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Afer, Silius, Silius,

The coward and the valiant man must fall, These are the common customs of thy blood,

Only the cause, and manner how, discerns them : When it is high with wine, as now with rage :

Which then are gladdest, when they cost us dearest. This well agrees with that intemperate vaunt

Romans, if any here be in this senate, I Thou lately mad'st at Agrippina's table,

Would know to mock Tiberius' tyranny, That, when all other of the troops were prone

Look upon Silius, and so learn to die. [Stabs himself. To fall into rebellion, only thine

Var. O desperate act!
Remain'd in their obedience. Thou wert he

Arr. An honourable hand!
That say'd the empire, which had then been lost, Tib. Look, is he dead?
Had but thy legions, there, rebellid or mutin'd;

Sab. 'Twas nobly struck, and home. | Thy virtue met, and fronted every peril,

Arr. My thought did prompt him to it.
Thou gav'st to Cæsar, and to Rome, their surety, Farewell, Silius.
Their name, their strength, their spirit, and their Be famous ever for thy great example.
state,

Fall of Scianus.
Their being was a donative from thee, -
Arr. Well worded, and most like an orator.

[Love.] Tih. Is this true, Silius ?

(From the New Inn.") Sil. Save thy question, Cæsar, Thy spy of famous credit hath affirm'd it.

LOVEL and Host of the New Inn. Arr. Excellent Roman!

Lov. There is no life on earth, but being in love ! Sab. He doth answer stoutly.

There are no studies, no delights, no business, Sj. If this be so, there needs no other causo

No intercourse, or trade of sense, or soul, Of crime against him.

But what is love! I was the laziest creature, Var. What can more impeach

The most unprofitable sign of nothing, The royal dignity and state of Cæsar,

The veriest drone, and slept away my life Than to be urged with a benefit

Beyond the dormouse, till I was in love ! He cannot pay!

And now I can out-wake the nightingale, Col. In this, all Cæsar's fortune

Out-watch an usurer, and out-walk him too, Is made unequal to the courtesy.

Stalk like a ghost that haunted 'bout a treasure; Lat. His means are clean destroy'd that should re- | And all that fancied treasure, it is love! quite.

Host. But is your name Love-ill, sir, or Lore-well ? Gal. Nothing is great enough for Silius merit. I would know that. Arr. Gallus on that side too?

Lov. I do not know't myself, Sil. Come, do not hunt

Whether it is. But it is love hath been
And labour so about for circumstance,

The hereditary passion of our house,
To make him guilty, whom you have foredoom'd: My gentle host, and, as I guess, my friend ;
Take shorter ways; I'll meet your purposes.

The truth is, I have lov'd this lady long,
The words were mine, and more I now will say : And impotently, with desire enough,
Since I have done thee that great service, Cæsar, But no success : for I have still forborne
Thou still hast fear'd me; and, in place of grace, To express it in my person to her.
Return'd me hatred : 80 soon all best turns,

Host. How then ?
With doubtful princes, turn deep injuries

Lov. I have sent her toys, verses, and anagrams, In estima tion, when they greater rise

Trials of wit, mere trifles, she has commended, Than can be answer'd. Benefits, with you,

But knew not whence they came, nor could she guess. Are of no longer pleasure than you can

Host. This was a pretty riddling way of wooing! With ease restore them; that transcended once,

Lov. I oft have been, too, in her company, Your studies are not how to thank, but kill.

And look'd upon her a whole day, admir'd her, It is your nature to have all men slaves

Lord her, and did not tell her so ; lov'd still, To you, but you acknowledging to none.

Look'd still, and lov'd; and lov'd, and look'd, and
The means that make your greatness, must not come sigh'd;
In mention of it; if it do, it takes

But, as a man neglected, I came off,
So much away, you think : and that which help'd, And unregarded.
Shall soonest perish, if it stand in eye,

Host. Could you blame her, sir,
Where it may front, or but upbraid the high. When you were silent and not said a word ?
Cot. Suffer him speak no more.

Lov. O, but I lov'd the more ; and she might read it Var. Note but his spirit.

Best in my silence, had she been Afer. This shows him in the rest.

Host. As melancholic Scj. He hath spoke enough to prove him Cæsar's foe. As you are. Pray you, why would you stand mute, sir ? Lat. Let him be censur'd.

