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acquirements. As the cadets intended for the service of the East India Company do not require to be instructed in the German language, provision shall be made for their in. struction in the oriental languages, as better adapted to their particular service. In this, as in the senior depart. ment of the college, it shall be a fundamental principle, in conducting the instruction, to elucidate theory by practice; and, as far as circumstances will admit, invariably to regulate the progress of the one by the other. Public examinations shall, from time to time, be held for the
purpose of ascertaining the progress of the cadets; and none shall be recommended from the college for a commission in the army, until he has undergone a public examination as to his sufficiency, and has obtained a certificate thereof, signed by such of the commissioners as shall be present at the examination. Any cadet, who, after having been four years at the college, has not made such a progress as to enable him to pass the required examination, and to obtain a certificate of his being fitted for our service, must quit the college; unless it shall be especially represented to the president of the supreme board, that his insufficiency arises from a continuation of ill health, or from some other unavoidable interruption, and unless he shall be licensed, by the supreme board, to prolong his stay accordingly.
" Regulations for the Formation of the Collegiate Board, with
the Authorities vested in the same.
" For the interior government and better regulation of the two departments of the Royal Military College, a collegiate board shall be established, which shall consist of the governor, the lieutenant governor, and the commandants of departments; any three of whom may form a board, at which the governor, or lieutenant governor, shall always preside. All reports and returns required from the two departments, relative to the conduct and progress of officers and gentlemen cadets in their studies, shall be examined by the collegiate board; and whenever the board perceive a want of proper application in any individual under instruction, and consider his removal from the college to
be a necessary example, it shall be reported by the governor to the president of the supreme board, in order that our pleasure may be taken thereupon. Public examinations of both departments, on points of science, shall be held in presence of the collegiate board, according to such regulations as shall, for the present, be established by the supreme board; upon which occasions, the president shall call upon one or more members of the supreme board, to attend at the college, who are to take their seats at the collegiate board; and no examinations for certificates of qualifi, cation to serve in the army as a commissioned officer can take place, without a member of the supreme board being present, The collegiate board is to be responsible, that no person belong. ing to the establishment shall, on any account, reside in any other place, than where the department of the college to which he belongs is fixed, No persons shall be recommended for the important situations of commandant, or superintendent of a de. partment, until they have been examined by the collegiate board, and have obtained therefrom certificates of their being duly qualified, in all respects, to discharge the duties of the same, Professors and masters shall be recommended to the supreme board by the collegiate board; by whom they are previously to be care. fully examined, touching their abilities and capacities, in the science they severally undertake to teach. Professors and mas. ters are liable to be suspended for misconduct, by an order of the collegiate board; 'but every such suspension shall be reported immediately by the governor to the president of the supreme board; in order that it may be by him laid before the supreme board, for their decision thereon. The collegiate board shall cxamine and settle all accompts of the two departments; and shall, at the expiration of every quarter, transmit, through the treasurer to the supreme board, a statement of receipts and ex. penditures, accompanied by proper vouchers; and the go, vernor and lieutenant governor shall be responsible, that the ac. compts are regularly inspected by the collegiate board. The su, perintendents shall regulate the expences of their respective de partments, according to the established regulations, and such di. rections as they shall receive from time to time.
Given at our court at St. James's, this 4th day of March, 1802, in the forty second year of our reign. By his MAJESTY's command,
The learned WILLIAM Alley, bishop of Exeter, 1560, and one of thc translators of the Bible, was a native of High Wycombe; as was Mr. CHARLES BUTLER, author of a Treatise on Rhetorick, and the Female Monarchy, or Treatise on Bees.
A road through a dreary part of the county leads to
TRING, HERTFORDSHIRE. This is the most westernly town in the county of Herts, on the confines of Buckinghamshire, at the distance of thirty-one miles from London; it stands upon a neck of land projecting into the latter county, by which it is encompassed on three sides, and therefore properly described in this place. It formerly gave name to one of the hundreds of Herts. In Domesday Book it is called TREUNG, whence its
present corruption TRING.* * Salmon observes, that “ without much hardiness one may venture to say the name is originally Roman. It stands upon the Ikening Street, so called by the Saxons, by the Romans Via ad Iciunos. It led, from Dorchester and beyond, to Colchester, in the imperial Itinerary, Iciani, This was one of the four grand military ways, and so accounted in that law De Pace quatuor Cheminorum. I don't pretend this was a station, here are no remains that I know of; nor do I affirm it to be a mansion; yet as it stood upon the military way from Dorchester to Dunstable, so to Royston, Linton, Hlaverill, Maldon, Colchester, it might serve for a mansion to lodge or take fresh horses at: or even without that, they might give it a name as it lay upon their road. Nor do I find any attempts to bring it from any other language: the etymology has either not been enquired after, or no satisfactory one been found.
