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linked by an imperceptible chain to every indi- | vate interest. Another observation I shall draw vidual of the human race.

from the premises is, that it makes a signa. The several great bodies which compose the proof of the divinity of the Christian religion, solar system are kept from joining together at that the main duty which it inculcates above all the common centre of gravity by the rectilinear others is charity. Different maxims and premotions the author of nature has impressed on cepts have distinguished the different sects of each of them; which, concurring with the at. philosophy and religion ; our Lord's peculiar tractive principle, form their respective orbits precept is, . Love thy neighbour as thyself. By round the sun ; upon the ceasing of which mo- this shall all men know that you are my distions, the general law of gravitation that is now ciples, if you love one another.' thwarted, would show itself by drawing them I will not say, that what is a most shining all into one mass. After the same manner, in proof of our religion, is not often a reproach to the parallel case of society, private passions its professors: but this I think very plain, that and motions of the soul do often obstruct the whether we regard the analogy of nature, as it operation of that benevolent uniting instinct appears in the mutual attraction or gravitations implanted in human nature ; which notwith of the mundane system, in the general frame standing doth still exert, and will not fail to and constitution of the human soul; or lastly, show itself when those obstructions are taken in the ends and aptnesses which are discover. away.

able in all parts of the visible and intellectual The mutual gravitation of bodies cannot be world; we shall not doubt but the precept, explained any other way than by resolving it which is the characteristic of our religion, came into the immediate operation of God, who never from the author of nature. Some of our moceases to dispose and actuate his creatures in a dern free-thinkers would indeed insinuate the manner suitable to their respective beings. So Christian morals to be defective, because, say neither can that reciprocal attraction in the they, there is no mention made in the gospel of minds of men be accounted for by any other the virtue of friendship. These sagacious men cause. It is not the result of education, law, if I may be allowed the use of that vulgar or fashion ; but is a principle originally ingraft- saying) cannot see the wood for trees.' That ed in the very first formation of the soul by the a religion, whereof the main drift is to inspire author of our nature.

its professors with the most noble and disinterAnd as the attractive power in bodies is the ested spirit of love, charity, and beneficence, to most universal principle which produceth innu- all mankind; or, in other words, with a friendmerable effects, and is a key to explain the ship to every individual man; should be taxed various phænomena of nature; so the corres- with the want of that very virtue, is surely a ponding social appetite in human souls is the glaring evidence of the blindness and prejudice great spring and source of moral actions. This of its adversaries. it is that inclines each individual to an inter. course with his species, and models every one to that behaviour which best suits with the

No. 127.]

Thursday, August 6, 1713. common well-being. Hence that sympathy in our nature, whereby we feel the pains and joys of our fellow.creatures. Hence that prevalent

He sported agreeably. love in parents towards their children, which is neither founded on the merit of the object, nor An agreeable young gentleman, that has a yet on self-interest. It is this that makes us talent for poetry, and does me the favour to eninquisitive concerning the affairs of distant tertain me with his performances after my more nations, which can have no influence on our serious studies, read me yesterday the following own. It is this that extends our care to future translation. In this town, where there are so generations, and excites us to acts of beneficence many women of prostituted charms, I am very towards those who are not yet in being, and glad when I gain so much time of reflection consequently from whom we can expect no from a youth of a gay turn, as is taken up in recompense. In a word, hence arises that dif- any composition, though the piece he writes is fusive sense of humanity so unaccountable to not foreign to that of his natural inclination. the selfish man who is untouched with it, and For it is a great step towards gaining upon the is indeed a sort of monster, or anomalous pro- passions, that there is a delicacy in the choice duction.

of their object; and to turn the imaginations These thoughts do naturally suggest the fol. towards a bride, rather than a mistress, is getlowing particulars. First, that as social incli. ting a great way towards being in the interests nations are absolutely necessary to the well. of virtue. It is a hopeless manner of reclaim. being of the world, it is the duty and interesting youth, which has been practised by some of each individual to cherish, and improve them moralists, to declaim against pleasure in geneto the benefit of mankind; the duty, because it ral. No; the way is, to show that the pleasur. is agreeable to the intention of the author of able course is that which is limited and governed our being, who aims at the common good of his by reason. In this case, virtue is upon equal creatures, and as an indication of his will, hath terms with vice, and has, with all the same in. implanted the seeds of mutual benevolence in dulgences of desire, the advantage of safety in our souls ; the interest, because the good of the honour and reputation. I have, for this reason, whole is inseparable from that of the parts; in often thought of exercising my pupils, of whom promoting, therefore, the common good, every I have several of admirable talents, upon writing one doth at the same time promote his own pri. I little poems, or epigrams, which in a volume i

