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Pasey was aware, but of which he statements, which any one but a parhas said nothing in his “Eirenicon.” tizan writer would feel bound to take These testify amply not only to the into consideration and to place by its doctrine but to the devotion of the side, without giving the reader any infourth and fifth centuries as to our timation that such qualifications cxist. Blessed Lady. He is, of course, spar. “ When, then, my dear Pusey, you ing of quotations in a work like the read anything extravagant in praise present; but he crowns his argument of our Lady, is it not charitable to from authority by a number of pas, ask, even while you condemn it in sages not from popular books of devo- itself, Did the author write nothing tion among the Greeks, but from their else?” (p. 101). He refuses to receive liturgies and authoritative formularies Dr. Pusey's collection of strong pas

-on which Dr. Pusey would have sages as a fair representation of the founded a strong argument to the minds of the authors from whom they effect that our Lady is elevated to the are quoted. He speaks of their "lit. place of our Lord, if he had been able eral and absolute sense, as any Protesto find them in circulation among tant would naturally take them, and Catholics. In fact, a number of formal as the writers doubtless did not use Greek devotions end with the words, them” (p. 118). And again : “I know

through the Theotocos," instead of nothing of the originals, and cannot “per Dominum nostrum Jesum Chris- believe that they have meant what tum." The contrast between the co- you say ” (p. 120). But with all this gency and appositeness of every word strong and decisive language, which of Dr. Newman's few quotations (al- we may be sure is the very gentlest most universally given at length), and that he can use, and implies an estithe utter illusiveness and bewildering mate of the “ Eirenicon" by no means misapplication of the clouds upon in accordance with that of its admirers, clouds of citations paraded in Dr. he is so uniformly calm and affectionPusey's volume, is wonderfully strike ate in manner that we cannot but hope ing. Nor, again, is the difference less that Dr. Pusey and others who think great between the two when a person with him will be won over to think al remark has to be made. Dr. New- more seriously of the extreme gravity man has no hard words for any one of their step in casting forth upon the He does not shrink from pointing out world of English readers so extremely faults, as we have already said. He intemperate an accusation against the tells Dr. Pusey plainly enough that Catholic Church as that which they be does not think that he even under- have put in circulation. Nor can we stands what the immaculate concep- abandon the hope that they will tion means; and when he speaks of listen to Dr. Newman's clear and Anglicans being ignorant of the Cath- unanswerable statement of the docolic doctrine of original sin, he seems trine of the fathers as to our Blessed carefally to omit exempting Dr. Pusey Lady, and see how truly he has pointed from the general statement. He says to the flaws and defects in their own again pointedly, “He who charges us thoughts with regard to her. They will with making Mary a divinity is there certainly be hardly able to deny that by denying the divinity of Jesus. they have misunderstood not only Such a man does not know what divin the immaculate conception, against ity is." He complains of the unfair which they have talked so loudly, but Dess-of which, we are sorry to say, even, it may be, original sin itself; Dr. Pasey seems habitually guilty nor do we think that it can be ques. of taking a strong and apparently ob- tioned that he has put his finger upon jectionable passage from an author the fundamental error-not to say who, either in the immediate context heresy-to which all their low concepor elsewhere, bas qualified it by other tions as to the Blessed Mother of God

