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The little bark unto the shore to draw,
Fr. and Ital. fertile , And bim to ferry over that deep ford.
FER'TILENESS,N. S. Span. and Port. fertil ;
Facrie Queene. FERTILʻITATE, v.a. Lat. fertilis, from fero, By this time was the worthy Guyon brought FERTIL'ITY, n. s. fers, to bear. ProducOnto the other side of that wide strand,
Fer’TILIZE, v. a. tire; fruitful; abundant; Where she was rowing, and for passage snught :
Fer’TILELY, adv. taking of before that Him Deeded not long call, she soon to hand Her ferry brought.
which is produced. Fertilitate is an obsolete sy
nonyme of fertilise, which signifies to make Unto the Traject, to the common ferry
fruitful or productive. Fertileness and fertility Which trades to Venice. Shakspeare.
are the state of being fruitful or productive; feI past, methought, the melancholy flood, cundity; plenteousness. With that grim ferryman which poets write of,
I had hope of France, Unlo the kingdom of perpetual night.
Id. As firmly as I hope for fertile England. But never since dareth the Ferryman
I will go root away Once entertaine the ghost of Gullian.
Bp. Hall's Satires.
The noisome weeds, that without profit suck
Id. Rich. II. They ferry over this Lethæan sound
Paradise itself exceeded in beauty and fertility, Both to and fro, their sorrow to augment. Milton.
and these places had but a resemblance thereof. The common ferryman of Egypt, that wafted over
Raleigh's History. the dead bodies from Memphis, was made by the
A cock will in one day fertilitate the whole raremaGreets the ferryman of hell, and solemn stories raised
tion or cluster of eggs not excluded in many weeks after bim.
Browne. The grisly ferryman of hell denied
I have had a large, a fair, and a pleasant field, so Æneas entrance, 'till he knew his guide.
Dryden. I went down to the river Brent in the ordinary
The quickness of the imagination is seen in the ferry.
invention, the fertility in the fancy, and the accuracy We have no slaves at home-Then why abroad?
in the expression.
Id. And they themselves, once ferried o'er the wave
I ask whether in the uncultivated waste of America, That parts us, are emancipate and loosed. Covper.
a thousand acres yield as many conveniences of life FERTE GAUCHER, LA, a small town of France, as ten acres of equally fertile land do in Devonshire. in Champagne, which was the scene of a severe
Locke. action, on the 26th of March 1814, between the The earth is fertile of all kind of grain. Camden. French and allies. Population 1950 Fourteen This happy country is extremely fertile, as of those miles south of Chateau-Thierry.
above, so likewise of its productions under ground.
Woodward. FERTE IMBAULT, LA, a small town of France,
Rain-water carries along with it a sort of terrestrial in the department of the Loir and Cher, on the Seudre, with 1600 inhabitants . Twenty-eight formation of vegetables
. matter that fertilizes the land, as being proper for the
Id. miles E.S. E. of Blois.
To inundations Egypt, through which the Nile FERTE, LANGERON, LA, a town of France, in flows, and the Indies owe their extraordinary fertility, the department of the Nievre. Population 1200.
and those mighty crops they produce after these waters Fifteen miles north of Nevers.
Id. FERTE LOUPTIERE, LA, a town of France, in View the wide earth adorned with hills and woods, the department of the Yonne. Population 1160. Rich in her berds, and fertile by her foods. Fifteen miles north-west of Auxerre.
Blackmore. FERTE Maces, La, a town of Normandy.
SNEER. In short, that even the finest passages you Population 3400. Twenty-three miles west of steal are of no service to you; for the poverty of your Alençon.
own prevents their assimilating ; so that they lie on the
surface like lumps of marl on a barren moor, encumFERTE Milon, La, a town of France, in the department of the Aisne, on the Ourcq. 'Racine, bering what it is not in their power to fertilize!
Sheridan. the celebrated French tragedian, was born here,
Add to this, that on the coasts of Africa, where in 1639. Population 2100. It is sixty miles frost is unknown, the fertility of the soil is almost benorth-east of Paris.
yond our conceptions of it.