Lucit amabiliter

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would entitle, The Seeing Cupid. These compo

And sudden storms of wrath, which soon decline

And midnight watchings o'er the fumes of wine: sitions should be written on the little advances

Unartful tears and hectic looks, that show made towards a young lady of the strictest With silent eloquence the lover's woe; virtue, and all the circumstances alluded to in Boldness in fledged, and to stolen raptures new, them, should have something that might please

Half tren.bling stands, and scarcely dares pursue:

Fears that delight, and anxious doubts of joy, her mind in its purest innocence, as well as ce- Which check our swelling hopes, but not destroy lebrate her person in its highest beauty. This And short-breathed vows, forgot as soon as made, work would instruct a woman to be a good wife,

On airy pinions flutter through the glade,

Youth with a haughty look, and gay attire, all the while it is a wooing her to be a bride.

And rolling eyes that glow with soft desire, Imagination and reason should go hand in hand Shines forth exalted on a pompous seat;

While sullen cares and withered age retreat. in a generous amour; for when it is otherwise, real discontent and aversion in marriage, suc.

Now from afar the palace seems to blaze,

And hither would extend its golden rays; ceed the groundless and wild promise of ima.

But by reflection of the grove is seen gination in courtship.

The gold still varied by a waving green.
For Mulciber with secret pride beheld

How far his skill all human wit excelled;
The Court of Venus from Claudian, being part

And grown uxorious, did the work design of the Epithalamium on Honorius and Maria.

To speak the artist, and the art divine.

Proud columns towering high, support the frame, In the famed Cyprian isle a mountain stands,

That hewn from hyacinthian quarries came. That casts a shadow into distant lands.

The beams are emeralds, and yet scarce adorn In vain access by human feet is tried,

The ruby walls on which themselves are born. Its lofty brow looks down with noble pride

The pavement, rich with veins of agate lies;
On bounteous Nile, thro' seven wide channels spread;

And steps, with shining jasper slippery, rise.
And sees old Proteus in his oozy bed.
Along its sides no hoary frosts presume

Here spices in parterres promiscuous blow,
To blast the myrtle shrubs, or nip the bloom,

Not from Arabia's fields more odours

flow, The winds with caution sweep the rising flowers,

The wanton winds through groves of cassia play While balmy Gews descend, and vernal showers.

And steal the ripened fragrances away; The ruling orbs no wintry horrors bring,

Here with its load the wild amomum bends; Fix'd in th' indulgence of eternal spring.

There cinnamon, in rival sweets, contends; Unfading sweets in purple scenes appear,

A rich perfume the ravished senses fills, And genial breezes soften all the year.

While from the weeping tree the balm distils. The nice, luxurious soul, uncloyed may rove,

At these delightful bowers arrives at last From pleasures still to circling pleasures move;

The god of love, a tedious journey past; For endless beauty kindles endless love.

Then shapes his way to reach the fronting gate, The mountain, when the summit once you gain,

Doubles his majesty, and walks in state. Falls by degrees, and sinks into a plain;

It chanced, upon a radiant throne reclined, Where the pleased eye may flowery meads behold,

Venus her golden tresses did unbind : Inclosed with branching ore, and hedged with gold:

Proud to be thus employed, on either hand Or where large crops the generous glebe supplies,

Th' Idalian sisters, ranged in order stand. And yellow harvests unprovoked arise.

Ambrosial essence one bestows in showers, For by mild zephyrs fanned, the teeming soil

And lavishly whole streams of nectar pours; Yields every grain, nor asks the peasant's toil.

With ivory combs another's dexterous care These were the bribes, the price of heavenly charms;

Or curls, or opens the dishevelled hair; These Cytherea won to Vulcan's arms:

A third, industrious with a nicer eye, For such a bliss he such a gift bestowed ;

Instructs the ringlets in what form to lie, The rich, th' immortal labours of a god.

