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the juice very charily. With this juice in | The Little Mouth of the Wicked, which is the dead of the night they go and besprinkle round like the mouth of a well; which after the tiger's dens, the vertue of which is such thirty days empties the body into the lake that the tigers not being able to stir forth Mæotis, that is full of worms, where of a by reason of the strong scent of the juice, sudden the body is seized and torn to pieces are starved to death."-Ibid.
by several vultures unseen before, nor is it known from whence they come.”-Ibid.
Flower and Herb that hate Step-Mothers.
Midwives' Magic. river Lycormas, grows a flower called the “ A VERY singular belief prevailed not white violet, which if you do but name the many years ago in these parts (about Langword stepdame, presently dies away. holme in Scotland); nothing less than that
On the mountain Brixaba near the Tanais the midwives had power of transferring part grows an herb by the barbarians called of the primæval curse bestowed on our great Phryxa, not unlike our common rue, which first mother, from the good wife to her husif the son of a former mother have it in his band. I saw the reputed offspring of such possession, he can never be injured by his a labour, who kindly came into the world step-dame. It chiefly grows near the place without giving her mother the least uneasiwhich is called Boreas's den, and being ness, while the poor husband was roaring gathered, is colder than snow. But if any with agony in his uncouth and unnatural step-dame be forming a design against her pains."-Pennant's Hebrides. son-in-law, it sets itself on fire, and sends forth a bright flame. By which means they who are thus warned, avoid the danger they
Flamborough Head. are in.”—Ibid.
“The vast height of the precipices, and the amazing grandeur of the caverns which
open on the north side, giving wide and Reed that discovers Guilt.
solemn admission, through most exalted “ In the river Phasis grows a reed which arches, into the body of the mountain ; is called Leucophyllus, or the reed with together with the gradual decline of light, the white leaf. This reed is found at the the deep silence of the place unless indawning of the morning light, at what time terrupted by the striking of the oar, the the sacrifices are offered to Hecate, and collision of a swelling wave against the this too, by the divine inspiration of Pan sides, or the loud flutter of the pigeons at the beginning of the spring, when they affrighted from their nests in the distant who are troubled with jealous heads gather roof, afford pleasures of scenery which this reed and strew it in their wives' cham- such formations as this alone can yield. bers to keep them chaste. And the nature These also are wonderfully diversified ; in of the reed is such, that if any wild extra- some parts the caverns penetrate far, and vagant person happens to come rashly in end in darkness, in others are pervious, drink into the room where it lies, he pre- and give a romantic passage by another sently becomes deprived of his rational opening, equally superb. Many of the thoughts, and immediately confesses what- rocks are insulated, of a pyramidal form, ever he has wickedly done and intended to and soar to a great height. The bases of do. At what time, they that are present most are solid, but in some pierced through to hear him lay hold of him, sow him up in and arched. All are covered with the a sack, and throw him into a hole, called | dung of the innumerable flocks of migratory
birds, which resort here annually to breed, they astonish the spectator with the rapid and fill every little projection, every hole change of their form. They break out in which will give them leave to rest. Mul- places where none were seen before, skimtitudes were swimming about; others swarm- ming briskly along the heavens; are suded in the air, and stunned us with the denly extinguished, and leave behind an variety of their croaks and screams. Kitti- uniform dusky tract. This again is brilwakes and berring-gulls, guillemots and liantly illuminated in the same manner, and black guillemots, auks, puffins, shags and as suddenly left a dull blank. In certain corvorants are among the species which re- nights they assume the appearance of vast sort hither. The notes of all sea-fowl are columns, on one side of the deepest yellow, most harsh and inharmonious. I have on the other declining away till it becomes have often rested under rocks like these, undistinguished from the sky. They have attentive to the various sounds over my generally a strong tremulous motion from head; which, mixed with the deep roar of end to end which continues till the whole the waves slowly swelling and retiring from vanishes. In a word, we who only see the the vast caverns beneath, have produced a extremities of these northern phenomena, fine effect. The sharp voice of the gulls, have but a faint idea of their splendour and the frequent chatter of the guillemots, the their motions. According to the state of loud notes of the auks, the scream of the the atmosphere they differ in colours ; they herons, together with the deep periodical often put on the colour of blood, and make croak of the corvorants, which serves as a a most dreadful appearance. Thė rustic bass to the rest, have often furnished me sages become prophetic, and terrify the gawith a concert, which, joined to the wild zing spectators with the dread of war, pesscenery surrounding me, afforded in an tilence, and famine. high degree that species of pleasure which “ About the Icy Sea. The Aurora Boresults from the novelty and the gloomy realis is as common here as in Europe, and majesty of the entertainment.”—PENNANT's usually exhibits similar variations; one Arctic Zoology.
species regularly appears between the northeast and east, like a luminous rainbow, with numbers of columns of light radiating from
it: beneath the arch is a darkness, through Northern Lights.
