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quantities. Wax and ambergris are the other
When I'm duller than a post, exports. The Portuguese never effected a regu
Nor can the plainest word pronounce, iar settlement here.
You neither fume, nor fret, nor flounce. FLORUS (Lucius Annæus), a Latin historian of the same family with Seneca and Lucan. He
She was flounced and furbelowed from head to foct;
every ribbon was crinkled, and every part of her garflourished in the reigns of Trajan and Adrian;
ments in curl.
Addison. and wrote an Abridgment of the Roman History,
They have got into the fashion of flouncing the petof which there have been many editions. It is
ticoat so very deep, that it looks like an entire coat of composed in a florid and poetical style; and is lutestring,
Pope. rather a panegyric on many of the great actions Nay, oft in dre ims inventior we bestow, of the Romans, than a faithful and correct recital
To change a floun e, or add a furbelow. I. of their history. He also wrote poetry, and en FLOU'NDER, n. s. & v. n.
Danish flynder; tered the lists against the emperor Adrian, who Scotch fluke. The verb is derived from founce. satirically reproaches him with frequenting places The noun is the name of a small fat fish: the of dissipation.
verb signifies to struggle with violent and irreFLORY, a cross, differs from
gular motions; as a horse in the mire. It is figuthe potence, by having the flow
ratively applied to a public speaker, when he ers at the ends circumflex and
plunges from one subject to another without the turning down. See diagram
least order or connexion, Mental and verbal azure (a cross flory), argent a
confusion, by which a man exposes himself to chief gules-name Henricson.
contempt. FLOS'CULOUS, adj. Lat. flosculus. Com
Like the flounder, out of the frying-pan into the
Camden. posed of flowers; having the nature or form of
Down goes at once the horseman and the horse ; flowers.
That courser stumbles on the fallen steed, The outward part is a thick and carnous covering, And flound'ring throws the rider o'er his head. and the second a dry and flosculous coat. Browne.
Dryden. FLOS FOEMineus, a flower which is fumished Then writ and foundered on in mere despair. Pope.
"He plunged for sense, but found no bottom there; with the pointal or female organ of generation,
Flounders will both thrive and breed in any pond. but wants the stamina or male organ. Female
Mortimer. flowers may be produced apart from the male, FLOUR, n. s. Formerly written Flower, either on the same root or on distinct plants. which see. The choice part of grain; the fine Birch and mulberry are examples of the first meal of corn. case; willow and poplar of the secoud.
The bread I would have in flower, so as it might Flos Masculus, a male flower. By this be baked still to serve their necessary want. Spenser name, Linnæus and the sexualists distinguish a I can make my audit up, that all flower which contains the stamen, or male organ From me do back receive the flower of all, of generation; but not the stignia or female or And leave me but the bran. Shakspearc. gan. See BOTANY.
But by thy care twelve urns of wine be filled, FLOTE, v.a.
Next these in worth, and firm those urns be sealed; FLOTTEN, adj. See To Fleet. To skim. Be twice ten measures of the choicest florer
Prepared, e'er yet descends the evening hour. uch cheeses, good Cisley, ye floted too nigh.
Pope's Odyssey. Tusser.
Flour (St.), a town of France, in the deFLOT'SON, n. s. From Aote. Goods that partment of the Cantal, standing on a perperiswim without an owner on the sea.
dicular basalt rock, accessible only on one side. Flotson, or Flotsom, signifies goods lost It is full 200 feet above the level of the road, by shipwreck; which, with jetson and lagan, and contains a population of 5300. General are generally given to the lord admiral, when Desaix, the favorite companion of Buonaparte, the owners are not known. See Jetson and
was born bere. It is thirty-four miles east of LAGAN.
