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The bastard-toothed file, as it is technically together under the title of Poesie Fosiano di called, is to take out too deep cuts and file-strokes Vincenzo da Filicacia, in 1707, 4to. made by the rough file. The fine-toothed files FILICES, from filum, a thread, quasi filatim take out the cuts or file-strokes which the bas- incisa, ferns; one of the seven tribes or families tard file made, and the smooth file those left by of the vegetable kingdom. See Botany. They the fine file.
constitute the first order in the class cryptogamia, FI'LEMOT, n. s., corupted from Fr. feueille and consist of eighteen genera, which are divided morte, a dead leaf A brown or yellow-brown into fructificationes spicatæ, frondosæ, et radicolor.
cales. Lee however says they admit of no cerThe colours you ought to wish for are blue or file- tain distinction from their fructification. This mot, turned up with red.
Swift. order comprehends the entire twenty-sixth class FILʻIAL, adj. Fr. filial, filiale ; Lat.
of Tournefort, in whose system the filices make Filia'tion, n. S. $filius, or filia (à Greek only a single genus, in the first section of this
class. sila, love). Pertaining to a son or daughter;
FIlices also constitute a class or order of be fitting a child. Filiation is the relation of a child to its parents; a legal order of filiation is plants in the natural method. See Botany. a declaration of the justices that a particular FIL’IGRANE, n. s. 7 Lat. filum, a thread, party therein named is the father of a child.
Sand granum, grain. Why Dr. Johnson should have restricted the ap- A kind of wire work generally in gold and silver, plication of filial to‘pertaining to a son,' we wrought in the manner of threads or grains. cannot understand : filiation he himself defines Several filigrane curiosities.
Tatler. as .correlative to paternity,' generally, while his
FILIGRANE, FILIGREE, FILLAGREE own extract from Prior proves that it may also Work, from Lat. filum, a thread, and granum, be the correlative of maternity,
a grain, a kind of enrichment on gold or silver, • Where the old myrtle her good influence sheds.'
wrought delicately, in manner of small threads In the modern legal use of filiation also we or grains, or both intermixed. It was formerly believe but too many instances occur of its appli- much more employed than at present, in the cation to both sons and daughters.
manufacture of small articles, which served more And thus the filial godhead answering spoke. for show than for use; such as vases, needle
cases, caskets to hold jewels, small boxes, parFrom imposition of strict laws, to free
ticularly shrines, deco tions for the images of Acceptance of large grace ; from servile fear
saints, and other church furniture.
This art, To filial ; works of law, to works of faith. Id. The relation of paternity and filiation, between the been brougnt into Europe from the East. Among
is of great antiquity, and seems to have first and second person, and the relation between the church furniture we meet with filigree work of sacred persons of the Trinity, and the denomina:ion thereof, must needs be eternal, because the terms of the middle ages. The Turks, Armenians, and relation between whom that relation ariseth were Indians make at present some master-pieces of eternal
Hale's Origin of Mankind. this sort, and with tools that are exceedingly My mischievous proceeding may be the glory of his coarse and imperfect. There is no manufacture filial piety, the only reward now left for so great a in any part of the world that has been more
Sidney. admired and celebrated, than the fine gold and He grieved, he wept, the sight an image brought silver filigree of Sumatra. The surprising delicacy Of his own filial love, a sadly pleasing thought.
of this work is the more extraordinary as the
Dryden. Where the old myrtle her good influence sheds,
tools are rudely and inartificially formed by the Sprigs of like leaf erect their filial beads;
pandi, or goldsmith, from any old iron he can And when the parent rose decays and dies,
pick up. When you engage one of them to With a resembling face the daughter buds arise.
execute a piece of work, his first request is usu
Prior. ally for a piece of iron hoop, to make his wireSo when Arabia's Bird, by age oppressed, drawing instrument; an old hammer-head, stuck Consumes delighted on his spicy nest ;
in a block, serves for an anvil, and a pair of A filial Phenix from his asbes springs,
compasses is often composed of two old nails Crowned with a star on renovated wings. tied together at one end. The gold is melted in
Darwin. By stat. 49 George III. c. 68. the reputed father times in a crucible of their own make, of ordi
a piece of preeoo, or earthen rice pot, or someof a bascard is chargeable with the expenses incident to the birth, and of his own apprehension, and of the nary clay. In general they use no bellows, but order of filiation.
