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And s),

There he most sweetly sung the prophecie

Or do they, as your schemes, I think, have shown, Of his owne death in dolefal elegie.

Dart furtive beains and glory not their own, Spenser. The Ruines of Time. All servants to that source of light, the sun ? Prior. They bring them wines of Greece and Araby,

FU'RUNCLE, n. s. Fr. furoncle ; Lat. furunAnd Jaintie spices fetch from furthest Ynd.

culus. A bile; an angry pustule.

Id. Faerie Queen'. This ring I do accept most thankfully,

A furuncle is in its beginning round, hard, and inpray you tell him : furthermore,

flamed; and, as it increaseth, it riseth up with an I pray you, shew my youth old Shylock's house. acute head, and sometimes a pustule; and then it is

more infamed and painful, when it arrives at its state,

Wiseman. Satan had journied on, pensive and slow :

which is about the eighth or ninth day. But further way found none, so thick entwined, FUʼRY, n. s. Fr. fureur ; Lat. furor. As one continued brake, the undergrowth

FU'rious, adj. Madness; rage; passion Of shrubs and tangling bushes bad perplexed

FU'RIOUSLY, adv. of anger; tumult of mind, All path of man or beast that passed that way.

FU'RIOUSNESS, n. s. ) approaching to madness:

Milton. Their earnest eyes they fixed, imagining

enthusiasın ; exaltatiou of fancy: also, from Lat. For one forbidden tree a multitude

furia, one of the deities of vengeance, and thence Now risen to work them further woe or shame. Id. a stormy, turbulent, violent, raging woman. I may meet

But at the feste redy ben, rivis, Soma wandering spirit, from him to draw

The Furis three, with all her mortale bronde. What further would be learned.


Chaucer. Legende of Good Women. Let this appease

Much was Cambello daunted with his blowes ; Thy doubt, since human reach no further known. Id. So thicke they fell, and forcibly were sent, Sin is never at a stay; if we do not retreat from ik,

That he was first from daunger of the throwers we shall advance iu it; and the further on we go, the

Backe to retire, and somewhat to relent, more we have to come back.


Till th' heat of his fierce fury he had spent. I am commanded to inform you that

Spenser. Fuerie Queene. Your further trial is postponed.

A mighty speare eftsoones at him he bent; Byron. The Two Foscari. Who, seeing him come on so furiously,

Met him mid-way with equall hardiment, Fur'THER, 0. a.

From the adverb ;

That forcibly to ground they both together weat. FUR'THERANCE, n. s. Sax. fondrian. To put

Id. Fur'THERER, N. S. onward; to forward ; to Which when his brother saw, fraught with great promote; to countenance; to assist; help.

grief It were, quod he, to thee no gret honour

And wrath, he to him leapt furiously.

Id. For to bc false, ne for to be traytour

Taking up the lute, her wit began to be with a To me that am thy cosin and thy brother

divine fury inspired; and her voice would, in so beYswome ful depe, and eche of us to other,

loved an occasion, second her wit.

Sidney. That never (for to dien in the peine!)

No man did ever think the hurtful actions of furious Til that the deth departen shal us tweine,

men and innocents to be punishable. Hooker. Neyther of us in love to hindre other,

A sybil, that had numbered in the world But that thou shouldest trewely forther me

The sun to course two hundred compasses, In every cas, as I shuld forther thee. Chaucer. The Knightcs Tule. In her prophetick fury sewed the work.

Shakspeare. This gracelesse man, for furtherance of his guile

To be furious, Did court the handmayd of my lady deare,

Is to be frighted out of fear; and in that mood Who, glad t'embosome his affection vile,

The dove will peck the estridge.

Did all she might more pleasing to appeare.
Spenser. Faerie Queene.

The sight of any of the house of York
Is as a fury to torment my soul.

Id. That earnest favourer and furtherer of God's true religion, that faithful servitor to his prince and I do oppose my patience to his fury; and am armed country.

Ascham. To suffer with a quietness of spirit Things thus set in order, in quiet and rest, Tho very tyranny and rage of his.

Id. Shall further thy barvest, and pleasure thee best.

Who can be wise, amazed, temperate, and furious, Tusser. Loyal and neutral in a moment? No man.