Darwin. FERTE, St. AUBEN, LA, or Lovendhal, a small
FER'VENCY, n. s. ) Fr. fervent ; Ital. and town of the interior of France, on the Cousson,
FER'VENT, adj. Port. fervente ; Lat fercontaining 1600 inhabitants. Eleven miles south
FER'VENTLY, adv. vens, ferveo; à Gr. Depw, of Orleans.
to make hot. Heat: most FERTE SUR AUBE, LA, a town of France, in
FERVID'ITY, n. s. commonly applied in our the department of the Upper Marne, on the Aube.
FER'viDNESS, language metaphorically, Population 1100. This was the scene of an
to heat or ardor of mind; action between the French and allies on the 27th warmth of devotion ; zeal : fervidity, fervidness, and 28th of February 1814. Fifteen miles west and fervor, are synonymes of fervency. of Chaumont en Bassigne.
Not slough in bisinesse, feruent in spyryt, scruonge FERTE Sous JOUARRE, a neat town of France,
to the lord.
Wiclif. Romaynes xii. in the department of the Seine and Marne, at
And not by his coming only, but by the consolation the conflux of the Marne and the Morin. Popu- wherewith he was comforted in you, when he told us latioa 3700. Ten miles east of Meaux. There your earnest desire, your mourning, your fervent mind are various other small towns of France of this inward me ; so that I rejoiced the more.
1 Cor. vii. 7.
Epaphras saluteth you, laboring ferventły for you in
What profound repose prayers.
Col. iv. 12. What feroid action, yet no noise ! as awed The day of God, wherein the heavens being To silence by the presence of their Lord. on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt
Young. with feruent heat.
2 Peter iii. 12. Yet, when the sense of sacred presence fires, The fountains
And strong devotion to the skies aspires, Bubbling wave did ever freshly wade
Pour forth thy feruours for a healthful mind, Ne ever would through fervent Summer fade. Obedient passions, and a will resigned.
Johnson. Vanity of Human Wisher. Yon s.ecping sparkes awake,
Thus while she spoke, her eye, sedately week, Which troubled once into huge fames will grow; Looked the pure fervour of maternal love. Beattic. Ne ever will their fervent fury slake,
Ah! fondly youthful hearts can press, Till living moisture into smoke do flow,
To seize and share the dear caress : And wasted life doe lye in ashes low.
But Love itself could never pant Spenser's Faerie Queene. For all that Beauty sighs to grant They all that charge did fervently apply ;
With half the fertour Kate bestows With greedy malice and importune toil. Id.
Upon the last embrace of foes, They that are more servent to dispute, be not always When grappling in the fight they fold the most able to determine.
Hooker. Those arms that ne'er shall loose their hold. We have on all sides lost most of our first fervency
Yet did I love thee to the last cowards God.
As ferrently as thou, Odious it must needs have been to abolish that
Who did'st not change through all the past, which all had held for the space of many ages, with.
And can'st not alter now.
Id out reason so great as might in the eyes of impartial
FEʻRULA, n. s. 1. Fr. ferule, from Lat
. men appear sufficient to clear them from all blame of
Fe'rule, n. s.&v.a. ferula, giant fennel. An rash proceedings, if in fervour of zeal they had re
Hooker, moved such things.
instrument of correction with which young scho
lars are beaten on the hand; so named because Haply despair hath seized her;
anciently the stalks of fennel were used for this Or, winged with fervour of her love, she's flown To her desired Posthumus.
purpose: to ferule is to apply the feruile.
These differ as much as the rod and ferula.
Shau's Grammar Did hang a fish on his book, which he
The birch upon the breeches of the small ones, With fervency drew up.
Beaumont and Fletcher, From the phlegmatick kumour, the proper allay of
The of the parent, and the fcrule of the master, fervent blood, will flow a future quietude and sereni- is all too little to bring our sons to good. Bp. Hall. tude.
preHow justly is the fervency of the prayer added to
late's cros.er and staff. the righteousness of the person.
