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Would she put on this garment gay,

allegorical poems are the Thistle and the Rose (a I durst swear by my seill,

triumphant nuptial song for the union of James and That she wore never green nor gray

the Princess Margaret), the Dance, and the Golden That seta her half so weel.

Terge; but allegory abounds in many others, which

do not strictly fall within this class. Perhaps the WILLIAM DUNBAR.

most remarkable of all his poems is one of those

here enumerated, the Dance. It describes a procesWILLIAM DUNBAR, “a poet,” says Sir Walter

sion of the seven deadly sins in the infernal regions, Scott, “ unrivalled by any that Scotland has ever

and for strength and vividness of painting, would produced,” flourished at the court of James IV., at

stand a comparison with any poem in the language. the end of the fifteenth and beginning of the six

The most solemn and impressive of the more exteenth centuries. His works, with the exception of

clusively moral poems of Dunbar, is one in which he one or two pieces, were confined, for above two cen

represents a thrush and nightingale taking opposite turies, to an obscure manuscript, from which they

sides in a debate on earthly and spiritual affections, were only rescued when their language had become

the thrush ending every speech or stanza with a so antiquated, as to render the world insensible in a

recommendation of " a lusty life in Love's service," great measure to their many excellencies. To no other

and the nightingale with the more melodious declacircumstance can we attribute the little justice that

ration, “ All Love is lost but upon God alone.” is done by popular fame to this highly-gifted poet,

There is, however, something more touching to comwho was alike master of every kind of verse, the

mon feelings in the less laboured verses in which he solemn, the descriptive, the sublime, the comic, and

moralises on the brevity of existence, the shortness the satirical. Having received his education at the

and uncertainty of all ordinary enjoyments, and the university of St Andrews, where, in 1479, he took

wickedness and woes of mankind. the degree of master of arts, Dunbar became a friar of the Franciscan order (Grey Friars), in which ca

This warering warld's wretchedness pacity he travelled for some years not only in Scot

The failing and fruitless business, land, but also in England and France, preaching, as

The misspent time, the service vain, was the custom of the order, and living by the alms

For to consider is ane pain. of the pious, a mode of life which he himself acknowledges to have involved a constant exercise of false The sliding joy, the gladness short, hood, deceit, and flattery. In time, he had the grace, The feigned love, the false comfort, or was enabled by circumstances, to renounce this The sweir abade, the slightful train, sordid profession. It is supposed, from various al

For to consider is ane pain. lusions in his writings, that, from about the year

The sugcared mouths, with minds therefra, 1491 to 1500, he was occasionally employed by the

The figured speech, with faces tway ; king (James IV.) in some subordinate, but not un

The pleasing tongues, with hearts unplain, important capacity, in connexion with various fo

For to consider is ane pain. reign embassies, and that he thus visited Germany, Italy, Spain, and France, besides England and Ire-Or, in another poemland. He could not, in such a life, fail to acquire

Evermair unto this warld's joy, much of that knowledge of mankind which forms so important a part of the education of the poet. In

As nearest heir, succeeds annoy ; 1500, he received from the king a pension of ten

Therefore when joy may not remain, pounds, afterwards increased to twenty, and finally

His very heir, succeedés Pain. to eighty. He is supposed to have been employed He is, at the same time, by no means disposed habitu. by James in some of the negotiations preparatory to ally to take gloomy or desponding views of life. He his marriage with the Princess Margaret, daughter | has one poem, of which each stanza ends with “ For of Henry VII., which took place in 1503. For some to be blyth methink it best.” In another, he advises. years ensuing, he seems to have lived at court, re- I since life is so uncertain, that the good things of this galing his royal master with his poetical composi- / world should be rationally enjoyed while it is vet tions, and probably also his conversation, the charms

possible. “ Thine awn gude spend,” says he," while of which, judging from his writings, must have been thou has space.There is yet another. in which very great. It is sad to relate of one who possessed these Horatian maxims are still more pointedly so buoyant and mirthful a spirit, that his life was enforced, and from this we shall select a few not, as far as we can judge, a happy one. He ap