blow the fire with their mouths, through a joint
Tomlins. -even while I kiss
of bamboo; and, if the quantity of metal to be Thy garment's hem with transport, can it be
melted is considerable, three or four persons sit That doubt shall mingle with my filial joy? round their furnace, which is an old broken Deal with me as thou wilt, but spare this boy. quallee or iron pot, and blow together. At
Byron. Padang alone, where the manufacture is more FILICACIA (Vincent), a celebrated Italian considerable, they have adopted the Chinese poet, born at Florence, 1642. He was a member bellows. Their method of drawing the wire of the academies Della Crisca and Arcadi, and differs little from that used by Europeans. When secretary to the duke of Tuscany. He died in drawn to a sufficient fineness, they flatten it by 1707. His poems are much esteemed for the beating it on their anvil; and, when flattened, delicacy and 'nobleness of their sentiments. Sci- they give it a twist like that in the whalebone pio de Filicacia, his son, had them all printed handle of a punch-ladle, by rubbing it on a
block of wood with a flat stick. After twisting its sister labial D.' To store to the utmost ; they again beat it on the anvil, and, by these satisfy; glut; surfeit: applied both to time and means, it becomes flat wire with indented edges, space, as well as metaphorically to the mind, afWith a pair of nippers they fold down the end fections, &c. To fill out, is to extend or rather of the wire, and thus form a leaf, or element of stretch out to the utmost, by tilling; and the a flower in their work, which is cut off
. The preposition up, “to fill up, occasionally adds end is again folded and cut off, till they have intensity to this verb. As a neuter verb, to fill got a sufficient number of leaves, which are laid is to satiate; glut; give to drink; to fill up;' on singly. Patterns of the flowers or foliage, in to grow full. As a substantive, a fill is a satiswhich there is not very much variety, are pre- fying quantity. A filier is any thing that occupared on paper, of the size of the gold plate on
pies room; any thing useless for any other purwhich the filigree is to be laid. According to pose; or one whose employment is to fill. this, they begin to dispose on the plate the larger
Fill the waterpots with water ; and they filled them compartments of the foliage, for which they use
up to the brim.
John ii. 7. plain flat wire of a larger size, and fill them up
In the cup which she hath filled, fill to her double. with the leaves before mentioned. To fix the
Rev. xviii. work, they employ a glutinous substance, made Her neck and breasts were ever open bare, of the red hot berry, called boca sago, ground to That aye thereof her babes may suck their fill. a pulp on a rough stone. This pulp they place
Faerie Queene. on a young cocoa nut about the size of a walnut, Thou art going to lord Timon's feast, the top and bottom being cut off. After the -Ay, to see meat fill knaves, and wine heat fools, leaves have been all placed in order, and stuck
Shakspeure. on bit by bit, a solder is prepared of gold
filings And to our dear friend Banquo, whom we miss.
We fill to the general joy of the whole table, and borax moistened with water, which they
Id. Macbeth. strew over the plate; and then, putting it in the fire for a short time, the whole becomes united.
Things that are sweet and fat are more filling, and This kind of work on gold plate they call carrang stomach, and go not down so speedily.
do swim and hang more about the mouth of the
Bacon. . papan: when the work is open they call it car
But thus inflamed bespoke the captain, rang trouse. In executing the latter the foliage is laid out on a card, or soft kind of wood, and Who scorneth peace shall have his fill of war.
Fairfas. stuck on, as before described, with the sago berry;
Which made me gently first remove your fears, and the work, when finished, being strewed over with their solder, is put into the fire, when, the Your fill of joy.
That so you might have room to entertain
Denham's Sophy. card or soft wood burning away, the gold remains
I am who fill connected. If the piece be large, they solder it Infinitude, nor vacuous space.
Milton. at several times. In the manufacture of badjoo Amid the tree now got, where plenty hung buttons, they first make the lower part Aat, and Tempting so nigh, to pluck and eat my fill, having a mould formed of a piece of buffalo's I spared not.