Id. Macbeth. Could their fond superstition have furthered so great attempts, without the mixture of a true persuasion con

With clamour thence the rapid currents drive Lerning the irresistible force of divine power.

Towards the retreating sea their furious tide.

Milton. Hooker.

They observe countenance to attend the practice ; Our diligence must search out all helps and further and this carries them on furiously to that which of ances of direction, which scriptures, councils, fathers, themselves they are inclined.

South, histories, the laws and practices of all churches afford.


She heard not half, so furiously she flies ;
Fear gave her wings.

Cannot my body, nor blood-sacrifice,
Intreat you to your wonted furtherance ? It was the most proper place for a fury to make her

Shakspeare. Henry VI. cxit; and I believe every reader's imagination is If men were minded to live righteously, to believe pleased, when he sees the angry goddess thus sinking a God would be no hindrance or prejudice to any such

in a tempest, and plunging herself into hell, amidst design, but very much for the advancement and fur- such a scene of horror and confusion.

Addison on Italy. therance of it.


Prone on their routed rear the cranes descend; FU'RTIVE, adj. Fr. furtive ; Lat. furtivus. Their bills bite fu and their talons rend. Stolen; gotten by theft.


FURZ, n. s. Sax. Firs,

Lat. genista spino- Fusee. See WATCH-MAKING. Furzy, adj. ) sa. Gorse; goss; overgrown FUSELI, or FUESELI (Henry), a distinguished with gorse. The whole plant is very thorny; the modern painter and author, was born at Zurich Aowers, which are of the pea-bloom kind, are in 1739. His father was anxious to educate him disposed in short thick spikes, which are suc- for the church, but some prints, copies from the ceeded by short compressed pods, in each of works of Michael Angelo, with whose peculiar which are contained three or four kidney-shaped merits and style he became especially struck, de seeds.—Miller.

cided young Fuseli for the life of an artist. We may know,

He was placed, however, at the Humanity ColAnd when to reap the grain, and when to sow, lege, and there contracted a friendship with Or when to sell the furzes. Dryden's Virgil. Lavater, which terminated only with the life of

Wide through the furzy field their rout they take, the latter. At this period the two friends exbiTheir bleeding bosoms force the thorny brake. Gay.

bited united zeal and ability in bringing to FUSAROLE, in architecture, a moulding or justice a leading magistrate in one of the bailiornament placed immediately under the echi- wics of Zurich, who had committed an act of nus, in the Doric, Ionic, and Composite ca- great oppression; and a pamphlet appearing pitals.

from them on the subject compelled the authonFUSE, v.Q., v. n., & n. s. Lat. fundo, fu- ties to take the matter up, and the culprit abFUSIBLE, adj.

sum, fusio.

To sconded. Fuseli, after taking his degree of M.A, FUSIBIL'ITY, n. s. melt; to put into in the college, now accompanied his friend to FU'sil, adj.

fusion; to liquefy Vienna and Berlin, in which latter capital they FU'sion, n. s.

by heat: capable both prosecuted their studies under the leared of being melted; of being made liquid by heat; Sulzer. Fuseli here also obtained an intimate capacity of being melted : liquefiable; running by acquaintance with the English language, and was the force of heat. The substantive is the name induced by our ambassador at that court

, Sar of that part of a bomb, or grenado-shell, which Robert Smith, to visit this country. He arrived makes the whole powder, or composition, in the in London in 1762, and, obtaining :he situation shell take fire. It is usually a wooden pipe, or of tutor to a nobleman's son, accompanied bum tap, filled with wildfire, or some such matter; to Paris. O: his return he published Reflections and is intended to burn no longer than is the on the Painting and Sculpture of the Greeks; time of the motion of the bomb from the mouth and soon after an Essay in defence of Rousseau, of the mortar to the place where it is to fall, against Voltaire. His early drawings brun which time Anderson makes twenty-seven about this time shown to Sir Joshua Reynolds

, seconds.-Harris. Fusion is the act of melting, the encouragement bestowed on him by that or the state of being melted, or running with artist decided young Fuseli's fate, when he was heat.

finally vacillating between the palette and the Yet forgate I to make rehersaile

pulpit. His first picture was Joseph interpreting Gf waters corrosif, and of limaile;

