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How learn delighted and amazed,

with a gold chain and a statue. He died in What hands unknown that fabrick raised. 1603; leaving behind him several works which

Collins.

are much esteemed. From beginnings the most inconsiderable, and by Fabricius (John Albert), one of the most instruments the most unlikely, the Almighty, with learned and laborious theologians of his age, was incredible facility, raised that glorious fabric of his born at Leipsic in 1668. He lost his parents church, which hitherto hath withstood all the rage of when very young, but was carefully brought up his enemies.

Robertson's Sermons.

by his guardian, who sent him to Quedlinburgh FABRICIA, .in botany, a genus of plants of school. In 1692 he was admitted a preacher, the class icosandria, and order monogynia: Cal. and was chosen professor of eloquence at Hamfive-cleft, half superior; petals five, without burgh in 1697. He died at Hamburgh in 1736, claws; stigma capitate; caps. many-celled: after a life spent in collecting and publishing SEEDS winged. Species two; natives of New valuable remains of the ancients. His principal Holland.

works are: Bibliotheca Latina, 2 vols. 4to.; FABRICIUS (Caius), a celebrated Roman, Vita Procli Philosophi, 4to.; Codex Apocryphus who in his first consulship, A.U.C. 470, obtained Novi Testamenti collectus, 8vo.; Bibliotheca several victories over the Samnites and Luca- Græca, 14 vols. 4to. A new edition of this stunians, and was bonored with a triumph. The pendous magazine of learning has been published riches acquired in those battles were immense, the by Harles. Centuria Fabriciorum Scriptis clasoldiers were liberally rewarded, and the treasury rorum, 8vo.; Memoriæ Hambergenses, 7 vols. was enriched with 400 talents. Two years after 8vo.; Codex Pseudepigraphus Vet. Test. 8vo. ; Fabricius went as ambassador to Pyrrhus, and Bibliographia Antiquaria, 4to.; Bibliotheca Ecrefused with contempt presents and offers, which clesiastica, fol.; Delectus argumentorum et sylmight have corrupted the fidelity of a less vir- labus Scriptorum, 4to.; Conspectus_Thesauri tuous citizen. Pyrrhus admired the magnanimity Literariæ Italiæ, 8vo.; Salutaris Lux Evangelii, of Fabricius, but his astonishment was excited 4to.; Bibliotheca mediæ et infimæ Latinitatis, to the highest pitch, when the latter discovered 5 vols. 8vo. to him the villany of his own physician, who had FABRICIUS (William), surnamed Hildanus, a offered to the Roman general to poison his royal famous surgeon, was born near Cologne in 1560. master. To this greatness of soul was added the He became public physician at Berne, where he most consummate knowledge of military affairs, died in 1634. His Six Centuries of Observations and the greatest simplicity of manners. Fabri- and Cures were published in 1606, 4to.; besides cius never used plate at his table. A small salt which he wrote on Gangrene and Sphacelus; on cellar, the feet of which were of horn, was the Burns ; Gun Shot Wounds; on Lithotomy, &c. only silver vessel which appeared in his house. The whole of his works were printed in folio, at This contempt of luxury he wished also to en- Frankfort, in 1682. courage among the people; and during his cen Fabricius (John Christian), a modern entosorship he banished from the senate Cornelius mologist of the greatest celebrity, was born in the Russidus, who had been twice consul and dic- duchy of Sleswick in 1742. After completing tator, because he kept in his house more than ten his studies, he went, at the age of twenty, to Upsal pounds weight of silver plate. Such were the to attend the lectures of Linné. Having here manners of the conqueror of Pyrrhus, who ob- conceived the idea of forming an arrangement of served that he wished rather to command those insects according to the structure of the mouth, that had money than possess it himself. He Linné highly approved his plan, but declined inlived and died in virtuous poverty: his body was troducing it into his Systema Naturæ. See our buried at the public charge; and the Roman article ENTOMOLOGY. Fabricius now. adopted people gave a dowry to his two daughters when the profession of medicine, and took his doctor's they had arrived to years of maturity.

