Зображення сторінки
PDF
ePub

WOOD-LICE, how to be taken.— Ibid. p. THEODORE ZUINGER of Basil, never took 381:

a fee except from the rich, who forced it “ The best way is the swallowing them upon him. He used to say, “ when a paalive, which is very easily and conveniently tient cried ah! ah! for a physician to say done, for they naturally roll themselves up da! da! was worthy only of a hangman or on being touched, and thus form a sort of other executioner.”—ZUINGER, p. 2452. smooth pill, which slips down the throat without being tasted. This is the securest White leprosy or elephantiasis ; “A peway of having all their virtues. The next culiar malady is this, and natural to the to this is the bruising them with wine, and Egyptians; but look, when any of their taking the expression. If the patient can- | kings fell into it, woe worth the subjects not be prevailed with to take them any other and poor people! for there were the tubs way than in powder, the best method ever and bathing vessels, wherein they sate in invented for preparing them in that form, the baine, filled with men's blood for their is that ordered in the new London Dispen- cure."-—Pliny, lib. 26, c. 1. Ph. Holland, satory, which is the tying them up in a thin vol. 2, p. 242. canvass cloth, and suspending them within a covered vessel, over the steam of hot spi- THE Galenists use to cure contraria conrit of wine; they are soon killed by it, and trariis with medicaments of a contrary temrendered friable."

per; but the Paracelsists, similia similibus, “Often of service in asthmas, and great making one dolour to expel another.—Putgood has been sometimes done by a long TENHAM, p. 39. course of them, in disorders of the eyes." This is from Sir John Hill.

“ Your highness

Shall from this practice but make hard your “Vides à medicis, quanquam in adversa heart.”—Cymbeline, act i. sc. vi. valetudine nihil servi ac liberi differant, mollius tamen liberos clementiusque trac- KAEMPFER, vol. 1, p. 235. Taking the pretari.”—Pliny, 1. 8, Ep. 24.

scription itself in pills. MUMMIES are known to be most sovereign

Aristotle is cited by Olympiodorus to and magistral in medicine.—John Gregory, have known a man who never slept in all

his life. And the strangeness hath been A FEVER cured by music. The cure is

quitted by an experience of later days.

John GREGORY, p. 63. curious.-M. Review, vol. 9, p. 367-8. It is said of Archbishop Sheldon, that he

The principal ingredient of the weaponoffered £1000 to any person who would

salve is the moss of a dead man's skull, as “ help him to the gout, looking upon it as

the recipe delivered by Paracelsus to Maxthe only remedy for the distemper in his imilian the Emperor.-Ibid. p. 63. . head, which he feared might in time prove an apoplexy; as in fine it did, and killed

Mr. Venn the elder, in the last six months him.”—Dr. Pope's Life of Seth WARD,

of his life"

was often

upon

the brink of the Restit. vol. 1, p. 52.

grave, and then unexpectedly restored. A

medical friend, the late John Pearson, who DR. LISTER thought that the Small and frequently visited him at this time, observed great Pox were both first occasioned either

that the near prospect of dissolution so by the bite, or by eating of some venomous elated his mind with joy, that it proved a creature.-M. Review, January 1754, p. 38. stimulus to life. Upon one occasion, Mr.

P. 63.

Venn himself remarked some fatal

appear- serves, and such like Arabian medicinal ances, exclaiming, 'Surely these are good compositions. It is at present become of symptoms !' Mr. Pearson replied, “Sir, in universal and most noxious use. It fouls this state of joyous excitement, you cannot our animal juices, and produces scrophulas, live.'”—Memoir of Mr. Venn, p. 59. scurvies, and other putrid disorders, by re

laxing the solids : it occasions watery swelAr Butterley Lees, near New Mills, on lings, and catarrhal ails : it induces hysthe 5th instant, as the wife of E. Fearnley teries and other nervous disorders; therefore was sealing up the cows, a favourite, which should be sparingly used, especially by the always appeared very quiet, turned her weaker sex; they are naturally of a fibra head, and dreadfully lacerated the left eye laxa.”—M. Review, vol. 13, p. 272. of the unfortunate woman. The sight of this eye Mrs. Fearnley had lost by the small MAISTRE DOUBLET, surgeon to the Duc pox in her childhood; but the obstruction de Nemours :-he cured wounds with nobeing partly removed by the cow, and the thing but clean rags and clean water, with other part by Mr. Burkinshaw, of York, she the help of charms.-See BRANTOME, vol. 9, has actually recovered the sight of her eye p. 22-3. which has so long been closed. She is in her forty-second year.-Tyne Mercury. “The Machaon of those times (A.D. 1754),

