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history which more pleases me, than that which ( sir, being by profession a mantua-maker, who is recorded in the life of Timoleon. This ex- am employed by the most fashionable ladies traordinary man was famous for referring all about town, I am admitted to them freely at all his suecesses to Providence. Cornelius Nepos hours; and seeing them both drest and undrest, acquaints us that he had in his house a private I think there is no person better qualified than chapel, in which he used to pay his devotions myself to serve you (if your honour pleases) in to the goddess who represented Providence the nature of a lioness. I am in the whole se. among the heathens. I think no man was ever cret of their fashion; and if you think fit to enmore distinguished by the deity whom he blind tertain me in this character, I will have a conly worshipped, than the great person I am stant watch over them, and doubt not I shall speaking of, in several occurrences of his life, send you from time to time such private intel. but particularly in the following one which I ligence, as you will find of use to you in your shall relate out of Plutarch.
future papers. Three persons had entered into a conspiracy "Sir, this being a new proposal, I hope you to assassinate Timoleon, as he was offering up will not let me lose the benefit of it; but that his devotions in a certain temple. In order to you will first hear me roar before you treat with it, they took their several stands in the most any body else. As a sample of my intended convenient places for their purpose. As they services, I give you this timely notice of an im. were waiting for an opportunity to put their provement you will shortly see in the exposing design in execution, a stranger having observed of the female chest, which, in defiance of your one of the conspirators, fell upon him and slew gravity, is going to be uncovered yet more and him. Upon which, the other two, thinking more ; so that, to tell you truly, Mr. Ironside, I their plot had been discovered, threw them- am in some fear lest my profession should in a selves at Timoleon's feet, and confessed the little time become wholly unnecessary. I must whole matter. This stranger, upon examina- here explain to you a small covering, if I may tion, was found to have understood nothing of call it so, or rather an ornament for the neck, the intended assassination ; but having several which you have not yet taken notice of. This years before had a brother killed by the con consists of a narrow lace, or a small skirt of fine spirator, whom he here put to death, and having ruffled linen, which runs along the upper part till now sought in vain for an opportunity of of the stays before, and crosses the breasts, revenge, he chanced to meet the murderer in without rising to the shoulders ; and being, as the temple, who had planted himself there for it were, a part of the tucker yet kept in use, is the above-mentioned purpose. Plutarch cannot therefore, by a particular name, called the moforbear on this occasion, speaking with a kind desty-piece. Now sir, what I have to commuof rapture on the schemes of Providence ; which, nicate to you at present is, that at a late meet. in this particular, had so contrived it, that the ing of the stripping ladies, in which were prestranger should, for so great a space of time, sent several eminent toasts and beauties, it was be debarred the means of doing justice to his resolved for the future to lay the modesty-piece brother, until by the same blow that revenged wholly aside. It is intended at the same time the death of one innocent man, he preserved to lower the stays considerably before, and nothe life of another,
thing but the unsettled weather has hindered For my own part, I cannot wonder that a this design from being already put in execution. man of Timoleon's religion, should have his in. Some few indeed objected to this last improve. trepidity and firmness of mind; or that he ment, but were overruled by the rest, who al. should be distinguished by such a deliverance leged it was their intention, as they ingeniously as I have here related.
expressed it, to level their breast-works entirely, and to trust to no defence but their own virtue. I am sir, (if you please) your secret servant,
LEONILLA FIGLEAF.' No. 118.)
Monday, July 27, 1713.
• Dear Sir, -As by name, and duty bound, I
Pers. Prol. ver. 10. yesterday brought in a prey of paper for my paWitty want.
tron's dinner ; but by the forwardness of his
paws, he seemed ready to put it into his own I am very well pleased to find that my lion mouth, which does not enough resemble its prohas given such universal content to all that have totypes, whose throats are open sepulchres. I seen him. He has had a greater number of assure you, sir, unless he gapes wider he will visitants than any of his brotherhood in the sooner be felt than heard. Witness my hand, tower. I this morning examined his maw,
· JACKALL' where among much other food I found the fol
• To Nestor Ironside, Esquire. lowing delicious morsels.
·SagE NESTOR,-Lions being esteemed by na• To Nestor Ironside, Esquire. turalists the most generous of beasts, the noble * MR. GUARDIAN, I am a daily peruser of and majestic appearance they make in poetry, your papers. I have read over and over your wherein they so often represent the hero him. discourse concerning the tucker; as likewise self, made me always think that name very ill your paper of Thursday the sixteenth instant, in applied to a profligate set of men, at present gowhich you say it is your intention to keep a ing about seeking whom to devour ; and though watchful eye over every part of the female sex, I cannot but acquiesce in your account of the and to regulate them from head to foot. Now, derivation of that title to them, it is with great
satisfaction I hear you are about to restore them y subject of the last Thursday. I shall therefore to their former dignity, by producing one of that give my reader a short account in prose of every species so public spirited, as to roar for reforma- poem which was produced in the learned assem. tion of manners. “I will roar,” says the clown bly there described; and if he is thoroughly in Shakspeare, “ that it will do any man's heart conversant in the works of those ancient authors, good to hear me; I will roar, that I will make he will see with how much judgment every subthe duke say, Let him roar again, let him roar ject is adapted to the poet who makes use of it, again.” Such success, and such applause, I do and with how much delicacy every particular not question but your lion will meet with, whilst, poet's way of writing is characterised in the like that of Sampson, his strength shall bring censure that is passed upon it. Lucan's repre. forth sweetness, and his entrails abound with sentative was the first who recited before that honey.