The Dreams of the chief Baker and Butler, which And of bodies molification,

was purchased by the late Mr. Johnson, of And also of bir induration;

St. Paul's Church Yard. In 1770 Mr. Fuse! Oils, ablusions, metal fusible To tellen all wold passen any bible

visited Italy in company with a friend, and That o wher is.

while in that country transmitted to England Chaucer. The Chanones Yemannes Tale.

several pictures,

especially two from the works The liquid cre he drained

of Shakspeare, The Death of Beaufort, and a Into fit molds prepared; from which he formed

Scene from Macbeth. In 1778 he left Italy, and First his own tools : then, what might else be wrought after paying a short visit to Zurich returned to Fusile, or graven in metal. Milton's Paradise Lost. England, where he suggested to the late alder

Colours afforded by metalline budies, either colli- man Boydell the idea of forming his Shakspeare quate with, or otherwise penetrate into other bodies, Gallery, and supplied him with eight pictures especially fusible ones.

Boyle. The bodies of most use, that are sought for out of in the course of the next nine years, painted a

In 1790 he became a Royal Academician, and, the depths of the earth, are the metals which are dis- series of forty-seven pictures from Milton, aftertinguished from other bodies by their weight, fusibility, wards exhibited as the Milton Gallery. He sueand malleableness.

Locke. Metals in fusion do not flame for want of a copious ceeded Mr. Barry, in 1799, as professor of fume, except spelter, which fumes copiously, and painting to the Royal Academy; and, in 1804, thereby flames.

Newton's Opticks.

Mr. Wilson as keeper to that association. In Perpetual fames,

1805 he published an improved edition of Q'er sand and ashes, and the stubborn flint,

Pilkington's Dictionary of Painters, and in 1811 Prevailing, turn into a fusil sea.

Philips. received the diploma of the first class of the FUSEE, n. . Fr. fuseau." The cone round Academy of St. Luke at Rome. Fuseli contiwhich is wound the cord, or chain, of a clock or

nued to practise his art till within a week of his watch: a firelock, or small neat musket. Track death, which took place at Putney Hill, while he of a buck.

was on a visit to the countess of Guildford. The reason of the motion of the balance is by the

Fuses of Bombs or GRENADOES are chiefly motion of the next wheel, and that by the motion of

made of very dry beech-wood, and sometimes the next, and that by the motion of the fusee, and that of hornbeam, taken near the root. They are by the moti of spring : the whole frame of the turned rough, and bored; and then kept for se watch carries a reasonableness in it, the passive im- veral years in a dry place: the diameter of the pression of the intellectual idea that was in the artist. hole is about one-fourth of an inch ; the bole

Hale. does not come quite through, leaving about one

fourth of an inch at the bottom; and the head is have such a length as to continue burning all the made hollow, in the form of a bowl. The com- time the shell is in its range, and to set fire to position for fuses is saltpetre three parts, sulphur the powder as soon as it touches the ground, one, and mealed powder three, four, and some- which instantly bursts into many pieces: times five. This composition is driven in with When the distance of the battery from the oban iron driver (whose ends are capped with ject is known, the time of the shell's flight may copper, to prevent the composition from taking be computed to a second or two; which being fire), and pressed as hard as possible ; the last known, the fuse may be cut accordingly, by shovel-full' being all mealed powder, and two burning two or three, and making use of a watch, stands of quickmatch laid across each other be- or a string by way of a pendulum, to vibrate seing driven in with it, the ends of which are folded conds. up into the hollow top, and a cap of parchment The Fusibility of metals is very various, but tied over it till it be used. When these fuses the following table is given of their respective are driven into the loaded shell, the lower end is powers of resisting heat, as given by M. The cut off in a slope, so that the composition may nard :inflame the powder in the shell. The fuse must

Centigr. 1. Fusible below a Mercury

red at.


Gay Lussac and Thenard.




256 3 Lead

260 Biot.

A little less fusible than lead.-Klaproth.


370° Brogniart.

A little below a red heat.


Pyrumeter of Wedgewood 2. Infusible below a Silver

20° Kennedy.
red heat.




A little less difficult to melt than iron.

130 Wedgewood. Iron

158 Sir G. M'Kenzie. Manganese

160 Guyton.

As manganese.-Richter.

