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FIG, R. S.

Sax. fic; Fr. figue ; Ital. substantives, fight and fighting are battle or com FIG'APPLE,

and Span. figo ; Teut. feiyi bat of any kind; contention : fight is particuFIG'GNAT, Lat. ficus ; Hleb. 39. Seelarly used for a screen of the combatants in ships.

Ficus. The tree which The stars in their courses fought against Sisera. FIGʻMARIGOLD, bears figs; the fruit of the

Judges. FIG'WORT. ficus. The fig-apple Mor- An host of fighting men went out to war by bands.

2 Chron. timer defines in the extract. The fig-gnat is a species of culex. Fig-leaf, the leaf of the ficus,

Ye fight with the Chaldeans.


At mortal battails had he ben fiftene, and metaphorically any flimsy, imperfect cover

And foughtin for our feith at Tramesene, ing. Fig-marigold, a plant-see the extract. Fig

In listis thrys, and alwey slein his fo. Chaucer. wort, a plant also called SCROPHULARIA, which

For nothing is more blameful to a knight,

That court’sie doth as well as armes professe, Every tree is knowen of his fruyt, and men gaderin However strong and fortunate in fight, not figis of thornes : aether men gaderin a grape of a Then the reproach of pride or cruelnesse. buysch of brieris. Wiclif. Luk. vi.

Spenser's Faerie Queene. It maketb figs better, if a fig-tree, when it beginneth

The poor wren, to put forth leaves, have his top cut off.

The most diminutive of birds, will fight,
Bacon's Natural History.

The young ones in her nest, against the owl.
A figapple hath no core or kernel, in these resem.

Shakspeare. Macbeth. bling a fig, and differing from other apples.

Fierce fiery warriors fight upon the clouds Mortimer's Husbandry. Id ranks and squadrons, and right form of war. What pitiful figleaves! What senseless and ridicu.

Shakspeare. lous shifts are these!


I will return again into the house, and desire some Pigs are great subduers of acrimony. Arbuthnot.

conduct of the lady : I am no fighter.

Id. Full on its crown a fig's green branches rise,

Richard, that robbed the lion of his heart, od shoot a leafy forest to the skies.

And fought the holy wars in Palestine,
Pope's Odyssey.

By this brave duke came early to his grave. Id.
Or lead me through the maze,
Embowering endless of the Indian fig.

Here might be seen a great difference between mer

Thomson. practised to fight, and men accustomed only to spoil. Figmarigold is succulent, and has the appearance

Hayward. of houseleek; the leaves grow opposite by pairs.

The hot and cold, the dry and humid fight.

Sandys. Will not wounding the branch of a pear-tree, which

Gabriel, lead forth to battle these my sons. is too vigorous, prevent the blossoms from falling off ;

Jovincible, lead forth my armed saints, as from some fig-trees the fruit is said to fall off unless

By thousands and by millions ranged for fight. they are wounded by caprification ? Darwin.


On the foughlen field Fig, or FIG-TREE. See Ficus. Figs are

Michael and his angels prevalent a considerable article in the materia medica,

Encamping, placed in guard their watches round chiefly employed in emollient cataplasms and

Cherubick waving fires. Id. Paradise Lost. pectoral decoctions. The best are those which

Himself alone an equal match he boasts, come from Turkey. Many are also brought from

To fight the Phrygian and the Ausonian hosts. the south of France, where they prepare them in

Dryden's Æneid. the following manner:—The fruit is first dipped Herilus in single fight I slew, in scalding hot lie made of the ashes of the fig- Whom with three lives Feronia did endue ; tree, and then dried in the sun. Hence these And thrice I sent him to the Stygian shore, figs stick to the hands, and scour them like lixi- 'Till the last ebbing soul returned no more. vial salts: and for the the same reason they ex

Dryden. cite to stool, without griping. They are mode

Who ever saw a noble sight, rately nutrimental, grateful to the stomach, and

That never viewed a brave sea fight! easier to digest than any other of the sweet-fruits Hang up your bloody colours in the air, They have been said to produce lice, when eaten

Up with your fights and your nettings prepare.

Id. as a common food; but this is entirely without foundation.

0, 'tis the coidest youth upon a charge,

The most deliberate fighter. Id. All for Love. FIGHIG, a town and district of Africa, in the

For her confederate nations fought, and kings were country of Sigilmessa, to the south of the greater Atlas and included within the dominions of the Troy was o'erthrown, and a whole empire fell.

slain, Emperor of Morocco. A fine woollen cloth is

Philips. manufactured here; and the place is a consider- Greatly unfortunate, he fights the cause able rendezvous for the Mecca and Tombuctoo

Of honour, virtue, liberty, and Rome. Addison. Caravans. 240 miles E. S. E. of Mequinez.