Lov. ( thereon hangs a history, mine host. Cot. His thoughts look through his words.

Did you e'er know or hear of the Lord Beaufort, Sej. A censure.

Who serv'd so bravely in France ! I was his page, Sil. Stay,

| And, ere he died, his friend : I follow'd him Stay, most officious senate, I shall straight

First in the wars, and in the times of peace
Delude thy fury. Silius hath not placa

I waited on his studies ; which were right.
His guards within him, against fortune's spite, He had no Arthurs, nor no Rosiclcers,
So weakly, but he can escape your gripe,

No Knights of the Sun, nor Amadis de Gauls,
That are but hands of fortune : she herself,

Primalions, and Pantagruels, public nothings;
When virtue doth oppose, must lose her threats. Abortives of the fabulous dark cloister,
All that can happen in humanity,

Sent out to poison courts, and infest manners :
The frown of Csesar, proud Sejanus' hatred,

But great Achilles', Agamemnon's acts,
Base Varro's spleen, and Afer's bloodying tongue, Sage Nestor's counsels, and Ulysses' sleights,
The senate's servile flattery, and these

| Tydides' fortitude, as Homer wrought them Muster'd to kill, I'm fortified against,

| In his immortal fancy, for examples And can look down upon : they are beneath me. Of the heroic virtue. Or, as Virgil, It is not life whereof i stand enamour'd ;

That master of the Epic poem, limn'd Nor shall my end make me accuse my fate.

| Pious Æneas, his religious prince,

Bearing his aged parent on his shoulders,

this book. '() eyes, no eyes, but fountains fraught Rapt from the flames of Troy, with his young son. with tears !' There's a conceit !-- fountains fraught And these he brought to practice and to use.

with tears ! 'O life, no life, but lively form of death!' He gave me first my breeding, I acknowledge,

Another ! O world, no world, but mass of public Then shower'd his bounties on me, like the Hours, wrongs ! A third ! ' Confused and fill'd with murder That open-handed sit upon the clouds,

and misdeeds!' A fourth ! O, the muses! Is't not And press the liberality of heaven

excellent ! Is't not simply the best that ever you Down to the laps of thankful men ! But then, heard, captain! Ha ! how do you like it? The trust committed to me at his death

Bob. 'Tis good. Was above all, and left so strong a tie

Mat. "To thee, the purest object to my sense, On all my powers, as time shall not dissolre,

The most refined essence heaven covers, Till it dissolve itself, and bury all :

Send I these lines, wherein I do commence The care of his brave heir and only son !

The happy state of turtle-billing lovers. Who being a virtuous, sweet, young, hopeful lord, If they prove rough, unpolish'd, harsh, and rude, Hath cast his first affections on this lady.

Haste made the waste. Thus mildly I conclude.' And though I know, and may presume her such,

Bob. Nay, proceed, proceed. Where's this? As out of humour, will return no love,

i Bobadil is making him ready all this while. And therefore might indifferently be made

Mat. This, sir? a toy o' mine own, in my nonage ; The courting-stock for all to practise on,

the infancy of my muses ! But when will you come As she doth practise on us all to scorn :

and see my study? Good faith, I can show you some Yet out of a religion to my charge,

very good things I have done of late. That boot beAnd debt profess'd, I have made a self-decree, comes your leg passing well, captain, methinks. Ne'er to express my person, though my passion

Bob. So, 80 ; it's the fashion gentlemen now use. Burn me to cinders.

Mat. Troth, captain, and now you speak o' the fashion, Master Well-bred's elder brother and I are

fallen out exceedingly. This other day, I happened (A Simpleton and a Braggadocio.]

to enter into some discourse of a hanger, which, I

assure you, both for fashion and workmanship, was [Bobadil, the braggadocio, in his mean and obscure lodging,

most peremptory-beautiful and gentleman-like ; yet is visited by Matthew, the simpleton.]

he condemned and cried it down for the most pyed Mat. Save you, sir ; save you, captain.

and ridiculous that ever he saw. Bob. Gentle master Matthew ! "Is it you, sir ?

Bob. Squire Downright, the half-brother, was't not? Please you to sit down.