Yet leaves some few, that, not so closely prest,

Sport in the wind, and wanton from the rest : A sylvan scene, in solern state displayed,

Sweet negligence! by artful study wrought, Flatters each feathered warbler with a shade;

A graceful error, and a lovely fault, But here no bird its painted wings can move,

The judgment of the glass is here unknown;' Unless elected by the queen of love.

Here mirrors are supplied by every stone. Ere made a member of this tuneful throng,

Where'er the goddess turns, her image falls, She hears the songster, and approves the song;

And a new Venus dances on the walls. The joyous victors hop from spray to spray;

Now while she did her spotless form survey, The vanquished fly with mournful notes away.

Pleased with Love's empire, and almighty sway, Branches in branches twined, compose the grove She spied her son, and, fired with eager joy, And shoot, and spread, and blossom into love.

Sprung forwards, and embraced the fav'rite boy. The trembling palms their mutual vows repeat; And bending poplars bending poplars meet; The distant plantains seem to press more nigh; And to the sighing alder, alders sigh. Blue heavens above them smile; and all below,

No. 128.)

Friday, August 7, 1713.
Two murmuring streams in wild meanders flow.
This mixed with gall; and that like honey sweet.

Delenda est Carthago-
But ah! too soon th' unfriendly waters meet!
Steeped in these springs (if verse belief can gain)

Demolish Carthage.
The darts of love their double power attain:
Hence all mankind a bitter sweet have found,

It is usually thought, with great justice, a A painful pleasure, and a grateful wound.

very impertinent thing in a private man to inter. Along the grassy banks, in bright array, Ten thousand little loves their wings display:

meddle in matters which regard the state. But Quivers and bows their usual sports proclaim;

the memorial which is mentioned in the follow. Their dress, their stature, and their looks the same; ing letter is so daring, and so apparently, de. Smiling in innocence, and ever young,

signed for the most traitorous purpose imaginaAnd tender, as the nymphs from whom they sprung; For Venus did but boast one only son,

ble, that I do not care what misinterpretation I And rosy Cupid was that boasted one;

suffer, when I expose it to the resentment of all He, uncontrolled, thro' heaven extends his sway,

men who value their country, or have any reAnd gods and goddesses by turns obey; Or if he stoops on earth, great princes burn,

gard to the honour, safety, or glory of their Sicken on thrones, and wreathed with laurels mourn. queen. It is certain there is not much danger Th’inferior powers o'er hearts inferior reign, in delaying the demolition of Dunkirk during And pierce the rural fair, or homely swain. Here love's imperial pomp is spread around,

the life of his present most Christian majesty; Voluptuous liberty that knows no bound;

who is renowned for the most inviolable regard to treaties; but that pious prince is aged, and in • That the pretender sailed from thence to case of his decease, now the power of France Scotland; and that it is the only port the French and Spain is in the same family, it is possible have until you come to Brest, for the whole an ambitious successor (or his ministry in a length of St. George's channel, where any conking's minority) might dispute his being bound siderable naval armament can be made. by the act of his predecessor in so weighty a • That destroying the fortifications of Dunkirk particular.

