best. with pun and quibble, that it looks as if the man

Bristol diamonds are both bright, and squared, and had designed to ridicule the annals of our church | pointed by nature, and yet are soft and worthless ; into fable and romance, ** These animadversions. | whereas orient ones in India are rough and rugged however, are accounted too strong. Fuller's ‘Holy |

naturally. Hard, rugged, and dull natures of youth, and Profane States' contains admirably drawn cha

| acquit themselves afterwards the jewels of the country, racters, which are held forth as examples to be re

and therefore their dulness at first is to be bome spectively imitated and avoided : such as the Good | with, if they be diligent. That schoolmaster deserves

to be beaten himself, who beats natrre in a boy for * English Historical Library, p. 116. | a fault. And I question whether all the whipping in

the world can make their parts which are naturally grave, in Brundly school, in the same county, but beslugvish, rise one minute before the hour nature hath cause he was the first did teach worthy Dr Whitaker ? appointed.

Nor do I honour the memory of Mulcaster for any. 4. Those that are invincibly dull, and negligent thing so much as his scholar, that gulf of learning, also. Correction may reform the latter, not amend Bishop Audrews. This made the Athenians, the day the former. All the whetting in the world can never before the great feast of Theseus, their founder, to set a razor's edge on that which hath no steel in it. sacrifice a ram to the memory of Conidas, his schoolSuch boys he consigneth over to other professions. | master, that first instructed him. Shipwrights and boat-makers will choose those crooked pieces of timber which other carpenters refuse. Those

[Recreation.] may make cxcellent merchants and mechanics which will not serve for scholars..

Recreation is a second creation, when weariness He is able, diligent, and methodical in his teach

id methodical in his teach. hath almost annihilated one's spirits. It is the ing; not leading them rather in a circle than forwards.

breathing of the soul, which otherwise would be stifled He minces his precepts for children to swallow, hang.

with continual business. * * * ing clogs on the nimbleness of his own soul, that his

Spill not the morning (the quintessence of the day) scholars may go along with him.

in recreation ; for sleep itself is a recreation. Add | He is and will be known to be an absolute monarch

not therefore sauce to sauces; and he cannot properly 1 in his school. If cockering mothers proffer him money

have any title to be refreshed who was not first faint. I to purchase their sons' exemption from his rod (to

Pastime, like wine, is poison in the morning. It is live, as it were, in a peculiar, out of their master's

then good husbandry to sow the head, which hath | jurisdiction), with disdain he refuseth it, and scorns

lain fallow all night, with some scrious work. Chietly, the late custom in some places of commuting whip

intrench not on the Lord's day to use unlawful sports; ping into money, and ransoming boys from the rod

this were to spare thine own flock, and to shear God's l' at a set price.

* If he hath a stubborn youth, correc

lamb. tion-proof, he debaseth not his authority by contesting

Take heed of boisterous and over-violent exercises. with him, but fairly, if he can, puts him away before

Ringing ofttimes hath made good inusic on the bells, l' his obstinacy hath infected others.

and put men's bodies out of tune, so that, by orer| He is moderate in inflicting deserved correction. heating themselves, they have rung their own passing Many a schoolmaster better answereth the name

bell. paidotribes than paidagogos, rather tearing his scho

[Books.] lars' flesh with whipping than giving them good edu. cation. No wonder if his scholars hate the muses, It is a vanity to persuade the world one hath much being presented unto them in the shapes of fiends and learning by getting a great library. As soon shall I furies.

believe every one is valiant that hath a well-furnished í Such an Orbilius mars more scholars than he makes. armoury. I guess good housekeeping by the smoking,

Their tyranny hath caused many tongues to stammer not the number of the tunnels, as knowing that many which spake plain by nature, and whose stuttering of them (built merely for uniformity) are without li at first was nothing else but fears quavering on their chimneys, and more without fires. * *

speech at their master's presence. And whose maul. Some books are only cursorily to be tasted of:

ing them about their heads bath dulled those who in namely, first, voluminous books, the task of a man's I quickness exceeded their master.

life to read them over ; secondly, auxiliary books, He makes his school free to him who sues to him only to be repaired to on occasions ; thirdly, such as in forma pauperis. And surely learning is the greatest are mere pieces of formality, so that if you look on

alms that can be given. But he is a beast who, be them you look through them, and he that peeps l'cause the poor scholar cannot pay him his wages, pays through the casement of the index, sees as much as if 1, the scholar in his whipping; rather are diligent lads he were in the house. But the laziness of thosc can

to be encouraged with all excitements to learning. not be excused, who perfunctorily pass over authors | This minds me of what I have heard concerning Mr of consequence, and only trade in their tables and

Bust, that worthy late schoolmaster of Eton, who contents. These, like city-cheaters, having gotten would never suffer any wandering begging scholar the names of all country gentlemen, make silly people ! (such as justly the statute hath ranked in the fore- believe they have long lived in those places where

front of rogues) to come into his school, but would they never were, and flourish with skill in those authrust him out with earnestness (however privately thors they never seriously studied. charitable unto him), lest his schoolboys should be disheartened from their books, by seeing some scholars [Education confined too much to Language.] after their studying in the university preferred to

Our common education is not intended to render us He spoils not a good school to make thereof a bad / good and wise, but learned: it hath not taught us to college, therein to teach his scholars logic. For, be follow and embrace virtue and prudence, but hath sides that logic may have an action of trespass against imprinted in us their derivation and etymology ; it grammar for encroaching on her liberties, syllogisms hath chosen out for us not such books as contain the are solecisms taught in the school, and oftentimes soundest and truest opinions, but those that speak the they are forced afterwards in the university, to unlearn best Greek and Latin; and, by these rules, has instilled the fumbling skill they had before.

into our fancy the vainest humours of antiquity. But a Out of his school he is no way pedantical in carriage good education alters the judgment and manners. * * or discourse ; contenting himself to be rich in Latin, "Tis a silly conceit that men without languages are though he doth not gingle with it in every company

| also without understanding. It's apparent, in all wherein he comes.

ages, that some such have been even prodigies for To conclude, let this, amongst other motiver, make

ability; for it's not to be believed that Wisdom schoolmasters careful in their place that the emi- speaks to her disciples only in Latin, Greek, and riences of their scholars have commended the memories

Hebrew. of their schoolmasters to posterity, who, otherwise in obscurity, had altogether been forgotten. Who had |

[Rules for Improving the Memory.] ever heard of R. Bond, in Lancashire, but for the First, soundly infix in thy mind what thou desirest breeding of learned Ascham, his scholar? or of Hart- to remember. What wonder is it if agitation of busi


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