stanzas :pears to have repined greatly at the servile courtlife which he was condemned to lead, and to have Be merry, man, and tak not sair in mind longed anxiously for some independent source of in- ! The wavering of this wretched world of sorrow ; come. Amongst his poems, are many containing To God be humble, to thy friend be kind, nothing but expressions of solicitude on this subject. And with thy neighbours gladly lend and borrow; He survived the year 1517, and is supposed to have His chance to-night, it may be thine to-morrow; died about 1520, at the age of sixty; but whether Be blyth in hearte for my aventure, he ultimately succeeded in obtaining preferment, is For oft with wise men it has been said aforow, not known. His writings, with scarcely any excep- Without Gladness availes no Treasure. tion, remained in the obscurity of manuscript till the beginning of the last century ; but his fame has Make thee gude cheer of it that God thee sends. been gradually rising since then, and it was at For warld's wrak but welfare3 nought avails; length, in 1834, so great as to justify a complete

oorent as to justify a complete Nae gude is thine save only that thou spends, edition of his works, by Mr David Laing.

1 Remanant all thou bruikes but with bails The poems of Dunbar may be said to be of three Seek to solace when sadness thee assails; classes, the Allegorical, the Moral, and the Comic: In dolour lang thy life may not endure, besides which there is a vast number of productions

ductions! Wherefore of comfort set up all thy sails; composed on occasions affecting himself, and which

Without Gladness availes no Treasure. may therefore be called personal poems. His chief

1 Delay. Snare. 3 World's trash without health. i Salvation. ? Became.

4 Injuries.

Follow on pity, flee trouble and debate,

And died himself, fro' dead him to succour; With famous folkis bald thy company;

0, whether was kythit there true love or none? Be charitable and hum'le in thine estate,

He is most true and stedfast paramour,
For warldly honour lastes but a cry.

And love is lost but upon him alone.
For trouble in earth tak no melancholy ;
Be rich in patience, if thou in gudes be poor;

The Merle said, Why put God so great beauły
Who lives merrily he lives mightily;

In ladies, with sic womanly having, Without Gladness availes no Treasure.

But gif he would that they suld lovit be?

To love eke nature gave them inclining, The philosophy of these lines is excellent.

And He of nature that worker was and king, Dunbar was as great in the comic as in the solemn | Would nothing frustir put, nor let be seen, strain, but not so pure. His Twa Married Women Into his creature of his own making; and the Widow is a conversational piece, in which | A lusty life in Lovis service been. three gay ladies discuss, in no very delicate terms, the merits of their husbands, and the means by

The Nightingale said, Not to that behoof

Put God sic beauty in a lady's face, which wives may best advance their own interests. The Friars of Berwick (not certainly his is a clever I Inat she sud huve the thank therefor or luve.

But He, the worker, that put in her sic grace ; i but licentious tale. There is one piece of peculiar

Of beauty, bounty, riches, time, or space, humour, descriptive of an imaginary tournament

And every gudeness that been to come or gone between a tailor and a shoemaker, in the same low

The thank redounds to him in every place : region where he places the dance of the seven deadly

All love is lost, but upon God alone.
sins. It is in a style of the broadest farce, and full |
of very offensive language, yet as droll as anything O Nightingale ! it were a story nice,
in Scarron or Smollett.

That love suld not depend on charity ;
And, gif that virtue contrar be to vice,

Then love maun be a virtue, as thinks me;
The Merle and Nightingale.

For, aye, to love envy maun contrar' be :
In May, as that Aurora did upspring,

God bade eke love thy neighbour fro the spleen ;2 With crystal een chasing the cluddes sable,

And who than ladies sweeter neighbours be ? I heard a Merle with merry notis sing

A lusty life in Lovis service been. A sang of love, with voice right comfortable,

The Nightingale said, Bird, why does thou rave? Again the orient beamis, amiable,

Man may take in his lady sic delight, Upon a blissful branch of laurel green;

Him to forget that her sic virtue gave, This was her sentence, sweet and delectable,

And for his heaven receive her colour white: A lusty life in Lovis service been.

Her golden tressit hairis redomite, 3 Under this branch ran down a river bright,

Like to Apollo's beamis tho' they shone, Of balmy liquor, crystalline of hue,

Suld not him blind fro’ love that is perfite ; Again' the heavenly azure skyis light,

All love is lost but upon God alone. Where did upon the tother side pursue

The Merle said, Love is cause of honour aye, A Nightingale, with sugared notis new,

Love makis cowards manhood to purchase, Whose angel feathers as the peacock shone ;

Love makis knichtis hardy at essay, This was her song, and of a sentence true,

Love makis wretches full of largéness, All love is lost but upon God alone.

