« НазадПродовжити »
served to begin in spring and autumn than in But though we fetch from Italy and France summer and winter; notwithstanding sheep suf- Our fopperies of tune and modes of dance fer more by the wet in winter than in any of the
Our sturdy Britops scorn to borrow sense. other seasons.
Granville. In high grounds they are less
Thy works in Chloe's toilet gain a part, liable to it than in low marshy and meadow
And with his taylor share the foppling's heart. grounds.
Tickell. FOP, n. s. A word probably made
You would know who is rude and ill-natured, who Fop'-DOODLE, n. s. i by chance, and therefore is vain and foppish, who lives too high, and who is Fop'rery, n. s. without etymology, says in debt.
Lau. Foppish, adj. Dr. Johnson: but there
FOR, prep. and conj. Sax. for. Dr. Johnson Fop'Prshly, adv. is a regular Teut. sub
says preposition. Junius derives it from the Fop'pishness, n.s. stantive fop (Belg. vop); Greek apo, transposing the p and changing i
Fop'PLING, n. s. from which it is clearly into g. Skinner and Tyrwhitt from the Latin pro. derived. A simpletun; a coxcomb; a man of Mr. Horne Tooke from the Gothic noun fairinh, small understanding and much ostentation; a • I imagine,' observes Mr. Tooke, the pretender; a man fond of show, dress, and word for (whether denominated preposition, conAutter; an impertinent : foppery is derived from junction, or adverb) to be a noun, and to have fop, and signifies that kind of folly which dis- always one and the same single signification, viz. plays itself in dress and manners : to be foppish cause, and nothing else. Though Greenwood alis to be fantastically and affectedly fine; vain; tributes to it eighteen, and S. Johnson forty-six ostentatious ; showy, and ridiculous: foppling different meanings; for which Greenwood cites is the diminutive of fop, a fool half grown; a above forty, and Johnson above 200 instances. stunted and insignificant coxcomb; a thing But, with a little attention to these instances, you without species or gender, that endeavours to will easily perceive, that they usually attribute to attract admiration to its pretty person, its pretty the preposition the meaning of some other words dress, &c. In composition it makes fop-doodle, in the sentence';-vide Diversions of Purley, p. a fool double distilled; one that provokes ridi. 345. We are, speaking generally, of Mr. Tooke's cule and contempt, who thrusts himself into dan- opinion as to this word : but the instances of ger with no other chancethan a sound beating Dr. Johnson will fully illustrate both his definifor his pains.
tions, and this more simple one of Mr. Tooke's. A whole tribe of fops,
We therefore subjoin them, with some few addiGot 'tween asleep and awake.
tions and rectifying the chronology. Shakspeare. King Lear. Because of. This is the excellent foppery of the world, that
That which we for our unworthiness are afraid to when we are sick in fortune, often the surfeits of our crave, our prayer is, that God for the worthiness of own behaviour, we make guilty of our disasters, the his Son would notwithstanding vouchsafe to grant.
Hooker. sun, the moon, and stars, as if we were villains on necessity.
Edward and Richard,
With fiery eyes, sparkling for very wrath, For' wise men are grown foppish,
Are at our backs. Shakspeare. Henry VI. And know not how their wits to wear,
Speak, good Cominius; Their manners are so apish.
Leave nothing out for length. Shakspeare.
For as much as the question cannot be scanned, Let not the sound of shallow foppery enter
unless the time of Abraham's journey be considered My sober house. Id. Merchant of Venice.
of, I will search into a tradition concerning his I was three or four times in the thought they were travels.
Raleigh's History. not fairies; and yet the guiltiness of my mind, the An astrologer saith, if it were not for two things sudden surprise of my powers, drove the grossness of that are constant, no individual would last one mo. the foppery into a received belief, in despight of the
Bacon. teeth of all rhyme and reason, that they were fairies. For as much as it is a fundamental law in the
Id. Merry Wives of Windsor. Turkish empire, that they may, without any other Where sturdy butchers broke your noddle, provocation, make war upon Christendom for the And handled you like a fopdoodle.