Nearly infusible; and to be obtained at a forge

heat, only in small buttons.

Infusible at the forge furnace. Fusible at the

oxyhydrogen blowpipe. See BlowPIPE.

Fig. 2.
FUʻSIL, n. s. Fr. fusil. A firelock; the

Fusi’LIER, n. S. same kind of musket which is sometimes called a Fusee. The fusilier is a soldier armed with such a musket. Fusil is also a term in heraldry, from Lat. fusus, and the figure it designates is something like a spindle.

Fusils must be made long, and small in the middle, in the ancient coat of Montague, argent three fusils in fesse gules.


FUSILEERS, in the British service, are soldiers

armed like the rest of the infantry, with this difFusil, in heraldry, a bearing of a rhomboidal ference only, that their muskets are shorter and figure, longer than the lozenge, and having its lighter than those of the battalion and the greupper and lower angles more acute and sharp nediers. than the other two in the middle. It is called

FUSS, n. s. A low cant word. A tumult; ip Latin fusus, a spindle, from its shape. See

a bustle. diagram fig. 1. Argent a fusil, azure ; name

End as it befits your station, Hoby. When the shield is covered with fusils Come to use and application, it is called fusilly: fig. 2. Argent, fusilly gules ; Nor with senates keep a fuss : name Toyers.

I submit, and answer thus.


Fig. 1.


are numerous.

FUST, n. s. & v. n. Fr. fuste, the trunk or FUTILE, adj. 2. French futile ; Lat. sutilis Fus'tian, n. S. body of a column: also FUTIL'ITY, n. s. ŠTalkative; loquacious : triFus'ty, adj.

a cask.

Its second fling; worthless; of no weight. FUSTINESS, n. s. sense, therefore, is a One futile person, that maketh it his glory to tell, strong smell, as that of a mouldy barrel. The will do more hurt than many that know it their duty

Bacon. verb signifies to grow mouldy or to smell ill; to conceal. while the second noun and the adjective, though

This fable does not strike so much at the futility of derived from the same root fuste, a tree, signify woman, as at the incontinent levity of a pryiog bu

L'Estrange. a kind of cloth made of cotton, because cotton

Triling futility appears their signs of the 19grows on trees. They are further applied to a

diack, and their mutual relations and aspects. high swelling kind of writing made up of hetero

Bentley geneous parts, or of words and ideas ill-as

To pursue trifles is the lot of humanity, and she. sociated : bombast. Swelling : unnaturally ther we bustle in a pantomime, or strut at a corona. pompous; ridiculously tumid; used of styles. tion; whether we shout at a bonfire, or barangue in a But for to tellen you of his araie,

senate-house ; whatever object we follox, it sill His hors was good, but he ne wos not gaie.

last surely conduct us to futility and disappointment.

Goldsmith. Of fustian he wered a gipon Alle besmotred with his habergeon,

FUTTEHABAD, a town of Hindostan, in the For he was late ycome, fro his viage,

province of Dehly and district of Hissar.-Futteà And wente for to don his pilgrimage.

signifying victory, wherever a battle was at one Chaucer. Prologue to the Cant. Tales.

time gained by the imperial arms, the name of the Hector shall have a great catch, if he knock out either of your brains: he were as good crack a fusty hence towns of Hindostan beginning in this way

nearest place was changed to the town of victory; nut with no kernel.

Shakspeare. The fusty plebeians hate thine honours. Id

FUTTIPOOR, a town in the province of The large Achilles, at this fusty stuff, From his deep chest laughs out a loud applause.

Agra, enclosed by a stone wall of great exten,

Id. built by the emperor Acber. The site withia Is supper ready, the house trimmed, the serving- does not appear ever to have been filled wita men in their new fustian and their white stockings ? buildings, and the part now inhabited is incons

Id. derable. The neighbouring hills composed of a When men argue, the greatest part

grayish stone, have supplied the materials of O'the contest falls on terms of art,

which the town is built. On the most elevated Until the fustian stuff be spent,

part stands the tomb of Shah Selim Cheester, by And then they fall to the argument.

the efficacy of whose devotion the empress of

Nor will you raise in me combustion,

Acber, after remaining several years barren, beBy dint of high heroick fusliun.


