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parlour is ornamented with rich mantled carving. The chapel is converted to a billiard room. The house was held, under the crown, by the family of Fromond, in the time of Henry VIII. after the manor itself was granted to lord Montague. Bartholomew Fromond was fined 2401. in the reign of James I. as a popish recusant, and was the last of that family who inhabited here. The mansion became afterwards the property of the noble family of Petre, from whom it was purchased by the present possessor.
The Church is dedicated to St. Dunstan; in Lumley's chancel, is the monument of Jane lady Lumley, who died in 1577. She translated the Iphigenia of Euripides, and some of the orations of Isocrates, into English, and one of the latter into Latin. Also the tomb of John lord Lumley, with a long Latin inscription. Camden says of him, that he was “a most complete pattern of nobility.” His capital collection of books were purchased by James I. and were the foundation of the Royal Library, now deposited in the British Museum. This church has a neat marble tablet to the memory of Sir Joseph Yates, judge of the King's Bench and Common Pleas, who died June 7, 1770. There are several other memorials to eminent persons.
It is remarkable, that of six successive rectors of Cheam, between 1581, and 1662, five became bishops; namely, Anthony Watson, bishop of Chicester; Lancelot Andrews, bishop of Winchester; George Mountain, archbishop of York; Richard Senhouse, bishop of Carlisle; and John Hacket, bishop of Lichfield and Coventry.
CUDDINGTON, or Codington, was an adjoining parish to Cheam till Henry VIII, had it by exchange with Richard Codington, and admiring the situation, converted the whole into the palace and manor of NONSUCH, which obtained that name on account of its splendour. Hentzner says, " it was chosen for his pleasure and retirement, and built with an excess of magnificence. One would imagine every thing that architecture can perform to have been employed in this one work: there are every where so many statues that seem to breathe, so many miracles of consummate art,
so many casts that rival even the perfection of Roman an. tiquity, that it may well claim its name of Nonsach. It is so encompassed with parks full of deer, delightful gardens, groves ornamented with trellis work, cabinets of verdure, and walks so embrowned by trees, that it seems to be a place pitched upon by Pleasure herself to dwell along with Health. In the pleasure and artificial gardens are many columns and pyramids of marble, two fountains that spout water one round the other, like a pyramid, upon which are perched small birds that stream water out of their bills. In the grove of Diana is a very agreeable fountain, with Acteon turned into a stag, as he was sprinkled by the goddess and her nymphs, with inscriptions; and there is another pyramid of marble full of concealed pipes, which spirt upon all who come within their reach.” above description Mr. Walpole has made the following observations: “ We are apt to think, that Sir William Temple and king William were, in a manner, the introducers of gardening into England; but, by the description of lord Burleigh's gardens at Theobalds, and of those at Nonsuch, we find that the magnificent, though false taste was known here as early as the reigns of Henry VIII, and his daughter. There is scarce an unnatural and sumptuous impropriety at Versailles, which we do not find in Hentzner's description of these gardens.” Henry earl of Arundel, “ for the love and bonour he bare to his olde maister," purchased Nonsuch of queen Mary, and comcompletely finished it, according to the intentions of the royal founder. He left this house to his posterity ; but lord Lumley, who had married his daughter, reconveyed it to the crown in 1591. It afterwards became a favourite residence of Elizabeth, and it was here that the earl of Essex first experienced her displeasure. It was settled upon Anne, queen of James I. and, in the following reign, upon queen Henrietta' Maria. Charles II. granted it to the duchess of Cleveland, who pulled down the house, sold the materials, and disparked the land. Her grandson, Charles duke of Grafton, sold the estate, in 1730, to Jo
seph Thompson, Esq. uncle to the present proprietor, the rev. Joseph Whately, who has a neat villa at some distance from the site of the old palace. A view of this palace is given in Lysons's Environs, I. p. 153.*
SUTTON joins Chean, and is situated on the public road from London to Brighton, at the distance of twelve miles from the former. The manor formerly. belonged to the abbey of Chertsey; after the suppression of the abbey it was granted to Sir Nicholas Carew, on whose attainder it reverted to the crown; but was restored to his son by Mary I. It afterwards came into the families of Darcey, Mason, Brownlow, Cliffe, and Hatch. Beeston Long, Esq. has the antient house in Sutton. Domesday Book, mentions two churches here, there is now only a small fabric, dedicated to St. Nicholas, at the west end of which was a wooden tower, since taken down, and rebuilt with brick. Over the north window is an antient inscription, partly in Saxon characters, requesting the prayers of the faithful " for William Foul, and Alice, his mother,” probably benefactors to the church. Within are memorials for lady Brownlow, who died in 1700. Earl Talbot, who died in 1782; and Cecil, his mother, wife of Charles Talbot, Esq. barrister at law; (afterwards lord chancellor) she died in 1720, aged twenty eight. William STEPHENS, rector of Sutton, was a party writer in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He was indicted in the court of King's Bench for a libel on the duke of Marlborough, and secretary Harley, in 1707, for which he was sentenced to pay a fine of hundred marks, to stand twice in the pillory, at Charing Cross, and the Royal Exchange, and to find sureties for twelve months. The more ignominious part of his sentence was remitted; but not till he had been taken to a
* Lelande, in his description of Cuddington, remarks, that “ Crompton, of London, hath a close by Codington in Southerey, wher the king buildith. In this close is a vaine of fine yerth, to make moldes for goldesinithes and casters of metale, that a loade of it is sold for a crowne of golde. Like yerth to this is not to be found in all Englande.”