« НазадПродовжити »
London, he contrived machinery for raising the Preceptor. The third edition of his Theodoru Thames water into all the high streets. He also was published in London by his brother. suggested several improvements in the coinage, FORDYCE (George), an eminent physician and which he acquired a patent to try in Ireland, but lecturer on medicine, nephew of the preceding died there before he could put it into execution, was born near Aberdeen in 1736. He received September 3d, 1670. He was the author of a his education at the university of that city, and Design for bringing up a River from Rickmans- attained the literary degree of M. A. when only worth, Herts, to St. Giles' in the Fields, London, fourteen years of age. In about a year after this 1641, 4to.; Experimental Proposals to pay the he was placed with an uncle, a surgeon and Fleet, re-build London, establish the Fishing apothecary, at Uppingham in Rutlandshire. Trade, &c., 1666, 4to. To this last work was After residing some time at Uppinghain, he went added A Defence of Bill Credit; and in 1663 to prosecute his studies at the university of Edinhe printed a Proposal for raising Money by burgh, and there his assiduity and attainments Bills of Exchange, which should pass current gained particular attention from Dr. Cullen, then instead of Money, to prevent Robbery. Wood professor of chemistry. From Edinburgh he went speaks of him as a man of promising talents. to Leyden, where, in 1758, he took his doctor's
FORDINGBRIDGE, a town of Hampshire degree, though only twenty-two years of age. situated on the north-west side of the Avon, and After residing one winter at Leyden, the greater on the borders of the New Forest. Although it part of his patrimony being spent in the proseis a small inland town, it is mentioned in Domes- cution of his studies, he determined to seitle in day-book, as having formerly had a church, and London, which he did in 1759. In this metrotwo mills. The principal manufacture is that of polis he commenced with a course of lectures on Cuecas and bed-ticks, and there is a calico the materia medica; and in 1768 published his printing-field. A the south-east entrance of the Elements of the Practice of Physic, which formed town there is a handsome stone bridge of seven the text book of his medical course. By this arches over the Avon. The government of the time he had acquired a very respectable private town is vested in a constable, who is chosen practice; and in 1770 was appoirterl physician annually at the court-leet of the lord of the to St. Thomas's Hospital. In 1776 he was chosen manor. It has a weekly market on Saturday, Felow of the Royal Society; and in 1787 a and a fair September 9th. It lies six miles from Fellow of the College of Physicians. About this Ringwood, twelve from Salisbury, and ninety- time he published his Elements of Agriculture one from London.
and Vegetation; besides which he wrote an Essay FORDUN (John de), a Scotch ecclesiastic of on Digestion, four Essays on Fever, and various the fourteenth century, the author of the Scoto- miscellaneous papers. Though his constitution chronicon. He was possessed of the benefice of discovered symptoms of premature decay, he Fordun in 1377, having dedicated his history to continued to discharge his professional duties till the bishop of Glasgow from thence. In 1722 the 26th of June, 1802, when he was carried off Hearne published at Oxford, Joannis de Fordun by an irregular gout and water in the chest, in Scoto-chronicon Genuinum, una cum ejusdem the sixty-sixth year of his age. Supplemento ac Continuatione, 3 vols., 8vo. FORDYCE (James), an eminent Scottish divine, Part of the work had previously appeared in the was born at Aberdeen in 1720. His first settlement Quindecim Scriptores; it was also published by as a minister was at Brechin, in the county of Goodall, 2 vols., folio, Edinburgh, 1759. Angus; whence he was called to Alloa near Stirling.