Mat. Ay, sir, he. Mat. Thank you, good captain, you may see I am

Bob. Hang him, rook, he! why, he has no more somewhat audacious.

judgment than a malt-horse. By St George, I wonBob. Not so, sir. I was requested to supper last

der you'd lose a thought upon such an animal ; the night by a sort of gallants, where you were wish'd for,

most peremptory absurd clown of Christendom, this and drunk to, I assure you.

day, he is holden. I protest to you, as I am a gentleMat. Vouchsafe me, by whom, good captain ?

man and a soldier, I ne'er changed words with his Bob. Marry, by young Well-bred, and others. Why,

like. By his discourse, he should eat nothing but hostess, a stool here for this gentleman.

hay : he was born for the manger, pannier, or pack. Mat. No haste, sir; 'tis very well.

saddle! He has not so much as a good phrase in his Bob. Body o' me !-it was so late ere we parted last | belly, but all old iron and rusty proverbs a good

some smith to make night, I can scarce open my eyes yet ; I was but new risen, as you came: how passes the day abroad, sir !

Mat. Ay, and he thinks to carry it away with his you can tell.

manhood still, where he comes : he brags he will gi' Mat. Faith, some half hour to seven : now, trust me

me the bastinado, as I hear. me, you have an exceeding fine lodging here, very

Bob. How ? he the bastinado? How came hc by neat and private!

that word, trow! Bob. Ay, sir ; sit down, I pray you. Mr Matthew

Mat. Nay, indeed, he said cudgel me; I term'd it (in any case) possess no gentlemen of our acquaint

so for my more grace. ance with notice of my lodging.

Bob. That may be, for I was sure it was none of his Mat. Who ! I, sir?-no.

word : but when? when said he so ? Bob. Not that I need to care who know it, for the

Mat. Faith, yesterday, they say ; a young gallant, cabin is convenient, but in regard I would not be too

a friend of mine, told me so. popular, and generally risited as some are.

Bob. By the foot of Pharaoh, an 'twere my case Mat. True, captain, I conceive you.

now, I should send him a chartel presently. The basBob. For, do you see, sir, by the heart of valour in

tinado! A most proper and sufficient dependance, me (except it be to some peculiar and choice spirits,

warranted by the great Caranza. Come hither ; you to whom I am extraordinarily engaged, as yourself,

shall chartel him ; I'll show you a trick or two, you or so), I could not extend thus far.

shall kill him with at pleasure ; the first stoccata, if Mat. O Lord, sir, I resolve so.

you will, by this air. Bob. I confess I love a cleanly and quiet privacy,

I Mat. Indeed ; you have absolute knowledge i' the above all the tumult and roar of fortune. What new myster

mystcry, I have heard, sir book ha' you there! What ! Go by, Hieronymo !!

Bob. of whom !-of whom ha' you heard it, I beMat. Ay, did you ever see it acted ? Is't not well

seech you ! penn'd?

Mai. Troth I have heard it spoken of divers, that Bob. Well-penn'd! I would fain see all the poets y

oets you have very rare, and un-in-one-breath-utter-able of these times pen such another play as that was !

skill, sir. they'll prate and swagger, and keep a stir of art and

| Bob. By heav'n, no not I; no skill i' the earth; devices, when (as I am a gentleman), read 'em, they

some small rudiments i’ the science, as to know my are the most shallow, pitiful, barren fellows, that live

time, distance, or so: I have profest it more for nobleupon the face of the earth again.

men and gentlemen's use than mine own practice, I * Mat. Indeed; here are a number of fine speeches in

assure you. Hostess, accommodate us with another

bed-staff here quickly : lend us another bed-staff: the A cant phrase of the day, woman does not understand the words of action. Look

196

comm

I hear

you, sir, exalt not your point above this state, at any hundred ; two hundred a-day, five days a thousand; hand, and let your poniard maintain your defence, forty thousand ; forty times five, five times forty, two thus ; (give it the gentleman, and leave us ;) so, sir. hundred days kills them all up by computation. And Come on. O twine your body more about, that you may this will I venture my poor gentleman-like carcass to fall to a more sweet, comely, gentleman-like guard; perform, provided there be no treason practised upon so, indifferent : hollow your body more, sir, thus ; us, by fair and discreet manhood ; that is, civilly by now, stand fast o' your left leg, note your distance, the sword. keep your due proportion of time. 0, you disorder

Ibid. your point most irregularly ! Mat. How is the bearing of it now, sir?