is an inconsiderable advantage to England, in

comparison to the advantage of destroying the • Mr. IRONSIDE,—You employ your important mole, dikes, and harbour; it being the naval moments, methinks, a little too frivolously, when force from thence which only can hurt the Briyou consider so often little circumstances of tish nation. dress and behaviour, and never make mention • That the British nation expect the immedi. of matters wherein you and all your fellow- ate demolition of Dunkirk. subjects in general are concerned. I give you That the Dutch, who suffered equally with now an opportunity, not only of manifesting us from those of Dunkirk, were probably in. your loyalty to your queen, but your affection to duced to sign the treaty with France from this your country, if you treat an insolence done to consideration, That the town and harbour of them both with the disdain it deserves. The in- Dunkirk should be destroyed. closed printed paper in French and English has •That the situation of Dunkirk is such, as been handed about the town, and given gratis that it may always keep runners to observe all to passengers in the streets at noon-day. You ships sailing on the Thames and Medway. see the title of it is, “ A most humble address, • That all the suggestions which the sieur or memorial, presented to her majesty the queen Tugghe brings concerning the Dutch, are false of Great Britain, by the deputy of the magis- and scandalous. trates of Dunkirk." The nauseous memorialist, • That whether it may be advantageous to the with the most fulsome fattery, tells the queen trade of Holland or not, that Dunkirk should be of her thunder, and of wisdom and clemency demolished; it is necessary for the safety, hoadored by all the earth; at the same time that nour, and liberty of England, that it should he attempts to undermine her power, and escape be so. her wisdom, by beseeching her to do an act • That when Dunkirk is demolished, the pow. which will give a well-grounded jealousy to her er of France, on that side, should it ever be people. What the sycophant desires is, That turned against us, will be removed several hun. the mole and dikes of Dunkirk may be spared; dred miles further off of Great Britain than it and it seems the sieur Tugghe, for so the peti- is at present. tioner is called, was thunderstruck by the de. "That after the demolition, there can be no nunciation (which he says) “the lord viscount considerable preparation made at sea by the Bolingbroke made to him.” That her majesty French on all the channel, but at Brest ; and did not think to make any alteration in the that Great Britain being an island, which can. dreadful sentence she had pronounced against not be attacked but by a naval power, we may the town. Mr. Ironside, I think you would do esteem France effectually removed, by the de. an act worthy your general humanity, if you molition, from Great Britain, as far as the diswould put the sieur Tugghe right in this mat- tance from Dunkirk to Brest. ter; and let him know, That her majesty has Pray, Mr. Ironside, repeat this last particu. pronounced no sentence against the town, but lar, and put it in a different letter, That the dehis most Christian majesty has agreed that the molition of Dunkirk will remove France many town and harbour shall be demolished.

hundred miles farther off from us; and then re* That the British nation expect the immedi. peat again, That the British nation expects the ate demolition of it.

demolition of Dunkirk. • That the very common people know, that • I demand of you, as you love and honour within three months after the signing of the your queen and country, that you insert this peace, the works towards the sea, were to be letter, or speak to this purpose, your own way; demolished; and, within three months after it, for in this all parties must agree, that however the works towards the land.

bound in friendship one nation is with another, “That the said peace was signed the last of it is but prudent that in case of a rupture, they March, O. S.

should be, if possible, upon equal terms. * That the parliament has been told from the •Be honest, old Nestor, and say all this ; for queen, that the equivalent for it is in the hands whatever half-witted hot whigs may think, we of the French king:

all value our estates and liberties, and every * That the sieur Tugghe has the impudence true man of each party must think himself conto ask the queen to remit the most material part cerned that Dunkirk should be demolished. of the articles of peace between her majesty and • It lies upon all who have the honour to be his master.

in the ministry to hasten this matter, and not That the British nation received more da let the credulity of an honest, brave people be mage in their trade from the port of Dunkirk, thus infamously abused in our open streets. than from almost all the ports of France, either • I cannot go on for indignation ; but pray in the ocean, or in the Mediterranean.

God that our mercy to France may not expose "That fleets of above thirty sail have come us to the mercy of France. Your humble ser together out of Dunkirk, during the late war, vant, and taken ships of war as well as merchantmen.


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No. 129.]
Saturday, August 8, 1713. happy until he hath made another miserable !

What wars may we imagine perpetually raging
-Animasque in vulnere ponunt.

in his breast! What dark stratagems, unVirg. Georg. iv. 238.

worthy designs, inhuman wishes, dreadful reAnd part with life, only to wound their foe. solutions! A snake curled in many intricate