“ If we look into king Stephen's charter, by which he gives this ma'nor to the monks of Feversham, in Kent, and into the confirming one of Henry II. we find it written in both, Manerium de Triungulu. This I take to be from Triangulus, which in the Saxon times might be corrupted into Treungula, and in the Norinan into Treung. What this was that resembled a Triangle 'tis hard to say. It might be the figure in which the town was built then: it might be from a wood in that form above Mr. Gore's park: or from two small rivulets that are the source of the Thame here, and joining a little farther, make two sides of a triangle, if we will imagine the cross road to serve for a third. This will not seem extravagant to any one that looks at the station ad Ansam, at Tallow Wratting in Suffolk, &c."--Hist. af Hertfordshire, p. 129. VOL.V. No. 120.
A circumstance is mentioned concerning the antient tonure of this place, that seems to be very contradictory; Salmon says, that “ there is one thing remarkable in the record relating to this town, that it was worth to the earl of Ewe, or Comes Eustachius, 221. in albis denariis. This white money, or white pennies, are şilver, with what alloy is not certain, but probably it was coarse. It was ad pensum comitis, according to the earl's weights.
But that may inean it was taken pondere non numero, rather than that bis weights were different from those of others."
There was no earl of Ewe named Eustacbius; but there was an earl of Bologne so named in the reign of Edward the Confessor, who came over from that country to visit Edward, whose sister Goda he had married; and it appears that he and some of his attendants having killed one of the citizens of Canterbury, the other citizens rose and drove them from the city. Godwin, earl of Kent, upon this assembled his followers and took up arms to uphold the Kentish men; earl Eustace did not forget the affront, but revenged it in the deception he used at the conquest of England, by making his men to appear as retreating from king Harold, Godwin's son, by which stratagem he caused the English army to pursue in disorder, when the Normans returned and made great slaughter, besides killing the king. William, upon obtaining the victory, in his passage from Wallingford to Berkhampstead, most probably bestowed Tring on Eustace, as above specified, for bis service on that occasion.
In 1148, Tring manor reverted to the crown, and was bestowed by king Stephen on the abbey of Feversham, which he had recently founded; the grant was confirmed by succeeding monarchs; and it was found by an inquisition before the justices itinerant in the sixth year of the reign of Edward I. that Tring manor was worth 301. per annum. Edward II. granted the market on Friday, which is still continued, and two fairs. Edward III. granted to the archbishop of Canterbury, probably in favour of the abbot and monks, all the privileges of this manor,
Thus Tring was held till the dissolution of monasteries, when the archbishop of Canterbury reconveyed it to the crown, with the patronage of the rectory. This conveyance and reconveyance seemed to be only matter of form; for the archbishop again conveyed it to Sir Edward North, treasurer of the augmentations, who passed it away to Sir Richard Lee, of Blunts; this gentleman exchanged it with Edward VI, for lands in St. Alban's, who granted it to the archbishop of Canterbury; this prelate regranted it to the crown, and queen Mary gave it to Henry Peckham, Esq. and his wife, for his services against the rebellion of Sir Thomas Wyat. Mr. Peckham having forfeited the manor, for treason in the reign of queen Elizabeth, it reverted once more to the crown, and was settled by James I, in trustees for ninety-nine years to the use of prince Charles, who, when he succeeded to the throne, again settled it in the same for the use of his queen Henrietta Maria. Tring manor remained in the crown till it was granted to Henry Guy, Esq. who built the house, and laid out the grounds with great beauty.
The manor came by purchase from Mr. Guy to Sir William Gore, knight, alderman of London, who paid the quit-rents of the manor to qučen Catharine, consort of Charles II. as part of her dowry during her life. Sir William's son laid out the park, three hundred acres of which are on the Chiltern *.
Having remained in the Gore family for a considerable time, Tring manor was purchased of the last representative by Drummond Smith, Esq. who, in the year 1804, was created a baronet, and is the present possessor. The custom of this manor is two years fine, upon admission to a copyhold.
* Hills which nearly divide the county of Bucks, and were formerly covered with beech, to such a degree as to be a constant harbour for thieves; this, according to antient historians, induced Leoffstan, abbot of St. Alban's, to cause the trees to be levelled, and removed the nuisance. These hills reach from Bedfordshire to the county of Oxford, and form part of the great chain from Norfolk to Dorchester. 3 M 2