Hudibras. propagation of their laws; so the Christians may at When such a positive abandoned fop,
all times, as they think good, be upon the preven. tion.
Id. War with Spain Among his numerous absurdities, Stumbles upon some tolerable line,
Let no man, for his own poverty, become more I fret to see them in such company.
oppressive in his bargains; but quietly recommen! Roscommon. his estate to God, and leave the success to him.
Taylor. ve had to-day a dozen billet-doux,
m fops, and wits, and cits, and Bow Street beaux; I but revenge my fate; disdained, betrayed, Some from Whitehall, but from the Temple more,
And suffering death for this ungrateful maid. A Covent Garden porter brought me four. Dryden.
Sole on the barren sands, the suffering chief The leopard's beauty, without the fox's wit, is no better than a fop in a gay coat. L'Estrange.
Roared out for anguish, and indulged his grief.
Id. The Romans grew extremely expensive and fop- Children, discountenanced by their parents for any pish; so that the emperor Aurelian forbid men that fault, find a refuge in the caresses of foolish fatterers. variety of colours on their shoes, allowing it still to
A sound mind in a sound body is a short but fall I wish I could say quaint fopperies were wholly description of a bappy state in this world : he that absent from graver subjects.
Swift. has these two has little more tu wish for, and he ibat
wants either of them will be but little better for any
Our present lot appears thing else.
Locke.. For happy, though but ill; for ill, not worst, Persons who have lost most of their grinders, If we procure not to ourselves inore woe. Milton. having been compelled to use three or four only in In advantage of; for the sake of. chewing, wore them so low, that the inward nerve An ant is a wise creature for itself; but it is a shrewd lay bare, and they would no longer for pain make thing in an orchard.
Bacon. use of them,
Ray on the Creation. He refused not to die for those that killed him, The middle of the gulph is remarkable for tempests. And shed his blood for some of those that spilt it. Addison.
Boyle. My opened thought to joyous prospect raise,
Shall I think tne world was made for one, And for thy mercy let me sing thy praise. Prior. And men are born for kings, as beasts for men, Which best or worst you could not think;
Not for protection, but to be devoured ?
Dryden. It is a most infamous scandal upon the nation, to
Read all the prefaces of Dryden, reproach them for treating foreigners with contempt. For those our criticks much confide in;
Though merely writ at first for filling, We can only give them that liberty now for some- To raise the volume's price a shilling. Swift. thing, which they have so many years exercised for
Conducive to; beneficial to. nothing, of railing and scribbling against us. Id.
It is for the general good of human society, and With respect to; with regard to.
consequently of particular persons, to be true and Rather our state's defective for requital,
just ; and it is for men's health to be temperate. Than we to stretch it out. Shakspeare. Coriolanus.
Tillotson. A paltry ring
It can never be for the interest of a believer to That she did give me, whose poesy was,
do me a mischief, because he is sure, upon the baFor all the world, like cutler's poetry
lance of accounts, to find himself a loser hy it. Upon a knife ; love me and leave me not.
Addison. Shakspeare. With intention of going to a certain place. For all the world,
We sailed from Peru for China and Japan. As thou art at this hour, was Richard then. Id.
Bacon. It was young counsel for the persons, and violene
As she was brought for England, she was cast away counsel for the matters.
Hayward. Authority followeth old men, and favour and po
We sailed directly for Genoa, and had a fair wind, pularity youth; but for the moral part, perhaps, youth
Addison. will have the pre-eminence, as age hath for the poli.
In comparative respect. tick.
For tusks with Indian elephants he strove, After death, we sprights have just such natures
And Jove's own thunder from his mouth he drove. We had, for all the world, when human creatures.
With appropriation to.
Shadow will serve for Summer : prick him; for
we have a number of shadows to fill up the muster. Tate. book.
Shakspeare. Hobbes has given us a correct explanation of the sense in general ; but for particulars and circum- After () an expression of desire. stances, he continually lops them.
O for a muse of fire that would ascend Lo, some are vellum, and the rest as good,
The brightest heaven of invention! Shakspeare. For all his lordship knows, but they are wood. Id. In account of; in solution of. In this sense it has often as before it.