which the stars appear with some brilliancy. “ They are the constant attendants of This species is thought by the natives to be the clear evenings in all these northern a forerunner of storms. There is another islands, and prove great reliefs amidst the kind, which begins with certain insulated gloom of the long winter nights. They rays from the north, and others from the commonly appear at twilight, near the ho- north-east; they augment little by little, rizon, of a dun colour, approaching to yel- till they fill the whole sky, and form a low; sometimes continuing in that state splendour of colours rich as gold, rubies, for several hours without any sensible and emeralds, but the attendant phænomena motion; after which they break out into strike the beholders with horrors, for they streams of stronger lights, spreading into crackle, sparkle, hiss, make a whistling columns, and altering slowly into ten thou- sound, and a noise even equal to artificial sand different shapes, varying their co
fireworks. The idea of an electrical cause lours from all the tints of yellow to the is so strongly impressed by this description, obscurest russet. They often cover the that there can remain no doubt of the origin whole hemisphere, and then make the most of these appearances. The inhabitants say, brilliant appearance.
Their motions at on this occasion, it is a troop of men furithese times are most amazingly quick; and ously mad which are passing by. Every
animal is struck with terror; even the dogs
Pausanias Ghost-haunted. of the hunters are seized with such dread, that they will fall on the ground and be
" PAUSANIAS, in the heat of his lust, sent come immoveable till the cause is over."
for Cleonice, a free-born virgin of Byzan. Ibid.
tium, with an intention to have enjoyed
but when she came, out of a strange
sort of jealousy and provocation, for which All Souls' Day.
he could give no reason, stabbed her. This " It is a custom at Naples on All Souls' murder was attended with frightful visions, Day, to throw open the charnel houses, insomuch that his repose in the night was lighted up with torches, and decked out
not only interrupted with the appearance of with all the flowery pageantry of May-day; her shape, but still he thought he heard crowds follow crowds through these vaults her uttering these lines : to behold the coffins, nay, the bodies of their
• To execution go, the gods are just, friends and relations. The floors are di- And rarely pardon murder join'd with vided into beds like a garden, and under
lust.' these heaps of earth the corpses are laid in After this, the apparition still haunting regular succession. The place is perfectly him, he sailed to Psycopompeion, in Here. dry, for the soil is rather a pounded stone clea, and by propitiations, charms, and than earth, and parches up the flesh com- dirges, called up the ghost of the damsel : pletely in a twelvemonth; when that period which, appearing before him, told him in is elapsed the body is taken up, dressed in few words that he should be free from all a religious habit and fixed like a statue in his affrights and molestations upon his rea niche: many retain a horrid resemblance turn to Lacedæmon; where he was no to what they were when animated, and sooner arrived but he died."-PLUTARCH. some shew strong marks of agony in their Concerning such whom God is slow to punish. distorted features."-SWINBURNE.
Pausanias says, he went to Phigalea, to
the Arcadian avocators of souls. " It was customary at Salerno, till a provincial synod held in the 15th Century condemned and abolished the practice, on the eve of All Souls to provide a sumptuous
Effects of a Demigod's death. entertainment and beds in every house, " DEMETRIUS related that about Britain that the souls from purgatory might come,
there were many small and desolate islands, make merry, and afterwards take a nap. some of which were called the Isles of During the whole night, the house was dæmons and demy gods; and that he himabandoned by its inhabitants, and that fa- self, at the command of the emperor, sailed mily was looked upon as accursed by Hea- to the nearest of those places for curiosity ven, on whose table the smallest remnant sake, where he found few inhabitants, but of victuals was to be seen the next morn- that they were all esteemed by the Britons ing when the proprietor returned. This as sacred and divine. Not long after he dreaded event seldom, if ever befell them, was arrived there, he said, the air and the for the expected feast drew together all the weather were very foul and tempestuous, thieves in the country, who went, from and there followed a terrible storm of wind house to house, revelling without control, and thunder ; which at length ceasing, he and carrying off what they had not time to ways, the inhabitants told him that one of consume, while the master of the house was the demons or demy-gods was deceased. on his knees in the cold church."-Ibid. For as a lamp, says he, while 'tis lighted,
offends nobody with its scent, but when 'tis
extinguished it sends out such a scent as is
Charles of Burgundy. nauseous to everybody; so these great souls, whilst they shine, are mild and gra- “ Credulity proceeds from a man's own cious, without being troublesome to any | integrity; a vice more honest than safe, body; but when they draw to an end, they the overthrow and death of the great Duke cause great storms and tempests, and not of Burgundy, who committed a maine part seldom infect the air with contagious dis- of his army to an earle whom he had fortempers. They say, farther, that Saturn is merly strucken.”—SANDY's Ovid. detained prisoner in one of those islands, where he keeps fast asleep in chains, and that he has several of those dæmons for his
Gualbertus' Beech. valets and attendants.”—PLUTARCH. Why
“ MABILLON tells us in his Itinerary, of the Oracles cease.
the old Beech at Villambrosa, to be still flourishing, and greener than any of the
rest, under whose umbrage the famous War-engine.