In fighting fields as far the spear I throw, FIGHT, v. 1., v. a. & n. S. Sax. feoh

As fies the arrow from the well-drawn bow. tan; Gothic,

Pope. FIGHT'ING, part.adj., & n. s. vigan, figta; The common question is, if we must now surrender Swed. fecta, fegd (war); Teut. fechten ; all, as Spain, what have we been fighting for all this while ? Mr. Thomson thinks, from the Goth. eiga, to The answer is ready: we have been fighting for the contend. To combat in battle; to war; make ruiu of the publick interest, and the advancement of war; contend in arms; contend generally; tak- a private.

Swift. ing both with and against before the party op- While chairs and slavery were the certain lot of posed: as an active verb, to war against : as the conquered, battles were fought, and towns de


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The ap

Jended with a raço and obstinacy, which nothing but finger are both names nf the contemptible race horror at such a fate could hase inspired.

of astrologers. Robertson's Sermon.

Who was the figure of him that is to come. And when they smiled because he deemed it near,

Romans. His heart more truly knew that peal too well

Arachne figured how Jove did abuse Which stretched his father on a bloody bier,

Europa like a bull, and on his back And roused the vengeance blood alone could quell :

Her through the sea did dear; so lively seen,
He rushed into the field, and, foremost fighting, fell.

That it true sea, and true bull ye would ween.

Spenser. FIGʻMENT, Lat. figmentum. A fiction; in When sacraments are said to be visible signs of invention; feigned notion.

visible grace, we thereby conceive how grace is inUpon the like grounds was raised the figment of deed the very end for which these heavenly mysteries Briareus, who, dwelling in a city called Hecaton

were instituted : and the matter whereof they consist chicia, the fancies of those times assigned him an

is such as signifieth, figureth, and representeth their hundred hands.


Those assertions are in truth the figments of those profession of fortunetelling; she works by charms,

We do not know what's brought to pass under the idle brains that brought romances into church history by spells, by the figure, and daubry beyond our eloBishop Lloyd,

Shakspeare, It carried rather an appearance of figment and in He hath borne himself beyond the promise of his vention, in those that handed down the memory of

age, doing in the figure of a lamb the feats of a lion. it, than of truth aud reality.

Woodward, FIGUERAS, a town of Catalonia, situated in Hearts, tongues, figures, scribes, bards, poets cannot the middle of a plain near the French frontier. Think, speak, cast, write, sing, number It has a spacious square, with a piazza and wide His love to Antony. Id. Antony and Cleopatra. ill-built streets. In the vicinity is a strong castle

Three glorious suns, each one a perfect sun; erected on an eminence, at an immense cost, in

In this the heaven figures some event. the middle of the eighteenth century.


Silken terms precise proaches are all undermined, and every building

Three piled hyperboles, spruce affectation, is bomb proof. This important fortress was delivered over to the French in 1808, but surprised

Figures pedantical, these Summer flies

Have blown me full of maggot ostantation. Id. by the insurgent Spaniards in the night of 10th

There is a history in all men's lives, April 1811. The French garrison were made

Figuring the nature of the times deceased. Id. prisuners without firing a shot; but the place being besieged anew was compelled to surren

I'll give my jewels for a set of beads, der on 19th August, for want of provisions. Po

My gorgeous palace for a hermitage,

My gay apparel for an almsmin's gown, pulation 4600. Twenty miles north of Gerona,

My figured goblets for a dish of wood. Id. and twenty-five south of Perpignan.

He that seeketh to be eminent amongst ablc men, FIGURE, n. s., v. a. & v. n. Fr. figure; hath a great task; but that is ever good for the pubFIG'URABLE, adj.

It. Span. Port. lick: but he that plots to be the only figure among FIGURABILÖITY, n. S. and Lat. figu- cyphers, is the decay of a whole age.

Bacon. FIG'URAL, adj.

ra à fingo, to Flowers have all exquisite figures, and the lower FIG'URATE,

make. Form; numbers are chiefly five and four : as in primroses, FIGURA'TION, 11. s.

shape; outline; briar-roses, single muskroses, single pinks and gilli. FIG URATIVE, adj.

appearance : flowers, which have five leaves ; lilies, flowerdeluces, FIGʻURATIVELY, adv.

applied inten- borage, bugloss, which have foúr leaves. Id. FIG'URE-CASTER, n. S.

sively to

Trees and herbs, in the growing forth of their FIG'URE-FLINGER.

markable ap- boughs and branches, are not figured, and keep .no pearance; eminence; numerical characters; repre- order.

