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acres afford agricultural amount appears Appendix assistance calamity capital circumstances Commissioners con-acre Connaught cottier court of chancery crop cultivation destitute difficulty distress districts Dublin effect electoral divisions emigration employ employment enabled encumbered England English entails evidence evils exertions exist expenditure expense extent farms Galway gentry greatly guardians important improvement increased industry inhabitants injurious interest Irish Irish language land in Ireland landed proprietors landlord large estates leases Leinster lessened live manufacture Mayo means ment middle class mortgage Munster necessary number of labourers number of persons obtain Occupation of Land outrage owner parish paupers peasantry penal laws plantation of Ulster poor poor-law poor-rates population portion possession potatoes present rent resident respects result Roman Catholic sell settlement small farmers suffering tenant tenant-right tion Tipperary townland trade Ulster union wages Waterford Wexford whole workhouse
Сторінка 247 - France; the efforts of industry the most vigorous; the animation the most lively. An activity has been here, that has swept away all difficulties before it, and has clothed the very rocks with verdure. It would be a disgrace to common sense to ask the cause; the enjoyment of property must have done it. Give a man the secure possession of a bleak lock, and he will turn it into a garden; give him a nine years' lease of a garden, and he will convert it into a desert.
Сторінка 307 - It would be impossible to describe adequately the privations which they and their families habitually and patiently endure. It will be seen in the evidence that in many districts their only food is the potato, their only beverage water, that their cabins are seldom a protection against the weather, that a bed or a blanket is a rare luxury, and that nearly in all their pig and their manure heap constitute their only property.
Сторінка 36 - ... badly housed, badly fed, badly clothed, and badly paid for his labour. Our personal experience and observation, during our inquiry, has afforded us a melancholy confirmation of these statements; and we cannot forbear expressing our strong sense of the patient endurance which the labouring classes have generally exhibited, under sufferings greater, we believe, than the people of any other country in Europe have to sustain.
Сторінка 14 - He observed with much regret that the English had all along neglected the Irish, as a nation not only conquered but undisciplinable, and that the clergy had scarce considered them as a part of their charge, but had left them wholly into the hands of their own priests, without taking any other care of them but the making them pay their tithes.
Сторінка 302 - ... propagated in the towns wherein they have settled ; so that not only they who have been ejected have been rendered miserable, but they have carried with them and propagated that misery. They have increased the stock of labour, they have rendered the habitations of those who received them more crowded, they have given occasion to the dissemination of disease, they have been obliged to resort to theft and all manner of vice and iniquity to procure subsistence ; but, what is perhaps the most painful...
Сторінка 12 - But your Majesty may believe it, that upon the face of the earth, where Christ is professed, there is not a church in so miserable a case.
Сторінка 36 - A reference to the evidence of most of the witnesses will show that the agricultural labourer of Ireland continues to suffer the greatest privations and hardships ; that he continues to depend upon casual and precarious employment for subsistence ; that he is still badly housed, badly fed, badly clothed, and badly paid for his labour.
Сторінка 55 - ... other than agricultural pursuits, or makes any other provision for them than the miserable segment of a farm, which he can carve for each out of his holding, itself perhaps below the smallest size which can give profitable occupation to a family. Each son, as he is married, is installed in his portion of the ground, and in some cases, even the sons-in-law receive as the dowries of their brides some share of the farm. In vain does the landlord or agent threaten the tenant; in vain is the erection...
Сторінка 302 - It would be impossible for language to convey an idea of the state of distress to which the ejected tenantry have been reduced, or of the disease, misery, and even vice, which they have propagated in the towns wherein they have settled ; so that not only they who have been ejected have been rendered miserable, but they have carried with them and propagated that misery.
Сторінка 13 - Ireland, and said to be built by St. Patrick, together with the bishop's house there, down to the ground. The church here built, but without bell or steeple, font or chalice. The parish churches all in a manner ruined, and unroofed, and unrepaired.