FORDWICH, a town of Kent, called in the While he resided at Alloa, the attention of the Domesday Book, the little borough of Ford- public was particularly drawn towards him by wich,' is a member of the port of Sandwich, and the excellence of his pulpit compositions. The was anciently incorporated by the style of the university of Glasgow conferred on him the debarony of the town of Fordwich, and enjoys the gree of D.D. Having many friends in London, same privileges as the cinque-ports. It is famous he received an invitation to go there, as assistant for cxcellent trouts, taken in the Stour. It is to Dr. Lawrence, minister of a respectable consaid to have once been a more extensive place gregation in Monkwell Street, which he accepted than at present, having suffered frequently by fire. about 1762 ; and Dr. Lawrence dying a few
FORDYCE (David), an elegant and learned months after, the eloquence of Dr. Fordyce soon writer, born at Aberdeen in 1711. After receiv- became famous, and for several years attracted ing the early part of his education at the gram- crowded audiences. But Dr. Fordyce lived to mar-school, he was, at the age of thirteen, entered see his popularity decline, and his pews became at the Greek class in the Marischal College, thin. Many of his most steady hearers and libeAberdeen; and in 1728 he obtained the degree ral supporters withdrew from him on account of of M. A., and became a professor of moral the losses they sustained by the failure of a philosophy in the same college in 1742. He younger brother, an extensive banker; and his was designed for the ministry, and in 1748 pub- hearers were still farther diminished by an unlished a work entitled Theodorus, or the Art of happy difference which took place between him Preaching. Having finished this work, he went and his colleague, Mr. Toller, about 1775. In abroad in 1750; but, after a successful tour a short time after this, the declining state of his through several parts of Europe, he was unfortu- health made it necessary for him to resign his nately shipwrecked in a storm on the coast of charge ; Mr. James Lindsay was accordingly apHolland, in the forty-first year of his age. He pointed his successor in 1782; and at his ordiwrote also Dialogues on Education, 8vo.; and a nation the doctor delivered one of his most Treatise on Moral Philosophy, published in the eloquent sermons.
Dr. Fordyce now retired to
Hampshire, where he lived in the vicinity of the Your raven has a reputation in the world for a bird earl of Bute, being very intimate with that no of omen, and a kind of small prophet : a crow that bleman, and having the freest access to his va
had observed the raven's manner and way of deli. luable library ; but he afterwards removed to vering his predictions, sets up for a foreboder. Bath, where he died of an asthmatic complaint,
L'Estrange. on the 1st October, 1796, in the seventy-sixth
My soul foreboded I should find the bower
Of some fell inonster, fierce with barb'rous power. year of his age. Dr. Fordyce is known as the
Pope. . author of Sermons to Young Women, 2 vols.
Spirit of freedom! when on Phyle's brow 12mo., which have been translated into several
I nou sat'st with Thrasybulus and his train, European languages; A Sermon on the Charac
Couldst thou forebode the dismal hour which now ter and Conduct of the Female Sex; Address to Dims the green beauties of thine Attic plain. Young Men, 2 vols. 12mo.; Addresses to the
Byron. Childe Harold. Deity; a volume of Poems; A Discourse on FOREBY', prep. Fore and by. Near; hard Pain, and Additions to his brother's Temple of by; fast by. Virtue.
Not far away he hence doth won FORE, adj. & adv. Sax. fore; Goth. vor ; Foreby a fountain, where I late him left. Belg. voor. Anterior; coming first in a pro
Faerie Queene. FORECAST, v. n., v. 6. & n. 5. ?
Fore and gressive motion : fore is a word much used
FORECA'STER, n. S.
j cast. To in composition to mark priority of time. A vicions orthography, says Dr. Johnson, has con
scheme; to plan before execution; to contrive anfounded for and fore in composition.
tecedently: scheme; plan; antecedent policy.
He shall forecast his devices against the strong Each of them will bear six demiculverins and four
Daniel xi. sakers, needing no other addition than a slight spar
The spices that sourden of pride, sothly whan deck fore and aft, which is a slight deck throughout.
sourden of malice imagined, avised and forecaste, or Raleigh's Essays.
elles of usage ben dedly sinnes it is no doute. Though there is an orb or spherical area of the
Chaucct. Persones Tale. sound, yet they move strongest and go farthest in
And whatso heavens in their secret doom the fore lines from the first local impression.
Ordained have, how can frail feshy wight
Bacon. Resistance in fuids arises from their greater pres
Forecast, but it must needs to issue come?
Spenser. sing on the fore than hind part of the bodies moving
When broad awake, she finds in troublous fit, in them.
Forecasting how his foe he might annoy. FORE, a town of Ireland, in Westmeath,
Faerie Queene. twenty-two miles from Dublin, is a small bo Alas! that Warwick had no more forecast, rough, supposed anciently to have bee i a seat of But while he thought to steal the single ten, learning. It contains the ruins of a monastery The king was slily fingered from the deck! and three churches, as well as the cell of an an
Shakspeare. chorite. It is seated on Lough-Lane, meaning
The feast was served; the time so well forecast, che Lake of Learning.