Id. sentations of the human form; statues; also to The differences of impressible and not impressible, the combination of figures in an astrological figurable and not figurable, scissable and not scissable, horoscope; to theological types and representa

are plebeian notions.

Id, tions; and in rhetoric to various modes of Plants are all figurate and determinate, which in. speaking which depart from the literal and pri- animate bodies are not; for look how far the spirit mitive sense of words. See FIGURE, in rhetoric, is able to spread and continue itself, so far goeth

Id. below. To figure is to mould; form into shape; the shape or figure, and then is determined. represent in any way; to cover, adorn, or diver Neither doth the wind, as far as it carrieth a voice, sify with figures; to form figuratively; to express with motion thereof confound any of the delicate and in numerical or other characters: as a verb neu

articulate figurations of the air in variety of words.

Id. Natural History. ter to make a figure. Figurable is capable of

Marriage rings are not of this stuff : receiving and retaining forms: figurability, the on! why should ought less precious or less tough corresponding substantive: figural, represented Figure our loves ?

Donne. by figure or delineation: figurate, of a determi

He set a figure to discover nate form, or resembling a determinate form:

If you were fed to Rye or Dover. Hudióras. figuration, determination to, or the act of giving, As sins proceed, they ever multiply, and, like a particular form: figurative, not literal ; mean- figures in arithmetic, the last stands for more than ing something else under the literal terms or re- all that went before it.

Sir T. Browne. presentations used; changed by rhetorical figures Incongruities have been committed by geografrom the primitive meaning : figuratively is the phers in the figural resemblances of several regions. corresponding adverb. Figure-caster and figure



Men find green clay that is soft as long as it is in Quacks, figure-fingers, pettifoggers, and republican the water, so that one may print on it all kinds of plotters cannot well live without it. Collier. figures, and give it what shape one pleases. Boyle.

This is a figurative expression, where the words are Here is a strange figure invented against the plain used in a different sense from what they signify in and natural sense of the words; for by praying to their first ordinary intention.

Rogers. bestow, must be understood only praying to pray. The custom of the apostle is figuratively to transfer

Stillingfkeet. to himself, in the first person, what belongs to others. How often have we been railed at for understand.

Hammond. ing words in a figurative sense, which can not be lite- Now marks the course of rolling orbs on high, rally understood without overthrowing the pla inest O’er figured world now travels with his eye. Pope. evidence of sense and reason.


The figure of a syllogism is the proper disposition T'he blue German shall the Tigris drink, of the middle term with the parts of the question. Ere 1, forsaking gratitude and truth,

Wutts's Logick. orget the figure of that godlike youth. Dryden. If it be his chief end in it to grow rich, that he may While fortune favoured while his arms support live in figure and indulgence, and be able to retire The cause, and ruled the counsels of the court, from business to idleness and hurry, his trade, as to I made some figure there ; nor was my name

him, loses all its innocency:

Law. Obscure, nor I without my sbare of fame. Id.

I grant you the periods are very well turned : so, In the principal figures of a picture the painter is a fresh egg is a very good thing ; but when thrown to employ the sinews of his art; for in them consists at a man in a pillory it does not at all improve his the principal beauty of his work.

Id. figure, not to mention the irreparable loss of the egg. Each thought was visible that rolled within,

Burns. As thro' a crystal glass the figured hours arc seen. SIR Anth. And it is my wish, while yet I live, to

Id. have my boy make some figure in the world. I have Sublime subjects ought to be adorned with the resolved, therefore, to fix you at once in a noble insublimest and with the most figurative expressions. dependence.

Sheridan, Id. Juvenal, Preface. There's one, though tall and stiffer than a pike, Satyr is a kind of poetry in which human vices Yet has a sentimental kind of air are reprehended, partly dramatically, partly simply; Which might go far, but she don't dance with but, for the most part, figuratively and occultly.


Id. Dedication. The more's the pity, with her face and figure. Figure-flingers and star-gazers pretend to foretell

Byron. the fortunes of kingdoms, and have no foresight in Like the figures on arras, that gloomily glare, what concerns themselves.

