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The thousand loves, that arm thy potent eye, the blue, at the flag-staff on the fore-mast. The Must drop their quivers, flag their wings, und die. same order proceeds with regard to the rear


adınirals, whose flags are hoisted on the top of If, on sublimer wings of love and praise, the mizen-mast; the lowest flag in our navy is My love above the starry vault I raise,

accordingly the blue on the mizen-mast. Lured by some vain conccit of pride or lust,

All the white flags have a red St. George's I flag, I drop, and flutter in the dust. Arbuthnot.

cross in them, in order readily to be distinguished The pleasures of the town begin to flag and grow

from the French white flag with a white cross. languid, giving way daily to cruel inroads from the spleen.


Besides the national flag, merchant ships freWhere Revel calls, and Laughter, vainly loud,

quently bear on the mizen-masts smaller Aags, False to the heart, distorts the hollow cheek,

with the arms of the city where the master ordiTo leave the flagging spirits doubly weak;

narily resides; and sometimes on the fore-mast, Still o'er the features, which perforce they cheer, with the arms of the place where the person who To feign the pleasure or conceal the pique. Byron. freights them lives.

Flag, n. s.&v.a. Swed. flake ; Teut. and When a council of war is held at sea, if it be Flagʻ-BROOM, n. S.

Fr. (old) flache ; Belg. on board the admiral, they hang a flag on the Flagʻ-STONE, fiach (flat). See Flake. main-shrouds; if in the vice-admiral, in the

Flag-worm. Flag and flag-stone are fore-shrouds; and if in the rear-admiral, in the a species of broad fat stone used for pavements: mizen-shrouds. to fag is to pave with flag-stones : flag-broom To hang out the white flag, is to ask quarter ; is a broom used for sweeping the flags or pave- or it shows, when a vessel is arrived on a coast, ment: flag-worm, a grub commonly found that it has no hostile intention, but come to trade under it.

or the like. The red fag is a sign of defiance, The sides and floors were all flagged with excellent in battle. marble.


To strike the flag is to pull it down upon the There be divers fishes that cast their spawn on flags or stones.

Walton's Angler.

cap, or to take it in, out of respect, or submission, He will in the thrte hot months bite at a flag-worm, due from all ships or fleets inferior to those any or a grcen gentle.

Id. way justly their superior. To lower or strike the A white stone used for flagging floors. Woodward. flag in an engagement is a sign of yielding.

Flagstone will not split, as slate does, being found The way of leading a ship in triumph is to tie formed into flags, or thin plates, which are no other the flags to the shrouds, or the gallery, in the chan so many strata.

Id. on Fossils. hind part of the ship, and let them hang down Part of two flags striated, but deeper on one side towards the water, and to tow the vessels by the than the other.

stern. Livy relates, that this was the way

the Flag, in the army, a small banner of distinc- Romans used those of Carthage. tion, stuck in the baggage-waggon, to distinguish FLAG-OFFICERS, in the British navy, are—the the baggage of one brigade from another, and of admiral, vice admiral, and rear admiral of the one battalion from another; that they may be white, red and blue. See Admiral, Flag, and marshalled by the waggon-master general accord- FLEET. ing to the rank of their brigades, to avoid the con- FLAG-STONE, a genus of argillaceous earth, of fusion that might otherwise arise.

a gray, yellowish, or reddish-white color; not Flag, in the marine, a certain banner or giving fire with steel, nor effervescing with acids. standard, by which an admiral is distinguish- Its specific gravity is from 2000 to 2780. Someed at sea from the inferior ships of his squadron; times it is found compact, and sometimes like the also the colors by which one nation is distin- argillaceous grit; in which case its gravity is less. guished from another. See our plates Flags I. and Its general use is for flooring houses, though someII. In the British navy, fags are either red, times it is used for covering them. There are calwhite, or blue; and are displayed from the top careous flag-stones found near Woodstock in of the main-mast, fore-mast, or mizen-mast, ac- England, of a yellowish-white color, and modecording to the rank of the admiral. When a rately hard, containing a little iron. The specific filag is displayed from the flag-staff on the main- gravity is 2585. mast, the officer distinguished thereby is known Flag. See Iris. to be an admiral; when from the fore-mast, a Flag, Corn. See GLADIOLUS. vice admiral; and when from the mizen-mast, a FLAG, SWEET-SCENTED. See Acorus. rear admiral. The first flag in Great Britain is FLAGELEʻT, or ? Fr. flageolet ; Lat. flatithe royal standard, which is only to be hoisted

FLAGEOLE'T, n. s. s lis. A small flute, easily when the king or queen is on board the vessel ; blown. the second is that of the anchor of hope, which Play us a lesson on your flagelet.