That just when the dessert and fruits were placed, FOREADVI'SE, v. a. Fore and advise. To The fiend's alarm began.
Dryden's Theodore and Honoria. counsel early; to counsel before the time of ac
It is wisdom to consider the end of things before tion, or the event.
we embark, and to forecast consequences. Thus to have said,
L'Estrange. As you were foreadvised, had touched his spirit,
He makes this difference to arise from the forecast And tried his inclination.
und predetermination of the gods.
Addison. Shakspeare Coriolanus.
The last, scarce ripened into perfect man, FOREAPPOINT', v. a. Fore and appoint. Saw helpless him from whom their life began : To order beforehand.
Memory and forecast just returns engage;
That pointed back to youth, this on to age. Pope vide for attack or resistance before the time of
FOʻRECASTLE, n. s.
Fore and castle. In need.
a ship, is that part where the foremast stands, He forearms his care
and is divided from the rest of the floor by a With rules to push his fortune, or to bear.
bulk-head: that part of the forecastle which is A man should fix and forearm his mind with this aloft
, and not in the hold, is called the prow.persuasion, that, during his passion, wbatsoever is
Harris. offered to his imagination tends only to deceive. The commodity of the new cook-ruom the mer
South. chants have found to be so great, as that, in all their FOREBODE', v. n. & v.a.) Fore and bode. ships, the cook-rooms are built in their forecastles, FOREBOʻDER, n. s.
Raleigh's Essays. Swed. forboda. To prognosticate; to foretell; to foreknow ; to feel a secret sense of something FORECASTLE, a short deck placed in the fore future with a mixture of dread and appre- part of the ship, above the upper deck : it is hension : foreboder is a soothsayer, or a croaker usually terminated, in vessels of war, by a who is always predicting evil.
breast-work, both before and behind ; the
foremost part forming the top of the beak-head, An ancient augur, skilled in future fate, With these foreboding words restrains their hate.
and the hind-part reaching to the after-part of Dryden.
the fore-chains. Fate makes you deaf, while J in vain implore : FORECHO'SEN, part. Fore and chosen.' My heart forebodes I ne'er shall see you more. Id. Pre-elected.
FORECITED, part. Fore and cite. Quoted The custom of the people of God, and the decrees before, or above.
of our forefathers, are to be kept, louching thuse things Greaves is of opinion, that the alteration men whereof the Scripture hath neither one way or other tioned in that forecited passage is continued.
giveu us charge.
Conceit is still derived FORE'CLOSE, v. a. Fore and close. To From soma forefather grief; mine is not so. shut up; to preclude; to prevent.
Shall I not be distraught, The embargo with Spain foreclosed this trade.
And madly play with my forefathers' joints ? Id. To foreclose a mortgage, is to cut off the power
If it be a generous desire in men to know from of redemption.
whence their own forefathers have come, it cannot be FOʻRÈDECK n. S. Fore and deck. The displeasing to understand the place of our first ances. anterior part of the ship.
When a man sees the prodigious pains our foreI to the foredesk went, and thence did look
fothers have been at in these barbarous buildings, one For rocky Scylla.
cannot but fancy what miracles of architecture they FOREDESIGN, v. a. Fore and design. To would have left us, had they been instructed in the plan beforehand.
Addison on Italy. All the steps of the growth and vegetation, both of Blest Peer! his great forefather's every grace animals and plants, have been foreseen and fore. Reflecting, and reflected in his race. Pope. designed by the wise' Author of nature.
FOREFEND, v. a. It is doubtful whether FORE’DO, v. a. From for and do, not fore, from fore or for and defend. "If from fore, it says
Dr. Johnson. Mr. Horne Tooke considers implies antecedent provision ; as forearm: if it as a corruption of " forth-done, i. e. done, from for, prohibitory security; as forbid. Of to go forth ; or caused to go forth, i. e. out of the two following examples one favors for, and doors; in modern language, turned out of doors.' the other fore.'-Johnson. To prohibit; to avert. But we have a Saxon compound fordon, of the
I would not kill thy unprepared spirit; same signification; and we cannot but regard
No, heavens forefend! I would not kill thy soul. Dr. Johnson as nearer the truth : to fore or fordo,
Shakspeare. for it is found both ways, is to' do for,' to.