are to be assigned as their ultimate is perfectly distinct from the formercause. Dr. Pusey, as Dr. Newman the one does not intefrere with the remarks, seems to have no idea that other." We conceive that these words our Blessed Lady had any other part will fall strangely on the ears of Dr. or position in the incarnation than as Pusey, though they might not perhaps its physical instrument-much the same do so on those of the author of the part, as it were, that Juda or David “ Christian Year "and the “Lyra Innomay have had. The fathers, on the centium ;” and if they do so, after the contrary, from the very first, speak of incontestable proof which Dr. Newher “as an intelligent, responsible man has adduced from the early facause of our Lord's taking Aesh ;" thers of their view of the position of “her faith and obedience being access our Blessed Lady in the economy of sories to the incarnation, and gaining the incarnation, it will only remain it as her reward” (p. 38). Dr. New- for Dr. Pusey either to confute that man insists on this vital and all-im- proof or to acknowledge that he has portant difference more than once, and been reasoning on that great mystery seems to consider it the explanation of without the guidance of the church, the strange blindness of these students deaf to the teaching of the fathers, of antiquity. If they can once gain and that he has incurred the usual a new and more Catholic idea as to fate of men who so reason. May the that which is the foundation alike of prayers of the Blessed Mother, against our Blessed Lady's greatness and the whose honor he has raised his voice devotion of the church to her-and so harshly, save him from closing his certainly they must be very blind or eyes still more firmly! very obstinate not to see the reasons It appears to be one of the characterfor such an idea in Dr. Newman's. istics of Dr. Newman to look at parpages-then the “ Eirenicon” will ticular questions and phases of opinhave produced incidentally a far greation with regard to a wider and more er blessing to themselves and others comprehensive range of thought than than if its strange interpretation of other men. Possibly his retired pothe Anglican Articles had been al sition favors this habit of mind; but lowed as legitimate in England, and it is, of course, far more naturally to there had been half a score of Du be attributed to a loftier intellectual Pins in France ready to enter into stature and a wider knowledge of negotiations with the Archbishop of history than others possess. Such a Canterbury on the basis of its prop- man is eminently fitted for a controositions. These good men have in versy like the present, in which the fact been living and teaching and word peace has been blurted forth in studying the fathers with one of the so uncouth a manner, while yet it is great seminal facts, so to speak, of not the less the expression of the real Christianity absent from their minds and powerful longings of a thousand or entirely undeveloped in them. “It hearts. It is a most unpromising was the creation of a new idea and a overture, but it is an overture nevernew sympathy, a new faith and wor- theless. Dr. Newman is not only ship, when the holy apostles an- fitted to deal with it on account of his nounced that God had become incar- tender and large sympathies, and of nate; and a supreme love and devotion the affectionate solicitude with which to him became possible, which seemed he has always treated his former hopeless before that revelation. But friends; he is able also not indeed to beside this, a second range of thoughts go to the very verge of Catholic was opened on mankind, unknown be- doctrine for their sakes, or to encourfore, and unlike any other, as soon as age delusive hopes of a compromise it was understood that that incarnate which would patch up rather than God had a mother. The second idea unite, but to speak with calm accura

cy, looking on his own times as a the passages in St. Chrysostom and philosophical historian of the church St. Basil which are sometimes obmay look at them by-and-bye, and jected to, but to grant that there are point out what may be accidental, no certain traces of devotion, strictly transient, local, in the features of the so called, to our Blessed Lady in the religion of the present day. No one writings of others beside these. There can be less inclined to exaggerate, need not be, according to his princifor instance, the differences between ples. It must be remembered that English and Italian devotion; and all these statements admit of great dewe have seldom felt ourselves in a velopment and explanation; they more Italian atmosphere, out of Italy, are germs of thought, and are than in the oratory at Edgbaston. only put forward most concisely in But he is not afraid of giving full Dr. Newman's present letter. It is Weight to national differences of char- more to our present purpose to obacter, nor of avowing himself a hearty serve how ready he is to look through Englishman. In the same way, within the cloud of charges, great and small, out going into the question of fact as which Dr. Pusey has blown in the to alleged extravagances—which, af- face of Catholics, and to discern in ter all, is of no real cogency in the the book of his old friend a new and argument-he is ready to admit that important turning point in the Anglithere may be such, and puts forward a can controversy. He thinks that the simple common-sense argument to indignation of Catholics has led them show that such may be expected in in consequence to misconceive Dr. the living working of energetic ideas Pusey, so as not, it would seem, to generally, and especially of such ideas give him credit for really pacific inin matters of religion, which acts on tentions. We think that no one has dethe affections. This is the true philo- nied—what, indeed, it does not besophical answer; and it by no means come a critic to question—the reality excludes other answers that might be of a purpose distinctly avowed; but given to particular charges, which at the same time we must repeat that might be proved to be false in fact, or it has never been denied by Dr. Pu. to apply to matters so grave as that sey, nor do we think it ever can be the church would never be allowed to denied, that the book was written permit the alleged corruption

