« НазадПродовжити »
staircase is beautifully disposed, and heightened with gold, and has a view to the back stairs, whereon is painted the story of Meleager and Atalanta. The painting of this staircase by Sir James Thornhill.
The Queen's GUARD CHAMBER, is completely furnished with fire arms, beautifully ranged and disposed into va. rious forms, with the star and garter, the royal cypher, and other ornaments intermixed, cut in lime wood. Over the chimney is a full portrait of prince George of Denmark in armour on horseback, by Dahl, with a view of shipping, by VANDERVELD. On the cieling is Britannia, personified by queen Catharine, consort to Charles II. seated on a globe, bearing the arms of England and Portugal, with the four quarters of the world, and their respective symbols, attended by deities, presenting their several offerings, and surrounded by the signs of the Zodiac; the other embellishments consist of the heathen deities, &c.
The Queen's PRESENCE CHAMBER. Portrait of queen Catharine, attended by Religion, Prudence, Fortitude, and the other virtues. The room is hung with tapestry, representing the beheading of St. Paul, and the persecution of the primitive Christians; it is also adorned with paintings of Edward III. and the Black Prince, both by BELCAMP; and of James I. by VANDYCK. In this room also were the three following cartoons of Raphael :
The Sacrifice to Paul and Barnabas, at Lystra; the Miraculous Draught of Fishes; Healing of the Cripple at the Beautiful Gate of the Temple. Here it is proper to mention, that the Cartoons have been lately removed to Hampton Court, where Mr. Holloway is taking exact copies of them for publication.
The Queen's AUDIENCE CHAMBER. The cieling represents queen Catharine as Britannia, in a car drawn by swans to the temple of Virtue, attended by Flora, Ceres, &c. The canopy is of fine English velvet, set up by queen Anne; and the tapestry was made at Coblentz, and presented to Henry VIII. The portraits are, William and
Frederic Henry, princes of Orange, Honthorst; and Anne of Denmark, queen of James I. VANSOMER.
The Ball Room. On the cieling Charles II. is rcpresented giving freedom to Europe, by the figures of Perseus and Andromeda : on the shield of Perseus is inscribed Perseus Britannicus, and over the head of Andromeda is written Europa Liberata! Mars, attended by the celestial deities, offers the olive branch. The tapestry, exhibiting the Months, was made at Brussels, and set up by Charles II. the room is adorned with portraits and pictures of William earl of Pembroke, VANSOMER; St. John, after CORREGIO;. countess of Dorset, after VANDYCK; duchess of Richmond, VANDYCK; a Madonna ; and the duchess of Hamilton, HANNEMAN.
The Queen's DRAWING Room. On the cieling the assembly of the gods and goddesses. The room is hung with tapestry, representing the Seasons; the pictures are Judith and Holofernes, GUIDO; a Magdalen, LELY; Henrietta, duchess of Orleans, in the character of Minerva; lady Digby, wife of Sir Kenelm Digby, VANDYCK; De Bray and his family, by himself; Killegrew and Carew, VANDYCK. In this room is a beautiful clock by VULLUAMY.
THE QUEEN'S BEDCHAMBER. The bed of state in this room was put up by queen Charlotte. It is said to have cost 14,000l. On the cieling is represented the story of Diana and Endymion ; the room is adorned with the picture of her majesty at full length, accompanied by all her chil. dren, West; six landscapes, ZUCCARELLI; and two flower pieces.
THE ROOM OF BEAUTIES, is so named from the original portraits of fourteen of the most celebrated beauties in the reign of Charles II.; viz. Mrs. Knot and Mrs. Lawson, WisSING; lady Sunderland, lady Rochester, lady Denham and her sister, and Mrs. Middleton, LELY; lady Byron, House. MAN; duchess of Richmond, countess of Northumber. land, lady Grammont, duchess of Cleveland, and duchess of Somerset, Lely; and lady Ossory, Wissing; with thir. teen portraits of ladies, after VANDYCK, by RUSSEL.
The Queen's DresSING Room. Anne, queen to James I.;' in a closet, is the banner of France, annually delivered on the second of August by the duke of Marlborough; the tenure by which he holds Blenheim House.
QUEEN ELIZABETH's, or THE PICTURE GALLERY, is adorned with the paintings of James I. VANSOMER; the Holy Family, after RAPHAEL; Charles V. after TITIAN; the Offering of the Wise Men, PAUL VERONESE; the Misers, QUINTIN Matsys, the blacksmith of Antwerp; Perseus and Andromeda, SCHIAVONE; Titian and a Senator of Venice, by TITIAN; Henry VIII. HOLBEIN; two Italian Markets, BAMBOCCIO; a Conversation, TENIERS; Sir John Lawson, Sir Christopher Minnes, earl of Sandwich, Sir Thomas Allen, Sir William Penn, Sir George Ayscough, Sir Thomas Tiddyman, Anne duchess of York, prince Rupert, Sir Jeremiah Smith, Sir Joseph Jordan, Sir William Berkeley, duke of Albemarle, and Sir John Harman, LELY; a Boy with Puppies, Murillo* ; Our Saviour and St. John, VANDYCK; St. Joseph, FETTI; a Man's Head, CARLO CIGNANI; a Boy paring Fruit; Mi. CHAEL ANGELO; Men playing at Bowls, TENIERS; Ascension of the Virgin, Bassan; Boors drinking, TENIERS; St, Charles de Borromeo, FETTI; Angel and Shepherds, N. POUSSIN; Our Saviour in the Garden, N. POUSSIN; Emmanuel Phillibert duke of Savoy, MORE; Angel and Peter, STEENWYCK; Indian Market, Post; Marquis del Guasto and Family, after Titian; and Rinaldo and Armida, ROMANELLI.