Love makis sweir 4 folks full of business, With notis glad, and glorious harmony,

Love makis sluggards fresh and well be seen, This joyful merle, so salust she the day,

Love changes vice in virtuous nobleness ; While rung the woodis of her melody,

A lusty life in Lovis service been. Saying, Awake, ye lovers of this May ;

The Nightingale said, True is the contrary ; Lo, fresh Flora has flourished every spray,

Sic frustis love it blindis men so far, As nature has her taught, the noble queen,

Into their minds it makis them to vary ; The field been clothit in a new array ;

In false vain glory they so drunken are, A lusty life in Loris service been.

Their wit is went, of woe they are not waur,

While that all worship away be fro' them gone, Ne'er streeter noise was heard with living man,

Fame, goods, and strength ; wherefore well say I daur, Na made this merry gentle nightingale ;

All love is lost but upon God alone.
Her sound went with the river as it ran,
Out through the fresh and flourished lusty vale; | Then said the Merle, Mine error I confess :
O Merle ! quoth she, O fool! stint of thy tale, This frustis love is all but vanity :
For in thy song good sentence is there none,

Blind ignorance me gave sic hardiness,
For both is tint, the time and the travail

To argue so again' the verity ; Of every love but upon God alone.

Wherefore I counsel every man that he

With love not in the feindis net be tone, 5 Cease, quoth the Merle, thy preaching, Nightingale :

But love the love that did for his love die :
Shall folk their youth spend into holiness?

All love is lost but upon God alone.
Of young sanctís, grows auld feindís, but fable;
Fye, hypocrite, in yeiris tenderness,

Then sang they both with voices loud and clear, Again' the law of kind thou goes express,

The Merle sang, Man, love God that has thee wrought. That crookit age makes one with youth serene, The Nightingale sang, Man, love the Lord most dear, Whom nature of conditions made diverse :

That thee and all this world made of nought. A lusty life in Lovis service been.

The Merle said, Love him that thy love has sought The Nightingale said, Fool, remember thee,

Fro’ heaven to earth, and here took flesh and bone. That both in youth and eild, and every hour,

The Nightingale sang, And with his dead thee bought:

All love is lost, but upon him alone.
The love of God most dear to man suld be ;
That him, of nought, wrought like his own figour,

i Shown.

? Equivalent to the modern phrase, from the 1 Age.

heart. 3 Bound, encircled. Slothful. 5 Ta'en; taken.

Then flew thir birdis o'er the boughis sheen,

Next in the Dance followed Envy, Singing of love amang the leavis small;

Filled full of feid and felony, Whose eidant plead yet made my thoughtis grein,

Hid malice and despite : Both sleeping, waking, in rest and in travail :

For privy hatred that traitor trembled ; Me to recomfort most it does avail,

Hiin followed mony freiki dissembled, Again for love, when love I can find none,

With feigned wordis white : To think how sung this Merle and Nightingale ; And flatterers into men's faces ; All love is lost but upon God alone.

And backbiters in secret places,

To lee that had delight;
The Dance.*

And rouners of fals lesings,

Alas! that courts of noble kings,
Of Februar the fifteenth nicht,

Of them can never be quit.
Full lang before the dayis licht,
I lay intill a trance ;

Next him in Dance came COVETICE,
And then I saw baith heaven and hell :

Root of all evil and grund of vice,
Methocht amangs the fiendis fell,

That never could be content :
Mahouna gart cry ane Dance

Caitiffs, wretches, and ockerars, 2
Of shrewis that were never shriven,3
Agains the fast of Fastern's Even,

Hood-pykes, 3 hoarders, and gatherers,

All with that warlock went :
To mak their observance ;

Out of their throats they shot on other
He bade gallands gae graith a guise,5
And cast up gamonds in the skies,

Het molten gold, mcthought, a fother,
As varlots does in France.

As fire-flaught maist fervent ;
Ay as they toomit them of shot,

Fiends filled them new up to the throat
Heillie 7 harlots, haughten-wise, 8

With gold of all kind prent.5
Came in with mony sundry guise,

Syne SWEIRNESS,6 at the second bidding,
But yet leuch never Mahoun ;

Came like a sow out of a midden,
While precsts came in with bare sbaven necks,

Full sleepy was his grunyie ;)
Then all the fiends leuch and made gecks,

Mony sweir bumbard belly-huddron,
Black-belly and Bausy-broun.9

Mony slute daw, and sleepy duddron,9

Him servit ay with sunyie.10 Let see, quoth he, who now begins.