with a clear and distinct intention so Dr. Newman never shrinks from to represent Catholicism as to deter allowing the full force of any princi- people from submitting to it except ple that he has laid down. Thus, he on certain terms pointed out by the has distinguished between faith as to author. Possibly Dr. Newman only our Blessed Lady's position in the means that Catholics have been more kingdom of her Son and the devotion alienated by Dr. Pusey's most unhandto her founded upon that faith. The some attack than attracted by his faith may have been from the begin- professions of friendship; and cerning, and actually was so, as he proves tainly never was a friendly expostufrom the carly fathers ; but the fulllation, never was an earnest request derotion may not all at once have for explanation on certain points been developed ; or again, it may which appear to be difficulties in the have been checked in particular coun- way of a much-desired union, propostries at a particular time, and so ed in a way less calculated to concilimake no show in the writings of some ate. Dr. Newman, therefore, neither fatbers of that age, in consequence of wonders nor complains at the strong the baneful influence of a prevalent feeling with which the “ Eirenicon” heresy which cut at the faith itself. has been received ; but he looks beThis, which is really almost self-evi- yond the present moment, and, recalldent, enables him not only to explain ing the former phases of opinion as to

Catholicism which have prevailed that the earnest men who publish so among Anglicans, he sees in Dr. Pu- many Catholic devotions, and who, sey's proceeding nothing less than the however mistakenly, attempt to reputting the whole argument be- produce in their own churches the extween you and us on a new footing” ternal honors paid by Catholics to him -a footing which may really and whom they also think that they have profitably be used by those who de- with them, would willingly make sire peace. No English Catholic but themselves responsible for the handwill most heartily rejoice in this red pages with which Dr. Newman's statement of Dr. Newman ; and sure- present pamphlet is engaged. The ly one of our first feelings must be that advance toward Catholicism among of thankfulness that he is among us the Anglicans has, in fact, left Dr. at a time like this, and that circum- Pusey some way behind other and stances will give him a more patient younger men. Even as to himself, he is hearing and a more ready acceptance, hardly further away than others have on the part of those whose souls may been who are now within the church. be staked on the issue of this contro- Only it must not be forgotten that versy, than he might otherwise meet the largest and most charitable with. From him, at least, Anglicans thoughts as to the meaning and intenwill hear no extreme or novel doc- tions of individuals, and the most trine ; him, at least, they will never hopeful anticipations as to the ultiaccuse of not loving everything that mate result of their movements, do is English. He, if anyone, may not exhaust the duties imposed upon convince them that no true child of Catholic writers at the present mothe “ undivided church” would be ment. Let us see ever so much of found at the present day outside the good in demonstrations such as this, communion of the IIoly See; that the and believe that there is a still greater church is the same now as she ever amount of good which we do not see. was, and as she ever will be; that she We may forbear to press men can never compromise with her ene- harshly, to point out baldly the inconmies, though she yearns with unutter. sistencies of their position ; we may able love to take back every wander- put up with the rudeness of the laner to her heart.

