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about the world to repair mankind by throwing flew to his succour, dispersed the multitude that stones over their heads, the men who rose from were gathered about him, and fought over him them differed in their inclinations according to as he lay upon the ground. In the meanwhile the the places on which the stones fell. Those German recovered from his trance, and rose up which fell in the fields became ploughmen and to the assistance of the Portuguese, who a little shepherds. Those which fell into the water pro- after had his right arm, which held his sword, duced sailors and fishermen. Those that fell cut off by the blow of a sabre. He would have among the woods and forests gave birth to lost his life at the same time by a spear which huntsmen. Among the rest there were several was aimed at his back, had not the German slain that fell upon mountains that had mines of gold the person who was aiming at him. These two and silver in them. This last race of men im competitors for fame having received such mutumediately betook themselves to the search of al obligations, now fought in conjunction, and as these precious metals; but nature being dis- the one was only able to manage the sword, and pleased to see herself ransacked, withdrew these the other a shield, made up but one warrior beher treasures towards the centre of the earth. twixt them. The Portuguese covered the Ger. The avarice of man, however, persisted in its man, while the German dealt destruction upon former pursuits, and ransacked her inmost bow. the enemy. At length, finding themselves faint els in quest of the riches which they contained with loss of blood, and resolving to perish noNature seeing herself thus plundered by a bly, they advanced to the most shattered part swarm of miners, was so highly incensed, that of the wall

, and threw themselves down, with she shook the whole place with an earthquake, a huge fragment of it, upon the heads of the and buried the men under their own works. besiegers. The Stygian flames which lay in the neigh- When Statius ceased, the old factions imme. bourhood of these deep mines, broke out at the diately broke out concerning his manner of same time with great fury, burning up the writing. Some gave him very loud acclamawhole mass of human limbs and earth, until tions, such as he had received in his life-time, they were hardened and baked into stone. The declaring him the only man who had written in human bodies that were delving in iron mines a style which was truly heroical, and that he were converted into those common loadstones was above all others in his fame as well as in which attract that metal. Those which were his diction. Others censured him as one who in search of gold became chryso-magnets, and went beyond all bounds in his images and ex. still keep their former avarice in their present pressions, laughing at the cruelty of his concepstate of petrifaction.'

tions, the rumbling of his numbers, and the Ovid had no sooner given over speaking, but dreadful pomp and bombast of his expressions. the assembly pronounced their opinions of him. There were, however, a few select judges, who Several were so taken with his easy way of moderated between both these extremes, and writing, and had so formed their tastes upon it, pronounced upon Statius, that there appeared in that they had no relish for any composition his style much poetical heat and fire, but withal which was not framed in the Ovidian manner. so much smoke as sullied the brightness of it. A great many, however, were of a contrary That there was a majesty in his verse, but that opinion; until at length it was determined, by it was the majesty rather of a tyrant than of a a plurality of voices, that Ovid highly deserved king. That he was often towering among the the name of a witty man, but that his language clouds, but often met with the fate of Icarus. In a was vulgar and trivial, and of the nature of those word, that Statius was among the poets, what things which cost no labour in the invention, Alexander the Great is among heroes, a man but are ready found out to a man's hand. In of great virtues and of great faults. the last place, they all agreed, that the greatest Virgil was the last of the ancient poets who objection which lay against Ovid, both as to his produced himself upon this occasion. His sublife and writings, was his having too much wit,ject was the story of Theutilla, which being so and that he would have succeeded better in both, near that of Judith in all its circumstances, and had he rather checked than indulged it. Statius at the same time translated by a very ingenious stood up next, with a swelling and haughty air, gentleman in one of Mr. Dryden's Miscellanies, and made the following story the subject of his I shall here give no further account of it. When poem.

