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680 Emigration of the Bulgarians

900 Croats or Sclavonians of Dalmatia

640-1017 First Kingdom of the Bulgarians

[811 Bulgarian expedition of Nicephorus I.

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the Normans-Character and Conquest of Robert Guiscard, Duke of Apulia-

Deliverance of Sicily by his Brother Roger— Victories of Robert over the

Emperors of the East and West-Roger, King of Sicily, Invades Africa and

Greece--The Emperor Manuel ComnenusWars of the Greeks and Normans

Extinction of the Normans

840-1017 Conflict of the Saracens, Latins, and Greeks, in Italy

871 Conquest of Bari

890 New Province of the Greeks in Italy

983 (982) Defeat of Otho III. (II.]

Anecdotes

1016 Origin of the Normans in Italy

1029 [1030] Foundation of Aversa

1038 The Normans serve in Sicily

1040-1043 Their Conquest of Apulia

Character of the Normans

1046 Oppression of Apulia

1049-1054 League of the Pope and the two Empires
1053 Expedition of Pope Leo IX. against the Normans

His Defeat and Captivity

Origin of the Papal Investitures to the Normans...

1020-1085 Birth and Character of Robert Guiscard

1054-1080 His Ambition and Success

1060 Duke of Apulia

His Italian Conquest

School of Salerno

Trade of Amalphi

1060-1090 Conquest of Sicily by Count Roger

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1097-1118 Success of Alexius

Expeditions by Land
1101 The first Crusade
1147 The second, of Conrad III. and Louis VII.
1189 The third, of Frederic I.

Their numbers
Passage through the Greek Empire
Turkish Wartare

Obstinacy of the Enthusiasm of the Crusades

1091-1153 Character and Mission of St. Bernard

Progress of the Mahometans

The Atabeks of Syria

1137.1145 Zenghi ...

1145-1174 Noureddin

1163-1169 Conquest of Egypt by the Turks

1171 End of the Fatimite Caliphs

1171-1193 Reign and Character of Saladin

1187 His Conquest of the Kingdom

And City of Jerusalem

1188 The third Crusade, by Sea

1189-1191 Siege of Acre

1191, 1192 Richard of England, in Palestine

1192 His Treaty and Departure

1193 Death of Saladin

1198-1216 Innocent III.

1203 The fourth Crusade ...

1218 The fifth

1228 The Emperor Frederic II. in Palestine

1243 Invasion of the Carizmians

1248-1254 St. Louis, and the sixth Crusade

1249 He takes Damietta ...

1250 His Captivity in Egypt

1270 His Death before Tunis, in the seventh Crusade...

1250-1517 The Mamalukes of Egypt

1268 Loss of Antioch

1291 The Lobs of Acre and the Holy Land

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