More. characterises the lord high admiral, or lords Where Rhenus strays his vines among, commissioners of the admiralty; and the third is The egg was laid from which he sprung, the union flag, in which the crosses of St. George

And though by Nature mute, and St. Andrew are blended. This last is appro

Or only with a whistle blessed, priated to the admiral of the feet who is the

Well taught he all the sounds expressed first naval officer under the lord high admiral.

Of flagelet or flute.

Couper. The next flag after the union is that of the white FLAGELETS, FlageoLETS, or FlajeOLETS, squadron, at the main-mast head : and the last, a kind of small flute, blown by means of a whistle, which characterises an admiral, is the blue, at the and generally made of box or other hard wood, same mast head. For a 'vice-admiral, the first sometimes of ivory. They have six holes and flag is the red, the second the white, the third four keys, or sometimes five, besides that at the VOL. IX.



bottom, the mouth-piece, and that behind the vals—the persuasion that you are surrounded by neck. The ambit of the flageolet, according to atrocious culprits and maniacs, who know of an the scale exhibited by Mersennus, is two octares absolution for every crime the whole situation from g sol re ut upwards.

has the effect of witchery, and so far froin exFLAGELLANTES, a sect of fanatics of the citing a smile fixes you to the spot in a trance of thirteenth century, who chastised and disciplined restless horror, prolonged beyond expectation o themselves with whips in public. This sect rose bearing. in Italy in 1260; its author was one Rainer a “The scourging continues ten or fifteen mi. hermit; and it was propagated through almost nutes, and when it sounds as if dying away, a bell all the countries of Europe. A great number of rings, which seems to invigorate the penitents, persons of all ages and sexes made processions, for the lashes beat about more thickly than before. walking two by two with their shoulders bare, Another bell rings, and the blows subside. Ata which they whipped till the blood ran down, to third signal the candles are re-lighted, and the obtain mercy from God, and appease his indig- minister who has distributed the disciplines, nation against the wickedness of the age. They collects them again with the same discretion; were then called the devout; and, having esta- for the performers, to do them justice, appear to blished a superior, he was called the general of be too much ashamed of their transgressions to the devotion. Though the primitive Flagellantes make a show of their penance, so that it is very were exemplary in point of morals, yet they were difficult to say whether even your next neighbour soon joined by a turbulent rabble, who were in- has given himself the lash or not. fected with the most ridiculous and impious opi- • The incredulous or the humourist must not nions, so that the emperors and pontifis thought suppose that the darkness favors evasion. There proper to put an end to this religious phrensy, can be no pleasantry in doing that which no one by declaring all devout whipping contrary to the sees, and no merit can be assumed where it is divine law, and prejudicial to the soul's eternal not known who accept the disciplines. The interest! However, this sect revived in Germany flagellation does certainly take place on the towards the middle of the fourteenth century, naked skin; and this ferocious superstition, of and rambling through many provinces occa- which antiquity can furnish no example, has, sioned great disturbances. They held, among after being once dropt, been revived as a salutary other extravagancies, that flagellation was of corrective of an age of atheism. The former equal virtue with the sacraments; that the for- processions of flagellants have not been yet regiveness of all sins was to be obtained by it from newed, but the crowds which frequent the above God without the merits of Jesus Christ; that ceremony leave no doubt that they would be the old law of Christ was soon to be abolished, equally well attended. and that a new law enjoining the baptism of blood Such an innovation may be tolerated, and to be administered by whipping was to be sub- perhaps applauded, in the days of barbarism, stituted in its place. They were burnt by the when the beating of themselves was found the inquisitors in several places ; but they appeared only expedient to prevent the Italians from again in Thuringia and Lower Saxony in the the beating of each other; but the renewal fifteenth century; and rejected not only the sa- of it at this period must induce us to fear that craments, but every branch of external worship. the gradual progress of reason is the dream of Their leader Conrad Schmidt, and many others, philanthropy, and that a considerable portion of were burnt in Germany about A. D. 1414. all societies, in times the most civilised as well