He drew them furth intill a chenyie,
With that the foul Seven Deadly Sins

And Belial with a bridle reinyie
Begoud to leap at anes.

Ever lashed them on the lungie :11
And first in all the Dance was PRIDE,

In dance they were sae slaw of feet,
With hair wiled back, and bonnet on side,

They gave them in the fire a heat,
Like to mak vaistie wanes ;10

And made them quicker of counyie 12
And round about him, as a wheel,
Hang all in rumplesll to the heel

Then the foul monster GLUTTONY,
His kethat12 for the nanes.13

Of wame insatiable and greedy,
Mony proud trumpour with him trippit ;

To dance he did him dress :
Through scaldand fire aye as they skippit,

Him followed mony foul drunkart,
They grinned with hideous granes.

With can and collop, caup and quart,

In surfeit and excess ; Then IRE came in with sturt and strife;

Full mony a waistful wally-drag,
His hand was aye upon his knife,

With wames unweildable, did forth wag,
He brandished like a bear ,

In creish that did incress.
Boasters, braggarts, and bargainers,

Drink ! ay they cried, with mony a gape ;
After him, passit in to pairs,

The Fiends gave them het lead to lap,
All boden in 'feir of weir, 14

Their levery13 was nae less.
In jacks, and scrips, and bonnets of steel ;
Their legs were chaincd down to the heel;

Nae menstrals playit to them, but doubt,
Froward was their effeir :
Some upon other with brands beft, 15

For gleemen there were halden out,
Some jaggit others, to the heft,

By day and eke by nicht ;14

Except a menstral that slew a man,
With knives that sharp could shear.

Sae till his heritage he wan, i Whose close disputation yet moved my thoughts.

And entered by brief of richt. 9 The Devil. 3 Accursed men, who had never been

Then cried Mahoun for a Hieland padian :15 absolved in the other world.

4 The eve of Lent.

Syne ran a fiend to fetch Macfadyan, 5 Prepare a masque.

6 Gambols.
7 Proud.

Far northward in a nook : 8 laughtily. The names of popular spirits in Scotland.

By he the coronach had done shout, 10 Something touching puffed up manners appears to be hinted at in this obscure line.

11 Large folds.

19 Robe.

Erschemen so gathered him about, 13 For the occasion. 14 Arrayed in the accoutrements of war.

In hell great room they took : 15 Gave blows.

Thae termagants, with tag and tatter, * “ Dunbar is a poet of a high order. * * His Dance of the Full loud in Ersche begond to clatter, Seven Deadly Sins, though it would be absurd to compare it

And roop like raven and rook. with the beauty and refinement of the celebrated Ode on the Passions, has yet an animated picturesqueness not unlike that 1 Many contentious persons.

2 U surers. of Collins. The effect of both pieces shows how much more 3 Misers.

4 Great quantity.

5 Every coinage. potent allegorical figures become, by being made to fleet sud 6 Laziness. 7 Visage. 8 Dirty, lazy tipplers. denly before the imagination, than by being detained in its 9 Slow and sleepy drabs. 10 Excuse. 11 Loins. view by prolonged description. Dunbar conjures up the per 12 Circulation, as of coin.

13 Reward. sonified sins, as Collins does the passions, to rise, to strike, to 14 A compliment, obviously, to the poetical profession. disappear. They come like shadows, 80 depart.'"-CAMP-| 15 Pageant. In this stanza Dunbar satirises the outlandish BELL.

habits and language of the Highlanders.

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The Devil sae deavit was with their yell,

Some gives for thank, and some for threat; That in the deepest pot of hell,

Some gives money, and some gives meat;
He smoorit them with smook.

Some givis wordis fair and slie ;

And gifts fra some may na man treit:
Tidings fra the Session.

In Giving sould Discretion be. [A conversation between two rustics, designed to satirise the

Some is for gift sae lang required, proceedings in the supreme civil law court of Scotland.]

While that the craver be so tired,

That ere the gift delivered be,
Ane muirland man, of upland mak,

The thank is frustrate and expired:
At hame thus to his neighbour spak,
What tidings, gossip, peace or weir ?

