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* A trifling discrepancy exists between the population and area for each Union, as stated by Arthur Moore, and the total amount of the population and area of Ireland, as given in the Census.
Statement of the Poor Law Unions and Parishes, in each County in
England and Wales, with the Area in Statute Acres, and the Population.
Note-The area and population given in the following table are not those of the several counties, but of the union or unions whose workhouses are situated within the said counties.
Compiled from Parliamentary Accounts and Papers for 1843, vol. xlv.
Number of Unions in England and Number of t'nions in England and
* This Amount, in addition to the area of the 687 parishes includes the area of the Welsh counties, and of the portions of English counties whose area is not given in the parliamentary reports from which the materials for this table are derived.
+ The number of parishes not comprised in unions, and their area and population, are not furnished in the parliamentary document alluded to; but are calculated by subtracting the number of parishes comprised in unions, from the whole number in England and Wales, and the area and population given for these parishes from the whole area and population.
Historical Account of the Tenure of Land in Ireland.
Extracted from Report of Commissioners on Occupation of Land in Ireland.-Par. Rep.
1845, vol. xix. pages 6 and 7.
Before entering upon any detailed statement of the result of our inquiry, we think it may not be uninteresting or uninstructive to give a slight sketch of the manner in which landed property in Ireland has been dealt with for a long series of years; and we believe that such a review is important to a clear understanding of the subject, and to the successful investigation of the sources from which many of the present evils have sprung.
In the civil contentions which at various periods and during many centuries disturbed the repose of England and Scotland, property gradually passed from the feudal tenure of former times to the more civilized relation of landlord and tenant, as known to our present law. It is for us briefly to shew how different has been the case in Ireland. Without entering at any length into the history of the past, we cannot avoid noticing a few prominent matters which exercised a material influence in producing the existing relation of landlord and tenant. We allude to the confiscations and colonizations of Elizabeth and James-the wars of Cromwell—and lastly, the penal code.
The first of these led, in many instances, to the possession of large tracts by individuals, whose more extensive estates in England made them regardless and neglectful of their properties in Ireland.
Again, the confiscations of the lands of O'Neill in the north, and Desmond in the south, were followed by the plantations of Ulster and Munster; the extensive settlements of Scotch and English in the counties of Ulster, has introduced habits and customs which give a different character to that province from other parts of the island. Hence also is supposed to have arisen the system of tenant-right, which, as forming a singular feature in the relation of landlord and tenant, we shall have occasion afterwards to notice. In Munster the plantation was more imperfectly carried out, and a class of undertakers, unaccompanied by