Aurillar and fifty south of Clermont. FLOUNCE, v. n., v. a. & n. s. Swed flunsa , FLOUR’ISH, v. n., v, a. & n. s., ? Lat. floreo, Dut. plonsen, to plunge. To move with violence Flour'isher, n. s.
floresco, from in the water or mire; to struggle or dash in the flos, floris. See Floral. It is equally applied water; to move with weight and tumult; hence, to vigor and to beauty; to strength and to emmetaphorically, to move with passionate agitation. bellishment; to prosperity and its accompaniThe noun and active verb have a different appli- ments; to splendor and ambitious show; to bra cation; yet the derivation from the neuter is very and the parade of it. Something more than traceable, if not obvious : a flounce is any thing the thing itself; an adjunct for the purpose of sewed to the garment, and hanging loose so as to recommendation and effect : thus it is applied swell and shake; and to flounce is thus to deck to florid language; to speak with ambitious co with flounces.
piousness and elegance; to boast; to brag; to Six florencing Flanders mares
adorn; to grace; to ornament. It has also other Are even as good as any two of theirs. applications : e. g. to describe various figures by
Prior. intersecting lines; to wcik figures with a needle; With his broad fins and forky tail aves to play in wanton and irregular motions. In The rising surge, and flounces in the waves. music, to play some prelude without any settled
Addison's Ovid. rule.
The righteous shall flourish like the palm-tree. Where'er you tread, the blushing flowers shall rise,
Psalm xcii. And all things flourish where you turn your eyes. Beside his head there sat a fair young man,
Pope. . Of wondrous beauty and of freshest years,
People seek for what they call wit, on all subjects, Whnse tender bud to blossom new began, and in all places; not considering that nature loves And flourish faire above his equal peares.
truth so well, that it hardly ever admits of floke Spensers's Fuerie Queene. rishing. Conceit is to nature what paint is to beauty ; To bring you thus together, 'tis no sin, it is not only needless, but impairs what it would imSith that the justice of your title to him prove.
Id. Doth flourish the deceit.
Impctuous spread I called thee then vain flourish of my fortune The stream and smoaking, flourished o'er his head. I called thee then poor shadow, painted queen.
Id. Id. They dilate sometimes, and flourish long upon little If I could find example
incidents, and they skip over and but lightly touch the Of thousands, that had struck anointed kings, drier part of their theme.
Watts's Logick. And flourished after, I'd not do it : but since
They were intended only for ludicrous ornaments Nor brass, nor stone, nor parchment, bears not one, of nature, like the flourishes about a great letter that Let villany itself forswear't.
signify nothing, but are made only to delight the eye. The labours of Hercules, though flourished with
More against Atheism. much fabulous matter; yet notably set forth the con
Whilst Cicero acts the part of a rhetorician, he dio sent of all nations and ages in the approbation of the
lates and flourishes, and gives example instead of rule extirpating and debellating giants, monsters and ty
Ye toppling crags of ice! Ali that I shall say will be but like bottoms of Ye avalanches, whom a breath draws down thread close wound up, which, with a good needle,
In mountainous o'erwhelming, come and crush me! perhaps may be flourished into large works.
I hear ye momently, above, beneath,
Crash with a frequent conflict; but ye pass,
And only fall on things which still would live; or in his flower;
On the young flourishing forest, or the hul
And hamlet of the harınless villager.
Byron. Manfred. The Ægyptians of old, and many flourishing com
The gentle Juan flourished, though at times monwealths since, have enjoyned labour and exercise
He felt like other plants called sensitive, to all sorts of men, to be of some vocation and calling, which shrink from touch as monarchs do from and to give an account of their time, to prevent those
rhymes, grievous mischiefs that come by idleness.
Save such as Southey can afford to give. Byron. Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy.
FLOUT, v.a., v. n. & n. s. Dutch fluyten; And all the powers of hell in full applause Flourished their snakes, and tossed their flaming
Flour'er, n. s. brands.
mock; to jeer; to insult; to treat with conThe presentation of but what I was,
tempt. The flourish of his sober youth,
Scambling, out-facing, fashion-mongering boys, Was the pride of naked truth.
Id. That lie, and coy, and flout, deprave and slander, We can excuse the duty of our knowledge, if we Go antickly, and show outward hideousness. only bestow the flourish of pvetry thereon, or those
Shakspeare. commendatory conceits which popularly set forth the You must flout my insufficiency.
Id. eminence of this creature.
Browne. She railed at her, that she should be so immodest A child with delight looks upon emblems finely to write to one she knew would flout her. Id. drawn and painted, and takes some pleasure in be. The Norweyan banners flout the sky, holding the neat characters and flourishes of a bible And fan our people cold.
Id. Vacbeth. curiously printed.