degree. Being afterwards appointed professor Fabricius (George), a learned German, born of natural history at Kiel, he devoted himself enat Chemnitz in Misnia, in 1516. After a liberal tirely to his favorite science; and published, in education, he visited Italy in the character of 1775, his new System of Entomology. Two tator to a young nobleman; and, examining all years after he pointed out the classic and generio the remains of antiquity with great accuracy, characters of insects, in a second treatise; and in compared them with their descriptions in Latin 1778 published his Philosophia Entomologica, writers. The result of these observations was on the model of the Philosophia Botanica of his work entitled Roma, containing a description Linnæus. From that period to his death Fabriof that city. He afterwards settled at Misenum, cius industriously employed himself in extending where he conducted a great school till his death his system. His knowledge of all the branches in 1571. He also wrote seven books of the of natural history was extensive, and he wrote Annals of Misnia, three of the Annals of Meissen, many useful works in the German and Danish Travels, and many sacred poems in Latin. languages. He died in 1807.

Fabercius (Jerome), a celebrated physician in Fabric Lands, in ecclesiastical affairs, those the end of the sixteenth century (surnamed Aqua- formerly given towards rebuilding or repairing pendente, from the place of his birth), was the cathedrais and other churches; for anciently aldisciple and successor of Fallopius. He chiefly most every body gave more or less, by his will, applied himself to surgery and anatomy, which to the fabric of the parish church where he be professed with great reputation at Padua for dwelt. forty years. The republic of Venice settled a FABROT (Charles Hannibal), one of the most considerable pension upon him, and honored him celebrated civilians of his time, was born at Aix

'em ;

in 1681 ; and acquired an extraordinary skill in Honour that is gained and broken upon another, the civil and canon law, and in the belles lettres. hath the quickest reflection, like diamonds cut with He published the Basilicæ, or Constitutions of facets.

Id. the Emperors of the East, in Greek and Latin, These offices and dignities were but the fucings and

Wotton. with learned notes, in 7 vols. folio; and editions fringes of his greatness. of Cedrenus, Nicetas, Anastasius, Bibliothecarius,

Keep still your former face, and mix again

With these lost spirits ; run all their mazes with Constantine Manasses, and Cujas, with learned and curious notes.

For such are treasons.

Ben Jonson. FACE', n. 8., v. n. & v.a. Fr. face ; Span.

Give me a look, give me a face, Face-CLOTH, haz; Port. faz; That makes simplicity a grace.

Id. Face'-PAINTING, Ital. faccia; Lat. He looked and saw the face of things quite changed, Facet',

facies, from facio, The brazen throat of war had ceased to roar; Facing,

to make, “the face All now was turned to jollity and game, being the part that makes the distinction or iden- To luxury and rint, feast and dance. Milton. titye.' Minsheu. The visage or countenance; We trepanned the state, and faced it down hence general appearance, presence, sight; also

With plots and projects of our own. Hudibras. the surface or outward part of a thing, dis You'll find the thing will not be done tortion or peculiarity; and confidence or bold With ignorance and face alone.

Id. ness of face or character. As a verb neuter, to The mere face-painter has little in common with face, is to come with the face toward an object; the poet ; but, like the mere historian, copies what he to carry a false countenance or appearance: as sees, and minutely traces every feature, and odd mark. an active verb, to meet in front, oppose or stand

Shaftesbury. opposite to; cover with the outward layer or

At the first shock, with blood and powder stained, superficies ; invest with any covering; oppose Pury and art produce effects so strange,

Nor heaven, nor sea, their former face retained ; with boldness and impudence, or with success (as to face down, and face out): a face-cloth is They trouble nature, and her visage change.