Id. Paradise Lost. horn indented to several sizes, each like one
He with his consorted Eve half of a bullet mould, they lay their work over
The story heard attentive, aud was filled one of these holes, and, with a horn punch, they
With admiration and deep muse to hear. Millon. press it into the form of a button. After this
I only speak of him
Whom they complete the upper part. When the filigree that he wants majesty to fill them oul.
pomp greatness sits so loose about,
Dryden. is finished, they cleanse it by boiling it in common salt and alum, or sometimes lime juice; and,
'Tis a mere filler, to stop a vacancy in the hexa. in order to give it that fine purple color which meter, and connect the preface to the work of Virgil.
Dryden's Æneid. Dedication, they call sapo, they boil it in water with brim
This mule being put in the fill of a cart, ran away stone. The manner of making the little balls, with the cart and timber. Mortimer's Husbandry. with which their works are sometimes ornamented, is as follows:- They take a piece of the fillers always at work.
They have six diggers to four fillers, so as to keep charcoal, and having cut it flat and smooth, they
There would not be altogether so much water remake in it a small hole, which they fill with gold quired for the land as for the sea, to raise them to an dust, and this melted in the fire becomes a little equal height; because mountains and hills would fill ball. They are very inexpert at finishing and up part of that space upon the land, and so make less polishing the plain parts, hinges, screws, and the water requisite.
Burnei. like, being in this as much excelled by the Euro- When the several trades and professions are suppean artists, as these fall short of them in the plied, you will find most of those that are proper for fineness and minuteness of the foliage.
war absolutely necessary for filling up the laborious FILIPPO D'ARGIRONE, a town in the Val di part of life, and carrying on the underwork of the naDemone, Sicily, situated on a high hill on the tion.
Addison on the war. Jaretta. It contains about 6000 inhabitants, and Neither the Palus Meotis, nor the Euxine, nor any is a place of great antiquity, having given birth other seas, fill up, or by degrees grow shallower.
Woodward. to Diodorus Siculus. It is defended by a castle. Nine miles south of Nicosia.
The first stage of healing, or the discharge of malFILL, v. a., v. n. & n. s. Saxon, fyllan;
ter, is by surgeons called digestion; the second, or the filling up
with fesh, incarnation; and the last, or Fil'ler, n. s., $ Teutonic, feellen; skinning over, cicatrization.
Sharp. Belg. vullen ; Goth. and Swed. filla. Minsheu
Nothing but the supreme and absolute Infinite can vaces these to Gr. tolv, many; which Parkhurst adequately fill and superabundantly satisfy the inh
. , # being substituted for nite desires of intelligent beings. Cheyne.
,מלא .derives from Heb
Your barbarity may have its fill of destruction. In the islands the plaid is rarely worn.
Johnson's Journey to the Hebrides.
FIL'LIP, v. a. & n. s. Belg. flip, a flap; Teut. It pours the bliss that fills up all the mind.
and Swed. fil. A word conjectured by Skinner A mixture of tender gentle thoughts an, suitable and Minsheu to be formed • from the sound': Dr. expressions, of forced and inextricable conceits, and Johnson thinks from fill up, by some combinaof needless fillers up to the rest.
tion of ideas which cannot be recovered: Mr. And after we have seen the light of the gospel Todd suggests the Lat. alapa, a blow, or stroke, penetrate into so many dark places of the earth, why as the origin; but the northern languages evisãould it seem a thing incredible, that its splendor dently supplied us with it; and FlaBBY, FLAP, should, at last, fill the world, and scatter the remain- Flippancy, are of the same family. See those der of darkness which covereth the nations.
words. To strike with the finger nail by catchRobertson, Sermon.
ing it against the thumb: a fillip is a jerk, or FILLET, n. s. & v. a. Fr. filet ; Lat. filum, stroke, of this kind. a thread. See FILE. A bandage : bence applied
Man's life is a glass, and a fillip may crack it. to the part of veal formerly bandaged, now
Old Play (1599). skewered, and any meat thus rolled up; an orna
Then let the pebbles on the hungry beach ment in architecture. To fillet is to bind, or
Fillip the stars ; then let the mutinous winds adorn, with a bandage.
Strike the proud cedars 'gainst the fiery sun.
Shakspeare. He made hooks for the pillars, and overlaid their If I do, fillip me with a three-man beetle. Id. chapiters, and filleted them. Id. xxxviii, 28. We see, that if you fillip a lutestring, it sheweth Fillet of a fenny snake,
double or treble.
Bacon's Natural History. In the cauldron boil and bake. Shakspeare.