In Giving sould Discretion be.
The tother rouniti in his ear,

Some gives so little full wretchedly,
I tell you under this confession,

That all his gifts are not set by,
But lately lichtit off my meare,

And for a hood-pick halden is he,
I come of Edinburgh fra the Session.

That all the warld cries on him, Fye!

In Giving sould Discretion be.
What tidings heard you there, I pray you !
The tother answerit, I sall say you :

Some in his giving is so large,
Keep well this secret, gentle brother';

That all o'er-laden is his barge;
Is na man there that trusts another :

Then vice and prodigalitie,
Ane common doer of transgression,

There of his honour does discharge :
Of innocent folk preveens a futher :2

In Giving sould Discretion be.
Sic tidings heard I at the Session.

Some to the rich gives his gear, Some with his fallow rouns him to please,

That might his giftis weel forbear; That wald for envy bite aff his nese ;3

And, though the poor for fault2 sould die,

His cry not enters in his ear:
His fa' some by the oxter4 leads ;
Some patters with his mouth on beads,

In Giving sould Discretion be.
That has his mind all on oppression ;

Some gives to strangers with faces new,
Some becks full law and shaws bare heads,

That yesterday fra Flanders flew ;3
Wad look full heigh were not the Session.

And to auld servants list not see,

Were they never of sae great virtue
Some, bydand the law, lays land in wed ; 5

In Giving sould Discretion be.
Some, super-expended, goes to bed ;
Some speeds, for he in court has means;

Some gives to them can ask and pleinyie,4 Some of partiality compleens,

Some gives to them can flatter and feignie; How feido and favour flemis discretion ;

Some gives to men of honestie,
Some speaks full fair, and falsely feigns :

And halds all janglers at disdenyié :
Sic tidings heard I at the Session.

In Giving sould Discretion be.

Some gettis gifts and rich arrays, Some castis summons, and some excepts;

To swear all that his master says, Some stand beside and skailed law kepps ;

Though all the contrair weel knaws he; Some is continued ; some wins ; some tynes ;

Are mony sic now in thir days:
Some maks him merry at the wines ;

In Giving sould Discretion be.
Some is put out of his possession;
Some herried, and on credence dines :

Some gives to gude men for their thews;
Sic tidings heard I at the Session.

Some gives to trumpours and to shrews;

Some gives to knaw his authoritie, Some swears, and some forsakes God,

But in their office gude fund in few is :
Some in ane lamb-skin is ane tod 8

In Giving sould Discretion be.
Some in his tongue his kindness turses ;9
Some cuts throats, and some pykes purses;

Some givis parochines full wide,
Some goes to gallows with procession ;

Kirks of St Bernard and St Bride,
Some sains the seat, and some them curses :

The people to teach and to o'ersee,
Sic tidings heard I at the Session.

Though he nae wit has them to guide :

In Giving sould Discretion be.
Religious men of diverse places
Comes there to woo and see fair faces ;

Of Discretion in Taking.

| After Giving I speak of Taking, And are unmindful of their profession,

But little of ony gude forsaking;
The younger at the elder leers :

Some takes o'er little authoritie,
Sic tidings heard I at the Session.

And some o'er mickle, and that is glaiking :5

In Taking sould Discretion be.
Of Discretion in Giving.

The clerks takes benefices with brawls,
To speak of gifts and almos deeds :

Some of St Peter and some of St Paul's;
Some gives for merit, and some for meeds;

Tak he the rents, no care has be,
Some, wardly honour to uphie ;

Suppose the devil tak all their sauls :
Some gives to them that nothing needs;

In Taking sould Discretion be.
In Giving sould Discretion be.

Barons taks fra the tenants puir
Some gives for pride and glory vain ;

All fruit that growis on the fur, Some gives with grudging and with pain;

In mails and gersoms6 raisit o'er hie; Some gives on prattick for supplie;

And gars them beg fra door to door :
Some gives for twice as gude again :

In Taking sould Discretion be.
In Giving sould Discretion be.

1 Appreciated.

9 Starvation. 1 Whispered. 2 Is advanced before a great number. 8 A large proportion of the strangers who visited Scotland at 8 Nowe. 4 Armpit.

Pledge. Hostility. this early period were probably from Flanders. 4 Complain. 7 Banishes, & Fox.