Eremit Gualbertus had his cell.”—EVELYN'S " When Archidamus the son of Agesi- Silva. laus, beheld a dart to be shot from an engine, newly brought out of Sicily, he cried “ WHILE we condemn the beech timber, out, O Hercules! the valour of man is at we must not omit to praise the mast, which an end.-Ibid.
fats our swine and deer, and hath in some families even supported men with bread.' Chios endured a memorable siege by the
benefit of this mast; and in some part of Sleeping Naked.
France they now grind the Buck2 in mills; " IN 1387, William of Wykeham visited it affords a sweet oil which the poor people the priory of Selborne. Among other com
eat most willingly. But there is yet anoplaints, he says, “it has been evidently ther benefit which this tree presents usproved to him that some of the canons, that its very leaves, being gathered about living dissolutely after the flesh, and not
the fall, and somewhat before they are frostafter the spirit, sleep naked in their beds bitten, afford the best and easiest matwithout their breeches and shirts,' absque tresses in the world to lay under our quilts femoralibus et camisiis,' he enjoins that
instead of straw; because, besides their tenthese culprits shall be punished by severe derness and loose lying together, they confasting, especially if they shall be found to
tinue sweet for seven or eight years long, be faulty a third time; and threatens the before which time straw becomes musty and prior and sub-prior with suspension if they hard. They are thus used by divers perdo not correct this enormity.
sons of quality in Dauphiné ; and in Swit" The rule of not sleeping naked was en
zerland I have sometimes lain on them to joined the Knights Templars, who also
my great refreshment. So as of this tree were subject to the rules of St. Augustine." it may properly be said, -GURTLERI, Hist. Templariorum. “He also forbids them foppish ornaments,
"The wood's an house; the leaves a bed;" and the affectation of appearing like beaux
Silva domus, cubilia frondes.”—Juvenal.
Ibid. with garments edged with costly furs, with fringed gloves, and silken girdles trimmed with gold and silver."—White's Antiqui
1 Φαγός και φαγείν.
? That is, the “mast.” Camden derives ties of Selborne.
Buckinghamshire from the Bóc, i. q. the Beech
It is pure Anglo-Saxon.-J. W. W.
Jefr we Jame.
are free, it is necessary to increase them, as “The most celebrated work of Ali is inti- they have in general even by industry little tuled Jefr we Jame; it is written upon
enough to support themselves.”—Ibid. parchment in mysterious characters intermixed with figures, wherein are couched
Seasons altered. all the grand events that are to happen from the beginning of Muslemanism to the
“ It is long since many, of whom I am
one, have maintained, that the seasons are end of the world. This parchment is deposited in the hands of those of his family, altered; that it is not so hot now in sumand even to this time nobody has decy, at this, and say that the supposed altera
mer as when we were boys. Others laugh phered it in any sort of manner but Jaafer Sadek, for, as for the entire explication of
tion proceeds from an alteration in ourit, that is reserved for the twelfth Imam, selves, from our having become older and who is surnamed by way of excellence the
consequently colder. Mohdi, or grand director.”—OCKLEY, H. of versation I had with my brewer, who is very
“In 1783 or 1784, in the course of a conthe Saracens."
intelligent and eminent in his way, he main
tained that an alteration had taken place. Egyptian Almanack.
This observation he made from a variety “The Abbé Pluche, in his History of the of circumstances; the diminution of the Heavens, maintains, and I believe with rea
number of swallows, the coldness that atson, that the Egyptian grotesque figures, tends rain, the alteration in the hours of for example, a man with a dog's head, &c. labour at the time of sowing barley, which were a sort of almanacks indicating the a great many years ago was a work pertime of the increase of the Nile, &c. As formed very early in the morning, on acthe French have now in their almanack, count of the intenseness of the heat after opposite to every day in the year, a plant, the sun had been up for some time. He an animal, or an instrument of husbandry, added that for many years past he had it would if engraved resemble not a little found that the barley did not malt as foran Egyptian almanack. It is curious to merly, and the period he fixed on was the observe how very ancient fashions and year in which the earthquake at Lisbon practices are revived.”—MacLaurin. Lord happened. Dreghorn.
“I was much surprised at this last obser
vation, and did not pay much attention to Holidays originally humane.
it till last summer, when I happened to read “Linget in his Annales Politiques, vol. 2, Les Annales Politiques of Linguet, a very p. 180, after approving very much of the scarce book, which I was sure my brewer abolition of several holidays which had re- had never read; for there to my astonishcently taken place (in 1770), maintains that ment I found the very same opinion, with no blame can attach to those who introduced this additional fact, that in Champagne, a great number of holidays; their motive, where he was born, they have not been able he says, was humanity, not superstition ; since that earthquake to make the same for at that time, the common people were wine. He says too that he has seen the serfs, 'adscripti glebæ,' whose labour was title-deeds of several estates in Picardy, entirely for the benefit of the master, who which proved that at that time they had a gave them little more than bare mainte- number of excellent vineyards, but that now Dance. It certainly was, therefore, humane no such crop can be reared there. He also to diminish the number of working days at attempts to account philosophically for that that time; but now that the common people earthquake having such effects."—Ibid.