Dr. Richard Rock, dispensed from his oneSHEBBEARE published, A.D. 1755, a “Prac- horse chaise his cathartic anti-venereal electice of physic founded on principles in phy- tuary, his itch powder, and his quintessence siology and pathology hitherto unapplied in of vipers. Being superior to regularity, and physical enquiries.” The principle was fire, despising the formality of academical deof which he held the real elementary and grees, he styled himself M. L. He is," says material existence, and the presence of which the Connoisseur (No. 17),“ a London physihe considered to be the cause of animal heat; / cian, or as Molière would express it, . C'est and its excess or defect the principal cause un medicin de Londres.'" of all diseases. His directions are to heighten or abate the fire, which amounts to nothing

" When we see a snuff-coloured suit of more than the hot or cold regimen.- M. ditto, with bolus buttons, a metal-headed Review, 12, p. 401, which speaks ill of the cane, and an enormous bushy grizzle, we as author.

readily know the bearer to be a dispenser

of life and death, as if we had scen him M. Review, vol. 13, p. 242. Case of con- pounding a mortar, or brandishing a clyssumption cured by cucumbers.

ter pipe."—Connoisseur, vol. 2, p. 161. A. D. Dr. Gregory's case by lemons.

1755. Mr. Fletcher's own case by cherries. The two latter were indicated by a crav

Hope that a physician affords :ing for these remedies. The former, the Dr. Δόξαν γαρ τόδ' υγιείας έχει. happened to think of.

Κρείσσον δε το δοκείν, κάν αληθείας απή.

EURIP. Orestes, 238. “ As spirits (spiritus ardentes)," says Dr. Douglass's Circular, A. D. 1750, not above “ The subtil medium proved : or that a century ago, were used only as officinal | wonderful power of nature, so long ago concordials, but now are become an endemical jectured by the most ancient and remarkplague every where, being a pernicious in- able philosophers, which they called somegredient, in most of our beverages ; so for- times æther, but oftener elementary fire, merly sugar was only used in syrups, con- verified. Shewing that all the distinguish

ing and essential qualities ascribed to æther pamphlet-shops are more reputable stages by them, and the most eminent modern phi- for such doctors as himself, than the posts losophers, are to be found in electrical fire, and bye corners occupied by his redoubtand that too in the utmost degree of per- ed rivals, Messrs. West, and Franks, and fection. By R. Lovett, of the Catholic Church Rock, and all the rest of them.”—Ibid. vol. of Worcester. A. D. 1756.”—Monthly Review, 16, p. 466. vol. 15, p. 561.

In Birch's History of the Royal Society, it Paracelsus and Von Helmont : “ These is said that the Finlanders recover persons desperadoes freed medicine from the yoke who have been drowned two or three days ; of Galenism and the Arabians; and yet they but the persons thus recovered almost aldid not point out the true path. All the vital ways lose their vivacity, and their memory and animal motions were explained by the is much impaired.—Ibid. vol. 17, p. 209. furnace or alembic; and all diseases were supposed to arise either from acids or alka- A.D. 1758. DR. MACKENZIE's History of lies.”—Ibid. vol. 16, p. 99.