[Advice to a Reckless Youth.] Bob. O, out of measure ill !-a well-experienced hand would pass upon you at pleasure.

Knowell. What would I have you do? I'll tell you, Mat. How mean you, sir, pass upon me?

kinsman; Bob. Why, thus, sir, (make a thrust at me); come in Learn to be wise, and practise how to thrive, upon the answer, control your point, and make a full That would I have you do: and not to spend career at the body; the best practis'd gallants of the Your coin on every bauble that you fancy, time name it the passado; a most desperate thrust, | Or every foolish brain that humours you. believe it!

I would not have you to invade each place, Mat. Well, come, sir.

| Nor thrust yourself on all societies, Bob. Why, you do not manage your weapon with | Till men's affections, or your own desert, any facility or grace to invite me! I have no spirit Should worthily invite you to your rank. to play with you ; your dearth of judgment renders He that is so respectless in his courses, you tedious.

Oft sells his reputation at cheap market. Mat. But one venue, sir.

Nor would I you should melt away yourself Bob. Venue ! fie; most gross denomination as ever | In flashing bravery, lest, while you affect

ard. 0. the stoccata while you live. sir. note | To make a blaze of gentry to the world, that; come, put on your cloak, and we'll go to some | A little puff of scorn extinguish it, private place where you are acquainted—some tavern And you be left like an unsavoury snuff, or so—and have a bit ; I'll send for one of these Whose property is only to offend. fencers, and he shall breathe you, by my direction, / I'd ha' you sober, and contain yourself; and then I will teach you your trick; you shall kill | Not that your sail be bigger than your boat; him with it at the first, if you please. Why, I will But moderate your expenses now (at first) learn you by the true judgment of the eye, hand, and As you may keep the same proportion still. foot, to control any enemy's point i' the world. Should Nor stand so much on your gentility, your adversary confront you with a pistol, 'twere Which is an airy, and mere borrow'd thing, nothing, by this hand ; you should, by the same rule, From dead men's dust, and bones; and none of yours, control his bullet, in a line, except it were hail shot, Except you make, or hold it. and spread. What money ha' you about you, Master

Ibid. Matthew ! Mat. Faith, I ha' not past a two shillings, or so.

[The Alchemist.] Bob. 'Tis somewhat with the least; but come; we will have a bunch of radish, and salt to taste our wine,

Maunox. Surly, his Friend. The scene, Subtle's House and a pipe of tobacco, to close the orifice of the sto

Mam. Come on, sir. Now you set your foot on mach; and then we'll call upon young Well-bred :

shore perhaps we shall meet the Coridon his brother there,

In noro orbe. Here's the rich Peru : and put him to the question.

| And there within, sir, are the golden mines, Every Man in his Humour.

Great Solomon's Ophir! He was sailing to't

| Three years, but we have reach'd it in ten months. [Bobadil's Plan for Saring the Expense of an Army.]

This is the day wherein to all my friends

I will pronounce the happy word, Be rich. Bob. I will tell you, sir, by the way of private, and This day you shall be spectatissimi. under seal, I am a gentleman, and live here obscure, You shall no more deal with the hollow dye, and to myself ; but were I known to her majesty and Or the frail card. No more be at charge of keeping the lords (observe me), I would undertake, upon this The livery punk for the young heir, that must poor head and life, for the public benefit of the state, Seal at all hours in his shirt. No more, not only to spare the entire lives of her subjects in If he deny, ha' him beaten to't, as he is general, but to save the one half, nay, three parts of That brings him the commodity. No more her yearly charge in holding war, and against what | Shall thirst of satin, or the covetous hunger enemy soever. And how would I do it, think you! Of velvet entrails for a rude-spun cloak

E. Kno. Nay, I know not, nor can I conceive. To be display'd at Madam Augusta's, make

Bob. Why thus, sir. I would select nineteen more, to | The sons of Sword and Hazard fall before w selt, throughout the land; gentlemen they should be The golden calf, and on their knees whole nights good spirit, strong and able constitution; I would Commit idolatry with wine and trumpets; se them by an instinct, a character that I have : Or go a-feasting after drum and ensign.