The cards obedient to his words, His baleful breath inspiring as he glides,
Are by a fillip turned to birds. Gay. Now like a chain around her neck he rides ; Now like a fillet to her head repairs,
FIL'LY, n. s. Swed. fola ; Welsh ffilog ; Icel. And with his circling volumes folds her hairs.
filia, of Lat. filia,' as it were the daughter of
Dryden's Æneid. the mare.'— Minsheu. A young female horse ; The youth approached the fire, and as it burned, and, metaphorically, a light or wanton woman On éve sharp broachers ranked, the roast they Geld fillies, but tits, yet a nine days of age, turned ;
They die else of gelding, and gelders do rage : These morsels stayed their stomachs; then the rest
Young fillies so likely of bulk and of bone, They cut in legs and fillets for the feast. Dryden. Keep such to be breeders, let gelding alone. She scorned the praise of beauty, and the care ;
Tusser. A belt her waist, a fillet binds her hair. Pope.
I jest to Oberon, and make him smile. The mixture thus, by chymick art
Wheu I a fat and bean-fed horse beguile, United close in every part,
Neighing in likeness of a filly foal. Shakspeare. In fillets rolled, or cut in pieces,
A well-wayed horse will convey thee to thy jourAppeared like one continued species. Swift.
ney's end, when an unbacked filly may give thee a Above twelve hundred of these fillets have been fall.
Suckling. counted by which this animal fixes itself; and when I am joined in wedlock, for my sins, to one of afioat, it contracts these fillets between the bases of its those fillies who are described in the old poet. points, the number of which often amounts to two
Addison's Spectator. thousand.
Darwin. FILM, n. s. & v. a. Sax. film; Belg. vilm. Her tresses, when no fillets bind,
Š A thin skin or pellicle ; Wanton luxurious in the wind :
to cover with a thin skin. Like Dian's auburn locks they shone
It will but skin and film the ulcerous place, But Venus wreathed them like her own.
Whilst rank corruption, mining all within,
While the silver needle did work upon the sight of Their bonds, whene'er some Zephyr, caught, began his eye, to remove the film of the cataract, he never To offer her young pinion as her fan. Byron. saw any thing more clear or perfect than that white
Bacon. FILLET, in heraldry, a kind of orle or bordure, needle. containing only a third or fourth part of the
Michael from Adam's eyes the film removed, breadth of the common bordure. It is supposed Which that false fruit that promised clearer sight
Milton's Paradise Lost. to be withdrawn inwards, and is of a different Had bred. color from the field. It runs quite round, near
A stone is held up by the films of the bladder, and 80 kept from grating or offending it.
Graunt. the edge, as a lace over a cloak. Fillet is also
So the false spider, when her nets are spread, used for an ordinary drawn like the bar from the sinister point of the chief across the shield, in Deep ambushed in her silent den does lie;
And feels, far cff, the trembling of her thread, manner of a scarf; though it is sometimes like- Whose filmy cord should bind the struggling fly. wise seen in the situation of a bend, fesse, cross,
Drydon. &c. According to Guilliin, the fillet is a fourth
The wasps with fruitless toil part of the chief, and is placed in the chief Flap filmy pinions oft, to extricate point of the escutcheon.
Their feet in liquid shackles bound, 'till death FIL'LIBEG. Gael. filleadh-beg, i. e. little Bereave them of their worthless souls ; such doom
Philips. plaid. The lower part of the Highland dress, Waits luxury, and lawless love of gain. reaching to the knees.
There is not one infidel so ridiculous as to pretend
43 solve the phænomena of sight, fancy, or cogitation, Auids; and for this purpose, filters of various by those faceting superficial films of bodies.
kinds and various substances have been emBentley's Sermons.
ployed. That which is twisted up like a skain He from thick films shall purge the visual ray,
or wick, acts like a siphon, while it draws off And on the sightless eyeballs pour the day. Pope.
only the purest part of the liquor. Others are Loose to the winds their airy garmen's flew,
of Thin glittering textures of the filmy dew;
paper, flannel, fine linen, sand, pounded glass, Dipt in the richest tincture of the skies,
or porous stones. When paper is used, it is When light disports in ever-mingling dyes. Id.