Boyle. He would ask of those that had been at the other's Studious to please the genius of the times,
table, Tell truly, was there never a flout or dry blow With periods, points, and tropes he slurs his crimes ; given?
Bacon, He lards with flourishes his long harangue ;
Flouting persons for their constancy in devotion, or 'Tis fine, sayest thou; what, to be praised and hang? their strict adherence to a conscientious practice of Dryden. duty, is most detestable.
Barrow. He was the patron of my manhood, when I flou
She opened it, and read it out, rished in the opinion of the world, though with small With many a smile and leering flout. advantage to my fortune, Id.
Hudibras. Against the post their wicker shields they crush,
Phillida flouts me.
Walton's Angler. Flourish the sword, and at the plastron push.
Their doors are barred against a bitter flout ;
Snarl, if you please ; but you shall snarl without. Villanies have not the same countenance, when
Dryden. there are great interests, plausible colours, and flors
With talents well endued, rishes of wit and rhetorick interposed between the To be scurrilous and rude; right and the object.
When you pertly raise your spout, The so much repeated ornament and flourish of Fleer and gibe, and laugh and flout. Swift. their former speeches was commonly the truest word they spoke, though least believed by them.
FLOW, v. n., v. a. & n. s. Sax. fleopan; South's Sermons.
Flow'INGLY, adv. I Goth. floa; Fr. As they are likely to over-flourish their own case, fluer; Lat. fluo; Gr. Blow, or påvw,connected with so their battery is hardest to be discovered. pew, which signifies literally to flow. Flow is a
Collier. generic term, and thus ditiers from stream and Who knows not that the coachman lashing by, gust, which are modes of flowing. The conOft with his fiourish cuts the heedless eye ?
tinued running of water either in a large body,
or in a long but narrow course, is the flowing of Behold the measure of the promise filled ;
All kingdoms and all princes of the earth
Flock to that light; the glory of all lands rising, in opposition ivthe ebbing of the tide. It
Flows into her; unbounded is her joy, metaphorically signifies, to proceed; to issue; to
And endless her increase.
Couper. glide smoothly: when applied to-sentences, either
Though no tear spoken or written : to composition generally, to
Flowed from his blood-shot eyes, all red with strife, abound; to overtlow; to be copious; to be full ;
They honoured such determined scorn of life. to deluge.
Byron. The se eke with his sterne wawes,
FLOW'ER, n. s., v. n. &v.a.) Goth.flur;Fr. Eche daye y floweth new againe ;
Flow'ERAGE, n. s.
fleur ; Lat. flos, And by the concours of his lawes,
FLOW'ERET, n. s.
floris. The part The ebbe yfloweth in certeine.
FLOW'ER-GARDEN, n. S.
of a plant which Whilome I usde (as thou right well doest know)
FLOW'ERINESS, N. S.
contains the My little flock on westerne downes to keep,
seeds. An ornaNot far from whence Sabrinaes streame doth flow,
ment; an embellishment: the choice, prime, or And flowrie bankes with silver liquor stcepe.
fourishing part. See Flour. The most excel
Spenser. Daphnaida. lent, or valuable, part of any thing : quintessence; I'll use that tongue I have : if wit flow from't, that which is most distinguished for worth or I shali do good. Shakspeare. Winter's Taie.
excellence; the mantling on the surface of ferThis river hath thrice flowed, no ebb between. mented liquors: floweret the diminutive of flower:
the verb is used in all the senses applicable to Then shall our names
the noun, and signifies, also, to adorn with fiBe in their flowing cups freshly remembered.
titious, or imitated, flowers ; to bloom; to put
Id. Henry V. The dry streets flowed with men. Chapman.
forth flowers; to blossom. This discourse of Cyprian, and the flowers of rheto
Such are reckoned perfect flowers which have petala, rick in it, shew him to have been of a great wit and a stamen, apex, and stylus; and whatever flower wants Howing eloquence.
Hakewill on Providence. either of these is reckoned imperfect. Perfect flowers Some, from the diurnal and annual motion of the are divided into simple ones, which are not composed earth, endeavour to solve the flows and motions of of other smaller, and which usually have but one sinthese seas, illustrating the same by water in a bowl, gle style ; and compounded, which consist of many that rises or falls according to the motion of the vessel. filosculi, all making but one flower.