I would teach these nineteen the special rules, as No more of this. You shall start up young viceroys, e punto, your reverso, your stoccata, your imbroc- And have your punques and punquetees, my Surly:

your passado, your montanto, till they could all And unto thee I speak it first, Be rich. may very near, or altogether as well as myself. This Where is my Subtle there? within. ho done, say the enemy were forty thousand strong, we

[FACE answers from within would come into the field the tenth of March, Sir, he'll come to you by and by. ort

aereabouts; and we would challenge twenty of | Mam. That's his fire-drake,

emy; they could not in their honour refuse us ; His Lungs, his Zephyrus, he that puffs his coals We would kill them : challenge twenty more, kill | Till he firk nature up in her own centre.

; twenty more, kill them ; twenty more, kill them You are not faithful, sir. This night I'll change ? thus would we kill every man his twenty | All that is metal in thy house to gold : at's twenty score; twenty score, that's two | And early in the morning will I send

and I won

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them

To all the plumbers and the pewterers,

Which was no other than a book of Alchemy, And buy their tin and lead up; and to Lothbury, Writ in large sheep-skin, a good fat ram-vellum. For all the copper.

Such was Pythagoras' Thigh, Pandora's Tub, Sur. What, and turn that too!

And all that fable of Medea's charms, Mam. Yes, and I'll purchase Devonshire and Corn The manner of our work : the bulls, our furnace, wall,

Still breathing fire : our Argent-vire, the Dragon : And make them perfect Indies! You admire now? The Dragon's teeth, Mercury sublimate, Sur. No, faith.

That keeps the whiteness, hardness, and the biting: Mam. But when you see the effects of the great | And they are gather'd into Jason's helm medicine !

(Th'Alembick), and then sow'd in Mars his field, Of which one part projected on a hundred

And thence sublim'd so often, till they are fix'd. Of Mercury, or Venus, or the Moon,

Both this, the Hesperian Garden, Cadmus' Story, Shall turn it to as many of the Sun;

Jove's Shower, the Boon of Midas, Argus' Eyes, Nay, to a thousand, so ad infinitum:

Boccace his Demogorgon, thousands more,
You will believe me.

All abstract riddles of our Stone.
Sur. Yes, when I see't, I will.
Mam. Ha ! why,

THE COURT MASQUES OF THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY.
Do you think I fable with you? I assure you,
He that has once the flower of the Sun,

The courts of James I. and Charles I., while as yet The perfect Ruby, which we call Elixir,

danger neither existed nor was anticipated, were Not only can do that, but by its virtue

enlivened by the peculiar theatrical entertainment Can confer honour, love, respect, long life,

called the Masque--a trifle, or little better, in itself, Give safety, valour, yea, and victory,

but which has derived particular interest from the To whom he will. In eight-and-twenty days

genius of Jonson and Milton. The origin of the I'll make an old man of fourscore a child.

masque is to be looked for in the revels' and 'shows' Sur. No doubt ; he's that already.

which, during the fourteenth, fifteenth, and sixMam, Nay, I mean,

teenth centuries, were presented on high festive Restore his years, renew him like an eagle,

occasions at court, in the inns of the lawyers, and at To the fifth age; make him get sons and daughters,

the universities, and in those mysteries and moraliYoung giants, as our philosophers have done

ties which were the earliest forms of the spoken (The ancient patriarchs afore the flood),

drama. Henry VIII., in his earlier and better days, By taking, once a-week, on a knife's point,

had frequent entertainments, consisting of a set of The quantity of a grain of mustard of it,

masked and gaily-dressed characters, or of such Become stout Marses, and beget young Cupids.

representations as the following: In the hall of the Sur. The decay'd vestals of Pickt-hatch would

palace at Greenwich, a castle was reared, with thank you, That keep the fire alive there.

numerous towers and gates, and every appearance of Mam. "Tis the secret

preparation for a long siege, and inscribed, Le for

tresse dangereur ; it was defended by six richly-dressed Of nature naturised ’gainst all infections,

ladies; the king and five of his courtiers then enCures all diseases, coming of all causes;

tered in the disguise of knights, and attacked the A month's grief in a day; a year's in twelve ; Aud of what age soever, in a month :

castle, which the ladies, after a gallant resistance, Past all the doses of your drugging doctors.