Down with the nose, finish; a common colloquial expression: to Dowo with it Aat: take the bridge quite away ruin; to destroy ; opposed to making happy; to Of him, that, his particular to forefend, overdo; to weary; to harass.
Smells from the general weal.
lu, But al so colde towardes the
Perhaps a fever, which the gods forefend, Thy ladies is—as frost in winter mone;
May bring your youth to some untimely end. And thou fordon—as snowe in fre is sone.
Dryden, Chaucer. Troilu and Cresside.
FOREFI'NGER, n. s. Fore and finger. The Beseeching him, if either salves or oils,
finger next the thumb; the index.
An agate stone
Polymnia shall be drawn, as it were, acting ber That either makes me, or foredoes me quite. speech with her forefinger. Peacham on Drawing.
Shakspeare. Some wear this on the middle-finger, as the ancient Whilst the heavy plowman snores,
Gauls and Britons; and some upon the forefinger. All with weary task foredone. Id.
Browne. OREDOʻOM, v. a. Sax. fondeman. Fore FOʻREFOOT, 16. s. Plural forefeet. Fore and doom. To predestinate; to determine be- and foot. The anterior foot of a quadruped: in forehand.
contempt, a hand. Through various hazards and events we' move
He ran fiercely, and smote at Heliodorus with his To Latium, and the realms foredoomed by Jove.
2 Mac. iii. 25. Dryden's Æneid. The willing metal will obey thy hand,
Give me thy fist, thy forefoot to me give. Following with ease: if favoured by thy fate,
Shakspeare. Thou art foredvomed to view the Stygian state.
I continue my line from thence to the heel; then Dryden.
making the breast with the eminency thereof, bring Pate foredoomed, and all things tend out his near forefoot, which I finish. By course of time to their appointed end. Id,
Peacham on Drating. Here Britain's statesmen oft the fall foredoom Fore-Foot, a piece of timber which termiOf foreign tyrants, and of nymphs at home.
nates the keel at the fore end. It is connected Pope.
by a scarf to the extremity of the keel, of which FORE-END, n. s. Fore and end. The an- it makes a part; and the other end of it
is incurvated upwards into a sort of knee, is atI have lived at honest freedom; paid tached to the lower end of the stem; of which More pious debts to heaven than in all
it also makes a part, being also called the gripe. The fore-end of my time.
Shakspeare. Cymbeline, FOREʻFRONT, n. s. Fore and front. The In the fore-end of it, which was towards him, grew anterior front of a thing or place. a small green branch of palm.
Upon the forefront of the mitre it shall be. FOREFATHER, n. S. Fore and father.
Exod. xxviii, 31. Ancestor; one who in any degree of ascending Set ye Uriah in the forefront of the hottest battle. genealogy precedes another.
2 Sam, xi, 15.
FOREGO, v. 2. 2 Fore and go. To quit; Hire forehed shone as bright as any day
FOREGO ER, n. s. ) to give up; to resign; to So wos it wasien when she lete her werk. go before; to be past; to provide for; to se
Chaucer. The Milleres Tule. cure: foregoer is used in the sense of ancestor; Her yvorie forhead, full of bounty brave, progenitor.
Like a broad table did itselfe dispred What shal my soroufull life done, in this caas,
For Love his loftie triumphes to engrave,
And write the battailes of his great godhed : If I furgo that I so dere have bought ?
Chaucer. Troilus and Crcserde. All good and honour might therein be red; Special reason oftentimes causeth the will to prefer
For there their dwelling was. one good thing before another; to leave one for
Spenser's Faerie Queene.
The breast of Hecuba, another's sake, to forego meaner for the attainment of higher degrees.
When she did suckle Hector, looked not Invelier Is it her nature, or is it her will,
Than Hector's forehead when it spit forth blood To be so cruel to an humble foe?
At Grecian swords contending, If nature, then she may it mend with skill;
Shakspeare. Coriolanus. If will, then she at will may will forego. Spenser.
The sea o'er fraught would swell, and the unsought
diamonds Having all before absolutely in his power, it remaineth so still, he having already neither foregiven
Would so imblaze the forehead of the deep, nor foregone any thing thereby unto them, but having And so bestud with stars, that they below received something from them.