shaped into the form of a cone, and placed in a Nor less amused have I quiescent watched
funnel, to support it with the liquid, otherwise it The sooty films, that play upon the bars
would burst; but flannel or linen may be used Pendulous, and foreboding in the view
in the form of a bag or otherwise. Filtering Of superstition, prophesying still,
stones, basins, &c., are either natural or artificial, Though still deceived, some stranger's near approach. for the purpose of purifying water. Natural
Cowper. filters are found in rocks, mountains, beds of Emerged from ocean springs the vapourous air,
sand, &c. Artificial filtering basins are made Bathes her light limbs, uncurls her amber bair,
of pipe-clay and coarse sand. In 1790 a feIncrusts her beamy form with films saline,
male potter obtained a patent for discovering a And beauty blazes through the crystal shrine.
composition to make filtering basins, as a suc
cedaneum for that porous stone which in many FILMER (Sir Robert), son of Sir Edward places is not to be found. A patent was also Filmer, of East Sutton, Kent, was born towards obtained by Mr. Peacock, in 1791, for a new the close of the sixteenth century, and educated kind of filtration, by means of gravel of differat Trinity College, Cambridge. His works are,–
ent sizes, suitable to the several strata. The The Anarchy of limited and mixed Monarchy, various sizes of the particles of gravel, as placed 1646 ; Patriarcha, in which he endeavours to in layers, should be nearly in the quadruple prove that all governments were originally ratio of their surfaces ; that is, upon the first monarchical, and that all legal titles are derived layer a second is to be placed, the diameters of from the heads of families. This work was com- whose particles are not to be less than one-half pletely answered by Locke in his two Treatises of the first, and so on in this proportion. This on Government. Filmer died in 1647.
arrangement of filtering particles will gradually Filmer (Edward), son of Sir Robert, who fine the water by the grosser particles being took his degree of LL. D. at Oxford, and was quite intercepted in their ascending with the author of a tragedy called the Unnatural Brother. water. These filters may be readily cleansed by He defended the stage against Jeremy Collier.
withdrawing the body of the fluid, when that FILOTI, a town of European Turkey, in the which covered the strata will descend, and carry pachalic of Joannina, and the chief place of a away all the foul and extraneous substances. small independent tribe of that name, consisting
A patent was also granted to Mr. Collier, of of 6000 or 8000 men. It is eight miles west of Southwark, for a most ingenious method of filJoannina.
tering water, oil, and other liquids. FILTER, v. a. & n. s. Fr. filtre ; It. feltro; The principle of the improved filtering maFIL’TERING-STONE,
Lat. filtro_(per filum chines consists in combining hydrostatic pressure FIL’TRATE, v. a. trahere). To draw off with the mode of filtering per ascensum, which
Filtration, n. s. by threads; hence to procures the peculiar advantage of causing the purify by drawing off, in any way: the substan- Auid and its sediment to take opposite directions tive was once applied to the twist of thread de- The filtering surface remains the same, while pending from a vessel by which liquors were the dimensions of the chamber in which the secleansed; it is now used for any strainer or diment is received may be varied. cleansing vessel : hence the modern 'filtering- Professor Parrot jun. of Paris also invented a stone.' See below.
very ingenious and portable filtering machine, Having, for trial sake, filtered it through cap-paper, represented in the diagram annexed :there remained in the filtre a powder. Boyle.
We took then common nitre, and having, by the usual way of solution, filtration, and coagulation, reduced it into crystals, we put four ounces of this purified nitre into a strong new crucible.
Id. That the water passing through the veins of the earth, should be rendered fresh and potable, which it cannot be by any percolations we can make, but the saline particles will pass through a tenfold filter.
Ray on the Creation. Dilute this liquor with fair water, filtre it through a paper, and so evaporate it.
Grew's Mus. The extract obtained by the former operation, burnt to ashes, and those ashes boiled in water and
ED filtrated, yield a fiery salt. Arbuthnot on Aliments.
FILTER, or FILTRE, in chemistry, &c., is used only for separating Auids from solids, or particles that may happen to be suspended in them, and not chemically combined with the
The reservoir G may be of any form or di- And 'gan abbor her brood's unkindly crime mension which is convenient; the principal part All were they born of her own native slime. of the machinery consisting of a square vessel,
Spower. A D, bent in the form of an inverted syphon. Filchs favour but themselves. Shakspeare. King Lear.