Health.- Monthly Review, vol. 19, p. 476. Bacon exprest himself strongly in favour “This author supposes that the Paradisiof the Hippocratic method of case writing ; acal food was entirely vegetable. Indeed, but medicine was so divided by the school- the drudgery of providing culinary utensils, physician and the chemist, that it made small and of cookery, he thinks inconsistent with advances.-Ibid.

the state in Paradise. But, he observes, The next step was, that “ acids alkal. fer- fruits are cold and little nutritive ; seeds ments, precipitations,” all fled before glo- without preparation, hard of digestion, and bules of such and such figure and magni- flatulent; and undressed herbs, still more tude. The circulation of the blood was made harsh and crude. He therefore ingeniously, subservient to the laws of hydraulics; man and not unphysically (says the Reviewer) became a mere mechanical structure, and imagines that the tree of life (which was not diseases were proved to own the power of interdicted to Adam and Eve, which it seems diagrams.-Ibid.

therefore rather absurd to think they never Sydenham, indeed, and some few others, used, and which was pregnant with immorkept to the old Hippocratic method of ob- tality itself,) must have been intended to servation. At last Boerhaave, “ that orna- prevent, or remove, the inconvenience rement of his profession and of his species,” | sulting from the insalubrity of their comavailing himself wisely of the ancient obser- mon diet. vations, of the chemical, anatomical, and “For Dr. Clarke (vol. 8, sermon 4,) says, mechanical discoveries ; following none im- Adam was not (as some have, without any plicitly, and using each in its place; he set ground from Scripture, imagined) created physiology and the observation of diseases actually immortal ; but by the use of the on their proper basis.--Ibid. p. 100.

tree of life (whatever is implied under that

expression), he was to have been preserved WOODWARD made not only the passions, from dying. This tree, Dr. Mackenzie but cogitation itself, depend upon bile in chuses to understand in a material physical the stomach.—Ibid. vol. 16, p. 101.

sense, to the .possibility of which, we conThe reviewer notes this for admiration! ceive a capacious (?) physician may easily But it is true in certain cases of insanity, subscribe. me teste.

“ And the original efficacy of this divine

and sole panacea our learned author thinks A. D. 1757. LEAKE's Lisbon diet-drink. alluded to by St. John in the Apocalypse, This man was “ well apprized that the chap. 22, v. 2.

“Were it allowable to indulge any imagi- | for a disease ; who suppose that any man, nation of our own here, may we not suppose

from the creation of the world, ever died of that the eager and ineffectual pursuits after a fever ; who believe that fevers are not alan universal panacea to repel diseases, and ways symptomatical. even old age (that approach to death), is a natural thirst of recovering a remedy, that Ibid. p. 100. FRANCISCUS du Port de had once existed in sublunary nature, though signis Morboruni, lib. 4, edited by Schomnow lost."

BERG, 4to. 2s.

A sort of Busbeian medical grammar in “ 'Tis said some people collect the juices hexameters. which are discharged after, and swim upon, the excrements of cattle in May or June, Bad physicians purged and vomited in and drink it to purge them, and that it does the next world.—Bertucci, Viaggio al Somit effectually." — Hutchinson, vol 10, p. mo Bene, p. 42. 155.

“I have seen about a quart of man's ex- Monthly Review, vol. 47, p. 29. Rickets crements, which had been some days dis- in sheep, a disease then (A.D. 1772) about charged, thinned with as much ale, poured forty years' standing in England. The cause into a horse stark mad in that violent dis- ascertained by dissection, to be a maygot in temper they call the staggers, of which they the brain, about one-quarter of an inch long, commonly die in a few hours; and the dis- and of a brownish colour. temper abated, and the horse recovered." -Ibid. p. 206.

Ibid. vol. 48, p. 562. A man in Mexico He calls this in the margin, a common paralytic in both arms, perfectly restored experiment.

by being struck with lightning, which for a

while deprived him of his senses. SOME quack administered to James the First an elixir to preserve him from all Ibid. vol. 49, p. 127. “MR. KIRKLAND'S sickness ever after ; which he told Buck- tremendous scheme of extinguishing fevers, ingham“

was extracted out of a turd."— by boldly drenching the patient both exterBoswell's Sh. vol. 17, p.

141.

nally and internally with cold water."