Wallace, linen cloth placed on the face of the dead : face

When men have the heart to do a very bad thing. painting, portrait-painting. Facet (Fr. facette) they seldom want the face to bear it out. Tillotson. is a diminutive of face, a small surface; applied

Jove cannot fear; then tell me to my face, particularly to the small superricies of precious

That I of all the gods am least in grace. stones. Face to face is an adverbial expression

Dryden's Iliad. for mutual presence.

I'll face And thou child schalt he clepid the profete of the This tempest, and deserve the name of king. higheste, for thou schalt go before the fuce of the

Dryden. Lord to make redy hise weyes. Wiclif. Luk. i. Kicked out, we set the best face on't we could.

Id. Virgil. A mist watered the whole face of the ground.

Genesis.
Face about, man; a soldier, and afraid of the

Id, The children of Israel saw the face of Moses, that enemy? the skin of Moses's face shone. Exod. xxxiv. 35.

Hail and farewell they shouted thrice amain,

Thrice facing to the left, and thence they turned again. The breadth of the face of the house, towards the

Id. east, was an hundred cubits.

Ezek. xli. 14.

Georgione, the cotemporary of Titian, excelled in It is not the manner of the Romans to deliver

any

Id. Dufresnoy. man to die, before that he which is accused have his portraits of facepainting. accusers face to face.

Acts xxv. 16. You, says the judge to the wolf, have the face to Now we see through a glass darkly ; but then face he to the fox, have the confidence to deny that which

challenge that which you never lost; and you, says to face.

1 Cor. xiii. 12. I know how to content myself in others lust,

you have stolen.

L'Estrange. Of little stuffe unto my self to weave a webbe of trust :

Let any one, even below the skill of an astrologer, And how to hyde my harmes with sole dyssembling behold the turn of faces he meets as soon as he passes chere,

Cheapside Conduit, and you see a deep attention and Whan in my face the painted thoughtes would out

a certain unthinking sharpness in every countenance.

Tatler. wardly appeare: I know how that the bloud forsakes the face for dred,

From beauty still to beauty rangiag
And how by shame it staynes agayne the chekes with

In every face I found a dart,
flaming red.
Surry.

Addison's Spectator. Thou needs must learn to laugh, or lye,

When it came to the count to speak, old Fact To face, to forge, to scoff, to company.

so stared him in the face, after his plain downright Hubbard's Tale.

way, that the count was struck dumb. They're thinking, by his face,

Id. Count Tariff To fasten in our thoughts that they have courage :

We get intelligence of the force of the enemy, and But 'tis not so. Shakspeare. Julius Cæsar.

cast about for a sufficient number of troops to face Shame itself!

the enemy in the field of battle. Id. On the War. Why do you make such faces ? Id. Macbeth.

This would produce a new face of things in Europe.

Id. How many things are there which a man cannot, with any face or comeliness, say or do himself? A

The fortification of Soleurre is faced with marble. man can scarce allege his own merits with modesty, much less extol them: a man cannot sometimes brook

Because he walked against his will, to supplicate or beg.

Bacon. He faced men down that he stood still. Prior. A man shall see faces, which, if you examine them Where your old bank is hollow, face it with the first part by part, you shall never find good; but take them spit of earth that you dig out of the ditch. together, are not uncomely.

Id:

Mortimer's Husbandry.

Id.

CINE.

The skittish fancy with facetious tales,

Seized and tied down to judge, how wretched I! Our word jealousies contains all the vowels, though Who can't be silent, and who will not lye :

three of them only were necessary : nevertheless in To laugh, were want of goodness and of grace ; the two words abstemiously and facetiously the vowels And to be grave, exceeds all power of face.

exist all of them in their usual order, and are pru. Pope. nounced in their usual manner.

Darwin. The temple is described square, and the four fronts And without turning his facetious head, with open gates, facing the different quarters of the Over his shoulder with a Bacchant air, world.

Id. Presented the o'erflowing cup, and said, They are as loth to see the fires kindled in Smith • Talking's dry work, I have no time to spare.' feld as his lordship; and, at least, as ready to face

Byron. them under a popish persecution.