he had done, the whole assembly declared the A German and a Portuguese, when Vienna works of this great poet a subject rather for was besieged, having had frequent contests of their admiration than for their applause, and rivalry, were preparing for a single duel, when that if any thing was wanting in Virgil's poetry, on a sudden the walls were attacked by the it was to be ascribed to a deficiency in the art enemy. Upon this, both the German and Por. itself, and not in the genius of this great man. tuguese consented to sacrifice their private re. There were, however, some envious murmurs sentments to the public, and to see who could and detractions heard among the crowd, as if signalize himself most upon the common foe. there were very frequently verses in him which Each of them did wonders in repelling the ene. flagged or wanted spirit, and were rather to be my from different parts of the wall. The Ger. looked upon as faultless than beautiful. But man was at length engaged amidst a whole these injudicious censures were heard with a army of Turks, until his left arm, that held the general indignation. shield, was unfortunately lopped off, and he I need not observe to my learned reader, that himself so stunned with a blow he had received, the foregoing story of the German and Portu. that he fell down as dead. The Portuguese, guese is almost the same in every particular seeing the condition of his rival, very generously with that of the two rival soldiers in Cesar's

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Commentaries. This prolusion ends with the a letter folded up and directed to a certain no performance of an Italian poet, full of those lit-bleman very famous in our parts for low inile witticisms and conceits which have infected trigue, or (in plainer words) for debauching the greatest part of modern poetry.

country girls; in which number is the unfortunate daughter of my poor tenant, as I learn

from the following letter written by her mother. No. 123.] Saturday, August 1, 1713.

I have sent you here a copy of it, which, made

public in your paper, may perhaps furnish use-Hic murus aheneus esto,

ful reflections to many men of figure and quality, Nil conscire sibi

Hor. Lib. 1. Ep. i. 60. who indulge themselves in a passion which they IMITATED.

possess but in common with the vilest part of True, conscious honour is to feel no sin;

He's armd without that 's innocent within ;
Be this thy screen, and this thy wall of brass.

“MY LORD,—Last night I discovered the inPope.

jury you have done to my daughter. Heaven THERE are a sort of knights-errant in the knows how long and piercing a torment that world, who, quite contrary to those in romance,

short-lived shameful pleasure of yours must are perpetually seeking adventures to bring bring upon me ; upon me, from whom you never virgins into distress, and to ruin innocence. received any offence. This consideration alone When men of rank and figure pass away their should have deterred a noble mind from so base lives in these criminal pursuits and practices, and ungenerous an act. But alas ! what is all they ght to consider that they render them the grief that must be my sháre, in comparison selves more-vile and despicable than any inno- of that, with which you have requited her by cent man can be, whatever low station his for- whom you have been obliged ? Loss of good tune or birth have placed him in. Title and name, anguish of heart, shame, and infamy are ancestry render a good man more illustrious, what must inevitably fall upon her, unless she but an ill one more contemptible.

gets over them by what is much worse, open Thy father's merit sets thee up to view,

impudence, professed lewdness, and abandoned And plants thee in the fairest point of light,

prostitution. These are the returns you have To make thy virtues, or thy faults conspicuous.' made to her for putting in your power all her

livelihood and dependence, her virtue and repuI have often wondered that these deflourers tation. O, my lord, should my son have pracof innocence, though dead to all the sentiments tised the like on one of your daughters—I know of virtue and honour, are not restrained by com- you swell with indignation at the very mention passion and humanity. To bring sorrow, con- of it, and would think he deserved a thousand fusion, and infamy, into a family, to wound the deaths, should he make such an attempt upon heart of a tender parent, and stain the life of a poor the honour of your family. It is well, my lord. deluded young woman with a dishonour that And is then the honour of your daughter, whom can never be wiped off, are circumstances, one still, though it had been violated, you might would think, sufficient to check the most violent have maintained in plenty and even luxury, of passion in a heart which has the least tincture greater moment to her, than to my daughter of pity and good-nature. Would any one pur-hers, whose only sustenance it was ? And must chase the gratification of a moment at so dear my son, void of all the advantages of a generous a rate, and entail a lasting misery on others, for education, must he, I say, consider; and may such a transient satisfaction to himself; nay, your lordship be excused from all reflection ? for a satisfaction that is sure, at some time or Eternal contumely attend that guilty title which other, to be followed with remorse? I am led claims exemption from thought, and arrogates to the subject by two letters which came lately to its wearers the prerogative of brutes. Ever to my hands. The last of them is, it seems, the cursed be its false lustre, which could dazzle copy of one sent by a mother to one who had my poor daughter to her undoing. Was it for abused her daughter; and though I cannot jus- this that the exalted merits and godlike virtues tify her sentiments at the latter end of it, they of your great ancestor were honoured with a are such as might arise in a mind which had not coronet, that it might be a pander to his poste. yet recovered its temper after so great a provo-rity, and confer a privilege of dishonouring the cation. I present the reader with it as I re- innocent and defenceless? At this rate the laws ceived it, because I think it gives a lively idea of rewards should be inverted, and he who is of the affliction of which a fond parent suffers

generous and good, should be made a beggar on such an occasion.