Thus much for the beginning and progress of the As for Maramaldus the general, they had no just deluge.
Burnet's Theory of the Earth. cause to mislike him, being an old captain of great Inducing to as a motive. experience.
There is a natural, immutable, and eternal reason In the character of.,
for that which we call virtue, and against that which If a man can be fully assured of any thing for a
we call vice.
Tillotson. truth, without having examined, what is there that In expectation of. be may not embrace for truth?
He must be back again by one and twenty, to marry Say, is it fitting in this very field,
and propagate : the father cannot stay any longer for This field, where from my youth I've been a carter,
the portion, nor the mother for a new set of babies 1, in this field, should die for a deserter ? Gay.
to play with.
Locke. She thinks you favoured:
Noting power or possibility. But let her go, for an ungrateful woman.
For a boly person to be humble, for one, whom all A. Phillips.
men esteem a saint, to fear lest himself become a With resemblance of.
devil, is as hard as for a prince to submit himself to I hear for certain, and do speak the truth,
be guided by tutors.
Taylor. The gentle York is up. Shakspeare. Henry IV.
Now, now for sure, deliverance is at hand, Noting dependence. The kingdom shall to Israel be restored. Milton.
The colours of outward objects, brought into a The startling steed was seized with sudden fright,
darkened room, depend for their visibility upon the And, bounding, o'er the pommel cast the knight;
dimness of the light they are beheld by. Boyle. Forward he few, and pitching on his head,
In prevention of; fur fear of. He quivered with his feet, and lay for dead.
Corn being had down, any way ye allow,
Dryden. Should wither as needeth for burning in mow. Considered as ; in the place of.
Tusser: The council-table and star-chamber held for ho- And, for the time shall not seem tedious, Dourable that which pleased, and for just that which I'll tell thee what befel me on a day, prohted. Clarendon. In this self place.
Slukspeare. Henry VI.' Id. Virgil.
I here must be no alleys with hedges at the hither Even death's become to me no dreadful name; end, for letting your prospect upon this fair hedge lo fighting fields, where our acquaintance grew, from the green : nor at the farther end, for letting I saw him, and contemned him first for you. your prospect from the hedge through the arches upon
Dryden. che beath.
Bacon's Essays. For this, 'tis needful to prevent her art,
Some pray for riches; riches they obtain ; Sometimes hot, sometimes cold things are good But watched by robbers, for their wealth are slain. for the toothach. Garretson.
Dryden. In exchange of.
Let them who truly would appear my friends, He made considerable progress in the study of the Employ their swords like mine for noble ends. law, before he quitted that profession for this
Dryden. Of tendency to; towards. In the place of; instead of.
The kettle to the top was hoist : To make him copious is to alter his character; But with its upside down, to show and to translate him line for line is impossible.
Its inclination for below.
In favor of; on the part of; on the side of. We take a falling meteor for a star. Cowley.
Ye suppose the laws for which ye strive are found In supply of; to serve in the place of.
in Scripture ; but those not against which we strive. Most of our ingenious young men take up some
Hooker. Preface. cried-up English poet for their model, adore him,
It becomes me not to draw my pen in the defence and imitate him, as they think, without knowing of a bad cause, when I have so often drawn it for a wherein he is defective. Dryden. good one.
Dryden. Through a certain duration.
Jove was for Venus ; but he feared his wife. Some please for once, some will for ever please,
Id. Roscommon. Noting accommodation or adaptation. Those who sleep without dreaming, can never be Fortune, if there be such a thing as she, convinced that their thoughts are for four hours busy, Spies that I bear so well her tyranny, without their knowing it.
Locke. That she thinks nothing else so fit for me. The administration of this bank is for life, and
Donne, partly in the hands of the chief citizens. Addison. It is for wicked men to dread God; but a virtuous In search of; in quest of.
man may have undisturbed thoughts, even of the Philosophers have run so far back for arguments of justice of God.