surrendered, the affair concluding with a dance of I'll undertake withal to fright the plague

the ladies and knights. Here there was nothing but Out o' the kingdom in three months.

scenery and pantomime; by and by, poetical diaSur. And I'll

logue, song, and music, were added; and when the Be bound the players shall sing your praises,

masque had reached its height in the reigns of James then,

and the first Charles, it employed the first talent of Without their poets.

the country in its composition, and, as Bacon reMam. Sir, I'll do't. Meantime,

marks, being designed for princes, was by princes I'll give away so much unto my man,

played. Shall serve the whole city with preservative

Masques were generally prepared for some remarkWeekly ; each house his dose, and at the rate

able occasion, as a coronation, the birth of a young Sur. As he that built the water-work does with prince or noble, a peer's marriage, or the visit of water!

some royal personage of foreign countries; and they Mam. You are incredulous.

usually took place in the hall of the palace. Many Sur. Faith, I have a humour,

of them were enacted in that banqueting room at I would not willingly be gull’d. Your Stone

Whitehall, through which a prince, who often took Cannot transmute me.

part in them, afterwards walked to the scaffold. Mam. Pertinax Surly,

Allegory and mythology were the taste of that age: Will you believe antiquity ? Records?

we wonder at the fact, but we do not perhaps suffi. I'll show you a book, where Moses, and his sister,

ciently allow for the novelty of classical imagery and And Solomon, have written of the Art !

characters in those days, and it may be only a kind Ay, and a treatise penn'a by Adam.

of prejudice, or the effect of fashion, which makes us Sur. How?

so rigorously banish from our literature allusions to Mam. Of the Philosopher's Stone, and in High the poetic beings of Grecian antiquity; while we conDutch.

tentedly solace ourselves in contemplating, through Sur. Did Adam write, sir, in High Dutch !

what are called historical novels, the much ruder, and Mam. He did,

perhaps not more truly represented, personages of the Which proves it was the primitive tongue.

middle ages. The action of a masque was always someSur. What paper ?

thing short and simple ; and it is easy to see that, exMam. On cedar-board.

cepting where very high poetical and musical talent Sur. O that, indeed, they say,

was engaged, the principal charm must have lain in Will last 'gainst worms.

the elegance of the dresses and decorations, and the Mam. "Tis like your Irish wood

piquancy of a constant reference from the actors in 'Gainst cobwebs. I have a piece of Jason's fleece too, their assumed, to the actors in their real characters. L'snally, besides gods, goddesses, and nymphs from On the second night, a castle is presented in the classical antiquity, there were such personages as hall, and Peace comes in riding in a chariot drawn Night, Day, Beauty, Fortitude, and so forth; but by an elephant, on which sits Friendship. The though the persons of the drama were thus removed latter pronounces a speech on the event of the prefrom common life, the reference of the whole busi- ceding evening, and Peace is left to dwell with ness of the scene to the occasion which had called it Prudence and Temperance. The third night showed : forth, was as direct as it could well be, and even Disdain on a wild boar, accompanied by Prepensed |: ludicrously so, particularly when the object was to | Malice, as a serpent, striving to procure the liberapay a compliment to any of the courtly audience. tion of Discord and False Report, but opposed sucThis, however, was partly justified by the private cessfully by Courage and Discretion. At the end of character of the entertainment; and it is easy to the fight, Disdain shall run his ways, and escape conceive that, when a gipsy stepped from the scene, with life, but Prepensed Malice shall be slain ; sigand, taking the king's hand, assigned him all the nifying that some ungodly men may still disdain good fortune which a loyal subject should wish to a the perpetual peace made between these two virtues; sovereign, there would be such a marked increase of but as for their prepensed malice, it is easy trodden sensation in the audience, as to convince the poet under these ladies' feet. The second night ends that there lay the happiest stroke of his play, with a flowing of wine from conduits, during which