Monthly Review, vol. 24, March, 1761, p. Ibid.—Armstrong,in his Medical Essays, 145.

says that corns are sprouts of the rheumaInstitutes of health. “Salt and sugar are

tism, and not the offspring of mere pressure. to be totally rejected, with all compositions into which they enter. Milk to be avoided, Proof that inoculation leads to idolatry. with but few exceptions." These few, per- - Monihly Review, vol. 50, p. 71. haps, may include all sucking children. Cheese not to be allowed, unless very spar- In the memorandum of the Society for ingly. Butter as little as possible. Fat, oil restoring drowned persons at Amsterdam, and vinegar forbidden. All spices shunned vol. 2, part 1, A. D. 1774, the thirty-sixth as poison. All pastry and confectionary pro- case is of a man who, in the middle of Jahibited.

nuary, and in a state of drunkenness, fell

into the water, and remained in it an hour Ibid. vol. 34, p. 30, Physiological Re- and a quarter. He was stiff when taken out, searches.

but in two hours gave signs of life, and in The author vents his indignation against two more, walked home. — Ibid. vol. 51, p. the ignorance of those who mistake a fever 556.

DANIELIS WILHELMI TRILLERI, Clino- Mrs. Carter says to Mrs. M., A.D. 1773, technia Medica Antiquaria, A. D. 1776. An “I beg you will not neglect to take the milelaborate work concerning the method of lepedes ; it is a most excellent medicine for the ancient physicians, who constructed beds the obstruction you mention in your glands, of different kinds, for the different kinds of and besides may be of great use to your diseases under which their patients laboured. eyes.”—Ibid. vol. 2, p. 210. -Ib d. vol. 55,

p.
310.

The Morlacchian remedy for obstrucA.D. 1776. MYERSBACH, the German water tions is to lay a large flat stone on the padoctor, had amassed a princely fortune at tient's belly. this time; 200 and 300 persons in a day They put sugar (when they can find any) had consulted him. The three years before, into the mouths of the dying, “to make he had not pretended to the slightest know- them pass into the other world with less ledge of medicine, being miserably poor, bitterness." — Fortis, M. Review, vol. 59, and ignorant; and during his practice, had p. 42. been hoaxed in the most ridiculous manner. -Ibid. vol. 55, p. 314.

Ibid. 273. Rozier's Journal de Physique,

July, 1772. tom. 7, p. 85, 12mo. edition, is “The ensign of peace, shewing how the referred to for an account of Madam Pedehealth both of body and mind may be pre- gache, who could perceive miners working served, and even recovered, by the mild and sixty fathoms under her feet, spied an infant attenuating power of a most valuable and in embrio in her father's cook-maid, as she cheap medicine. Its singular and most ex- was waiting at dinner, and for some time cellent property is to subdue the flesh to the directed the operation of the physical tribe will of the spirit. The continued use of it at Lisbon, by perceiving through all the ineradicates most diseases.”—Ibid. vol. 55, p. teguments, what was passing, and what was 323.

amiss, in the inmost parts of the bodies of A crazyish book; water seems to have their patients. been the remedy.

Ibid. vol. 62, p. 514. M. LA PEYER used Dr. BIRKENHOUT translated Dr. Pomme's the burning glass as a cautery, and M. Le Traité des affections vapeurcuses des deux | Comte, A. D. 1750, surgeon at Arcueil

, cured seres, A.D. 1777. His theory was that all a cancer in the under lip“by the actual cauhysterical and hypochondriacal diseases are tery of the solar fire.” The reviewer formed caused by a certain cornuosity of the nerves, great hopes from that practice in preference which was to be cured by bathing, or rather to any other cautery. soaking, for ten or twelve hours a day; this he had ordered during ten months, and some- CHAFING is instantly relieved by the slime times kept his patients twenty-two hours of a slug. Mr. Campbell learnt this from in the water.—Ibid. vol. 57, p. 168.

| This was a kind friend of Southey’s - a The reviewer says, “ he seems to make

friend indeed in his latter days.-It is curious little difference between cold and warm

that Southey should not have recollected the bathing, as indeed the temperature of the verses “In Prayse of the Snayle,” in the Parawater would be much the same before the uise of Daynte Devises, operation was finished, whatever it began

“I know Dame Physick doth thy friendly help with."

implore,

And craves the salve from thee ensues to cure But for the soaking, it is plain that the the crased sure.” water must have been kept at a pleasurable

See Brit. Bibliogr. vol. iii. p. 110. degree of warmth.

It is well known that the tench is called the

« НазадПродовжити »