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speaker of the House of Commons, resided many years in this mansion; and his son, lord Cranley, afterwards possessed it. This commodious building is composed principally of brick, but the front has lately been covered with plaister to give it the appearance of stone. The park has been extended and improved by the addition of several fields. The lawn before the house was so full of trees towards the centre as to resemble a wood, but the number of them is now considerably lessened. The house is elegantly furnished, and has a very handsome library. To the honour of this nation, a pension of three thousand pounds was granted by the unanimous concurrence of both houses of parliament, to the right honourable Arthur Onslow, as a reward for his eminent services; and after his death, the same annuity was continued to his son, George Onslow, Esq. afterward lord Cranley. Lord Cranley married Harriet, daughter of Sir John Shelly, of Michel Grove, in Sussex,bart. by his wife Margaret, youngest sister of Thomas Pelham Holles, duke of Newcastle. Ember Court was afterwards inhabited by Sir Francis Ford, bart, and now by colonel Taylor.
KINGSTON UPON THAMES, is a market town, eleven miles' and a half from the motropolis; and was either a royal residence, or a royal demesne, at the union of the Saxon heptarchy. In a record of a council held here in 838, at which Egbert, king of all England, and bis son Atbelwolf, were present; it is styled Kyningestun, famosa illa locus. Some of the Saxon kings were also crowned here; and close to the north side of the church is a large stone, on which, according to tradition, they were placed during the ceremony. Adjoining, was formerly a chapel, dedicated to St. Mary, in wbich were the figures of some of these kings. Mr. Lysons gives the following list, on the authority of our an. tient historiaus. Edward the Elder, crowned A. D. 900; his son Athelstan, in 925; Edinund, in 940; Eldred, or Edred, in 946; Edwy, or Edwin, in 955; Edward the 2
Martyr, in 975; and Ethelred, in 978. Edgar, who suc. ceeded to the throne in 959, is said to have been crowned either at Kingston os at Bath. King Jobn gave the inhabitants their first charter, on which account his effigy was also placed here. In the inscriptions over these figures, some were said to have been crowned in the market place, and others in the chapel *.
Kingston sent members to parliament in the reign of the second and third Edwards; and ceased to be a borough, in consequence of a petition from the corporation (recorded in the town-clerk's office) praying to be relieved from the burthen of sending members to parliament, so that at present it sends none.
The wooden bridge over the Thames is said to be nearly as antient as London Bridge. The Free School, founded by queen Elizabeth, was an antient chapel, belonging to the demolished hospital of St. Mary Magdalen, and is supposed to have been built in the fourteenth century. Here also is an almshouse, built in 1668 by W. Cleave, Esq. alderman of London, for six men, and as many women. The Lent assizes for Surrey are held in the Town Hall, erected in the reign of queen Elizabeth.
The CHURCH is a stately structure; its first construction seems to be of the age of Richard II. It is very spacious, well pewed, and has convenient galleries, with a good organ, by Avery. Among the monuments are those of Sir Anthony Benn, colonel Fane, Dr. George Bate, and captain Pearce, who, with part of his family and the crew were lost in the Halsewell East Indiaman. Kingston bas also places of worship for the various sects of Dissenters.
The barn belonging to Canbury House, is so spacious,
* These figures were destroyed by the fall of the chapel in 1730; at which time Abraham Hammerton, the sexton of the parish, digging a grave, was buried under the ruins, with another person, and his daughter Esther Hammerton. The latter, notwithstanding she lay covered seven hours, survived this misfortune seventeen years, and was her father's successor. The memory of this event is preserved by a curious print of this singular woman, engraved by M'Ardell.
that twelve teams may unload at once. ' It has four entrances, four threshing floors, and is supported by twelve pillars.
In 1769, an act of parliament was obtained for separating the parish church of Kingston, and its dependent chapels of Richmond, Moulsey, Thames Ditton, Petersham, and Kew, and forming the whole parish into two vicarages and two perpetual curacies.
Here is a weekly market on Saturdays. The fairs are, Whit Thursday; Black-cherry Fair, August 2; and Holland tide Fair, November 13, which continues nine days. The trade of Kingston is chiefly hops and malt.
COOMBE NEVILLE, a manor of Kingston upon Thames, is so called from William Neville, who was in possession of it in the reign of Edward II. This was said to have belonged to the great Neville, earl of Warwick, who distinguished himself so much in the civil wars between the rival houses of York and Lancaster ; but this is probably without foundation, as Mr. Lysons, who appears to have traced the property with great accuracy, says, that, after the death of this William Neville, the manor went to John Had. resham, who had married one of his three daughters, A subsequent proprietor, Sir Thomas Vincent, is said to have built the old manor house, which was pulled down about the year 1752. Here queen Elizabeth honoured him with a visit in 1602. It was afterwards in the family of Harvey, with one of whom king William used to hawk in the war. ren opposite the house. It is now the property of earl Spencer.
Near the site of the old mansion is COMBE House, the re. sidence of major Tollemache; near which are some servoirs of water, constructed by cardinal Wolsey, to supply Hampton Court. The water is conveyed under the Thames by pipes of a particular construction. It is much esteemed as efficacious in nephritic complaints; and is ex. cellent for drinking and washing; but unfit for culinary use, as it turns the vegetables black,