QUEEN CAROLINE'S CHINA Closer, filled with a great variety of curious china, elegantly disposed; and the whole room finely gilt and ornamented: the pictures are, the Children of Henry VII. MABUSE; a Woman with a Kitten; and a Woman squeezing Blood out of a Sponge. In this closet is also a fine ember cabinet, presented to queen Anne by Dr. Robinson, bishop of London.
The King's Closet. The cieling painted with the story
* This is ascertained by Mr. West to be a genuine work of LUCA GIORDANO.
of Jupiter and Leda. The pictures, Anne duchess of York, the princess Mary, and Mary duchess of York, LELY; a Man's Head, RAPHAEL; St. Catharine, GUIDO; a Woman's Head, PARMEGIANO ; two Landscapes, BREUGHEL; a Landscape, TENIERS; Thomas third duke of Norfolk, HOLBEIN; Holy Family, VANUDEN; Luther, HolBEIN; Erasmus, Pens; queen Henrietta, VANDYCK; the Creation, BRUEGHEL.
The King's Dressing Room. On the cieling the story of Jupiter and Danae. The pictures, prince George of Denmark, KneLLeR; a Magdalen, Dolci; two Views of Windsor Castle, VORSTERMAN; a Man's Head, DA VINCI; a Landscape, WOUVERMANS; Nero depositing the ashes of Britannicus, LE SUER; countess of Desmond, who lived one hundred and fifty years, wanting a few days, RemBRANT; a Farrier's Shop, WOUVERMANS; a Youth's Head, HOLBEIN; Charles II. Russel; Herodias's Daughter, Dolci; an old Man's Head, HOLBEIN; James duke of York, RusSEL; queen of Charles II. Lely,
THE KING'S BEDCHAMBER is hung with tapestry, representing the story of Hero and Leander: the state bed rich flowered velvet, made in Spitalfields, by order of queen Anne; on the cieling Charles II. represented in the robes of the Garter, under a canopy supported by Time, Jupiter, and Neptune, with a wreath of laurel over his head; and attended by Europe, Asia, Africa, and America ; Charles II. when a boy, in armour, VANDYCK; Henry duke of Gloucester.
The King's Drawing Room. The cieling represents Charles II. riding in a triumphal car, drawn by the horses of the Sun, attended by Fame, Peace, and the Polite Arts; Hercules driving away Rebellion, Sedition, and Ignorance; Britannia and Neptune paying obedience to the monarch as be passes. In the other parts are painted the Labours of Hercules. The pictures, a converted Chinese, KNELLER; a Magdalen, Young PalmA; the Roman Charity ; St. John; St. Stephen stoned; St. Peter, St. James, and St. John, MICHAEL ANGELO CARAYAGIO; Cupid and Psyche,
Dahl; Endymion and Diana, Genario; Harvest, BasSAN; Our Saviour 'before Pilate, SCHIAVONE; Martha and Mary, from Bassan; a Shepherd and Shepherdess, GENARIO; Danae, ditto; and Venus turned painter.
THE King's Audience Room. On the cieling the Banquet of the Gods. The pictures, Hercules and Omphale, Cepbalus and Procris, the Birth of Venus, Venus and Adonis, GENARIO; a Naval Triumph of Charles II. H. Verrio; the Marriage of St. Catharine, DANCKERS; Mercury represented with an original portrait of Charles II. which he shews to the four quarters of the world, introduced by Neptune; Fame declaring the glory of that prince, and Time driving away Rebellion, Sedition, &c. Over the canopy is Justice, shewing the arms of Britain to Thames and the river nymphs. At the lower end is Venus in a marine car, drawn by tritons and sea nymphs. The paintings, Duns Scotus, SPAGNOLET; Peter I. of Russia, KNELLER; Prometheus, Young PALMA; and the other four Cartoons of Raphael : The Death of Ananias; St. Paul preaching to the Athenians; Christ delivering the Keys to Petcr; Elymas the Sorcerer struck with Blindness.
These inestimable cartoons had remained in Flanders, from the time that Pope Leo X. sent them thither to be copied in tapestry. The money for the tapestry having never been paid, they were purchased by Charles I. at the recommendation of Rubens. At the sale of the royal pictures, in 1653, they were purchased for 3001. by Crom. well, against whom no one would bid. He pawned them to the Dutch court for upward of 50,0001.; and, after the Revolution, king William brought them again to England, and built a gallery for their reception in Hampton Court, to which place these have been also lately removed.
The King's GUARD CHAMBER, is a noble room, in which are pikes, pistols, guns, bayonets, &c. disposed in colonnades, pillars, and other devices, by Mr. Harris, for. merly master gunner of Windsor Castle; who invented the beautiful arrangement of arms here, and in the armory of the Tower of London. The cieling is finely painted in