and a slave ; that industry and honest diligence

shire, July, 1713. may keep his posterity unspotted, and preserve 'Sir,The other day I went into the house them from ruining virgins, and making whole of one of my tenants, whose wife was formerly families unhappy. Wretchedness is now bea servant in our family, and (by my grandmo- come my everlasting portion! Your crime, my ther's kindness) had 'her education with my lord, will draw perdition even upon my head. I mother from her infancy; so that she is of a may not sue for forgiveness of my own failings spirit and understanding greatly superior to and misdeeds, for I never can forgive yours, but those of her own rank. I found the poor wo- shall curse you with my dying breath; and at man in the utmost disorder of mind and attire, the last tremendous day shall hold forth in my drowned in tears, and reduced to a condition arms my much wronged child, and call aloud that looked rather like stupidity than grief. She for vengeance on her defiler. Under these preeaned upon her arm over a table, on which lay sent horrors of mind, I could be content to be

into your

your chief tormentor, ever paying you mock received by their (but more particularly your) reverence, and sounding in your ears, to your humble servant, LEO THE SECOND. unutterable loathing, the empty title which in- From my den at - college, in Cambridge, July 29. spired you with presumption to tempt, and

•N. B. The raven won't bite.' overawed my daughter to comply.

“ Thus have I given some vent to my sorrow; nor fear I to awaken you to repentance, so that is now in hand, and not questioning but his horn

* MR. IRONSIDE, -Hearing that your unicorn your sin may be forgiven. The divine laws will prove a cornucopiæ to you, I desire that in have been broken; but much injury, irreparable order to introduce it, you will consider the fol. injury, has been also done to me, and the just lowing proposal. Judge will not pardon that until I do. My lord,

• My wife and I intend a dissertation upon your conscience will help you to my name."

horns; the province she has chosen, is the planting of them, and I am to treat of their growth, improvement, &c. The work is like to swell so much upon our hands, that I am afraid we

shall not be able to bear the charge of printing No. 124.] Monday, August 3, 1713.

it without a subscription; wherefore I hope you Quid fremat in terris violentius ?-Juv. Sat. viii. 37. will invite the city into it, and desire those who

have any thing by them relating to that part of What roar more dreadful in the world is heard ?

natural history, to communicate it to, sir, your MORE ROARINGS OF THE LION.

humble seruant,

• HUMPHREY BINICORN.' MR. GUARDIAN,—Before I proceed to make you my proposals, it will be necessary to inform you, that an uncommon ferocity in

•Sir, I humbly beg leave to drop a song

my countenance, together with the remarkable flatness of make him roar like any nightingale. It is fallen

lion's mouth, which will very truly my nose, and extent of my mouth, have long into my hands by chance, and is a very fine since procured me the name of Lion in this our imitation of the works of many of our English university. • The vast emolument that in all probability those who admire the translations of Italian

lyrics. It cannot but be highly acceptable to all will accrue to the public from the roarings of my new-erected likeness at Button's, hath made


I. me desirous of being as like him in that part of Oh the charming month of May! his character, as I am told I already am in Oh the charming month of May!

When the breezes fan the treeses all parts of my person. Wherefore I most hum.

Full of blossoms fresh and gaybly propose to you, that (as it is impossible for

Full, &c. this one lion to roar, either long enough or loud

II. enough against all things that are roar-worthy Oh what joys our prospects yield ! in these realms) you would appoint him a sub

Charming joys our prospects yield!