came pregnant it is said and bore a son, who is Virgil, if he could have seen the first verses of the

honor of the saint, was named Selim ; and, on Sylvæ, would have thought Statius mad in his fustian ascending the throne of Hindostan, took the name description of the statue on the brazen horse

of Jchangeer. Futtipoor is twenty-five miles

Dryden's Dufresnoy. W.S. W. from the city of Agra, Hindostan. What fustian have I heard these gentlemen find FUTTOCKS, n. s. Corrupted from foot out in Mr. Cowley's odes! In general, I will say, hooks. Skinner. The lower timbers that bold that nothing can appear more beautiful to me than the ship together. the strength of those images which they condemn. FUʻTURE, adj. & n. s. Fr. futur ; Latia


FU’TURELY, adv. futurus. To come; Fustian is thoughts and words ill sorted, and with

FU'TURITION, n. S. that which will be out the least relation to each other.

Fu’TURITY, n. s.

hereafter. Time to Chance thoughts, when goverued by the close, Oft rise ta fustian, or descend to prose.


come; something to happen hereafter. Futu

rition is the state of being to be; the condition Fust, Faustus, or Faust. See Faust. Fustian, in commerce, is a kind of cotton stuff

. time chiefly; if not exclusively as distinct from

of being to come hereafter. Futurity applies to Fustians should be altogether made of cotton

circumstances and events that may occur, yet it yarn, both woof and warp; but many pieces are

belongs to eternity, and like that it never is, but made, the warp of which is flax, or even hemp.

ever is to be. Fustians are made of various kinds, wide, narrow, fine, coarse; with shag or nap, and without

That, but aforne her, she maie se it.

In the future, some smale socoure,

To leggen her of her doloure. FU'STIC, n. s. A sort of wood brought from

Chaucer, Romaunt of the Rese. the West Indies, used in dyeing of cloth. To FU'STIGATE, v. a. Lat. fustigo. To

Not my service past, nor present sorrows,

Nor purposed merit in futurity, beat with a stick; to cane.

Can ransom ine.

Shakspeare. Oikeis. FUSTIGATIO, in the Roman customs, a pun- Thy letters have transported me beyond ishment inflicted by beating with a staff. This

This ign'rant present time; and I feel now punishment was peculiar to freemen; the slaves The future in the instant.

Id. Mastes, were scourged with whips.

This prescience of God, as it is prescience, is dat FUSTILA'RIAN, n. s. From fusty. A low the cause of any thing futurely succeeding; neither fellow; a stinkard ; a scoundrel. A word used Goth God's aforeknowledge impose any necessity, or by Shakspeare only.


Ralagt Away, you scullion, you rampallion, you fustilarian : We will freely part with all our other forteses, I'll tickle your catastrophe.

Shakspeare. substance, endure any misery, drink bitter polies,

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swallow those distasteful pills, suffer our joynts to be ly, madam, he cried, we must be past all these gaie. seared, to be cut off, any thing for future health ; so ties.

Tatler. sweet, so dear, so precious above all things in this

FYAL or Fayal, one of the Azores. See world is life.

Burton. Anat. Mel.

FAYAL. Glory they sung to the most High! good will

FYERS, or Foyers, a river of Invernesshire, To future men, and in their dwellings peace. Milton.

it may be well reckoned among the bare possibili- which descending from the south through the vale ties, which never commence into a futurity; it requir- of Fyers, and forming a stupendous water-fail, ing such a free, sedate, and intent mind, as, it may be, flows into Loch Ness, ten miles north-east of is no where found but among the Platonical ideas. Fort Augustus. Dr, Garnett gives the follow

Glanville's Scepsis. ing description of the falls of Foyers. • Having The mind, once jaded by an attempt above its left our horses at General's Hut, we were conpower, either is disabled for the future, or else checks ducted by our landlord to the falls. We first at any vigorous undertaking ever after,


visited the upper one, which is about a mile and Is it imaginable that the great means of the world's

a half from the house, and nearly half a mile redemption should rest only in the uumber of possibili. above the lower fall. Here the river Foyers, ties, and hang so loose in respect of its futurition, as to leave the event in an equal poise, whether ever there being confined on each side by steep rocks, pre

cipitates itself with great velocity, forming a very should be such a thing or no?

