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public house at Charing Cross, where he saw the pillory, and the multitude assembled to witness his disgrace.
To the north-east of Sutton is CARSHALTON, nine miles from London, situate among innumerable springs, which form a sort of reservoir in the centre of the town, and joining other streams from Croydon and Beddington, form the river Wandle. Domesday Book informs us, that “ In Waleton Hundred Geffrey de Mandiville holds AulTONE *. In the time of king Edward there were five freemen, who could go where they would. One of these held two hides, and the other four each six hides. There were five manors; at present there is only one.
It was rated at twentyseven hides, now at three hides and a half. The arable land contains ten carucates. In demesne there is one carucate. There are nine villans and nine cottages, with five carucates. There is a church and seven servants, and twelve acres of meadow.” But it seems by the same record, that Geffrey was never lawfully seised of it.
William de Fiennes departed this life in 30 Edw. I. being then seised of the mannor of Clopham (Clapham) in Com. Surr. and xx marks yearly rent, issuing out of the mannour of KERSALTONE, in the same county. Carshalton came afterwards to the families of Carew, and St. John; thence, by various descents, to Sir William Scawen, in 1712. His great nephew James, sold it to George Taylor, Esq. Though this village is thus situated among springst, it is built upon firm chalk, and on one of the most beautiful spots south of London, on which account it has many handsome houses ; some built with such grandeur and expence, that they might be rather taken for the seats of the nobility than the country houses of citizens and merchants. Mr. Scawen intended to build a magnificent
* It was originally written Aulton, afterwards Kersalton, and which was corrupted to Cars-Alton, as it is vulgarly pronounced.
+ On the banks of the Wandle are established several manufactories; the principal of which are the two paper mills; mills for preparing leather and parchment; for grinding logwood; oil mills; snuff mills; and bleaching grounds; besides those mentioned under Mitcham.
house here in a fine park, which is walled round, and vast quantities of stone and other materials were collected by him for this purpose, tut the design was never carried into execution.
Here also Dr. Ratcliffe built a very fine house, which afterwards belonged to Sir John Fellows, who added gardens and curious waterwork. It passed into the possession of lord Hardwick, who sold it to the late William Mitchell, Esq. It afterwards came into the possession of Theodore Broadhead, Esq. and is now the seat of John Hodson Durand, Esq.
The CHURCH has a low embattled tower, and is supposed to have been built in the reign of Richard II. but has several modern additions. It contains an antient' tomb of Nicholas Gaynesford, esquire of the body to Elizabeth, queen to Henry VII. in her procession from the Tower to Westminster, previously to her coronation. Gaynesford, and Verney, the other esquire of honour, rode in the procession with the lord mayor of London, and, as described in the MS. in the Cotton library, were “ welle horsede in gownes of cremesyne velvett, having mantells of ermyne, and on ther hedes hatts of rede clothe of golde ermyne, the beher forward.”* Within the church are also monuments of modern structure, to the memory of Sir William Scawen, Sir Edmund Hoskins, Sir George Fellows, Sir George Amyand, &c. Carshalton was the occasional residence of the virtuous minister of queen Elizabeth, Sir Nicholas Tbrogmorton.
* The office of esquire of the body is thus described in the Household Book of Edward IV. “ Esquiers for the body, four, noble of condition, whereof alway two be attendant upon the king's person to array and unarray hym, to watche day and night to dress hym in his clothes, and they be callers to the chaumberlayn if any thing lak for his person or plesaures; thyre busines is in many secrets, some sitting in the king's chaumber, some in the hall with persones of like service, which is called knyghts service, taking every of them for his lyvery, at night, a chete loffe, one quart wyne, &c.” Their allowance for attendance was sevenpence halfpenny per diem, whilst in waiting.
Whilst Dr. Ratcliffe resided at this place, queen Anne was attacked with the illness which was fatal to her; Ratcliffe was summoned to attend her majesty ; and being himself also ill with the gout, he declined to attend, in which he was justified, as the summons had not come officially, and he was no favourite with the court physicians. His refusal, however, made him so very unpopular, that after the queen’s death, he received several threatening letters, which gave him so much uneasiness, that his apprehensions of the revenge of the populace were thought to have hasta ened his own
end. In a letter, dated from Carshalton, August 3, 1714, he mentions“ the receipt of these letters, and declares his intention of not stirring from home.” He died here the first of November following *.
The pleasant village of BEDDINGTON is situated two miles west of Croydon, and eleven from Westminster Bridge. Antiently there were two manors in this place, which are thus noticed in Domesday Book:
“ In WALETON hundred, Robert de Watevile holds BedDINTONE of Richard Fitz Gilbert; Azor held it of king Edward. It was then rated at twenty-five hides, now for three hides. The arable land contains six carucates. In demesne there is one carucate, and sixteen villans, and fourteen cottagers with five carucates. There is a church and five servants, and two mills of forty shillings, and twenty-four acres of meadow land. A wood with five hogs. In London there are fifteen dwelling houses, which belong to this manor, and yield twelve shillings and threepence.
“ Milo Crespiu holds BEDDINTONE, and William Fitz Turold of him; Ulf held it of king Edward. It was then rated at twenty-five hides, now for three bides. The arable land contains six carucates. In demesne there is one carucate and thirteen villans, and thirteen cottagers with six carucates; there is one servant, and two mills of thirty-five shillings, and twenty acres of meadow land.
* Lysons's Environs, I. 136,