mazes, ready to sting a traveller, and to hiss him ANGER is so uneasy a guest in the heart, that in the pangs of death, is no unfit emblem of he may be said to be born unhappy who is of such an artful, unsearchable projector. Were a rough and choleric disposition. The moral. I to choose an enemy, whether should I wish ists have defined it to be a desire of revenge for one that would stab me suddenly, or one for some injury offered.? Men of hot and heady that would give me an Italian poison, subtle tempers are eagerly desirous of vengeance, the and lingering, yet as certainly fatal as the stroke very moment, they apprehend themselves in- of a stiletto ? Let the reader determine the jured; whereas the cool and sedate watch pro- doubt in his own mind. per opportunities to return grief for grief to There is yet a third sort of revenge, if it may their enemy. By this means it often happens be called a third, which is compounded of the that the choleric inflict disproportioned punish- other two: I mean the mistaken honour which ments upon slight, and sometimes imaginary hath too often a place in generous breasts. Mer offences : but the temperately revengeful have of good education, though naturally choleric, leisure to weigh the merits of the cause, and restrain their wrath so far as to seek convenient thereby either to smother their secret resent times for vengeance. The single combat seems ments, or to seek proper and adequate repara- so generous a way of ending controversies, that tions for the damages they have sustained. until we have stricter laws, the number of wi Weak minds are apt to speak well of the man dows and orphans, and I wish I could not say of fury; because, when the storm is over, he is of wretched spirits, will be increased. Of all full of sorrow and repentance; but the truth is, the medals which have been struck in honour he is apt to commit such ravages during his of a neighbouring monarch, there is not one madness, that when he comes to himself, he be- which can give him so true renown as that upon comes tame then, for the same reason that he the success of his edicts for abolishing the im ran wild before, only to give himself ease;' and pious practice of duelling.' is a friend only to himself in both extremities. What inclined me at present to write upon Men of this unhappy make, more frequently this subject, was the sight of the following leithan any others, expect that their friends should ters, which I can assure the reader to be genuine. bear with their infirmities. Their friends should They concern two noble names among us; but in return desire them to correct their infirmi. the crime of which the gentlemen are guilty ties. The common excuses, that they cannot bears too prevalently the name of honour, to help it, that it was soon over, that they harbour need an apology to their relations for reviving no malice in their hearts, are arguments for the mention of their duel. But the dignity of pardoning a bull or a mastiff; but shall never wrath, and the cool and deliberate preparation reconcile me to an intellectual savage. Why (by passing different climes, and waiting conindeed should any one imagine, that persons venient seasons) for murdering each other, independent upon him should venture into his when we consider them as moved by a sense society, who hath not yet so far subdued his of honour, must raise in the reader as much boiling blood, but that he is ready to do some compassion as horror. ihing the next minute which he can never repair, and hath nothing to plead in his own 'A Monsieur Monsieur Sackville. x behalf, but that he is apt to do mischief as fast as he can! Such a man may be feared, he may | attribute to yourself in this time, that I have

• I that am in France hear how much you be pitied; he can never be loved.

I would not hereby be so understood as if I given the world leave to ring your praises meant to recommend slow and deliberate ma

If you call to memory, whereas I gave you lice ; I would only observe, that men of modera. tion are of a more amiable character than the my hand last, I told you I reserved the heart rash and inconsiderate ; but if they do not hus. for a truer reconciliation. Now be that noble band the talent that Heaven hath bestowed upon and do him right that could recite the trials you

gentleman my love once spoke you, and come them, they are as much more odious than the choleric, as the devil is more horrible than a dent your honour gives you the same courage

owe your birth and country, were I not confi. brute. It is hard to say which of the two, when to do me right, that it did to do me wrong.

Be injured, is more troublesome to himself, or more

master of your own weapons and time; the hurtful to his enemy; the one is boisterous and gentle by fits, dividing his life between guilt place, wheresoever, I will wait on you. By

doing this you shall shorten revenge, and clear and repentance, now all tempest, again all sun, the idle opinion the world hath of both our shine. The other hath a smoother but more


ED. BRUCE.' lasting anguish, lying under a perpetual gloom ; the latter is a cowardly man, the former a ge.

"A Mons. Monsieur le Baron de Kinloss. nerous beast. If he may be held unfortunate who cannot be sure but that he may do some. "As it shall be always far from me to seek a thing the next minute which he shall lament quarrel, so will I always be ready to meet with during his life ; what shall we think of him who any that desire to make trial of my valour by hath a soul so infected that he can never be so fair a course as you require. A witness