Would grow inured tu light, and come at last Must I then leave you ? Must I needs forego
To gaze upon the Sun with shameless brows. So good, so noble, and so true a master ?
Milton's Comus. Shakspeare.
Some angel copied, while I slept, cach grace, Let us not forego
And moulded every feature from my face : That for a trifle which was bought with blood. Id. Such majesty does from her forehead rise, Honours best thrive,
Her cheeks such blushes cast, such rays her eyes. When rather from our acts we them derive
Dryden. Than our foregoers.
A man of confidence presseth forward upon every By our remembrances of days foregone,
appearance of advantage; where his force is too feeble, Such were our faults : 0! then we thought them not.
he prevails by dint of impudence : these men of fore
Id. head are magnificent in promises, and infallible in It is to be understood of Cain, that many years
I would fain know to what branch of the legislatura foregone, and when his people were increased, he built the city of Enoch.
they can have the forehead to apply. Swifi. How can I live without thee! how forego
Upon ber forehead Love his trophies fits, Thy sweet converse, and love so dearly joined,
A thousand spoils in silver arch displaying :
And in the midst himself full proudly sits
Himself in awful majesty arraying : This argument might prevail with you to forego a Upon her brows lies his bent ebon bow little of your repose for the publick benefit. Dryden.
And ready shafts : deadly those weapons show; I was seated in my elbow-chair, where I had in
Yot sweet the death appeared, lovely that deadly olow, dulged the foregoing speculations.
Fletcher's Purple lsland. FORF'GROUND, n. s. Fore and ground.
FOREHOʻLDING, n. s. Fore and hold. Pre The part of the field, or expanse of a picture, dictions; ominous accounts; superstitious prog.
nostications. wbich seems to lie before the figures. All agree that white can subsist on the foreground
How are superstitious men hagyed out of their of the picture : the question therefore is to know, if it wits with the fancy of omens, foreholdings, and old can equally be placed upon that which is backward, wives' tales !
L'Estrange. the light being universal, and the figures supposed to FOR’EIGN, adj. Fr. forain ; Span. forabe in an open field.
Dryden. FOR'EIGNER, N. S. no; from Lat. foris; Gr. FOREʻHAND, n. s. & adj. ? From fore and For'eignNESS, n. s.) Ovpa, a gate or door; i. e.
FOREHANDED, n. s. hand. The part of from without doors. Not domestic; not of this a horse which is before the rider. The chief part. country; alien ; remote; not allied. It is often Not in use. Done sooner than is regular; early; used with to; but more properly with from. Extimely; formed in the foreparts.
cluded; not admitted; held at distance; extraneThe great Achilles whom opinion crowns ous. In law. A foreign plea, placitum forinsecum ; The sinew and the forehand of our höst.
as being a plea out of the proper court of justice.
Shakspeare. A man that comes from another country; not a You'll say she did embrace me as a husband, native; a stranger. Remoteness; want of relaAnd so extenuate the forehand sin.
tion to something. If by thus doing you have not secured your time by an early and forehanded care, yet be sure, by a
They will not stick to say you envied him ; timely diligence, to redeem the time. Taylor.
And fearing he would rise, he was so virtuous, He's a substantial true-bred beast, brávely fore. Kept him a foreign man still; which so grieved him, handed : mark but the cleanness of his shapes too.
That he ran mad and died.
Shakspeare. Henry VIII.
Your son, that with a fearful soul FOREʻHEAD, n. S. Sax. forheafod. Fore
Leads discontented steps in foreign soil, and head. That part of the face which reaches
This fair alliance quickly shall call home. from the eyes upward to the hair. Impudence;
Shakspeare. confidence; assurance; audaciousness; audacity.
I'll speak to her The forehead is the part on which shame visibly And she shall be my queen,–Hail foreign wonder! operates.
The learned correspondence you hold in foreign ble to be known before they happen : prescience; parts.
Id. knowledge of that which has not yet happened.
Wherefore for to departen softily,
Toke purpose ful this wight, forknowing, wise ;
He stale anon.
Chaucer. Troils and Creseide. Dryden's Æneid.
It is certainly foreknowable what they will do in Let not the foreignness of the subject hinder you such and such circumstances.
More. from endeavouring to set me right.