A modern flagellation, which frequently takes as the most ignorant, are always ready to adopt place at Rome, is thus described by Mr. Hob- the most unnatural belief, and the most revolting house in his notes to Childe Harold, Canto IV. practices. It is singular, however, that the huIt is administered in the oratory of the Padre mane Pius, and the intelligent Cardinal-secretary, Caravita and in another church at Rome. do not perceive the objectionable part of an in

The ceremony takes place at the time of vespers. stitution which was prohibited at its first rise by It is preceded by a short exhortation, during which some of the wisest Italian princes, and is now a bell rings, and whips, that is, strings of knotted allowed no where but at Rome.' (p. 320—323). whip-cord, are distributed quietly amongst such

FLAGELLARIA, in botany, a genus of plants of the audience as are on their knees in the mid- of the hexandria class and trigynia order : Cal. dle of the nave. Those resting on the benches six-parted : cor. none; berry superior, onecome to edify by example only. On a second seeded. Species two: Indian plants, one a bell, the candles are extinguished, and the former creeper, the other a fine flowering shrub. sermon having ceased, a loud voice issues from FLAGELLATION, n.s. Fr. (old) flagellathe altar, which pours forth an exhortation to tion ; from Lat. flagello. The use of the scourge. think of unconfessed, or unrepented, or unfor

By Bridewell all descend, given crimes. This continues a sufficient time to As morning prayer and flagellation end. Garth. allow the kneelers to strip off their upper garments; FLAGITIOUS, adj. ? Lat. flagitius, 'bethe tone of the preacher is raised more loudly at FLAGIT'IOUSNESS, n.8. Scause worthy of the every word, and he vehemently exhorts his lash.'-Ainsworth. Wicked; atrocious; guilty hearers to recollect that Christ and the martyrs of great crimes. suffered much more than whipping— Show,

First, those flagiticus times, then, your penitence—show your sense of Christ's sacrifice-show it with the whip.' The flagella

Pregnant with unknown crimes,

Conspire to violate the nuptial bed. tion begins. The darkness, the tumultuous

Roscommon sounds of blows in every direction— Blessed There's no working upon a flagitiorus and perverse Virgin Mary, pray for us ! bursting out at inter- Dature by kindness and discipline L'Estrange.




No villainy or flagitions action was ever yet com. When fraud is great, it furnishes weapons to defend ructed, but, upon a due enquiry into the causes of it, itself, and at worst, if the crimes be so flagrant that a it will be found that a lye was first or last the princi- man is laid aside out of perfect shame, he retires pal engine to effect it. South. loaded with the spoils of the nation.

Swift. Perjury is a crime of so flagitious a nature, we can- A species of wit flagrantly unsuitable. Warton. not be too careful in avoiding every approach towards FLAIL, n. . Sax. flegel; Fr. fleau ; Lat. it.


flagellum. 'It is directly the old Fr. fluel, or But if in noble minds some dregs remain, fluiel,

' Todd. The instrument with which grain Not yet purged off, of spleen and sour disdain, is beaten out of the ear. Discharge that rage on more provoking crimes,

Our soldiers, like the night-owl's lazy figlit, Nor fear a dearth in these flagitious times.

Or like a lazy thrasher with a flail, FLAGʻON, n. s. Fr. flagon ; Lat. lagena, from Fell gently down as if they struck their friends. Gr. Raynvos, a cup(with the digamma prefixed).

Shakspcare. Henry VI. Ainsworth. A drinking cup; a two-quart mea

When in one night, ere glimpse of morn,

His shadowy flail hath threshed the com, sure.

That ten day-labourers could not end. Milton. A mad rogue! he poured a flagon of Rhenish on my head once. Shakspeare. Hamlet.

in this pile shall reign a mighty prince, More had sent him by a suitor in Chancery two

Born for a scourge of wit, and flail of sense. silver flagons. Bacon's Apophthegms.