Miller. Browne's Vulgar Errours. And Zephyrus and Flora gentelly Fountains and ye that warble as ye flow
Yave to the floures, soft and tenderly,
Milton's Paradise Lost. As god and goddesse of the flourie mede.
Chaucer. Prologue to the Legende of Good Women, With tears, suspended ere they flow,
Venemous thorns that are so sharp and keen, Seem bending upwards to restore
Sometimes bear flowers fair, and fresh of hue.
Poison is put oft time in medicine,
Wyatt, With osier foats the standing water strow;
Fresh Spring, the herald of love's mighty king, Of massy stones make bridges, if it flow. Dryden. In whose cote-armour richly are displayed Silent they move, majestically slow,
All sorts of flowers, the which on earth do spring, Like ebbing Nile, or Ganges in his flow. Id. In goodly colours gloriously arrayed. Virgil is sweet and flowing in bis hexameters. Id.
Sometimes her head she fondly would aguise Watering hops is scarce practicable, unless you have
With gaudy garlands, or fresh flowerets dight, a stream at hand to floro the ground.
Faerie Queene, Teaching is not a flow of words, nor the draining of an hourglass ; but an effectual procuring that a man
The shepherds guarded from the sparkling heat know something which he knew not before, or to know
Of blazing air, upon the flowery banks, it better.
Where various flowers damask the fragrant seat The knowledge drawn from experience is quite of And all the grove perfume.
Fletcher's another kind from that which flows from speculation
erple Island, or discourse.
Id. That same dew which sometimes on the buds Did sweeter sounds adorn my flowing tongue Was wont to swell, like round and orient pearls, Than ever man pronounced, or angels sung. Prior. Stood now within the pretty floweret's eyes, Thus flow her hours with constant peace of mind,
Like tears that did their own disgrace bewail. Till age the latest thread of life unwind. Gay.
Shakspeare. The noble power of suffering bravely is as far above
He is not the flower of courtesy, but, I warrant him that of enterprising greatly, as an unblemished con
as gentle as a lamb.
Id. science and inflexible resolution are above an acci
Good men's lives dental flow of spirits, or a sudden Lide of blood.
Expire before the flowers in their caps,
Id. Macbeth. There every eye with slumberous chains she bound, An extreme clarification doth spread the spirits so And dashed the flowing goblet to the ground. smooth that they become dull, and the drink dead,
Id. Odyssey. which ought to have a little flowering. Endless tears flow down in streams. Swift.
Bacon's Natural History,
Flora herself envies to sec
moderately blown, and on a clear day before Flowers fairer chan her own, and durable as she. noon; for conserves, roses must be taken in the
Cowley.' bud. Flowers were in great request at the enIris there with humid bow,
tertainments of the ancients, being provided by Waters the odorous banks that blow
the master of the feast, and brought in before Flowers of more mingled hew
the second course; or, as some think, at the beThan her purple scarf can shew. Milton. If you can accept of these few observations, which ginning of the entertainment. They not only have flowered off, and are, as it were, the burnishing adorned their heads, necks, and breasts, with of many studious and contemplative years, I here flowers, but often bestrewed the beds whereon give you them to dispose of.
Id. they lay, and all parts of the room with them. Day's harbinger
But the head was chiefly regarded. See GarComes dancing from the East, and leads with her
Flowers were likewise used in bedecking The floroery May, who from her green lap throws tombs. The yellow cowslip and the pale primrose. Id. A method of preserving flowers in their na
The nomination of persons to those places being so tural beauty through the whole year has been prime and inseparable a flower of bis crown, he would much sought after. Some have attempted it by reserve to himself.
gathering them when dry and not too much Then laughs the childish year with fioverets
opened, and burying them in dry sand; but this, crowned, And lavishly perfumes the fields around;
though it preserves their figure well, takes off
from the liveliness of their color. 1. MuntinBut no substantial nourishment receives, Infirm the stalks, unsolid are the leaves. Dryden.
gius prefers the following method to all others. Observing that this manure produced flowers in the Gather the flowers, when they are not yet thofield, I made my gardener try those shells in my roughly open in the middle of a dry day; put flower-garden, and I never saw better carnations or them into a good earthen vessel glazed within; fowers.