Bp. Hall's Contemplations. Ferula, in the eastern empire, was the emle cares not how or what he suffers, so he suffer peror's sceptre, as is seen on various medals; it well, and be the friend of Christ; nor where nor consists of a long stem, or shank, and a flat when he suffers, so he may do it frequently, feruently, square head. The use of the fernla is very anand acceptably.
cient among the Greeks, who used to call their So spake the fervent angel ; but his zeal
princes vaponkopopor, q. d. “ferula-bearers.' None secrnded, as out of season judged,
FERULA, in the ancient eastern church, signiOr singular and rash. Milton's Paradise Lost.
fied a place separated from the church ; wherein Were it an undeniable truth that an effectual fer- the penitents, or the catechumens of the second vour proceeded from this star, yet would not the same order, called auscultantes, axpoaparıcov, were determine the opinion.
kept as not being allowed to enter the church; Like bright Aurora, whose refulgent ray
whence the name of the place, the persons Foretells the fervor of ensuing day,
therein being under penance or discipline : sub) And warns the shepherd with his flocks retreat
ferula erant ecclesiæ. To leafy shadows, from the threatened heat. Waller.
Ferula, fennel-giant, in botany, a genus
of Let all enquiries into the mysterious points of the the digynia order and pentandria class of plants : ology be carried on with fervent petitions to God, that natural order forty-fifth, umbellatæ. The fruit is he would dispose their minds to direct all their skill to tire promotion of a good life.
oval, compressed plane, with three striæ on each There will be at Loretto, in a few ages more, jewels nials, rising from three to ten or twelve feet high,
side. There are nine species; all herbaceous perenof the greatest value in Lurope, if the devotion of its princes continues in its present fervour.
with yellow flowers. They are propagated by Addison on Italy.
seeds, which should be sown in autumn; and, When you pray, let it be with attention, with fer- when planted out, ought to be four or five feet vency, and with perseverance.
Wake. distant from each other, or from any other plants; As to the healing of Malchus's
for no other will thrive under their shade. Asaof the meek Lamb of God, it was a kind of injury fetida is obtained from a species of ferula. The dɔne to him by the fervidness of St. Peter, who knew process of obtaining it is as follows: the earth not yet what spirit he was of.
Bentley is cleared away from the top of the roots of the These silver drops, like morning dew,
oldest plants; the leaves and stalks are then Foretell the fervour of the day;
twisted away, and made into a covering, to screen So from one cloud soft showers we view, the root from the sun ; in this state the root is And blasting lightnings burst away. Pope.
left for forty days, when the covering is removed,
and the top of the root cut off transversely ; it is
Fig. 2. Pig. 3.
, when the juice it exudes is scraped off,
, and then scraped off. In this manner it
Fesse Point, is the exact centre of the es-
FES’TER, v. n. Siix. etten, an ulcer; Bav. extremely volatile, and of course the drug loses fesse, a swelling corrupted, says Junius; Teut. such of its efficacy by keeping. It is brought eissr; Goth. eiter ; from Goth. festeen, to putrefy.10 us in large irregular masses, composed of Minsheu. To rankle; become virulent or corrarious little shining lumps, or grains, which are
rupt. parily of a whitish color, partly reddish, and
But yet the cause and root of all his ill, partly of a violet hue. Those masses are ac
Inward corruption and infected sin, ccanted the best which are clear, of a pale reddish
Not purged nor healed, behind remained still, color , and variegated with a great number of
And festring sore did ranckle yett within, elegant white tears,
Close creeping twixt the marrow and the skin.
Spenser's Faerie Queene, FESCENNIA, or FESCENNIUM, in ancient
How should our festered sores be cured? Hooker. gegraphy, a town of Etruria, above Falerii, near
I have some wounds upon me, and they smart,
--Well might they foster 'gainst ingratitude,
Shakspeare. Coriolanus. and obscene expressions, sung or rehearsed by There was imagination, that between a knight the company, with many indecent gestures and wbom the duke had taken into some good degree of deres
, at the solemnisation of a marriage (Hor. favour, and Felton, there had been ancient quarrels ep. i. lib. y. 145). The word is borrowed, ac
not yet well healed, which might perhaps be festering cording to Macrobius , from fascinum, a charm; in his breast, and by a certain inflammation produce this effect.