Swift. FACIES HIPPOCRATICA, the aspect of a dying The face cloth too is of great antiquity.-Mr. Strutt man, as described by Hippocrates, and so named tells as, that after the closing the eyes, &c., a linen by later physicians, who have made similar obcloth was put over the face of the deceased.-Tbus servations: it is when the nostrils are sharp, the we are told, that Henry the Fourth, in his last illuess eyes hollow, the temples low, the tips of the ears seeming to be dead, his chamberlain covered his face contracted and cold, the forehead dry and wrinkled, with a linen cloth. Eaglish Æra, p. 105. Brand's Popular Antiquities.

and the complexion pale or livid. See MediFace comprehends all that part of the head towards the period of phthises and other con

The Hippocratic face is chiefly observed which is not covered with the hair. The human face is called the image of the soul

, as being the sumptions, and is held a sure prognostic of death.

FACILE, adj. seat of the principal organs of sense, and the

Fr. facile, facilité ; place where the ideas, passions, emotions, &c.,

FA'CILELY, adv. Span. facilidad : Ital.

FACIL'ITATE, v. a. are chiefly set to view. It shows also the sex,

facilita ; Lat. facilis,

FacilitaʼTION, n. s. facilitas, from facio, to age, temperament, health, disease, &c. As the

FACILITY. index of the passions, habits, &c., of the person, ible : to facilitate is to make easy; make free

do. Easy, pliant, flexit becomes the subject of physiognomy. See PHYSIOGNOMY.

from difficulty or obstruction. FACE OF THE MEASURES, in mining, is that Piety could not be diverted from this to a more part of a mine bounded by the length-way or

commodious business by any motives of profit or faprincipal vertical joints, or natural cracks of the cility.

Raleigh. measures. In coal mines, these principal joints the version will facilitate the work.

Choice of the likeliest and best prepared metal for

Bacon. are called sline back, or face joints, and are

A war upon the Turks is more worthy than upon generally parallel to each other; the lesser joints, which cross the slines almost at right angles, are

any other Gentiles, both in point of religion and in

point of honour ; though facility and hope of success called end-joints or cutters.

might invite some other choice.

Id. To Face, in the military art, a word of com

Facility is worse than bribery; for bribes come now mand intimating to turn about: thus, face to the

and then : but if opportunity or idle respect lead a right, is turn upon the left heel, a quarter round

man, he shall never be without them.

Id. to the right; and, face to the left, is to turn upon

I meant she should be courteous, facile, sweet, the right heel a quarter round to the left.

Hating that solemn vice of greatness, pride, FACETIOUS, adj. Fr. facetieur ; Lat.

I meant each softest virtue there should meet, FaceTIOCSLY, adv. fucetus, from facetia, Fit in that softer bosom to reside. Ben Jonson. FaceTIOUSNESS, n. s. jokes. Jocular; lively;

The one might be as facilely impetrate as the other. FACETEʻLY, adv. witty; cheerful: facete

Ld. Herbert. FACETE'N ESS, n. s. and facetious seem both

Facility of yielding to a sir, or wooing it with a to have been used in this sense formerly.

voluntary suit, is a higher stair of evil. Parables—work upon the affections, and breed de

Bp. Hall's Contemplations. light of hearing, by reason of that fucetness and witti They renewed their assault two or three days toge

Hales. ther, and planted cannon to facilitate their passage, If there be any kind of facetiousness innocent and which did little hurt; but they still lost many men' in reasonable, conformable to good manners, St. Paul the attempt,

Clarendon. did not intend to discountenance or prohibit that kind. The facile gates of hell too slightly barred. Barrow.

Milton. The eyes are the chief seats of love, as Lernutius

Raphael now, to Adam's doubt proposed, bath facetely expressed.

Burton.
Benevolent and facile, thus replyed.

Id. Socrates, informed of some derogating speeches used Too facile then, thou didst not much gainsay;

Id. of bim behind his back, made this facetious reply, Let Nay, didst permit, approve, and fair dismiss. him beat me too when I am absent.