Mortimer's Husbandry. fill the vessel up to the top with them; and when The French monarchy is exhausted of its bravest full sprinkle them over with some good French subjects : the flower of the nation is consumed in its
wine, with a little salt in it: then set them in a cel Addison.
lar, tying down the mouth of the pot. After this Alas! young man, your days can ne'er be long : In flower of age you perish for a song. Pope.
they may be taken out at pleasure; and, on setO'er his fair limbs a fiowery vest he threw. Id.
ting them in the sun, or within reach of the fire, To her the shady grove, the flowery field,
they will open as if growing naturally; and not The streams and fountains no delight could yield.
only the color, but the smell also will be preId.
served. The flowers of plants-are by much the Beauty
most difficult parts of them to preserve in any That transitory flower : even while it lasts
tolerable degree of perfection; of which we have Palls on the roving sense when held too ncar, instances in all the horti sicci, or collections of Or dwelling there too long : by fits it pleases,
In these the leaves, stalks, too's, And smells at distance best ; its sweets familiar and seeds of the plants appear very well preBy frequent converse, soon grow dull and cloy you.
served; the strong texture of these parts making
Jeffery's Edwin. If the blossom of the plant be of most importance, color in many species naturally remaining. But
them always retain their natural form, and the we call it a flower ; such are daisies, tulips, and carnations.
where these fade, the plant is little worse for use But man, associated and leagued with man as to the knowing the species by it. But it is By regal warrant, or self.joined by bond
very much otherwise in regard to flowers; these For interest sake, or swarming into clans
are naturally by much the most beautiful parts of Beneath one head for purposes of war,
the plants to which they belong: but they are so Like Aowers selected from the rest, and bound much injured in the common way of drying, And bundled close to fill some crowded vase, that they not only lose, but change their colors
Fades rapidly, and, by compression marred, one into another, by which means they occasion Contracts defilement not to be endured. Corper. Bow their white heads, admire the changing clime,
nany errors; and they usually also wither up, so
as to lose their very form and natural shape. Shake from their candied trunks the tinkling rime ; With bursting buds their wrinkled barks adorn,
The primrose and cowslip afford remarkable inAnd wed the timorous floret to her thorn. Darwin.
stances of the change of colors in the flowers of O Death why arm with cruelty thy power,
dried specimens: for those of this class of plants And spare the idle weed, yet lop the flower ?
easily dry in their natural shape; but they luse Beattie.
their yellow, and, instead of it, acquire a fine Of late with cumbersome though pompous show,
green color, much superior to that of the leaves Edwin would oft his flowery rhyme deface,
in their most perfect state. The flowers of all Through ardour to adorn.
the violet kind lose their beautiful blue, and beMany and beautiful lay those around,
come of a dead white: so that in dried specimens Like flowers of different hue, and clime, and root, there is no difference between the blue-flowered In some exotic garden sometimes found
violet and the white-flowered. 2. Another meWith cost and care, and warmth induced to shoot.
thod of preserving both flowers and fruit found Byron.
throughout the whole year, is also given by the Flower, flos, among botanists and gardeners, same author. Take of salt-petre one pound, arthe most beautiful part of trees and plants con menian bole two pounds, clean common sand taining the organs of generation and fructifica- three pounds; mix all well together; then gather tion. See BOTANY. Flowers designed for me. fruit of any kind that is not fully ripe, with the dical use, should be plucked when they are stalk to each; put these in, one by one, into
wide-mouthed glass, laying them in good order: quantities of nitre, and others have tried earth tie over the top with an oil cloth, and carry them and sand at the bottom; but the flowers always into a dry cellar, and set the whole upon a bed succeed better without any addition. Instead of the prepared matter, of two inches thick, in a of earthen pots, some use glass jars with the box. Fill up the remainder of the box with the leads; in which the flowers not only succeed as same preparation; and let it be four inches thick well, but the progress of the roots is visible, and all over the top of the glass, and all round its the supply of water is better managed. Dried sides. Flowers are to be preserved in the same bulbs have been found, by repeated experiments, sort of glasses, and in the same manner; and to succeed in this way better than those taken they may be taken up after a whole year as fresh out of the ground; the latter, being full of plump and fair as when they were buried. moisture, are long of imbibing nourishment from
Flowers, in chemistry, generally imply dry their new element, the fibres they struck in the bodies reduced into very fine parts, either spon- ground rot, and new ones shoot out, before they taneously, or by some operation of art; but the produce flowers. Narcissuses and hyacinths do terin is chiefly applied to volatile solid substances, well together; as also tulips and jonquils, and reduced into a kind of fine meal by sublimation. crocuses and snow-drops. One species of Some flowers are nothing else than the bodies hyacinth, called Keyser's jewel, seldom or never themselves, which are sublimed entire, without produces seed vessels in the common way flowersuffering any alteration or decomposition; others ing in the ground; but it will often produce are some of the constituent parts of the body some pods when blown in water. Ranunculus subjected to sublimation.