Mr Collier, in his Annals of the Stage, has printed time the English lords shall mask with the Scottish a document which gives a very distinct account of ladies :' the third night terminates by the six or the court masque, as it was about the time when the eight ladies masquers singing a song 'as full of drama arose in England; namely, in the early years harmony as may be devised.' The whole entertainof Elizabeth. That princess, as is well-known, de- ment indicates a sincere desire of reconciliation on signed an amicable meeting with Mary Queen of the part of Elizabeth ; but the first scene-a prison Scots, which was to have taken place at Nottingham -seems strangely ominous of the events which fol. castle, in May 1562, but was given up in conse- lowed six years after. quence, as is believed, of the jealousy of Elizabeth The masque, as has been stated, attained the regarding the superior beauty of Mary. A masque zenith of its glory in the reign of James I., the was devised to celebrate the meeting and entertain most festive known in England between those of the united courts, and it is the poet's scheme of this Henry VIII. and Charles II. The queen, the entertainment, docketed by Lord Burleigh, to which princes, and nobles and ladies of the highest rank, reference is now made. The masque seems to have took parts in them, and they engaged the genius been simply an acted allegory, relating to the circum- of Jonson, Inigo Jones, and Henry Lawes, each stances of the two queens; and it throws a curious light in his various department of poet, machinist, and not only upon the taste, but upon the political his-musician; while no expense was spared to render tory of the period. We give the procedure of the them worthy of the place, the occasion, and the first night.

audience. It appears from the accounts of the *First, a prison to be made in the hall, the name Master of Revels, that no less than £4215 was whereof is Extreme Oblivion, and the keeper's name lavished on these entertainments in the first six thereof Argus, otherwise called Circumspection : then years of the king's reign. Jonson himself composed a masque of ladies to come in after this sort:

twenty-three masques; and Dekker, Middleton, and * First Pallas, riding upon an unicorn, having in her others of the leading dramatic authors, Shakspeare hand a standard, in which is to be painted two ladies' alone excepted, were glad to contribute in this manhands, knit in one fast within the other, and overner to the pleasures of a court whose patronage was the hands, written in letters of gold, Fides.

so essential to them. Then two ladies riding together, the one upon a The marriage of Lord James Hay to Anne, golden lion with a crown of gold on his head, the daughter and heir of Lord Denny, January 6th, other upon a red lion, with the like crown of gold ; | 1607, was distinguished at court (Whitehall) by signifying two virtues; that is to say, the lady on what was called the Memorable Masque, the prothre golden lion is to be called Prudentia, and the duction of Dr Thomas Campion, an admired musilady on the red lion Temperantia.

cian as well as poet of that day, now forgotten. On After this, to follow six or eight ladies masquers, this occasion, the great hall of the palace was fitted bringing in captive Discord and False Report, with up in a way that shows the mysteries of theatrical ropes of gold about their necks. When these have scenery and decoration to have been better undermarched about the hall, then Pallas to declare be- stood, and carried to a greater height, in that age, fore the queen's majesty, in verse, that the goddess, than is generally supposed. One end of the hall was understanding the noble meeting of these two set apart for the audience, having the king's seat in queens, hath willed her to declare unto them that the centre ; next to it was a space for ten concerted those two virtues, Prudentia and Temperantia, have musicians--base and mean lutes, a bandora, a double made great and long suit unto Jupiter, that it would sackbut, a harpsichord, and two treble violins-beplease him to give unto them False Report and sides whom there were nine violins, three lutes, six Discord, to be punished as they think good ; and cornets, and six chapel singers. The stage was conthat those ladies have now in their presence deter- cealed by a curtain resembling dark clouds, which mined to commit them fast bound unto the aforesaid being withdrawn, disclosed a green valley with green prison of Extreme Oblivion, there to be kept by the round about it, and in the midst of them nine golden aforesaid jailor Argus, otherwise Circumspection, for ones of fifteen feet high. The bower of Flora was ever, unto whom Prudentia shall deliver a lock, on their right, the house of Night on the left; bewhereupon shall be written In Eternum. Then Tem-tween them a hill hanging like a cliff over the grove. perantia shall likewise deliver unto Argus a key, The bower of Flora was spacious, garnished with whose name shall be Nunquam, signifying that, when flowers and flowery branches, with lights among False Report and Discord are committed to the them; the house of Night ample and stately, with prison of Extreme Oblivion, and locked there ever- | black columns studded with golden stars; while lastingly, he should put in the key to let them out about it were placed, on wires, artificial bats and nunquam (never]; and when he hath so done, then owls continually moving. As soon as the king the trumpets to blow, and the English ladies to take entered the great hall, the hautboys were heard the nobility of the strangers, and dance.'

| from the top of the hill and from the wood, till

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