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Streatham : his seat here is the residence of lord William Russell. Here also is the villa of Gabriel Piozzi, Esq. who married the widow of Henry Tbrale, Esq. a lady who has distinguished berself by various publications in the literary world. In the library, are the portraits of lord Sandys, lord Westcote, Sir Joshua Reynolds, Dr. Johnson, Ed. mund Burke, Esq. David Garrick, Esq Dr. Goldsmith, Dr. Charles Burney, Sir Robert Chambers, and Joseph Ba. retti, Esq. wbo all spent many social hours in the room where their portraits now hang, and which were painted for Mr. Thrale by Reynolds. During the lifetime of Mr. Thrale, Dr. Johnson frequently resided here, and experienced that sincere respect to which his virtues and talents were entitled, and those soothing attentions which his ill. health and melancholy demanded. Mr. Thrale was an eminent brewer, and for several years member of parliament for Southwark.
The CHURCH, dedicated to St. Leonard, was built at different periods, and its tower, supporting a small spire, is seen at a great distance.
In the chancel of the church is an epitaph on Rebecca, the wife of William Lyne, who died in 1653: it was written by her husband, who, after enumerating her various virtues, thus concludes:
Should I ten thousand years enjoy my life,
I could not praise enough so good a wife! On the south wall is a monument to a woman of equal excellence: Elizabeth, wife of major-general Hamilton, who was married near forty-seven years, and never did one thing to disoblige her husband! She died in 1746.
Here are also two tablets, with pompous Latin inscriptions by the late Dr. Johnson, to the memory of Mr. Thrale, and of Mrs. Salusbury, Mrs. Thrale’: mother.
Upon an altar tomb in the north wall, un ler a rich Gothic canopy, lies the mutilated figure of an armed knight; the forın of the tomb ascertains it to be of the fourteenth century.
“ It bus,” says Mr. Lysons, VOL. V. No. 113.
absurdly called * the tomb of John of Gaunt, who, it is well known, was buried in St. Paul's cathedral.”
Near this is another antient monument, erected to the memory. of Margaret, wife of Henry Cantlowe, (Cantilupe) and daughter of Nicholas Aylwin, who died in 1486+.
One of the most eminent rectors of this church was Dr. Hoadly, bishop of Winchester, who was presented by Mrs. Howland, in 1710, whilst bishop of Bangor, to this living, merely from that lady's esteem of his character and principles.
* See Aubrey's Antiquities of Surrey, vol. i. p. 201 ; and Salinon,
+ Mr. Lysons has recorded some very particular anecdotes of a person named Russell, who was buried here, April 14, 1772. “He attached himself at an early period of life to the gypsies, and being of a rambling dispo.. sition visited most parts of the Continent as a stroller or vagabond. When advanced in years he settled at Chipsted, in Kent, where he kept a large shop.” Having assumed the characters of male and female, Mr. Lysons continues to mention him in the masculine gender, and proceeds: “ Soinetimes he travelled the country with goods, in the character of a married woman, having changed his maiden name for that of his husband, who carried the pack, and to his death was liis reputed zido, be; ing known by the familiar appellation of Bet Page. In the course of his travels he attached himself much to itinerant physicians, learned their nostrums, and practiced their art. His long experience gained him the character of a most infallible doctress, to which profession he added that of an astrologer, and practiced both with great profit; yet such was his extravagance, that he died worth six shillings only. It was a common custom with him to spend whatever he bad in his pockets at an alehouse, where he usually treated his companions. About twelve months before his death he came to reside at bio native place. His extraordinary age procured him the notice of many of the most respectable families in the neighbourhood, particularly that of Mr. Thrale, in whose kitchen he was frequently entertained. Dr. Johnson, who found him a shrewd sensible person, with a good memory, was very fond of conversing with him. His faculties were so little impaired by age, that a few days before he died, he had planned another ramble, in which his landlord's son was to have accompanied him.” After recounting other peculiarities of this being, Mr. Lysons observes, “ that supposing him to have been the younger son of John Russell (of this parish) and born in 1672, according to the register, he would have been one hundred years of age; and if he were
Among the charitable foundations in Streatham is a school founded by Mrs. Howland, who gave 201. per annum for clothing and educating ten children... · Adjoining to Streatham is CLAPHAM, situated about four miles from Westminster Bridge; the village consists of many handsome houses, surrounding a common, that commands many pleasing views. This common, about the commencement of the present reign, was little better than a morass, and the roads were almost impassable. The latter are now in an excellent state; and the common so beauti. fully planted with trees, that it has the appearance of a park. These improvements were effected by a subscription of the inhabitants, who, on this occasion, have been much indebted to the taste and exertions of Christopher Baldwin, Esq. an inhabitant and magistrate many years ; and, as a proof of the consequent increased value of property on this spot, Mr. Baldwin has sold fourteen acres of land, near his own house, for 50001. Other villas on this delightful common, are those of Samuel, Robert, and Henry Thornton, Samuel Smith, and John Dent, Esqrs, members of Parliament. A reservoir near the Wandsworth road, supplies the village with water. The parish probably received its appellation from one of its antient proprietors; Osgood Clappa being the name of the Danish lord, at wbose daughter's marriage feast Hardicanute dicd.
Bishop Gauden, the supposed author of the EIKNN BALTAIKH, was a resident at Clapham. Dr. Nicholas Brady, the joint author with Mr. Nahum Tate, of the New Version of the Psalms; and Anthony Blackwell, an eminent classic, were rectors of Clapham; and Dr. Martin Lister, a
the elder, he would have been one hundred and eight years of age: he would drink hard with men, whose company indeed he chiefly affected, yet he was an excellent sempstress, and celebrated for making a good shirt. There was a wildness and eccentricity in his general conduct, which frequently bordered on insanity; and at least, we may fairly conclude, to use a favourite expression of Anthony Wood, the Oxforú biographer, that he had “a rambling head and a crazy pate.”—Environs of London, I. p. 489.
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learned physician and naturalist. Here died the excellent citizen of London, and patriot, Sir John Barnard, in hom nourable retirement, 1764.
On the north-east corner of the common, is a new church, erected in 1776, at the expence of 11,0001. but neither in the church itself, nor in the ground, inclosed around it, are any interments suffered. Of the old church only one aisle remains; in which the funeral service is performed, when there are any interments in the adjoining cemetery. The manor house, now a boarding school for young ladies, is situated near this spot, and is rendered conspicuous by a curious octagonal tower.
The next parish to Clapham, in the road to Epsom, is TOOTING; it had formerly the addition of Graveney, or Gravenelle, from Richard de Gravenelle, one of its lords. This parish is sometimes called Lower Tooting, to distinguish it from a part of Streatham parish, called Upper Tooting, and Tooting Bec, both of which were in this parish before the bishop of Baieux laid hands upon them. The village consists of two streets, which run the one out of the other in the shape of an L. There were antiently three manors in Tooting, two of which were in after-times united and thrown into Streatham parish; the third manor was, at the survey', held by Haimo, sheriff of Surrey, from the abbey of Chertsey. The other two manors were, in the time of king William, held by the abbies of Westminster and Beç, which, in process of time, came both to Bec, and gave rise to the name of Tooting Bec, which that part of Streatham bears which was taken from Tooting. The part which Westminster held was, in king Edward the Confessor's time, the estate of Swane, of whom Waltheof had it; and he sold it to Alnod, a native of London, who bestowed it upon the church of Westminster for the health of his soul.
Tooting Graveney, through various possessors, was alienated by one of the Maynard family to Sir James Bateman, alderman and lord mayor of London; it is at present belonging to Morgan Rice, Esq.