L'Estrunge. Stirred by the breath of the wintry air, Figures are properly modifications of bodies ; for So seen by the dying lamp's fitful light, pare space is not any where terminated, nor can be : Lifeless, but life-like, and awful to sight. whether there be or be not body in it, it is uniformly

Id. Siege of Corinth. continued.


Figure, in logic, denotes a certain order and They have been taught rhetorick, but never taught disposition of the middle term in any syllogism. language ; as if the names of the figures that embel. Figures are fourfold. 1. When the middle term lished the discourse of those, who understood the art is the subject of the major proposition, and the of speaking, were the very art and skill of speaking predicate of the minor, we have what is called well.

Figured and metaphorical expressions do well to the first figure. 2. When the middle term is the illastrate more abstruse and unfamiliar ideas, which predicate of both the premises, the syllogism is the mind is not yet thoroughly accustomed to.


said to be in the second figure. If the middle As in accounts cyphers and figures pass for real term is the subject of the two premises, the sams, so in human affairs words pass for things them- syllogism is in the third figure. And lastly, by selves.

South's Sermous. making it the predicate of the major, and subject A good figure, or person, in man or woman, zives of the minor, we obtain syllogisms in the fourth credit at first sight to the choice of either. Clarissu. figure. Each of these figures has a determinate

The emperor appears as a rising sun, and holds a number of moods, including all the possible globe in his hand to figure out the earth that is en ways in which propositions differing in quantity liglaeaed and actuated by his beams. Addison. or quality can be combined, according to any

Not a woman shall be unexplained that makes a disposition of the middle term, in order to arrive figrare either as a maid, a wife, or a widow.

at a just conclusion. See Logic.

Id. Guardian. FILACER, FILAZER or FILIZER. Filizarius. I was charmed with the gracefulness of his figure Fr. file, filace ; from Lat. filum, a thread. An and delivery, as well as with his discourses. officer of the court of common pleas, so called

Addison. because he files those writs whereon he inakes Several statues, which seemed at a distance of the whitest marble, were nothing else but so many figures in their several divisions and counties, and they

out process. There are fourteen of those filazers in snow.


make forth all writs and processes upon original None that feels sensibly the decays of age, and his writs, issuing out of chancery, as well real, as life wearing off, can figure to himself those imaginary personal and mixed, returnable in that court; charms in riches and praise, that men are apt to do and in actions merely personal, where the dein the warmth of their blood.

Temple. If love, alas, be pain, the pain I bear

fendants are returned summoned, they make No thought can figure, and no congue declare.

out pones or attachments; which being returned Prior.

and executed, if the defendant appears not, they My favourite books and pictures sell ;

make forth a distringas, and so ad infinitum, or Kindly throw in a little figure,

until he doth appear; if he be returned nihil, dod set the price upon the bigger.

Id. then process of capias intinite, &c. They enter ali

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appearances and special bails, upon any pro- these figures, and incommodes the reins, hips cess made by them: and make the first scire &c. facias oh special bails, writs of habeas corpus, FILANGIERI (Gætan), one of the few modistringas nuper vice comitem vel ballivum, and dern Neapolitan writers of eminence, was born all supersedeas's upon special bail : in real ac- in 1752, and destined, as the younger son of a tions, writs of view, of grand and petit cape, of noble family, to the army. He however applied withernam, &c.; also writs of adjournment of a himself in 1774 to the study of the law, and proterm, in case of public disturbance, &c. An duced a tract, in which he defended a new enactorder of court, 14 Jac. I., first limited their pro- ment against the arbitrary decision of a judge. ceedings to all matters before appearance, and He soon after withdrew from public life, but in the prothonotaries to all after. The filazers of 1777 at the advice of his uncle, the archbishop of the common pleas have been officers of that Naples, entered into the service of the court, and court before the stat. 10 Hen. VI. c. 4., wherein was appointed gentleman of the bed-chamber they are mentioned: and in the king's bench, of and an officer in the royal corps of marine voluplater times, there have been filazers who make teers. In 1780 he published the first part of his out process upon original writs returnable in that great work on The Science of Legislation, the whole court, on actions in general.

of which was to be completed in seven books. FILAMENT, n. s. Fr. filament ; Lat. fila- In the first he proposed to expound the general FILA'ceous, adj.