Tillotson. comfort against pain, as to doubt whether there were
A few rules of logick are thought sufficient, in this any such thing; and yet, for all that, when any
case, for those who pretend to the highest improve great evil has been upon them, they would cry out as
Locke. loud as other men.
His country has good havens, both for the Adriatic According to
Addison or Italy. Chymists have not been able, for aught is vulgarly
Persia is commodiously situated for trade both by known, by fire alone to separatc true sulphur from
sea and land.
Arbuthnoi un Coins. antimony.
With intention of. Noting a state of fitness or readiness.
And by that justice hast removed the cause Nay, if you be an undertaker, I am for you.
Of those rude tempests, which, for rapine sent,
Shakspeare. Too oft, alas, involved the innocent. Waller If he be brave, he's ready for the stroke.
Here huntsmen with delight may read
Dryden. How to chuse dogs for scent or speed. In hope of; for the sake of; noting the final
For this, from Trivia's temple and her wood,
Are coursers driven, who shed their master's blood. cause.
Dryden. How quickly nature Falls to revolt, when gold becomes her object!
Such examples should be set before them, as pate For this the foolish, over-careful fathers,
terns for their daily imitation.
Locke. Have broke their sleeps with thought, their brains The next question usually is, what is it for?
Id, Their bones with industry : for this, engrossed
Achilles is for revenging himself upon AgamemThe cankered heaps of strong atchieved gold ·
pon by means of Hector.
Broome. For this they have been thoughtful to invest
Becoming; belonging to. Their sons with arts and martial exercises.
It were more for his honour to raise his siege than
Shakspeare. to spend so many good men in the winning of it by The kingdom of God was first rent by ill counsel ; force.
Knolles. upon which counsel there are set, for our instruction, It were not for your quiet, nor your good, two marks.
Bacon. Nor for my manhood, honesty, and wisdom, Whether some hero's fate,
To lec you know my thoughts. In words worth dying for, be celebrate.
Shahepeare. Othello. Cowley.
Jests for Dutchmen and English boys. For he writes not for money, nor for praise,
Cowley. Nor to be called a wit, nor to wear bays.
The' offers he doth make,
Denham. Were not for him to give, nor them to take. There we shall see a sight, worthy dying for, that
Daniel. blessed Saviour, who so highly deserves of us.
It is a reasonable account for any man to give, why
Boyle. he does not live as the greatest part of the world He is not disposed to be a fool, and to be miserable do, that he has no mind to die as they do, and perish for company Tillotson. wita them.
Is it for you to ravage seas and land,
Neither doubt you, because I wear a woman's ape Unauthorized by my supreme command ? parel, I will be the more womanish; since I assuro
Dryden. you, for all my apparel, there is not!ing I desire His sire already signs him for the skies, more than fully to prove myself a man in this enterAnd marks the seat amidst the deities. Id. prize.
They resolute, for all this, do proceed This, for any thing we know to the contrary, might
Unto that judgment.
Daniel. be the self-same form which Philojudæus expresseth.
Though that very ingenious person has anticipated Hooker.
part of what I should say, yet you will; for all that, God's desertion shall, for aught he knows, the next
expect that I should give you a fuller account. minute supervene. Decay of Piety.
Boyle. Probability supposes that a thing may or may not
If we apprehend the greatest things in the world be so, for any thing yet certainly determined on of the emperor of China or Japan, we are well enough either side.
South contented, for all that, to let them govern at home. If such vast masses of matter had been situated
Stilling fleet. nearer to the sun, or to each other, as they might as She might have passed over my businesses; but my easily have been, for any mechanical or fortuitous rabble is not to be mumbled up in silence, for all her agent, they must necessarily have caused a consi- pertness.
Dryden. derable disorder in the whole system. Bentley. For all his exact plot, down was he cast from all his
For any thing that legally appears to the contrary, greatness, and forced to end his days in a mean con. it may be a contrivance to fright us. Swif?. ditiou.
South. To the use of; to be used in.
For to. In the language used two centuries The oak for nothing ill,
ago for was commonly used before to, the sign The osier good for twigs, the poplar for the mill. of the infinitive mood, to note the final cause.