guage in which they propose peace. Experience has happily shown that They may be haughty and ungenerthe great Shepherd of souls leads men ous now; but this is not much to on in a way they neither discern nor bear for the sake of that unity which desire, when they have once set them- those who know it lore better than selves to wish and pray for greater those who are strangers to it. Let light; and that prophecies of ill and us be ready, as far as persons are suspicions of sinister purposes, which concerned, to be tender in exposing have not lacked ample foundation, faults even wanton, and misconcephave yet been often defeated in the tions which, as we think, common inindulgent dispensations of grace. Nor, dustry and fairness might have obriindeed, at the present time, are all ated. For Dr. Pusey himself we can the signs of the sky evil. In its most wish no severer punishment than that disagreeable and inexcusable features he should be able some day to look the “ Eirenicon” is not, we are con- upon his own work with the eyes of vinced, a fair representation of the a Catholic. He has himself shown mind of a great number who might us, by the use which he has made of commonly be supposed to sympathize old expressions of Dr. Newman and with its author. He has put himself others, who have long since repudifor the moment at their head; and ated them, that the retractation of they are, of course, slow to repudiate charges against the Catholic Church his assistance; but we do not believe by their authors does not prerent


others from repeating them. We are used by the zealots who try to win sorry to say—what we still believe will the poor peasants of Connaught to be acknowledged as true by all who apostasy by means of food and clothhave been at the pains-pains not ing, and by the more decorous taken by some who have written on “ Anglo-Continentals," who are just this subject-of not merely consider- now rubbing their hands at the prosing the animus and motives of Dr. Pu- pects of infidelity in Italy. Alas! sey, but of examining his book in de- it not only teems with snares for the tail, and taking its measure as a work learned and conscientious, but it is of erudition and controversy-that, · full of small insinuations for the igunattractive in style, rambling, in- nobler herd of paid agents and lecturcoherent, vague, and intentionally ers" what the poorer people be" loose " as it is, it has one great lieve in Rome," what Catholic quality, however unintentional—that churches are called in south India, of being a perfect storehouse of mis- what Cardinal Wiseman is reported representation. We speak simply as to have said of Archbishop Affré, critics, and we disclaim all attempts to “who died in recovering his people at account for the phenomenon. It con- the barricades.” These things may tains an almost unparalleled number of be passed by as simply faults of taste; misstatements of every kind and de- but the pretensions of the book to gree. Its author's reputation will learning, and its historical and doctrin. give weight and currency to these. al statements, cannot be admitted Though never perhaps likely to be a without sifting. Dr. Pusey has impopular book, it will still take its posed an unwelcome task on Cathoplace in Protestant libraries, and will lic critics. At the very time that be much used in future controversies. they would be conciliating his followNo one can tell how often we shall ers, they are forced to attack him. It bave certain extraordinary statements has seemed to us indeed that ordinary about the sanctification of the Blessed care in examining authorities, an Virgin, her active and passive con- attention to the common-sense rule ception, the protest of the Greek that strangers cannot understand a Church against the doctrinc, Bellar- system from without, the use of the mine's assertion about general coun- many means at his disposal of ascercils, transubstantiation, extreme unc- taining the Catholic meaning of tion, and the like, brought up against Catholic language, more self-restraint us; and the erroneous conclusions in assertion, in urging arguments that founded upon them cannot be neglect. appeared telling and conclusions that ed by the defenders of Catholic truth. were welcome to himself, and It is, therefore, essential not that Dr. somewhat less of confidence in his Pusey should be attacked in an un- own attainments as a theologian, kindly spirit, but that his book should would have spared those who wish be handled critically, and, as far as him well this painful undertaking at may be, whatever it contains of mis- a time when they would gladly say no statement, misquotation, unfair insinu- word that may sound harsh to his tion and conclusion catalogued and ears. But, after all, truth is more: exposed. It must be remembered precious than peace, and peace can. that there is a great demand for the only be had through the truth ; and materials of anti-Catholic controversy. we can cordially return to Dr. Pusey Dr. Pusey does not subscribe to the the assurance which he himself societies which mostly hold their has proffered to Catholics, that meetings in Exeter Hall in the month those engaged in the ungrateful task of May ; but he might well be made of subjecting his volume to the an. a life-governor of all of them in con- alysis of criticism have no intention. sideration of this book. It will be whatever of wounding his feelings.

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