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low, they first made War against him; for no Body else ever did, against whom they could possibly defend him ; nor did their Actions, in offering the first Violence, less declare who began the War, when having an Army ready. to invade him, before he. set up his Standard, they both followed and set upon him, as they did at Edge-bill. Go as far as you can, you will still find the Scots (whose Quarrel the Parliament took up at the second Hand; as well as they followed their Examples) were the first Beginners of all.

This being granted, how the King could afterwards do less than he did, I cannot understand: First, he was bound by the Law of Nature (which you say is. Legillative, and hath a sufpensive Power over all Human Laws) to defend himself. Secondly, By bis Coronation Oath, which he took ta keep the Peace., And how could he da that, but by his raising Power to sup: press those who had already broken it? Thirdly, By the Laws of the Land, which, you say, trusted him with the Power of the Sword. And how could he preserve that Trust, if he had fate ftill, and suffered others, not only to


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take it from him, but to ufe it against him ?

But it is most probable that he never intended it, elfe he was very unwise to let them' be before-hand with him, in seizing upon his Castles, Magazines, and Ships ; for which there can be no Reason imagin'd, but that he was luath to give them any Occasion (in fecuring them) to suspect he did but intend a War. And by all this, I doubt not but it appears plain enough to all Rational Men, that he was so far from being the Cause of the War, that he rather fell into it by avoiding it'; and that he avoided it so long, till he was fain to take Arms at so great a Disadvantage, as he had almost as good have fate still, and suffered. And in this you have used the King with the fame Jaftice the Chriftians received from Nero, who having fet Rome on Fire himself, a Sacrifice to his own wicked Genius, laid the Odium of it on the Christians, and put them to Death for it.

But this way you found too fair and open for your purpose, and therefore declined it; for having proved his Intentions by his Desires, and his Actions by his Intentions, you attempt a' more


preposterous Way yet to prove both, by what might have been his Intentions: And to this purpose you have the Confidence (in spight of Sense) to make Contingencies the finalCaufe of things, and impolitick, accidental, possibié Inconveniences which all the Wit of Man can never avoid) the intended Reasons of State. As when you will have the King fight for the Militia, only to command the Purse of the People'; for a Power to make Judges, onTy to wrest the Laws; to grant Pardons, that publick spirited Men (as you call them) may be made away, and the Murderers pardon'd, c. All which being Creatures of your own Fancy and Malice (and no part of his Quarrel) you are so far from proving what he fought for that when you have ftrained your Ability;all you can say, is but this, in your own Sense, That he fought for a Power to do that which he never would do when it was in his Power ; but if you take Liberty, I can't but think low you would beltir your felf, if you could but get your God, as you have done your King, before such an impartial High Court of Justice as this ! 'how would you charge bin with bis Mifgovernment in Nature, for which, by the very same Logick, you may prove he made us all Slaves, in caufing the Weaker to hold his Life at the Pleasure of the Stronger ; that he set up a Sun to dazle our Eyes, that we might not fee; and to kindle Fevers in our. Veins, made. Fire to burn us ; Water to drown'us, and Air to poyson us, and then demand Justice against him; all which you may easily do, now you have the Trick on't, for the very fame Reason will serve again, and with much more Probability ; for 'tis. easier to prove, that Men have been burnt and drowned, and died of the Plague, than to make it appear, the King ever used your finer Device to remove publick spirited Men; or can you, without extreme Injustice, sup: pore he ever would ? for 'tis so much as very well known, he highly favour. ed and advanced his greatest Opposers, (for such you mean, I know) whom he found Owners of any eminent De. sert, as he did the Earl of Strafford, and'thie Attorney General Noy, (and for other honest Men, as you will have them) whom Frenzy or Sedition fet against him, by your own Confession à


of he did not suffer those black Stars (ve11

ry strange ones) to fit their Nores,and crop their Ears.

But now I think these honest publick fpirited Men, certainly some of them have not so good an Opinion of the Honesty of your publick Proceedings, but they would willingly venture, not only their Ears again, (if they had them) but their Heads too, in defiance of your most comprehenfive Piece of Justice, whose Cause, while you take upon you to plead against their Confent, as you have done your honoura. ble Clients, the People; you deserve in Reason to be thrown over the Bar, by your own Party, for you but con

fels. your own Injustice, while you acI knowledge the publick Honesty of those that moft oppose it.

How solid or pertinent those Arguments of yours have been, let any Man that is rober, judge: But you are refolved, right or wrong, they fhall pass; to let us know how easily he that has the Unhappiness to be judged by his Enemies is found guilty of any thing they please to lay to his Charge; and therefore, satisfied with your own E:: vidence, you proceed to Sontence, and


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