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banners of the knights that have been installed are taken down, and beautiful new silk ones substituted, with helmets, crests, and swords. Vacancies are left for the newelected knights. No part of the church appears to have been neglected. Taste, as well as convenience, has been consulted; a great degree of airyness pervades the whole, and the effect of the stone work, with the neatness of the finishing, strikes the spectator with wonder.
At the east end of St. George's Chapel, is a free-stone edifice, built by Henry VII. as a burial place for himself and bis succesors; but afterward altering his purpose, he began the more noble structure at Westminster; and this remained neglected until cardinal Wolsey obtained a grant of it from Henry VIII. and, with a profusion of expence, began a sumptuous monument for himself, whence this building obtained the name of Wolsey's Tomb House. This monument was so magnificently built, that it far exceeded that of Henry VII. in Westminster Abbey; and, at the time of the cardinal's disgrace, the tomb was so far executed, that Benedetto, a statuary of Florence, received four thousand two hundred and fifty ducats, for what he had already done; and 3801. 185. had been paid for gilding only half of this monument. The cardinal dying soon after his disgrace, was buried in the cathedral at York, and the monument remained unfinished. In 1646, the statues and figures of gilt copper, of exquisite workmanship, were sold. James II. converted this building into a popish chapel, and mass was publicly performed here. The cieling was painted by VERRIO, and the walls were finely ornamented and painted; but the whole having been neglected since the reign of James II. is now in a state of decay, and being no appendage to the college, waits the royal favour, to retrieve it from the disgrace of its present appearance.
WINDSOR LITTLE PARK, a fine inclosure, which em braces the north and east side of Windsor Castle, and is about four miles in circumference, declining gently from the Terrace to the Thames. It is a charming spot, pleasantly wooded; and there is a row of antient trees, near the
Queen's Lodge, which is said to have been planted by order of queen Elizabeth, and still retains her name.
Here also an old oak was said to exist, by the name of Herne's Oak. The admirer of natural antiquity, who would wish to investigate the subject, will find an ample account of it in Mr. Gilpin's “ Remarks on Forest Scenery." It is thus celebrated by Shakspeare:
There is an old tale goes, that Herne, the hunter,
Merry Wives of Windsor, Act IV. Sc. IV.* Formerly, numerous herds of deer were kept in this park; but since the year 1785, it has been stocked with sheep and cattle of various denominations; yet there are still some deer remaining, and plenty of hares, which frequently afforded to the king the diversion of coursing.
WINDSOR GREAT Park, an extensive park, adjoining to the south side of the town of Windsor. A noble road, near three miles in length, called the Long Walk, and adorned, on each side, with a double plantation of stately trees, leads to the summit of a delightful hill, near the Ranger's Lodge, whence there is a very luxuriant prospect of the Castle, Eton College, and the distant country. This park possesses a circuit of fourteen miles; and, since the death of the late Henry Frederick duke of Cumberland, his majesty has taken it under his own immediate care,
and amuses himself in giving it every advantage which the united efforts of good husbandry and landscape improvement can
* This Herne is said to have been keeper of the forest in the reign of queen Elizabeth, and having been guilty of some offence, for which he expected to be disgraced, hung himself upon the oak which afterwards bore his name. Ignorance and credulity induced the supposition, that his spirit haunted the spot; the bard therefore improved the circumstance, as a fit scene of action to expose Falstaff's cowardice. 3 H 2
bestow. It consists of near four thousand acres, beauti. fully diversified in hill and dale; many parts of it nobly planted with venerable bodies of wood, varied with wild and romantic scenery *.
Windsor Forest is a tract, according to Roque, forme ing a circuit of fifty-six miles, abounding with deer and game; and it is a magnificent appendage to Windsor Castle. It was originally formed and preserved for the exercise of the chase, by our antient sovereigns, and is still employed in those recreations by his present majesty.
“ There belongs unto the libertie of Windsor Castle,” says Norden, in his " Description of the Ilonour of Windsor," « sundrie bailywickes, lying within several shires, the seaven hundreds of Cookehamn et Braye, and the hundred of Sunninge, within Barkshire, the manors of Upton and Burneham; the manors of Wicadeskery and Langley ; Maries; the manor of Datchet; the manor of FarnehamRoyall; the manor of Eaton, within Buckinghamshire; the hundreds of Oking, and the hundreds of Gadley, within
* While this extent of domain remained in the hands of a ranger, he employed it as a temporary advantage, and never thought of bestowing upon it any permanent improvement: but his majesty having taken that office upon himself, every rational experiment which can add beauty, or produce advantage, is brought forward; and persons of the first eminence and skill are employed in the execution of a inagnificent plan of embellishment in the park; as well as to hold forth an example of improved husbandry to the imitation of the surrounding country. The principal outlines of this plan embrace a vast compass of draining, which is completed, without deformity, after the mode adopted in Essex; an extensive scene of planting upon the high grounds and eminences, where a grandeur of effect can be produced; a delicate opening of the bottom parts, in order to throw the vales into beautiful savannas; a selection of the fine sylvan parts into harbours for game; with sheep walks for large flocks; and the formation of two contrasted farms at the opposite ends of the park. The one, from the lightness of the soil, is established on the Norfolk system of husbandry, under a rotation of six course cropping, with all the advantages of tulip cultivation; and the other, which consists of a loamy soil, is carried on in due conformity to the agricultural practice of Flanders, where the course of husbandry almost invariably consists of an alternate crop for man and beast; one of the most produce tive dispositions to which land can be applied.
Surrey, together also with others forame liberties, namely, the libertie of lady Elizabeth Pircain, of the hundred of Wargrave; the libertie of Sir Henrie Nevill, of his hundred of Wargrave; the libertie of the manor of Bentlisham, within. Barkshire; the libertie of Andrew Windesore, Esq. of his manor of Eaton; the libertie of Sir Edward Cooke, lord cheife justice of the Conmon Pleas, of bis manor of Stoke Poges, within Buckingshamshire. All theis are liable to the Castle warrantes, though for want of due execution some of them begin to be denied, and the warrants disobeyed; the true limmits and bounds being also nere worne out of knowledge, and will shortlie be worne out of minde, without meanes of reformation.”
The castle and forest of Windsor is mentioned as an honour, by statute, in the seventeenth of Henry VIII.
FROGMORE HOUSE, which had many possessors during the Civil Wars, afterwards became the property of George Fitzrov, duke of Northumberland, in the reign of Charles II. his widow died here at an advanced age. This place was also the residence of marshal Belleisle, after his release from the Castle; it was afterwards the seat of Sir Edward Walpole, K. B. and of the honourable Mrs. Egerton, of whom it was purchased by her majesty queen Charlotte, who has made very considerable additions to the house and gardens. In different parts of the grounds, Gothic temples, rural huts, &c. have been erected, as a relief to the same. ness of a dead Aat. On the opposite side of the road, is a neat house, the seat of the late earl of Pomfret, as ranger of the Little Park, within the limits of which it is situated. The queen's dairy, is commended for its neatness and simplicity.
We now describe the various towns and villages, &c. within Windsor Forest, and the county of Berks.
The BELVIDERE, or Shrub's Hill, is a triangular building, with a tower at each corner. It is encompassed by a fine plantation of trees, forining a delightful scene. The poble piece of water, in the valley underneath, was formed