Wotton. the people supposing songs proper to drive away Sitches , or prevent their effect; but its more
I might, even in my lady's presence, discover the probable ongin is from Fescennia.
sore which had deeply festered within me. Sidney.
Cartie, op and azure, two mullets counter
Passion and unkindness may give a wound that FE'SCUE, n. s. Fr. festu ; Dut. veese. A shall bleed and smart; but it is treachery that makes small wire by which those who teach to read it fester.
South. point out the letters.
When thus a squadron or an army yields,
And festering carnage loads the waves or fields.
Not Virtue's self, when Heaven its aid denies,
Can brace the loosened nerves, or warm the heart;
Not Virtue's self can still the burst of sighs, pepes of his ingers of his left hand, both on the inside, When festers in the soul Misfortune's dart. es signify some letter, when any of them is pointed at
Beattie. by the fore-foger of the right hand, or by any kind of FESTI Dies, in Roman antiquity, certain
days in the year, devoted to the honor of the Teach them how manly passions ought to move ; gods. Numa, when he distributed the
year le such as cannot think, can never love;
twelve months, divided the days into dies festi, And since they needs will judge the poet's art, dies profesti, and dies intercisi. The festi again Pour 'em with fescues to each shining part. Dryden. were subdivided into sacrifices, banquets, games,
FESELS, n.5. Fr. faseole ; Ital. fagiulo; Lat. and feriæ. See Ferix. The profesti were those
days allowed for the administration of affairs,
whether of a public or private nature: these Disdain not fesels or poor vech to sow, were divided into fasti, comitiales, &c. See Or care to make Egyptian lentils thrive. May.
COMITIALES, Fasti, &c.
The intercisi were FESSE, in heraldry, an honorable ordinary, days common both to gods and men, some parts sessing the third and middle part of the of which were allotted to the service of the one, held horizontally. It is supposed to be a belt and some to that of the other. of bonor given as a reward by kings, &c., for
FESTINATE, adj. 2 Lat. festinatus. Hasty; senices in the army. See fig. 1. argent, a fesse
Fes’TINATELY, adv. poles, name Walkins. A fesse is often borne
FESTINA'TION, n. s.
hurried. Not in use. ruped or cut off as it were from the two sides Advise the duke, where you are going, to a most 31. 2. Sahle
, a fesse couped or between two festinate preparation : we are bound to the like. words pointing upwards and downwards,
Shakspeare. King Lear. Penty per fess, is when a shield is parted across Take this key ; give enlargement to the swain, and te middle or lesse part as fig. 3; partly per fesse bring him festinately hither.
Lay bands on him with all festination. name Doubleday.
FESTIVAL, adj.& n. s. Fr. (old) festival; With all its sinful doings, I must say
Lat. festivus. Per That Italy's a pleasant place to me,
taining to a feast; Who love to see the sun shiuc every day, FESTIV'ITY, n. s. joyous: hence, as a
And vines (not nailed to walls) from tree to tree substantive, the time of a feast ; which festivity Festooned, much like the back scene of a play.
Byron. also signifies, as well as gaiety, generally; joyfulness : festive is joyous; gay; befitting a feast. Festoons are now chiefly used in friezes, and So tedious is this day,
other vacant places which want to be filled up As is the night before some festival,
and adorned; in imitation of the long clusters To an impatient child that hath new robes, of flowers, which the ancients placed on the And may not wear them.
doors of their temples and houses on festival ocShakspeare. Romeo and Juliet. casions. To some persons there is no better instrument to FESTUCA, fescue, in botany, a genus of the cause the remembrance, and to endear the affection digynia order, and triandria class of plants : nato the article, than the recommending it by festivity tural order thirty-fourth, gramina : cal. bivalved; and joy of a holy-day.
