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therefore rather choose to speak of the pleasure You afford all who are admitted into your conversation, of your elegant taste in all the polite parts of learning, of . your great humanity and complacency of manners, and of the surprising influence which is peculiar to You, in making every one, who converses with your Lordship, prefer You to himself, without thinking the less meanly of his own tàlents. But if I should take notice of all that might be observed in your Lordship, I should have nothing new to say upon any other character of distinction. I am,

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My LORD,

Your Lordship’s

most obedient,

most devoted,

humble Servant,

THE SPECTATOR.

THE

SPECTATOR.

xo. 1.Thurspát, march 1. 1710-11.

MARCH .

NO. L. THURSDAY

(BY ADDISON.)

Non fumum ex fulgore, sed ex fumo dare lucem
Cogitat, ut speciosa dehinc miracula promat.

108. ARS. POLT. VER. 143.

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I

HAVE observed, that a reader seldom peruses a book with pleasure, till he knows whether the writer of it be a black or a fair man, of a mild or choleric disposition, married or a bachelor, with other particulars of the like nature, that conduce very much to the right. understanding of an author. To gratify this curiosity, which is so natural to a reader, I design this paper,

and my next, as prefatory discourses to my following writings, and shall give some account in them of the seve. ral

persons that are engaged in this work. As the chief trouble of compiling, digesting, and correcting, will fall to my share, I must do myself the justice to open the work with my own history.

I was born to a small hereditary estate, which, ac. cording to the tradition of the village where it lies, was

VOL. 1.

a

my

bounded by the same hedges and ditches in William the CONQUEROR's time that it is at present, and has been delivered down from father to son, whole and entire, with. out the loss or acquisition of a single field or meadow, during the space of six hundred years (a). There runs a story in the family, that wh n my mother was gone with child of me about three nionths, she dreamed that she was brought to bed of a judge: whether this might proceed from a law-suit which was then depending in the family, or my father's being a justice of the peace, I cannot determine : for I am not so vain as to think it

presaged any dignity that I should arrive at in my future life, though that was the interpretation which the neighbourhood put upon it. The gravity of my

behaviour at my very first appearance in the world, and all the time that I sucked, seemed to favour my

mother's dream; for, as she has often told me, I threw away my

rattle be. fore I two months old, and would not make use of

coral until they had taken away the bells from it. As for the rest of my infancy, there being nothing in it remarkable, I shall pass it over in silence. I find that, during my nonage, I had the reputation of a very sullen youth, but was always a favourite of my schoolmaster; who used to

say,
66 that

my parts were solid, and would wear well.%

I had not been long at the university before I distinguished myself by a most profound silence ; for, during the space of eight years, excepting in the public exercises of the college, I scarce uttered the quantity of an hundred words; and indeed do not remember that I ever spoke three sentences together in my

whole life. Whilst I was in this learned body, I applied myself with so much diligence to my studies, that there are very

few celebrated books, either in the learned or the modern tongues, which I am not acquainted with. - Upon the death of

my

father, I was resolved to travel into foreign countries; and therefore left the university with the character of an odd, unaccountable fellow, that had a great deal of learning, if I would but show it. An insatiable thirst after knowledge carried me into all the countries of Europe in which there was any thing new or strange to be seen; nay, to such a degree was my curiosity raised, that having read the coatroversies of some

great men concerning the antiquities of Egypt, I made a voyage to Grand Cairo; on purpose to take the measure of a pyramid: and as soon as I had“set 'myself right in that particular, returned to my native country with great satisfaction (b).

I have passed my latter years in this city, where I am frequently seen in most public places, though there are not above half a dozen of my select friends that know me; of whom my next paper shall give a more particular account. There is no place of general resort wherein I do not often make my appearance ; sometimes I am seen thrusting my head into a round of politicians at Will's, and listening with great attention to the narratives that are made in those little circular audiences. Sometimes I smoke a pipe at Child's; and whilst I seem attentive to nothing but the Postman, overhear the conversation of every

table in the room. I appear on Sunday nights at St James's coffee house, and sometimes join the little com. mittee of politics in the inner room, as one who comes there to hear and improve. My face is likewise

very well known'at the Grecian, the Cocoa-Tree, and in the i theatres both of Drury-Lane and Hay.market. I have been taken for a merchant upon the exchange for above these ten years, and sometimes pass for a Jew in 'the' assembly of stock-jobbers at Jonathan's : in short, where ever I see a cluster of people, I always mix with them, though I never open my lips but in my own club.

Thus I live in the world rather as a SPECTATOR of mankind than as one of the species"; by which means I have made myself a speculative statesman, soldier, merchant, and artisan, without ever meddling with any practical pait in life. I am very well versed in the theory of a husband or a father, and can discern the errors in the economy, business, and diversion of others, better than those who are engaged in them ; as standers-by discover blots, which are apt to escape those who are in

I never espoused any party with violence, and am resulved to observe an exact neutrality between the Whigs and Tories, unless I shall be forced to declare myself by the hostilities of either side. In short, I have acted in all the parts of my life as a looker-on; which is the character I intend to preserve in this paper.

the game.

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I have given the reader just so much of my history and character as to let him see I am not altogether unqualified for the business I have undertaken. As for other particulars in my life and adventures, I shall insert them in following papers as I shall see occasion. In the mean time, when I consider how much I have seen, read, and heard, I begin to blame my own taciturnity; and sin I have neither time nor inclination to communicate the fulness of my heart in speech, I am resolved to do it

I in writing, and to print myself out, if possible, before I die. I have been often told by my friends, that it is pity so many useful discoveries which I have made should be in the possession of one silent man.

For this reason, therefore, I shall publish a sheet-full of thoughts every morning, for the benefit of my contemporaries; and if I can any way contribute to the diversion or improvement of the country in which I live, I shall leave it, when I am summoned out of it, with the secret satisfaction of thinking that I have not lived in vain.

There are three very inaterial points which I have not spoken to in this paper ; and which, for several important reasons, I must keep to myself, at least for some time : I mean, an account of my name, my age, and

my lodgings. I must confess, I would gratify my reader in any thing that is reasonable ; but as for these three par. ticulars, though I am sensible they might tend very much

I to the embellishment of my paper, I cannot yet come to a resolution of.communicating them to the public. They would indeed draw me out of that obscurity which I have enjoyed for many years, and expose me in public places to several salutes and civilities, which have been always very disagreeable to me; for the greatest pain I can suffer, is the being talked to, and being stared at. It is for this reason likewise that I keep my complexion and dress as very great secrets; though it is not impossible but I may make discoveries of both in the

progress of the work I have undertaken.

After having been thus particular upon myself, I shall, in to-morrow's paper, give an account of those gentlemen who are concerned with me in this work ; for, as I have before intimated, a plan of it is laid and concerted, as all other matters of importance are in a club. How.

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