As, I come for to see you, for I love to see you:
Thus, exercise of the highest acts of reason.
it is used in the translation of the Bible. But In consequence of.
this distinction was by the best writers someFor love they force through thickets of the wood, 'They climb the steepy hills and stem the food.
times forgotten; and for, by wrong use, appear
Dryden. ing superfluous, is now always omitted. In recompense of; in return of.
But, for to tellen you of his araie,Now, for so many glorious actions done, ,
His hors wos good, but he ne wos not gaie. For peace at home, and for the publick wealth,
Chaucer. Prologue to Cant. Tales. I mean to crown a bowl for Cæsar's health ;
Who shall let me now Besides, in gratitude for such high matters,
On this vile body for to wreak my wrong? Know I have yowed two hundred gladiators.
Faerie Queente. Dryden.
A large posterity First the wily wizard must be caught;
Up to your happy palaces may mount,
Of blessed saints for to increase the count.
Spenser. In proportion to
These things may serve for to represent how just He is not very tall, yet for his years he's tall. cause of fear this kingdom may have towards Spain. Shakspeare.
Bacon. As he could see clear, for those times, through For, conj. The word by which the reason is superstition ; so he would be blinded, now and then, introduced of something advanced before. by human policy.
Bacon. Goth now your way, 'quod he,' al stille and soft,
And let us dine as sone as that ye may,
Chaucer. The Shipmannes Tale. By means of; by interposition of.
Heaven doth with us as we with torches deal, Moral consideration can no way move the sensible Not light them for themselves; for if our virtues appetite, were it not for the will.
Hale. Did not go forth of us, 'twere all alike
As if we had them not. Of some calamity we can have no relief but from
Shakspeare. Measure for Measure. God alone; and what would men do in such a case, if it were not for God?
Tell me what kind of thing is wit : In regard of; in preservation of; I cannot for For the first matter loves variety less. Cowley.
Old husbandmen I at Sabinum know, my life, is, I cannot if my life might be saved
Who for another year dig, plough, and sow;
For never any man was yet so old,
But hoped his life one Winter more would hold. But could not get him for my heart.
Nor swelled his breast with uncouth pride, For all. Notwithstanding.
That heaven on him above his charge had laid ; For all the carefulness of the Christians the Eng
But, for his great Creator would the same, lish bulwark was undermined by the enemy, and
His will increased ; so fire augmenteth fame. upon the fourth of September part thereof was blown ap.
Fairfax, Knolles's History. But as Noah's pigeon, which returned no more,
Because; on this account that. It is in this Did shew she footing found for all the food.
sense properly followed by that, and, without it, Davies, is elliptical. This sense is almost obsolete.
Many excrescences of trees grow chiefly where the ard the lungs are open; generally reckoned ong tree is dead or faded ; for that the natural sap of the of the temporary parts of the fætus, wherein it trce corrupteth into some preternatural substance. differs from an adult; although almost all analo
Bacon's Natural History, mists assure us, that the foramen ovale has For as much. In regard to that; in considera- sometimes been found in adults. See FOETUS. tion of.
FORAM'INOUS, adj. From Lat. foramen. For as much as in publick prayer we are not only Full of holes; perforated in many places ; poto consider what is needful, in respect of God; but there is also in men that which we must regard: we
Soft and foraminous bodies, in the first creation of somewhat incline to length, lest overquick dispatch the sound, will deaden it; but in the passage of the should give occasion to deem that the thing itself is but sound they will admit it better than harder bodies. little accounted of.
Bacon's Natural History. For as much as the thirst is intolerable, the patient
FORBE'AR,v.n. pret.&v.a. I forbore, anmay be indulged the free use of spa water.
FORBE'ARANCE, n. s.
ciently forbare; FORBE'ARER, n. s.
Spart. forborn; For why. Because; for this reason that.