} of der thread : filaceous is thread-like, or composed nomical laws; in the third, criminal laws; in the of threads.

fourth, legislation as applied to education and They make cables of the bark of lime trees; it is morals; in the fifth, ecclesiastical laws; in the the stalk that maketh the filaceous matter commonly, sixth, laws respecting property; and in the and sometimes the down that groweth above. seventh, laws relative to paternal authority and

Bacon's Natural History. domestic economy. Of this work the first four The lungs of consumptives have been consumed, books only appeared during the life of the author. nothing remaining but the ambient membrane, and á In 1783, having married a lady from Hungary number of witbered veins and filaments. Harvey. who was governess to one of the princesses, he

Men that look no further than their outsides, think resigned his employments and resided for some hcalth an appurtenance unto life, and quarrel with time in the country; but in March, 1787, was their constitutions for being sick; but I that have appointed to a place in the royal college of examined the parts of man, and know upon what ten- finance. He died suddenly while engaged in der filaments that fabric hangs, do wonder that we are

some extensive plans of improvement in the renot always so; and, considering the thousand doors that lead to death, to thank my God that we can die the fifth book of his Science of Legislation was

sources of the state, in July 1788. A part of but once.

Sir T. Browne.

published in 1791, and attracted great public atThe ever-rolling orl's impulsive ray

tention, from the bold and original views, and On the next threads and filaments does bear, Which form the springy texture of the air;

the liberality of sentiment by which it is characAnd those still strike the next, 'uill to the sight

terised. Several editions appeared in Italy, and The quick vibration propagates the light.

it was translated into the French, German, EngBlackmore.

lish, and Spanish languages. The dung of horses is nothing but the filaments of FILBERT', n.s. A hazel nut. A corruption, the hay, and as such combustible. Arbuthnot.

as Junius and Skinner thin of full beard', from FILANDERS, in entomology and falconry, the long beard or husk of this fruit. Dr. Johnare worms as small as thread, and about an inch son conjectures it may have been originally called long, that lie wrapt up in a thin skin or net, near after some proper name, like Filbert or Filibert. the reins of a hawk, apart from either gut or Mr. Horne Tooke reminds us of the following gorge. The malady is known by the hawk's curious passage in Gower's Amantis on the subpoverty; by her ruffling her tail; by straining ject of its etymology:the fist, or perch, with her pounces; and, lastly,

Upon a grene bough by croaking in the night, when the filanders

A seynt of sylke, which she (Phillis) there had, prick her. The disease proceeds from bad food; She knit; and so herself she lad, and must be remedied early, to prevent its spread- That she about her white severe ing over the whole body, and destroying the bird. It did, and henge hirselfe there. These worms must not be killed as others are, Whereof the goddes were amoved, for fear of imposthumes from their corruption,

And Demophon was reproved, being incapable of passing away with the hawk's

That of the goddes' providence feces. They must only be stupified, to prevent

Was shape such an evidence their being offensive, by giving the hawk a clove

Ever afterwarde ayen the slowe,

That Phillis in the same throwe of garlic; after which she will feel nothing of

Was shape into a nutte tree, them for forty days. The falconer, when he

That all men it might see : observes the hawk poor and low, should give And after Phillis Philberd her a clove of garlic once a month by way of This tree was cleped in the yerd: prevention.

And yet, for Demophon to shame, FILANDERS, in falconry, are also the name of Unto this day it beareth the name. another disease in hawks, &c., consisting of fila

Gover. Confess. Amantis. ments or strings of blood coagulated; and

In August comes fruit of all sorts ; as plums, pears, occasioned by a violent rupture of some vein, apricots, barberries, filberts, muskmelons, monkshoods by which the blood extravasating, hardens into of all colors.

Bacon's Essays.

collect reports.

Thou hast a brain, such as it is indeed!

If remarkable considerations be put into it by others, On what else should thy worm of fancy feed ? they are as some loose pearls, which, for want of Yet in a filbert I have often known

filing upon a string, shake out of our pockets. Maggots survive, when all the kernel's gone.

Bp. Hall. Dorset.

So saying, on he led his radiant files, There is also another kind, called the filbert of Dazzling the moon. Milton's Paradise Lost. Constantinople; the leaves and fruit of which are The' apothecary train is wholly blind; bigger than either of the former; the best are those of From files a random recipe they take, a thin skell.

Mortimer. And

many deaths of one prescription make. FILCH, v.a. Fr. filouter; Goth. fela,


All ran down without order or ceremony, 'till we Filcu’er, 1.s. filgia; Swed. filska: probably, drew up in good order, and filed off. Tatler. Filcu’rxg. Sas Minsheu suggests, from the

Did all the grosser atoms at the call Latin fallar, fallacis. To steal; thieve; particu- Of chance file off to form the pondrous ball, larly in a secret and paltry manner.