All futurities are naked before that All-seeing Eye, fine cataract. A little below the fall a bridge has the sight of which is no more hindred by distance of been thrown over by the proprietor, Frazer of time than the sight of an angel can be determined by Foyers, from which the fall is seen ; but, in order distance of place.

Id. to obtain a proper view of it, we, with some difHe sows the teeth at Pallas's command,

ficulty, scrambled down the steep banks of the And Aings the future people from his hand. rocks below, from whence we beheld this roman

Addison's Ovid.

tic scene in perfection. The bridge and rocks This, great Amphiarus, lay bid from thee, formed a fine frame or fore-ground, behind Thou skilled in fate and dark futurity. Pope. which, at ine distance of perhaps twenty yards,

I will contrive some way to make it known to fu- appeared the first part of the fall; the second turity, that I had your lordship for a patron. Swift.

and most important break was a few yards in the dust The fair-haired Daughter of the isles is laid,

nearer, and the lowest almost under the arch. The love of millions! How did we entrust

Our guide was present when very accurate Futurity to her! and though it must

measurements were taken of these falls. The Darken above our bones, yet fondly deemed

following particulars are therefore put down from Our children should obey her child, and blessed

his information :Her and her hoped for seed, whose promise scemea

Feet. Like stars to shepherd's eyes :'twas but a meteor From the arch of the bridge to the surface of

beamed. Byron. Childe Harold's Pilgrimage. the water, after the lowest part of the fall 200 FUTURE, or FUTURE Tense, in grammar, sig- Height of the fall

70 nifies an inflexion of verbs, whereby they denote,

The bridge was built about twelve years ago ;' that a thing will be in some time yet to come. says the Dr. in 1798;' before which time the only See GRAMMAR. FUZZ, v. n. ? Swed. fisa; Fr. vesser ;

passage over this torrent was a rude alpine bridge,

consisting of some sticks thrown over the rocks, Fuzz'ball, n. s. I probably of Gr. proaw. To and covered with turf. It was crossed by the fly out in small particles: a kind of fungus whicli, peasantry on foot, but must certainly have turned when pressed, bursts and scatters dust in the eyes. giddy the steadiest head unaccustomed to such

FY, interj. Fr. and Flem. fy; Gr. gëv; Lat. vah. A word of blame and disapprobation.

scenes. About three years before the present

bridge was built, a neighbouring farmer, on his What aileth you to grone in this manere ? way home from Inverness, had called at the GeYe ben a very sleper, fy for shame.

neral's Hut, to shelter himself from the inclemency Chaucer. The Nonnes Preestes Tale.

of the storm, and drive out the invading cold by Of thilke wicked ensample of Canace, That loved hire owen brother sinfully,

reinforcing the garrison in the stomach. Here he Of all swiche cursed stories I say fy.

met with some old acquaintance, with whom he Id. Prologue to the Man of Lares Tale.

conversed of former times; without observing the And fy on fortune, mine avowed foe,

frequency of the circulating glass. The snow Whose wrathful wreaks themselves do now allay.

continued to fall in thick flakes, and they were

Spenser. sitting by a comfortable fire. At last, when the Fy, my lord, fy! a soldier, and afraid ? What need fumes of the whisky had taken possession of his we fear who knows it, when none can call our power to brain, and raised his spirits to no ordinary pitch, account?

Shakspeure. he determined to go home. When he came to A bawd, sir, fy upon him!


this place, having been accustomed to cross the But fy, my wandering muse, how thou do'st stray! bridge on foot, he habitually took the road, and Expectance calls thee now another way. Milton.

forced his horse over it. Next morning he had Nay, fy, what mean you in this open place ?

some faint recollection of the circumstance, Unhand me, or, I swear, I'll scratch your face : Let go, for shame; you make me mad for spite :

though the seeming impossibility of the thing My mouth's my own; and if you kiss, I'll bite.

made him suspect that it was a dream ; but, as Dryden.

the ground was covered with snow, it was easy Fy, fy, Nephew you would not pull off your boots to convince himself: he accordingly, went, and here-Go down into the hall.

when he perceived tracks of his horse's feet Congreve. Way of the World. along the bridge, he fell ill, and died shortly afYol. IX.

? Z

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