The dexterous handling of the flail, or the ploughi, Did they coin pisspots, bowls, and flagons into officers of horse and dragoons ? Hudibris.

afd being good workmen with these tools, did not

hinder Gideon's and Cincinnatus's skill in arms and His trusty flagon, full of potent juice, Was hanging by, worn thin with age and use.


Locke. Roscommon.

When in the barn the sounding flail I ply,

Where from the sieve the chaff was wont to by,
One flagon walks the round, that none should think
They either change, or stint him in his drink.

The poultry there will seem around to stand,
Waiting upon her charitable hand.

I thirsty stand,

The thresher, Duck, could o'er the queen prevail, And see the double flaggon charge their hand; The proverb says, no fence against a flail. Swift. See them puff off the froth, and gulp a main, Flails consist of the following parts : 1. The While with dry tongue 1 lick my lips in vain.

hand-staff, or piece held in the thresher's hand. Gay.

2. The swiple, or that part which strikes out the FLA’GRATE, v. a. Lat. flagro (to burn),

3. The caplins, or strong double leather, Fla'GRANCE, n. . flagrans; Fr. (old) flu- made fast to the tops of the hand-staff and FLA'GRANCY, grance, flagrant. Ains

swiple. 4. The middle band, being the leather FLAGRANT, adj. worth derives the Latin

thongs, or fish-skin, that ties the caplins toFla'GRANTLY, adv. verb from Gr.qeyw (2nd

gether. FLAGRA’TION, n. s. fut. playw), to burn.

FLAKE, n. s., v.a., & v. m. ? Saxon, place; To burn or injure by fire : flagrance, or flagrancy, Flaky, adj.

$ Gothic, floka ; means burning; flaring: hence, metaphorically,

Teut. flac, from Goth. fla; Lat. floccus, to divide. notoriousness; and notorious or glaring crime: A loose piece, or portion; a laminated body, or flagrant is ardent; eager; burning with desire;

thing; to fake is to form, or break, into lamina, - faming into notice ;' and hence the flaming or loose portions. color, red : the adjective is only used figuratively:

The flakes of his tough fesh so firmly bound, flagration is also burning; state of being on fire.

As not to be divorced by a wound. Sandys. Lust causeth a flagrancy in the eyes, as the sight

And from his wide-devouring oven sent and the touch are the things desired, and therefore the

A flake of fire, that, Aushing in his beard, spirits resort to those parts. Bacon's Natural History.

Him all amazed, and almost made affeared. A thing which filleth the mind with comfort and

Faerie Queene. heavenly delight, stirreth up flagrant desires and af

The silent hour steals on, fections, correspondent unto that which the words And flaky darkness breaks within the East. contain. Hooker.

Shakspeare. As lovers of chastity and sanctimony, and haters of Crimson circler, like red flakes in the element, uncleanness, they bring to him a woman taken in the when the weather is hottest.

Sidney. flagrance of her adultery.

The teeth cut away great flakes of the metal, uill it We feared no flagration.

Lovelace (1659). received the perfect form the teeth would make. Typhons destructive and flagrating power lying hid

Moron, in the sun was made more temperate.

Small drops of a misling rain, descending through

Greenhill (1705). a freezing air, do each of them shoot into one of With equal poise let steady justice sway, those figured icicles; which, being ruffled by the wind, And flagrant crimes with certain vengeance pay; in their fall are broken, and clustered together into But, 'till the proofs are clear, the stroke delay. small parcels, which we call flakes of snow. Smith.

Grew's Cosmologia. Their common loves, a lewd abandoned pack, The earth is sometimes covered with snow two or The beadle's lash still flagrant on their back. three feet deep, made up only of little flakes or pieces Prior. of ice.

Burnet. See Sappho, at her toilet's greasy task,

Bp. Hall.

Upon throwing in a stone, the water boils for a conThen issuing flagrant to an evening mask. siderable time, and at the same time are seen little So morning insects, that in muck begun, flakes of scurf rising up.

Addison. Shine, buz, and fy-blow in the setting sun.

Hence, when the snows in winter cease to weep, Pope. And undissolved their flaky texture keep,

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