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accumulation acres Adam Smith advantage agricultural amount average capital capitalist cause cent circulating capital circumstances commodity competition condition considerable consumed consumption cost of production cottier cultivation degree demand depends diminished division of labour duction effect employed employment England equal exchange exchange value exertion exist expense farmer farms favourable fertility fixed France greater habits hectares human hundred quarters improvement increase individual industry interest Ireland kind labouring class land landlord Law of Value less limited manufacture manure material means ment metayer mode necessary obtained occupation operations paid peasant peasant proprietors permanent persons political economy population portion possession present principle produce productive labour proportion purchase rate of profit remuneration rent saving says Sismondi society soil subsistence sufficient supply suppose surplus tenant things tion trade unless unproductive wages wealth whole yield
Сторінка 373 - Notes of a Traveller. 8vo. price 12s. Laing's (S.) Observations on the Social and Political State of the European People in 1848 and 1849: Being the Second Series of Notes of a Traveller.
Сторінка 355 - Give a man the secure possession of a bleak rock, and he will turn it into a garden ; give him a nine years' lease of a garden, and he will convert it into a desert.
Сторінка 473 - A mason or bricklayer, on the contrary, can work neither in hard frost nor in foul weather, and his employment at all other times depends upon the occasional calls of his customers. He is liable, in consequence, to be frequently without any. What he earns, therefore, while he is employed, must not only maintain him while he is idle, but make him some compensation for those anxious and desponding" moments which the thought of so precarious a situation must sometimes occasion.
Сторінка 164 - ... performed two or three distinct operations. But though they were very poor, and therefore but indifferently accommodated with the necessary machinery, they could, when they exerted themselves, make among them about twelve pounds of pins in a day.
Сторінка 258 - It is not so with the Distribution of Wealth. That is a matter of human institution solely. The things once there, mankind, individually or collectively, can do with them as they like.
Сторінка 127 - Capital which in this manner fulfils the whole of its office in the production in which it is engaged, by a single use, is called Circulating Capital.
Сторінка 166 - ... the invention of a great number of machines which facilitate and abridge labour, and enable one man to do the work of many.
Сторінка 268 - The laws of property have never yet conformed to the principles on which the justification of private property rests. They have made property of things which never ought to be property, and absolute property where only a qualified property ought to exist.
Сторінка 268 - Private property, in every defence made of it, is supposed to mean, the guarantee to individuals of the fruits of their own labour and abstinence. The guarantee to them of the fruits of the labour and abstinence of others, transmitted to them without any merit or exertion of their own...