Identity Jilted, Or, Re-imagining Identity?: The Divergent Paths of the Eritrean and Tigrayan Nationalist Struggles
In this bold study of modern ethno-regional nationalism, the author examines the divergent paths taken by the nationalist insurgencies in Tigray and Eritrea. The author argues that Tigrayans, south of the Mereb River, and Kebessa (highlands) Eritreans, north of the Mereb, are ethnically one people, tied by common history, political economy, myth, language and religion. Both fought against a common enemy, an oppressive Amhara ethnic state, for a period of seventeen and thirty years, respectively. In the process of the armed struggle, however, each evolved separate political identities and, after jointly marching to military victory in 1991, they followed separate political paths - Eritreans created the newest state in Africa and Tigrayans remained within the Ethiopian body politic.
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actors Addis Ababa administrative affairs Africa Alula American Amhara appears armed struggle army asked Asmara Axum became British called Chief Christian civilians claim classes colonial common continued created cultural Days death Dergue economic elites Emperor enemies EPLF Eritrean Eritrean and Tigrayan Ertra Ethiopia ethnic fact famine father federation feel fighting forces Foreign gave give given goal going Hagos hand hero identity independence instance Interview Italian Italy join July Kalevala Kebessa kill land language leaders Liberation living major March mass Meeting Menelik Mereb military mobilization Muslim nationalism nationalist nature never November Office Party past peasants political present Press primordial regime region rule sense of identity separate Seraye share social struggle Sudan symbols Tigray Tigray-Tigrignie Tigrayan Tigrinya tion took TPLF trans-Mereb Unionist United unity University victory Washington Weyane Wolde-ab Wolde-ab Woldemariam Yohannes York