Taylor. the spicula or partial spike oblong and a little The morning trumpets festivals proclaimed roundish, with the glumes acuminated. There Through each high street. Milton's Agonistes. True festivity is called salt; and such it should be, ing are the most remarkably useful :
are twenty-seven species; of which the followgiving a smart, but savoury relish to discourse ; ex-, citing an appetite, not irritating disgust
1. F. Auitans, floating fescue, so called from Barrow.
its growing in wet ditches and ponds, is remarkThe daughter of Jephtha came to be worshipped as
able for the uses made of its seeds, which are a deity, and had an annual festivity observed unto
Browne. her honour.
small, but very sweet and nourishing. They are There happening a great and solemn festivity, such
collected in several parts of Germany and Poland, as the sheep-shearings used to be, David condescends under the name of manna seeds; and are used to beg of a rich man some small repast. South. at the tables of the great, in soups and gruels
, on He appeared at great tables, and festival enter
account of their nutritious quality and grateful tainments, that he might manifest bis divine charity flavor. When ground to meal, they make bread
very little inferior to that in common use. The The festival of our Lord's resurrection we have ce- bran, separated in preparing the meal, is given lebrated, and may now consider the chief conse to horses as a vermifuge. Geese are also very quences of his resurrection, a judgment to come. fond of these seeds. Mr. Lightfoot recommends
this as a proper grass to be sown in wet meaFollow, ye nymphs and shepherds all, dows. Come celebrate this festival,
2. F. ovina, "sheep's fescue grass,' says Dr. And merrily sing and sport, and play; 'Tis Oriana's nuptial day.
Anderson,' is much praised by the Swedish na
turalists for its singular value as a pasture-grass By sacrifice of the tongues they purged away whatever they had spoken amiss during the festival.
for sheep; this animal being represented as Broome on the Odyssey.
fonder of it than of any other grass, and fattening The glad circle round them yield their souls upon it more quickly than on any other kind of To festive mirth and wit that knows no gall. food whatever. And indeed, the general ap
Thomson. pearance of the plant, and its peculiar manner His theology forms the most considerable part of of growth, seems very much to favor the achis writings. He wrote comments upon almost the counts that have been given us of it. Tois plant whole Scripture, and several Homilies on the princi- is of the same family with the rubra, and agrees pal Festivals of the Church.
with it in several respects; although they may be Echoed the vale with many a cheerful note; easily distinguished from one another. Its
The lowing of the herds resounding long, leaves, in its natural state, are always rounded, The shrilling pipe, and mellow horn remote,
but much smaller; being little bigger than large And social clamours of the festive throng.
horse-hairs, or swine's bristles, and seldom ex
Beatlie. Drunkenness is a social festive vice. The drinker ceeding six or seven inches in length. But these collects his circle; the circle naturally spreads : of spring out of the root in tufts, so close upon one those who are drawn within it, many become the another, that they resemble, in this respect, a corrupters and centres of sets and circles of their own; close hair-brush more than any thing else ! every one countenancing, and perhaps emulating the know; so that it would seem naturally adapted rest, till a whole neighbourhood be infected from the to form that thick short pile of grass in which contagion of a single example.
Paley. sheep are known chiefly to delight. Its flowerBlue as the garters which serenely lie
stalks are numerous, and sometimes attain the Round the patrician left-legs, which adorn
height of two feet; but are more usually about The festal midnight, and the levee morn.
twelve or fifteen inches high. Upon gathering Byron.
the seeds of this plant, and sowing them, it was FESTOON', n. s. Fr. feston; Ital. festone; found that they sprung up as quickly as any a wreath; from Lat. festum, festivum; from its other kind of grass; but the leaves are at first being an ornament worn at festivals.---( Skin no bigger than a human hair. From each side ner). An ornament of carved work in the form spring up one or two of these hair-like filaments, of a wreath or garland of flowers, or leaves that in a short time send out new off-sets, so as twisted together, thickest at the middle, and sus- quickly to form a sort of tuft, which grows larger pended by the two extremes, whence it hangs and larger, till it at length attains a very large down perpendicularly.' Horris).
size, or till all the intervals are closed
FESTUCINE, adj. } color, between green and
then it forms the closest pile of grass that it is food. It has also been remarked, that this grasz
Lat. festuca. Straw-
Browne. can be made to grow at all; and on the surface We speak of straws, or festucous divisions, lightly of dry worn out peat moss, where no moisture drawn over with oil. Id. Vulgar Errours. remains sufficient to support any plant whatever;
FET, v. a. &n. s.