Locke. Our being in Christ by eternal foreknowledge, There are who, fondly studious of increase, saveth us not without our actual and real adoption Rich foreign mould in their ill-natured land into the fellowship of his saints in this present world. Induce. Philips.
Hvoker, I must dissemble,
I told him you was asleep : he seems to have a And speak a language foreign to my heart. foreknowledge of that too, and therefore chuses to speak Addison,
Shakspeare. Fame is a good so wholly foreign to our natures, We foreknow that the sun will rise and set, that all that we have no faculty in the soul adapted to it, nor men born in the world shall die again; that after any organ in the body to relish it, placed out of the Winter the Spring shall come; after the Spring, Sumpossibility of fruition.
Id. mer and Harvest; yet is not our forekuowledge the Water is the only native of England made use of in
cause of any of those.
Raleigh. punch; but the lemons, the brandy, the sugar, and
He foreknew John should not suffer a violent death,
into his grave in peace. the nutmegs, are all foreigners.
If I foreknew, The parties and divisions amongst us may several
Foreknowledge had no influence on their fault, ways bring destruction upon our country, at the same
Which had no less proved certain unforeknowa. time that our united force would secure us against all
Milton. the attempts of a foreign enemy. Id. Freeholder.
Who would the miseries of man foreknow?
Dryden. Nor could the majesty of the English crown appear hope the foreknowledge you had of my esteem for in a greater lustre, either to fureigners or subjects.
you, is the reason that you do not dislike my letters.
Pope. The positions are so far from being new, that they
FOREʻLAND, n. s. Fore and land. A proare commonly to be met with in both ancient and modern, domestick and foreign, writers. Atterbury.
montory; headland; high land jutting into the
sea; a cape. 'Twas merely known, that on a secret mission
As when a ship, by skilful steersman wrought, A foreigner of rauk had graced our shore,
Nigh river's mouth, or foreland, where the wind Young, handsome, and accomplished, who was said
Veers oft, as oft so steers, and shifts her sails. (In whispers) to have turned his sovereign's head.
FORELA'Y, v.a. Fore and lay. To lay wait Foreign, in the English law, is used in va- for; to intrap by ambush; to contrive antecerious significations. Thus :
dently. FOREIGN ATTACHMENT, is an attachment of
A serpent shoots his sting at unaware ; the goods of foreigners found within a city or
An ambushed thief foreluys a traveller : liberty, for the satisfaction of some citizen to The man lies murdered, while the thief and snake, whom the foreigner is indebted; or it signifies One gains the thickets, and one thrids the brake. an attachment of a foreigner's money in the
Dryden. hands of another person.
FORELIFT', v.a. Fore and lift. To raise At the instance of an ambassador or consul, aloft any interior part. any offender against the laws here may be sent
So dreadfully he towards him did pass, for hither from a foreign kingdom to which he Forelifting up aloft his speckled breast; hath Aled. And, where a stranger of Holland, And often bounding on the bruised grass, or any foreign country, buys goods in London, As for great joy of his new comen guest. Spenser. for instance, and there gives a note under his FOREʼLOCK, n. s. Fore and lock. The hair hand for payment, and then goes away privately that grows from the forepart of the head. intu Holland : in that case, the seller may have a
Tell her the joyous time will not be staid, certificate from the lord mayor, on the proof of Unless she do him by the forelock take. Spenser. the sale and delivery of such goods, whereupon
Hyacinthine locks, a process will be executed on the party in Hol Round from his parted forelock manly hung, land.
Clustering, but not beneath his shoulders broad. FOREIMAGʻINE, v. a. Fore and imagine.
Milton. To conceive or fancy before proof.
Zeal and duty are not slow, We are within compass of a foreimagined possibility
But on occasion's forelock watchful wait, Id, in that behalf.
Time is painted with a lock before, and bald be
hind, signifying thereby that we must take time by the FOREJUDGE', v. a. Fore and judge. To forelock; fur, when it is once past, there is no recalling judge beforehand; to be prepossessed ; to pre- it.
FORE'MAN, n. s.
Fore and man. The first FOREKNOʻW, v.a. Fore and know. or chief person. FOREK NOW L'EDGE, n. s. To have prescience is a very sensible man, shoots flying, and has FORFKNOW'Able,
adj. Sof; to foresee : possi- been several times foreman of the petty jury. Addison.