Solyman had three hundred fieldpieces ; for why, Sax. forbæran. For has in composition the Solyman purposing to draw the emperor into battle, power of privation, as forbear; or depravation, bad brought no pieces of battery with him. Knolles. as forswear; and other powers not easily ex
FOR’AGE, v. n., v.a.& n. s. From Lat. foris, plained.-Dr. Johnson. To cease from any abroad ; Germ. and Fr. fourrage. To wander far; thing; to intermit; to pause; to delay; to omit to rove at a distance; to wander in search of voluntarily; not to do; to abstain; to restrain spoil, generally of provisions for an army; to any violence of temper; to be patient; to de ravage; to feed on spoil; to plunder; to strip; cline; to avoid voluntarily; to spare; to treat to spoil. Provisions in general ; provisions with clemency; to withhold. The noun is used sought abroad ; search of provisions ; the act of in all these senses. Forbearer, in addition to feeding abroad.
intermitter, signifies an interceptor of any They will both strengthen all the country round, thing; as well as that which does not yield, bear, and also be as continual holds for her majesty, if the or bring forth. people should revolt; for without such it is easy to Forbear thee from meddling with God, who is with forage and over-run the whole land. Spenser. that he destroy thee not. 2 Chron. xxxv. 21. He wearie sate
With all lowliness and meekness, with long sufferTo rest himselse, foreby a fountaine syde,
ing, forbearing one another in love. Eph. iv. 2. Disarmed all of yron-coted plate ;
Ye shul understond also, that Fasting stont in three And by his side his steed the grassy forage ate. thinges ;-in forbering of bodily mete and drinke; in
Spenser's Faerie Queene. forbering of worldly jolitee ; and in forbering of dedly Forage, and run
sinue; this is to say, that a man shall kepe him fro To meet displeasure farther from the doors,
dedly sinne with all his might. And grapple with him, ere he come so nigh.
Chaucer. The Persones Tale.
The East a forbearer, no manner of thing. Tusser Stood smiling, to behold his lion's whelp
But by what meanes that shame to her befell, Forage in blood of French nobility. Id.
And how thereof herselfe she did acquite, One way a band select from forage drives
I must awhile forbeure to you to tell ; A herd of beeves, fair oxen, and fair kine,
Till that, as comes by course, I doe recite From a fal meadow ground; or fleecy fock, What fortune to the Briton prince did lice. Ewes and their bleating lambs, over the plains
Spenser. Faerie Queene. Their booty Milton's Paradise Lost.
Have a continent forbearance, 'till the speed of his The victorious Philistines were worsted by the
rage goes slower.
Shakspeare. King Lear. captivated ark, which foraged their country more than
Forbear his presence, until time hath qualified the a conquering arıy.
Id. Some o'er the publick magazines preside,
True nobleness would And some are sent new forage to provide.
Learn him forbearance from so foul a wrong. Dryden.
Shakspeare. Nor dare they stray When rain is promised or a stormy day;
pray you, tarry : pause a day or two,
Before you hazard; for in chusing wrong, But near the city walls their watering take,
I lose your company; therefore forbear a while. Id. Nor forage far, but short excursions make. Id.
I remember Gerson brings in an Englishman asking Provided forage, our spent arms renewed. Id.
a Frenchman, Quot annos habes? How many years FORAMEN, in anatomy, a name given to are you?' a usual Latin pbrase when we ask after a several apertures or perforations in divers parts man's age : His answer is, Annos non habeo ; ' I am of the body; as, 1. The external and internal fo- no years at all, but death bath forborne me these ramen of the cranium or skull. 2. The fo.amina fifty.'
Bp. Hall. Sermon 30. in the upper and lower jaw. 3. Foramen lachry
The wolf, the lion, and the bear, male. 4. Foramen membranæ tympani. See
When they their prey in pieces tear, ANATOMY.
To quarrel with themselves forbear. Denham.
If it passed only by the house of peers, it should FORAMEN OVALE, an oval aperture or passage be looked upon as invalid and void, and execution through the heart of a fatus, which closes up should be thereupon forborn or suspended. after birth. It arises from the coronal vein, near
Clarendon. the right auricle, and passes directly into the left
Trojan race ! your needless aid forbear, auricle of the heart, serving for the circulation of And know my ships are my peculiar care. the blood in the fætus, till the infant breathes,