By dividing it into parts so distinct, the order in Government of the Tongue.

which they shall find each disposed, will render the My facetious friend, D_T, I would wish also to work facile and delightful. Evelyn's Kalendar. be a partaker ; not to digest his spleeu, for that he To confine the imagination is as facile a performlaughs off, but to digest his last night's wine at the as the Gothham's design of hedging in the last field-day of the Crochallan corps. Burns. cuckoo.

Glanville. 'Tis pitiful

Yet reason saith, reason should have ability To court a grin, when you should woo a soul ;

To hold these worldly things in such proportion, To break a jest, when pity would inspire

As let them come or go with even facility. Sidney. Pathetic exhortation ; and to’ address

Though perspective cannot be called a certain rule of picture, yet it is a great succour and relief to art, and facilitates the means of execution.

Dryden's Dufresnoy. Cowper.

Dess.

ance

So did not Paul.

Id.

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They who have studied have not only learned many As men are not to mistake the causes of these ope. excellent things, but also have acquired a great fuci- ratious, so much less are they to mistake the fact or lity of profiting themselves by reading good authors. effect, and rashly to take that for done which is not

done.

Bacon. "Tis a great error to take facility for gond nature; Those effects which are wrought by the percussion tenderness without discretion, is no better than a more of the sense, and by things in fact, are produced likepardonable folly.

L'Estrunge. wise in some degree by the imagination: therefore if The facility which we get of doing things, by a cus a man see another eat sour or acid things, which set tom of doing, makes them often pass in us without the teeth on edge, that object tainteth the imagination. our notice.

Locke.

Bacon's Natural History. He opens and yields himself to the man of business

I see the Levites, not long since, drawing their with difficulty and reluctancy; but offers himself to

swords for God and Moses, against the rest of Israel; the visits of a friend with facility, and all the meet

and that fact wins them both praise and blessing. ing readiness of appetite and desire.

South.

Bp. Hall's Contemplations. This may at first seem perplexed with many diffi

Unhappy man! to break the pivus laws culties, yet many things may be suggested to make it inore facile and commodious.

Wilkins.

Of nature, pleading in his children's cause :

Howe'er the doubtful fact is understood, Some men are of that fucile temper, that they are

'Tis love of honour and his country's good; wrought upon by every object they converse with, whow any affectionate discourse, or serious sermon,

The consul, not the father, sheds the blood.

Dryden. or any notable accident, shall put into a fit of religion,

Matter of fact breaks out and blazes with too great which yet usually lasts no longer than till somewhat

an evidence to be denied.

South's Sermons. else comes in their way.

Calamy. What produceth a due quantity of animal spirits,

Manifold sins, though in speculation they may be necessarily facilitates the animal and natural motions. separable from war, in reality and fact never fail to

attend it. Arbuthnot on Diet.

Smalridge. A war on the side of Italy would cause a great for such a conclusion.

If this were true in fact, I do not see any colour diversion of the French forces, and facilitate the

Addison on the Wor.

progress of our arms in Spain.

Swift.

It is a point of fact on which every English gentle. man will deterinine for himself.

Junius. Science, though perhaps the nurseling of interest, was the daughter of curiosity : for who can believe The facts which inspired writers relate are no less that they who first watched the course of the stars, instructive than the doctrines which they teach. foresaw the use of their discoveries to the facilitation

Robertson's Sermons. of commerce, or the mensuration of time?