and anemone roots have been found to shoot up FLOWERING OF Bulbous PLANTS IN WATER. their stalks very well in this way; but the flowers That these plants will grow and flower in water are usually blasted, probably for want of free alone, without any earth, is evident from daily air. Pinks will flower very well in this manner; observation; but it has been generally confined and auriculas may, with care, le brought to to siagle roots. The elegant appearance that these flower, but not strongly. Roses, jessamines, make, however, may be greatly increased by and honey-suckles, may also be made to flower causing several roots to grow in the same vessel; in this way, and will thrive and send out suckers: and that even in a common garden pot. Stop the best pieces to plant are suckers cut off about the hole at the bottom of the pot with a cork, three inches under ground, without any fibres. and lute it with pulty so as no water can get Some succulent plants may also be raised in this through; fit a board to the top of the pot, with way; for instance, the opuntia or Indian fig: a number of holes, . proportioned to its size, If a frayınent of a leaf of this plant be cut and bored in it for the bulbs, and as many smaller laid by to dry for a month, till it is an absolute ones to receive sticks for supporting the flowers. skin, as soon as it is put in this manner into Fill up the pot with water to the board, and water, it begins to plump up, and soon sends place tulips, jonquils, narcissuses, and the like out fibrous roots, and produces new leaves as plants, in the root upon the holes, so that the quickly as it would do in the ground. This is bottom of the roots may touch the water: thus the more remarkable in these sorts of plants, they will all flower early in the season, and be because in their natural state in the ground, they much more beautiful than any pot of gathered cannot bear much water. The growing of plants flowers; and will last many weeks in their full in water is, however, not peculiar to those with perfection. When the season of flowering is bulbous roots, for others may be thus raised, over, the roots will gradually sink through the even from seed. A bean or a pea set in this holes of the board, and get loose into the water; manner, will grow up to its proper standard, where, instead of spoiling, they will soon in- produce pods and ripen seed Smaller seeds crease in size, so that they cannot return through may also be raised, if sown upon a piece of the holes, but will produce several offsets. From woollen cloth spread on the surface of the water. this it has been tried to keep the roots under Though no vegetable transplanted out of the water all the time of their blowing, which has earth into water will thrive kindly, any plant, succeeded very well, the flower being stronger whether raised from the root or seed in water, and more beautiful than those growing from the may be transplanted to the earth, and will sucground. In a room properly regulated, as to ceed very well. This method of raising plants heat, flowers may thus be kept in blow from be- in the water, would therefore suggest an imfore Christmas till March or April. But in this provement upon the usual practice in raising last method, as it is difficult to keep the board some roots in the earth which are subject to rot under water, a piece of sheet lead (four pounds to there; such as anemonies, ranunculuses, and the foot) may be substituted for the board, and, hyacinths. A bulb acidentally dropped upon besides the piece for the top, it will be neces- the ground, will strike out both stronger and sary to have another plate of lead fitted to the more numerous fibres than those planted in the bottom of the pot, with holes for the sticks cor usual way; and from this it would seem to be responding with those in the upper plate, so proper to take out the earth of the bed where that the sticks being put through both holes will the bulbs are designed to stand, to such a depth be kept perfectly steady. Each of the leads as they are to be placed under it, when set for should have a notch in the edge, for the free flowering. The bulbs should then be set in ascent and descent of the water. The roots thus their places, on the surface of this low ground; kept under water will flower in the most vigor- to stand there till they have shot out their fibres ous and beautiful manner. To add to the virtues and their head; after which the earth should be of the water some have tried the putting in small added over them by degrees, till they are covered