Sax. feccan, n ebut in neither of these situations does it thrive; Goth. fa'; Dan. fatte ; Belg, vatten.
fetch, v. a., v. n. & n. s. I tan; Swed. fatta; as it is there only a weak and unsightly plant, old word' for fetch. To go and bring; hence to
Fet is our very unlike what it is when has the good fortune to be established upon a good soil; although derive; to reach to, or at; obtain as a price; to it is seldomer met with in this last state than in bring out; to bring within a particular line or the former.
compass; to perform : as a verb neuter, to move 3. F. rubra, red or purple fescue grass. Dr. round quickly: a set or fetch is a something Anderson gives the following character of this fetched; a trick or stratagem, i. e. something perspecies :– It retains its verdure much better formed in an indirect or circuitous way. than rye-grass during the winter season. It
Go to the Anck, and fetch me from thence two good kids of the goats.
Gencsis. likewise rises in the spring, as early as rye-grass.
We will take men to fetch victuals for the people. *Although this grass is very often found in old
Judges. pastures, yet as it has but few flower stalks, and
And they set forth Urijah out of Egypt to Jehoia. as it is greedily eaten by all domestic animals, kim, who slew himn with the sword. Jer. xxvi. 23. these are seldom suffered to appear; so that it My litel child, than wol I fetchen thee, usually remains there unperceived. The leaves Whan that the grain is fro thy tonge ytake ; are long and small, and appear to be roundish,
Be not agaste,
wol thee not forsake. something like a wire; but, upon examination,
Chaucer. Canterbury Tales. they are found not to be tubulated like a reed or Get home with thy fewel, make ready to fet, rush; the sides of the leaf being only folded to
The sooner the easier carriage to get. Tusser, gether from the middle rib, exactly like the strong
An envious neighbour is easy to find, bent
grass on the sea-shore. The flower stalk is His cumbersome fetches are seldom behind; sinall, and branches out in the head, a little re
His fetch is to flatter; to get what he can; sembling the wild oat; only the grains are much
His purpose once gotten, a pin for thee then. Id.
But for he was unable them to fet, smaller, and the ears do not spread fully open
A little boy did on him still attend. but lie bending a little to one side. The stalks
Spenser's Faerie Queene. are often spotted with reddish freckles, and the To come to that place they must fetch a compass tops of the roots are usually tinged with the same three miles on the right hand through a forest. color; from whence it has probably obtained its
Knolles's History. distinctive name of festuca rubra, or red fescue.
On, you noblest English, It is often to be met with in old garden walks ; Whose blood is fetched from fathers of war-proof. and, as its leaves advance very quickly after cut
Shakspeare. ting, it may usually be discovered above the
They have devised a mean
How he her chamber window will ascend,
And with a corded ladder fetch her down. Id.
I'll fetch a turn about the garden, pitying
The pangs of barred affections; though the king the rye-grass; but continue to advance during
Hath charged you should not speak together. Id. the whole of the summer, even where they are
Like a shifted wind unto a sail,
It is a fetch of wit;
support; and if any quantity of it is suf- As 'twere a thing a little soiled i' th' working. fered to grow for a whole season, without bein »
Id. Hamlet, eaten down or cut, the roots of the leaves are al- In smells we see their great and sudden effect in
Bacon, most rotted by the overshadowing of the tops of the fetching men again, when they swoon. other leaves, before the end of the season. From
The conditions of weapons, and their improvethe growth of this plant, it would seem to promise ments, are the fetching afar off; for that outruns to be of great use to the farmer; as he could the danger, as it is seen in ordnance and muskets.
Id. reap from a field of it, for the first two or three
The bottom clear years, as great a weight of hay as he could ob
Now laid with many a fet tain from any of the culmiferous grasses; and,
Of seed-pearl, ere she bathed her there