It may seem strange, that horror of any kind should

Johnson. Rambler, give pleasure. But the fact is certain. Why do FACING, Façade, or Revêtement, in forti- people run to see battles, executions, and shipwrecks ? fication, is a strong wall of masonry, or other

Beattie. binding, built on the outside of the rampart and

FACTION, n. s. Fr. faction ; Ital. fatparapet, to prevent the soil of which they are

Fac'TIONARY,

tione ; Lat. factio, faccomposed giving way. When the revêtement of FACTIONIST, tionis, from facio, faca rampart goes quite up to the top, four feet of

Fac'tious, adj. tus, to make, or do. A the upper part is a vertical wall of three feet Fac'TIOUSLY, adv. public, or busy party: thick, with a square stone at the top of it, pro dissension : factionary and factionist are old words

FACTIOUSNESS, n. s. J hence tumult; discord; jecting about five or six inches, and a circular one below, or where the slope begins, of eight or

for the promoters of faction or discord. ten inches diameter. When the facing is carried By one of Simon's faction murders were committed. up as high as the soles of the embrasures, it is

Shakspeare. Mac. called a whole revêtement; but, when confined to

The queen is valued thirty thousand strong ; the ditch only, it is termed a half-revêtement.

If she hath time to breathe, be well assured These must depend on the nature of the soil,

Her faction will be full as strong as ours.

Shakspeare, the facility of obtaining materials, the time that

He has been known to commit outrages, can be bestowed, the importance of the post, &c. And cherish factions,

Id, Timon. Where difficulties occur, as also in temporary works, the facings are made with turf; in which always factionary of the party of your general:

Pr'ythee, fellow, remember my name is Menenius; case they are said to be gazoned.

Id. Coriolanus. FACINOROUS, adj. Lat. facinus, facinoris,

He is a traitor; lead him to the Tower, from facio, to do, used both in a good and bad

And

crop away that factious pate of his. sense for great actions, but more commonly the

Shakspeare. latter. Extreme: extremely bad, or wicked.

Be factious for redress of all these griefs. Id. "Tis strange, 'tis very strange, that is the brief and There be that can pack the cards, and yet cannot tedious of it ; and he's of a most facinorous spirit that play well : so there are some that are good in can. will not acknowledge it.

Shakspeare. vasses and factions, that are otherwise weak men. FACT, n. $. Fr. fait ; Lat. factum, from facio,

Lord Bacon. factus, to do. A thing or effect accomplished :

By the weight of reason I should counterpoise the reality, as opposed to fiction or speculation;

overbalancing of any favtions. King Charles, action; deed.

Factious tumults overbore the freedom and honour of the two houses.

Id. In matter of fact they say there is some credit to be given to the testimony of man; but not in matter

I intended not only to oblige my friends, but mine of opinion and judgment : we see the contrary both

enemies also : exceeding even the desires of those that

Id. acknowledged and universally practised all throughout were factiously discontented. the world.

Hooker. God and Moses knew how o distinguish betwixt

*

we heads of the faction and the train ; though neither FACʻTOR, n. s. Fr. facteur ; Lat. factory be faultless, yet one is plagued, the other forgiven. FACTORAGE,

(à facio). One who does Bp. Hall's Contemplations. FACTORY. business for another; an By some needful act, to put a present restraint upon agent: factorage is his commission, or charge, the wild and lawless courses of all their factious com for the business done. A factory is a house of binations abroad, and enterprises of this kind. business; a place where any thing is made; and

Bp. Hall.

figuratively, but more commonly, the collective Some basy factionists of the meaner sort. Id.

body of merchants in a given place. They remained at Newbury in great faction among themselves.

Clarendon.

Take on you the charge Gray-headed men and grave, with warriors mixed,

And kingly government of this your land; Assemble ; ani harangues are heard ; but soon

Not as protector, steward, substitute, In factious opposition. Milton's Paradise Lost.

Or lowly factor for another's gain.

Shakspeare. Richard III. How from dissensions in opinion do violent factions

The senators alone of this great world, and feuds rage!

Barrow.

Chief factors for the gods. Avoid the politic, the factious fool,

Id. Antony and Cleopatra. The busy, buzzing, talking, hardened knave.

We agreed that I should send up an English factor,

Otway.
Why these factions quarrels, controversies, and livered at a reasonable rate.

that whatsoever the island could yield should be de

Raleigh's Apology. battles amongst themselves, when they were all united in the same design?