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whereof yourself shall be, who, within a month, | following reflection will make it plain. That shall receive a strict account of time, place, and philosopher invented the forty-seventh proposi. weapon, where you shall find me ready disposed tion of the first book of Euclid, which is the to give you honourable satisfaction by him that foundation of trigonometry and consequently v

the be as secret of the appointment as it seems you Great Britain depends. are desirous of it. ED. SACKVILLE' The mathematics are so useful and ornamen

tal to human life, that the ingenious sir William A Mons. Monsieur le Baron de Kinloss. Temple acknowledges, in some part of his writ. 'I am ready at Tergosa, a town in Zealand, ings, all those advantages which distinguish to give you that satisfaction your sword can

polite nations from barbarians to be derived

from them. But as these sciences cultivate the render you, accompanied with a worthy gentle. man, my second, in degree a knight ; and for exterior parts of life, there are others of a more your coming I will not limit you a peremptory excellent nature, that endue the heart with day, but desire you to make a definite and rudiments of virtue, and by opening our prosspeedy repair for your own honour, and fear of pects, and awakening our hopes, produce ge

nerous emotions and sublime sentiments in the prevention, until which time you shall find me there.

ED. ŠACKVILLE.' Tergosa, Aug. 10, 1613.'

The divine sages of antiquity, who, by trans.

mitting down to us their speculations upon • A Mons. Monsieur Sackville.

good and evil, upon Providence, and the dig

nity and duration of thinking beings, have im"I have received your letter by your man, printed an idea of moral excellence on the and acknowledge you have dealt nobly with me, minds of men, are most eminent benefactors and now I come with all possible haste to meet to human nature; and however overlooked in you.


the loud and thoughtless applauses that are every day bestowed on the slaughterers and

disturbers of mankind, yet they will never want No. 130.]

Monday, August 10, 1713. the esteem and approbation of the wise and vir. -Vacuum sine mente popellum.

This apology in behalf of the speculative

Muse Anglicune. part of mankind, who make useful truth the An empty, thoughtless tribe.

end of their being, and its acquisition the bu

siness as well as entertainment of their lives, As the greatest part of mankind are more seems not improper, in order to rectify the misaffected by things which strike the senses, than take of those who measure merit by noise and by excellencies that are to be discerned by rea- outward appearance, and are too apt to depreson and thought, they form very erroneous ciate and ridicule men of thought and retirejudgments when they compare the one with ment. The raillery and reproaches which are the other. An eminent instance of this is, that thrown on that species by those who abound in vulgar notion, that men addicted to contempla- the animal life, would incline one to think the tion are less useful members of society than world not sufficiently convinced that whatsoever those of a different course of life. The business is good or excellent proceeds from reason and therefore of my present paper shall be to com- reflection. pare the distinct merits of the speculative and Even those who only regard truth as such, L the active parts of mankind.

without communicating their thoughts, or apThe advantages arising from the labours of plying them to practice, will seem worthy mem. generals and politicians are confined to narrow bers of the commonwealth, if we compare the tracts of the earth; and while they promote the innocence and tranquillity with which they interest of their own country, they lessen or pass their lives, with the fraud and imperti. obstruct that of other nations; whereas the light nence of other men. But the number of those and knowledge that spring from speculation who, by abstracted thoughts, become useless, are not limited to any single spot, but equally is inconsiderable in respect of them who are diffused to the benefit of the whole globe. Be- hurtful to mankind by an active and restless sides, for the most part, the renown only of men disposition. of action is transmitted to distant posterity, As in the distribution of other things, so in their great exploits either dying with them- this the wisdom of Providence appears, that selves, or soon after them ; whereas speculative men addicted to intellectual pursuits, bear a men continue to deserve well of the world thou. small proportion to those who rejoice in exert, sands of years after they have left it. Their ing the force and activity of their corporeal merits are propagated with their fame, which organs; for operations of the latter sort are is due to them, but a free gift to those whose limited to a narrow extent of time and place, beneficence has not outlived their persons. whereas, those of the mind are permanent and

What benefit do we receive from the re- universal. Plato and Euclid enjoy a sort of nowned deeds of Cæsar or Alexander, that we immortality upon earth, and at this day read should make them the constant themes of our lectures to the world. praise? while the name of Pythagoras is.


But if to inform the understanding, and re. sparingly celebrated, though it be to him that gulate the will, is the most lasting and diffusive we are indebtod for our trade and richas This benefit

, there will not be found so useful and may seem strange to a vulgar reader, but the excellent an institution as that of the Christian

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