9 Carrieg, 6 Foolish. Rents and fines of entry.

Some merchands taks unleesomel wine,

pying a prominent place in the history of his coun| Whilk maks their packs oft time full thin,

try, he died of the plague in London in the year By their succession, as ye may see,

1522. Douglas shines as an allegorical and descripThat ill-won gear 'riches not the kin

tive poet. He wants the vigorous sense, and also In Taking sould Discretion be

the graphic force, of Dunbar; while the latter is Some taks other mennis tacks,2

always close and nervous, Douglas is soft and verAnd on the puir oppression maks,

bose. The genius of Dunbar is so powerful, that And never remembers that he maun die,

manner sinks beneath it; that of Douglas is so much Till that the gallows gars him rax :3

matter of culture, that manner is its most striking In Taking sould Discretion be.

peculiarity. This manner is essentially scholarly.

He employs an immense number of words derived Some taks by sea, and some by land,

from the Latin, as yet comparatively a novelty in And never fra taking can hald their hand,

English composition. And even his descriptions of Till he be tyit up to ane tree;

nature involve many ideas, very beautiful in themAnd syne they gar him understand,

selves, and very beautifully expressed, but inapproIn Taking sould Discretion be.

priate to the situation, and obviously introduced Some wald tak all his neighbour's gear;

merely in accordance with literary fashion. Had he of man as little fear

The prineipal original composition of Douglas is As he has dread that God him sce;

a long poem, entitled The Palace of Honour. It was To tak then sould he never forbear :

designed as an apologue for the conduct of a king. In Taking sould Discretion be.

and therefore addressed to James IV. The poet Some wald tak all this warld on breid ;

represents himself as seeing, in a vision, a large And yet not satisfied of their need,

company travelling towards the Palace of Honour. Through heart unsatiable and greedie; He joins them, and narrates the particulars of the Some wald tak little, and can not speed :

pilgrimage. The well-known Pilgrim's Progress In Taking sould Discretion be.

bears so strong a resemblance to this poem, that Great men for taking and oppression,

Bunyan could scarcely have been ignorant of it. Are set full famous at the Session,

King Hart, the only other long poem of Douglas, And puir takers are hangit hie,

presents a metaphorical view of human life. But Shawit for ever, and their succession :

the most remarkable production of this author was In Taking sould Discretion be.

a translation of Virgil's Æneid into Scottish verse,

which he executed in the year 1513, being the first GAVIN DOUGLAS.

version of a Latin classic into any British tongue, Gavin Douglas, born about the year 1474, a

It is generally allowed to be a masterly performance, younger son of Archibald, fifth Earl of Angus, was

though in too obsolete a language ever to regain its popularity. The original poems, styled prologues, which the translator affixes to each book, are esteemed amongst bis happiest pieces.

[ Apostrophe to Honour.]

(Original Spelling.)
O hie honour, sweit heuinlie flour digest,
Gem verteuous, maist precious, gudliest,
For hie honour thou art cuerdoun conding?
Of worschip kend the glorious end and rest,
But whome in richt na worthie wicht may lest,
Thy greit puissance may maist auance all thing,
And pouerall to meikall auail sone bring,
I the require sen thow but peira art best,
That eftir this in thy hie blis we ring.

[Morning in May.*]
As fresh Aurore, to mighty Tithon spouse,
Ished of her saffron bed and ivor house,
In cram'sy clad and grained violate,
With sanguine cape, and selvage purpurate,
Unshet4 the windows of her large hali,
Spread all with roses, and full of balm royal,
And eke the heavenly portis chrystalline
Unwarps braid, the warld till illumine;
The twinkling streamers of the orient
Shed purpour spraings, with gold and azure ment;5
Eous, the steed, with ruby harness red,
Above the seas liftis furth his head,
Of colour sore, and somedeal brown as berry,
For to alichten and glad our emispery;
The flame out-bursten at the neisthirls,7
So fast Phaeton with the whip him whirls. * *

While shortly, with the bleczand torch of day,
Dunkeld Cathedral.

Abulyit in his lemand fresh array, educated for the church, and rose through a variety of

i Worthy reward. inferior offices to be bishop of Dunkeld. After occu

? Without equal. 8 Issued from.

* Opened. 1 Unlawful. 2 Leases. 3 Till the gallows stretches him. 5 Purple streaks mingled with gold and azure.

4 In its whole breadth. 5 Get high places in the supreme 6 Yellowish brown. 7 Nostrils. . 8 Glittering, court of law.

* Part of the prologue to the 12th book of the Æneid.

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