In a new livery when we see every lion, as a prefectus provinciæ, in every county Bush and meadow, tree and field in Great Britain; and it is my request, that I

Bush, &c. may be instituted his under-roarer in this uni

III. versity, town, and county of Cambridge, as my

Oh how fresh the morning air! resemblance does, in some measure, claim

Charming fresh the morning air!

When the zephyrs and the heifers that I should.

Their odoriferous breath compare • I shall follow my metropolitan's example,

Their, &c. in roaring only against those enormities that

IV. are too slight and trivial for the notice or cen.

Oh how fine our evening walk !

Charming fine our evening walk! sures of our magistrates ; and shall communi

When the nighting-gale delighting cate my roarings to him monthly, or oftener, With her song, suspends our talkif occasion requires, to be inserted in your pa

With her, &c.

V. pers cum privilegio. • I shall not omit giving informations of the

Oh how sweet at night to dream!

Charming sweet at night to dream! improvement or decay of punning, and may On mossy pillows, by the trilloes chance to touch upon the rise and fall of tuck. Of a gentle purling streamers; but I will roar aloud, and spare not, to the

Of a, &c.

VI. terror of, at present, a very flourishing society

Oh how kind the country lass! of people called loungers, gentlemen whose ob. Charming kind the country lass! servations are mostly itinerant, and who think Who, her cow bilking, leaves her milking they have already too much good sense of their

For a green gown on the grass

For, &c. own, to be in need of staying at home to read

VII. other people's.

Oh how sweet it is to spy! • I have, sir, a raven, that shall serve by way Charming sweet it is to spy! of jackall, to bring me in provisions, which I

At the conclusion, her confusion, shall chaw and prepare for the digestion of my

Blushing cheeks, and downcast eye

Blushing, &c. principal, and I do hereby give notice to all un.

VIII. der my jurisdiction, that whoever are willing to O'l the cooling curds and cream! contribute to this good design, if they will affix

Charming cooling curds and cream! their information to the leg or neck of the afore

When all is over, she gives her lover,

Who on her skimming dish carves her namesaid raven or jackall, they will be thankfully Who on, &c.

July 30. Full of thoughts like these, I make it a rule • MR. IRONSIDE,- I have always been very to lose as little as I can of that blessed season ; much pleased with the sight of those creatures, and accordingly rise with the sun, and wander which being of a foreign growth, are brought through the fields, throw myself on the banks into our island for show. I may say, there has of little rivulets, or lose myself in the woods. I not been a tiger, leopard, elephant, or hyghgeen, spent a day or two this spring at a country genfor some ġears past, in this nation, but I have tleman's seat, where I feasted my imagination taken their particular dimensions, and am able every morning with the most luxurious prospect to give a very good description of them. But'I I ever saw. I usually took my stand by the wall must own, I never had a greater curiosity to of an old castle built upon a high hill. A noble visit any of these strangers than your lion. Ac- river ran at the foot of it, which after being brocordingly I came yesterday to town, being able ken by a heap of misshapen stones, glided away to wait no longer for fair weather, and made in a clear stream, and wandering through two what haste I could to Mr. Button's, who readily woods on each side of it in many windings, conducted me to his den of state. He is really shone here and there at a great distance through a creature of as noble a presence as I have the trees. I could trace the mazes for some seen; he has grandeur and good-humour in his miles, until my eye was led through two ridges countenance, which command both our love and of hills, and terminated by a vast mountain in respect; his shaggy mane and whiskers are pe. another county. culiar graces. In short, I do not question but I hope the reader will pardon me for taking he will prove a worthy supporter of the British his eye from our present subject of the spring, honour and virtue, especially when assisted by by this landscape, since it is at this time of the the unicorn. You must think I would not wait year only that prospects excel in beauty. But upon him without a morsel to gain his favour, if the eye is delighted, the ear hath likewise its and had provided what I hope would have proper entertainment. The music of the birds pleased, but was unluckily prevented by the at this time of the year, hath something in it so presence of a bear, which constantly as I ap- wildly sweet, as makes me less relish the most proached with my present, threw his eyes in elaborate compositions of Italy. The vigour my way, and stared me out of my resolution. I which the warmth of the sun pours afresh into must not forget to tell you, my younger daugh their veins, prompts them to renew their spe. ter and your ward is hard at work about her cies; and thereby puts the male upon wooing tucker, having never from her infancy laid aside his mate with more mellow warblings, and to the modesty-piece. I am, venerable Nestor, swell his throat with more violent modulations. your friend and servant,