Dryden.

The Scots had good intelligence, having some facIt is thus with all those, who, attending only to the

tors doubtless at this mart, albeit they did not openly shell and husk of history, think they are waging war

trade.

Hayward. with intolerence, pride, and cruelty, whilst, under

Forced into exile from his rightful throne, color of abhorring the ill principles of antiquated

He made all countries where he came bis own; parties, they are authorising and feeding the same

And viewing monarch's secret arts of sway, odioas vices in different factions, and perhaps in

A royal factor for their kingdoms lay. Dryden. worse.

Burke. Vile arts and restless endeavours are used by some If all the world joined with them in a full crysly and venomous factors for the old republican against rebellion, and were as botly infuenced against cause.

South. the whole theory and enjoyment of freedom, as those Asleep and naked as an Indian lay, who are the most factions for servitude, it could not An honest factor stole a gem away: in my opinion answer any one end whatsoever in this He pledged to the knight; the knight had wit, contest.

Id. So kept the diamond, and the rogue was bit. Pope. Come thou, whose love unlimited, sincere,

And, disclaiming all regard Nor faction cools, nor injury destroys ;

For mercy, and the common rights of man, Who lend'st to Misery's moans a pitying ear, Build factories with blood, conducting trade and feel'st with ecstasy another's joys.

At the sword's point, and dyeing the white robe

Beattie. Of innocent commercial Justice red. Cowper. FAction, in antiquity, a name given to the

• In the road of commerce,' said he, ' you will be different companies of combatants in the circus. sure, by diligence and assiduity, though you have no They were four; viz . the white, the red, the green, capital, of so far succeeding as to be employed as a factor.

Franklin. and the blue ; to which Domitian added another of purple color. They were so denominated from The factorage or wages, called also commission, is the color of the liveries they wore; and were

different at different places, and for different voyages :

at a medium it may be fixed at about three per cent. dedicated, according to M. Aur. Cassiodorus, to

of the value of the goods bought, beside the charge the four seasons of the year; the green being con

of package, which is paid over and above. When secrated to spring, the red to summer, the white factors make themselves answerable for the debts of to autumn, and the blue to winter. It appears those persons with whom they deal, the charges of from ancient inscriptions, that each faction had commission or factorage are, of course, enhanced, its procurators and physician; and, from history,

Dr. A. Rees. that party rage ran so high among them, that, in Factors are employed by merchants residing a dissension between two factions, in the time of at other places, to buy or sell goods, negociate Justinian, almost 40,000 men lost their lives iu bills, &c., on their account; and are entitled to a the quarrel.

certain allowance for their trouble. A supercargo FACTITIOUS, adj. Lat. factitius, from facio, differs from a factor in this: the business of the to make. See Faction. Made by art. former is limited to the care of a particular

In the making and distilling of soap, by one degree cargo; he goes along with it, and generally of fire the salt, the water, and the oil or grease, returns when his business is completed the laiwhereof that factitious concrete is made up, being ter has a fixed residence, and executes commisboiled up together, are easily brought to co-operate. sions for different merchants. A factor's power

Boyle. is either absolute or limited. Though entrusted Hardness wherein some stones exceed all other with ample discretionary powers, he is not warbodies, and among them the adamant, all other stones ranted to take unreasonable or unusual measures, being exalted to that degree that art in vain en

or do any thing contrary to his employer's. deavours to counterfeit it; the factitious stones of chymists, in imitation, being easily detected by an

interest; but it is incumbent on the employer, if ordinary lapi: ist.

Ray on the Creation. he challenge his proceedings, to prove that he Bence the diamond reflects half as much more

could have done better, and was guilty of wilful light as a factitious gem in similar circumstances; to mismanagement. When a factor's power is which must be added its great transparency, and the limited, he must adhere strictly to his orders, excellent polish it is capable of.

Darwin. If he exceed his power, though with a view to

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