Wisdom and goodness to the vile seem vile; The curve may be circular, elliptic, or in any
Fair is foul, and foul is fair; other direction, and made of block-tin. This
Hover through the fog and filthy air. vessel is filled with fine sand, till nearly the
Id. Macbeth. height of the dotted line r y, which denotes the
Neither may you trust waters that taste sweet; for ascent of the water to D, whence it flows into they are commonly found in rising grounds of great the receiver. To the part marked AB, which cities, which must needs take in a great deal of filth. must always be above this line (according to the
Bacon's Natural History. size of the filtering machine), a woollen bag is Little would neatness of vestures avail us with a attached, open at the top, the lower part of which fithy soul.
Bp. Hall's Contemplations. touches the sand : this collects the coarsest im- Men of virtue suppressed it, lest their sbining should purities, and preserves the sand for a longer time discover the other's filthiness.
Sidney. from becoming foul. It is evident that the water Such do likewise exceedingly dispose us to piety flows at A, through the bag into the filter, and and religion, by purifying our souls' from the dross rises at the place marked D, which is consider- and filth of sensual delights.
Tillotson. ably lower than the former.
As all stories are not proper subjects for an epick In large machines a water-tight trap-door may poem or a tragedy, so neither are they for a noble be made at F, for the purpose of removing the picture : the subjects both of the one and of the other sand when it is overcharged with impurities. ought to have nothing of immoral, low, or filthy in The small diameter of the machine from which them.
Dryden's Dufresnoy. the drawing was taken was eight Paris inches It struck filthily in the camel's stomach that bulls, from B to E; the perpendicular height of the bears, and the like, should be armed, and that a crealower side, from C, its basis, to the rim D, whence ture of his size should be left defenceless. the water issues, four inches and one-twelfth ;
L'Estrange. the opposite height of the mouth, A B, eight
They never duly improved the utmost of such a inches and three-fourths; and the height of the power, but gave themselves up to all the filthiness
and licentiousness of life imaginable. sand on the side marked D, three inches and one
South's Sermons. sixth. A machine of these dimensions will fur
Though perhaps among the rout nish about three quarts of water in an hour, or
He wildly flings his filth about; eighteen gallons in twenty-four hours. This
He still has gratitude and sap'ence, quantity, however, being too large in proportion To spare the folks that give him ha'pence. to the size of the machine, it is advisable to pro
Thus a filtering apparatus eighteen inches long And be mankind's contempt, whene'er they please ;
Is unperceived, but when it gives offence. Young.
Like caterpillars, dangling under trees
Cowper. ing the filtering stone, for purifying water. The
Hence! ye, who snare and stupify the mind, method of using this stone is that of placing it
Sophists of beauty, virtue, joy, the bane! in the water to be purified; by which means the
Greedy and fell, though impotent and blind, water presses against the outside of the filter,
Who spread your filthy nets in Truth's fair fane, and, oozing through its pores, fills the stone, from
And ever ply your venomed fangs amain! which it is to be conveyed into a proper recep
Beattie. tacle. The stone is suspended in the cistern by FI'MBLE HEMP, n. s. Corrupted from fea ring round the inside of it, upon which a pro- male. jecting part round the top of the stone rests. Good fax and good hemp, for to have of her own, The impurities are thus left at the bottom of the In May a good housewife will see it be sown; cistern, instead of at the bottom of the stone. And afterwards trim it, and serve at a need ; Filter, or Filtre, from pilopov or Pellew I The fimble to spin, and the carle for her seed.
Tusser. love, is also a charm, supposed to have a virtue of inspiring love. This is more properly written
The light Summer hemp, that bears no seed, which
Mortimer. PAILTER, which see.
is called fimble hemp. FILTH, n. s. Sax. filo, from fýlan, FIN, n. s.
Saxon fin; Belg. vine ;
. Dirt; pol-
Lat. pinna. “The wing,' says
Dr. Johnson, of a fish;' the uption.
cartilaginous membrane on How perfect then is man? from head to foot
the sides of fish, which asDefiled with filth, and rotten at the root. Sandys.
FIN'-TOED. sists them in swimming : They held this land, and with their filthiness
fin-footed, and fin-toed, mean web-footed, or Pllused this same gentle soil long time,
web-toed; palmipedous. That their own motber loathed their beastliness,