P. N. It is an amusement by no means below the dig. "I was a little surprised, having read some nity of a rational soul, to observe the pretty of your lion's roarings, that a creature of such creatures flying in pairs, to mark the different eloquence should want a tongue; but he has passions in their intrigues, the curious contex. other qualifications which make good that defi- ture of their nests, and their care and tenderciency.'

ness of their little offspring.

I am particularly acquainted with a wagtail

and his spouse, and made many remarks upon No. 125.] Tuesday, August 4, 1713. the several gallantries he hourly used, before


соу female would consent to make him hap-Nunc formosissimus annus. Virg. Ecl. iii. 57. py. When I saw in how many airy rings he Now the gay year in all her charms is drest.

was forced to pursue her; how sometimes she

tripped before him in a pretty pitty-pat step, and Men of my age receive a greater pleasure scarce seemed to regard the cowering of his from fine weather than from any other sensual wings, and the many awkward and foppish conenjoyment of life. In spite of the auxiliary bot- tortions into which he put his body to do her tle, or any artificial heat, we are apt to droop homage, it made me reflect upon my own youth, under a gloomy sky; and taste no luxury like and the caprices of the fair but fantastic Teraa blue firmament and sunshine. I have often, minta. Often have I wished that I understood in a splenetic fit, wished myself a dormouse the language of birds, when I have heard him during the winter; and I never see one of those exert an eager thuckle at her leaving him; and snug animals, wrapt up close in his fur, and do not doubt but that he muttered the same compactly happy in himself, but I contemplate vows and reproaches which I often have vented him with envy beneath the dignity of a philoso against that unrelenting maid. pher. If the art of flying were brought to per. The sight that gave me the most satisfaction fection, the use that I should make of it would was a flight of young birds, under the conduct be to attend the sun round the world, and pur- of the father, and indulgent directions and assue the spring through every sign of the zodiac. sistance of the dam. I took particular notice of This love of warmth makes my heart glad at a beau goldfinch, who was picking his plumes, the return of the spring. How amazing is the pruning his wings, and with great diligence, change in the face of nature; when the earth, adjusting all his gaudy garniture. When he had from being bound with frost, or covered with equipped himself with great trimness and nice. snow, begins to put forth her plants and flow. ty, he stretched his painted neck, which seemed ers, to be clothed with green, diversified with to brighten with new glowings, and strained ten thousand various dyes; and to exhale such his throat into many wild notes and natural fresh and charming odours, as fill every living melody. He then flew about the nest in several creature with delight!

circles and windings, and invited his wife and

thousand years.

children into open air. It was very entertain- | intellectual, as well as the natural and corpo ing to see the trembling and the futtering of real, we shall perceive throughout, a certain the little strangers at their first appearance in correspondence of the parts, à similitude of the world, and the different care of the male operation, and unity of design, which plainly and female parent, so suitable to their several demonstrate the universe to be the work of one sexes. I could not take my eye quickly from so infinitely good and wisc being; and that the entertaining an object; nor could I help wish- system of thinking beings is actuate by laws ing, that creatures of a superior rank would so derived from the same divine power which ormanifest their mutual affection, and so cheer- dained those by which the corporeal system is fully concur in providing for their offspring. upheld.

I shall conclude this tattle about the spring, From the contemplation of the order, motion, which I usually call the youth and health of and cohesion of natural bodies, philosophers are the year,' with some verses which I transcribe now agreed, that there is a mutual attraction from a manuscript poem upon hunting. The between the most distant parts at least of this author gives directions, that hounds should solar system. All those bodies that revolve breed in the spring, whence he takes occasion, round the sun are drawn towards each other, after the manner of the ancients, to make a di- and towards the sun, by some secret, uniform, gression in praise of that season. The verses and never-ceasing principle. Hence it is, that here subjoined, are not all upon that subject; the earth (as well as the other planets) without but the transitions slide so easily into one an- flying off in a tangent line, constantly rolls other, that I knew not how to leave off until I about the sun, and the moon about the earth, had writ out the whole digression.