And undetermined into order fall ? Blackmore. The champion robbeth by night,

From the day his first bill was filed he began to And prowleth and filcheth by daie. Tusser's Husbandman.

Arbuthnot and Pope's Martin Scriblerius. He shall find his wealth wonderfully enlarged by

Now at the camp arrived, with stern review keeping his cattle in inclosures, where they shall al. Thro' groves of spears from file to file he darts ways bave safe being, that none are continually filched

His sharp experienced eye.

Somervile. and stolen.


Then broader leaves in shadowy files advance, Who steals my purse, steals trash; 'tis something, Spread o'er the crystal food their green expanse ; nothing;

And, as in air the adherent dew exhales, 'Twas mine, 'tis his, and has been slave to thousands; Court the warm sun, and breathe ethereal gales, But he that filches from me my good name,

Darwin. Robs me of that which not enriches him,

File, n. s. & v. a. Sax. feol; Goth. thil; Aed wakes me poor indeed. Shakspeare. Othello. Fr'LE-CUTTER, n. s. Swed. fil; Belgic, vyle : He could discern cities like hives of bees, wherein


S Teut. and Dan. fiel (q. ?) every bee did nought else but sting ; some like hornets, of the same origin as the preceding word, the resome like filching wasps, others as drones.

gular teeth lying like threads or hairs on the inBurton on Melancholy. strument. A rubbing or cutting instrument to What made the venture to betray,

smooth prominences, sharpen other instruments, And filch the lady's heart away.


&c. To file is to apply this instrument: hence Fain would they filch that little food away, to smooth or polish in any way. A file-cutter is While unrestrained those happy gluttons prey. a maker of files: filings, the fragments worn or


cut off by a file. The pismire was formerly a husbandman, that

A file for the mattocks and for the coulters. secretly filched away his neighbour's goods.

1 Sam, xiii. 21. L'Estrange.

They which would file away most from the large. So speeds the wily fox, alarmed by fear, Who lately filched the turkey's callow care. Gay.

ness of that offer, do in more spariug terms acknow

Hooker. Your business is not to steal from them, but to im. ledge little less.

His humour is lofty, his discourse peremptory, his prove upon them, and make their sentiments



ambitious. Shakspeare. 09; which is an effect of great judgment; and, though tongue filed, and his dificult, yet very possible witbout the scurvy imputa- decoction of galls, make good ink, without any cop

The filings of iron infused in vinegar, will, with a Swift.

Browne. The tree of knowledge has been plucked-all's perose,

The smiths and armourers on palfreys ride, known

Files in their hands and hammers at their side. And life yields nothing further to recall

Dryden. Worthy of this ambrosial sin, so shown, No doubt in fable, as the unforgiven

Let men be careful how they attempt to cure a ble. Fire which Prometheus filched for us from heaven.

mish by filing or cutting off the head of such an over

Ray. Byron.

The rough or coarse-toothed file, if it be large, is FILE, n. s.,v.a.& v.n. Fr. file ; Lat. filum (à called a rubber, and is to take off the unevenness of pilas, Gr. Tidos, hair). A thread; a line on your work which the hammer made in the forging : which papers are strung; a muster-roll; line of the bastard -toothed file is to take out of your work the soldiers : to place papers or documents on a file; deep cuts, or file-strokes, the rough file made : the fineto march in file.

toothed file is to take out the cuts or file-strokes, the Our present musters grow upon the file

bastard file made; and the smooth file is to take out To five and twenty thousand men of choice.

those cuts, or file-strokes, that the fine file made,

Those goodly eyes,

Gad-steel is a tough sort of steel : filecutters use it That o'er the files and musters of the war

to make their chissels, with which they cut their files,

Id. Have glowed like plated Mars, now bend, now turn Upon a taxoy front.

The chippings and filings of these jewels are of Shakspeare. Antony and Cleopatra.

more value than the whole mass of ordinary authors.

Felton on the Classics. All records, wherein there was any memory of the king's attainder, should be cancelled and taken off the File: v. a. Sax. afylan, to foul; defile; sully: file.

Bacon. said to be still in use in this sense in Scotland. But let me resume the file of my narration, which For Banquo's issue have I filed my mind, this object of books, best agreeable to my course of For them the gracious Duncan have I murdered. life, bath a little interrupted. Wotton.

Shakspeare. VOL. IX.


tion of filching.

grown tooth,

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