without deserting her companion in so many

And as the larger systems of In spring let loose thy males. Then all things prove the universe are held together by this cause, so The stings of pleasure, and the pangs of love: Ethereal Jove then glads, with genial showers, likewise the particular globes derive their coEarth's mighty womb, and strews her lap with flow'rs; hesion and consistence from it. Hence juices mount, and buds, embolden'd, try. More kindly breezes, and a softer sky;

Now if we carry our thoughts from the corKind Venus revels. Hark! on ev'ry bough,

poreal to the moral world, we may observe in In lulling strains the feather'd warblers woo.

the spirits or minds of men, a like principle of Fell tigers soften in th' infectious flames,

attraction, whereby they are drawn together in And lions fawning, court their brinded dames: Great love pervades the deep; to please his mate,

communities, clubs, families, friendships, and The whale, in gambols moves his monstrous weight; all the various species of society. As in bodies, Heav'd by his wayward mirth old Ocean roars,

where the quantity is the same, the attraction And scatter'd navies bulge on distant shores.

is strongest between those which are placed All nature smiles: Come now, nor fear, my love, To taste the odours of the woodbine grove,

nearest to each other; so it is likewise in the To pass the evening glooms in harmless play,

minds of men, cæteris paribus, between those And sweetly swearing, languish life away.

which are most nearly related. Bodies that are An altar bound with recent flowers, I rear To thee, best season of the various year :

placed at the distance of many millions of All hail! such days in beauteous order ran,

miles, may nevertheless attract and constantly So soft, so sweet, when first the world began;

operate on each other, although this action do In Eden's bow'rs, when man's great sire assign'd not show itself by a union or approach of those The names and natures of the brutal kind. Then lamb and lion friendly walk'd their round,

distant bodies so long as they are withheld by And hares, undaunted, licked the fondling hound; the contrary forces of other bodies, which, at Wond'rous to tell! but when with luckless hand, the same time, attract them different ways; but Our daring mother broke the sole command, Then want and envy brought their meagre train,

would, on the supposed removal of all other boThen wrath came down, and death had leave to reign: dies, mutually approach and unite with each Hence foxes earth'd and wolves abhorr'd the day, other. The like holds with regard to the huAnd hungry churls ensnar'd the nightly prey. Rude arts at first; but witty want refin'd

man soul, whose affection towards the indivi. The huntsman's wiles, and famine form'd the mind. duals of the same species, who are distantly Bold Nimrod first the lion's trophies wore,

related to it, is rendered inconspicuous by its The panther bound, and lanc'd the bristling boar ; more powerful attraction towards those who He taught to turn the hare, to bay the deer,

have a nearer relation to it. But as those are And wheel the courser in his mad career. Ah! had he there restrain'd his tyrant hand!

removed, the tendency which before lay conLet me ye powʻrs, a humbler wreath demand;

cealed, doth gradually disclose itself. No pomps I ask, which crowns and sceptres yield; A man who has no family is more strongly Nor dangerous laurels in the dusty field:

attracted towards his friends and neighbours; Fast by the forest, and the limpid spring, Give me the warfare of the woods to sing,

and if absent from these, he naturally falls into To breed my whelps, and healthful press the game, an acquaintance with those of his own city or A mean, inglorious, but a guiltless name.

country who chance to be in the same place. Two Englishmen meeting at Rome or Constan

tinople, soon run into a fainiliarity. And in No. 126.] Wednesday, August 5, 1713.

China or Japan, Europeans would think their

being so, a good reason for their uniting in parHomo sum, humani nihil a me alienum puto.

ticular converse. Farther, in case we suppose Ter. Heaut. Act. i. Sc. 1. ourselves translated into Jupiter or Saturn, and I am a man, and have a fellow-feeling of every thing there to meet a Chinese, or other more distant belonging to man.

native of our own planet, we should look on him

as a near relation, and readily commence a If we consider the whole scope of the crear friendship with him. These are natural reflection that lies within our view, the moral and ) tions, and such as may convince us that we are


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