august assembly. As Lucan was a Spaniard, • At the same time that I congratulate with his poem does honour to that nation, which at the republic of beasts upon this honour done to the same time makes the romantic bravery in their king, I must condole with us poor mortals, the hero of it more probable. who by distance of place are rendered incapable Alphonso was the governor of a town invested of paying our respects to him, with the same by the Moors. During the blockade they made assiduity as those who are ushered into his pre- his only son their prisoner, whom they brought sence by the discreet Mr. Button. Upon this before the walls, and exposed to his father's sight, account, Mr. Ironside, I am become a suitor to threatening to put him to death if he did not you, to constitute an outriding lion; or, if you immediately give up the town. The father tells please, a jackall or two, to receive and remit them if he had a hundred sons he would rather our homage in a more particular manner than see them all perish, than do an ill action, or be. is hitherto provided. As it is, our tenders of tray his country. But,' says he, .if you take duty every now and then miscarry by the way; a pleasure in destroying the innocent, you may at least the natural self-love that makes us un do it if you please : behold a sword for your willing to think any thing that comes from us purpose. Upon which he threw his sword from worthy of contempt, inclines us to believe sc. the wall
, returned to his palace, and was able, Methinks it were likewise necessary to specify, at such a juncture, to sit down to the repast by what means a present from a fair hand may which was prepared for him. He was soon reach his brindled majesty; the place of his raised by the shouts of the enemy, and the cries residence being very unfit for a lady's personal of the besieged. Upon returning again to the appearance. I am your most constant reader, walls, he saw his son lying in the pangs of and admirer,
• N. R. death; but far from betraying any weakness at
such a spectacle, he upbraids his friends for "Dear NESTOR,—It is a well known proverb their sorrow, and returns to finish his repast. in a certain part of this kingdom,
Upon the recital of this story, which is erlove my dog ;" and I hope you will take it as a quisitely drawn up in Lucan's spirit and lanmark of my respect for your person, that I here guage, the whole assembly declared their opi. bring a bit for your lion. ***
nion of Lucan in a confused murmur. The What follows being secret history, it will be poem was praised or censured according to the printed in other papers; wherein the lion will prejudices which every one had conceived in publish his private intelligence.
favour or disadvantage of the author. These were so very great, that some had placed him, in their opinions, above the highest, and others
beneath the lowest of the Latin poets. Most of No. 119.] Tuesday, July 28, 1713. them, however, agreed, that Lucan's genius was
wonderfully great, but at the same time too poetarum veniet manus, auxilio quæ haughty and headstrong to be governed by art,
and that his style was like his genius, learned, A band of poets to my aid I 'll call.
bold, and lively, but withal too tragical and blus
tering. In a word, that he chose rather a great THERE is nothing which more shows the want than a just reputation ; to which they added, of taste and discernment in a writer than the that he was the first of the Latin poets who de. decrying of any author in gross; especially of viated from the purity of the Roman language. an author who has been the admiration of mul.
The representative of Lucretius told the
astitudes, and that too in several ages of the world. sembly, that they should soon be sensible of the This however is the general practice of all illite difference between a poet who was a native of rate and undistinguishing critics. Because Ho-Rome, and a stranger who had been adopted mer and Virgil and Sophocles have been com into it: after which he entered upon his subject, mended by the learned of all times, every scrib- which I find exhibited to my hand in a specu. bler who has no relish of their beauties, gives lation of one of my predecessors.* himself an air of rapture when he speaks of Strada, in the person of Lucretius, gives an them. But as he praises these he knows not account of a chimerical correspondence between why, there are others whom he depreciates with two friends, by the help of a certain loadstone, the same vehemence, and upon the same ac- which had such a virtue in it, that if it touched count. We may see after what a different man. two several needles, when one of the needles so ner Strada proceeds in his judgment on the Latin poets; for I intend to publish in this paper a continuation of that prolusion which was the
* See Spectator, No. 241.
« Love me,
Hor. Lib. 1. Sat. iv. 141.
touched began to move, the other, though at never refined judgment, who ridiculed that infusion so great a distance, moved at the same time of foreign phrases with which he had corrupted and in the same manner. He tells us, that two the Latin tongue, and spoke with contempt of friends, being each of them possessed of one of the equability of his numbers, that cloyed and these needles, made a kind of dial-plate, inscrib- satiated the ear for want of variety : to which ing it with the four-and-twenty letters, in the they likewise added, a frequent and unseasonsame manner as the hours of the day are marked able affectation of appearing sonorous and subupon the ordinary dial-plate. Then they fixed lime, one of the needles on each of these plates in such The sequel of this prolusion shall be the work a manner that it could move round without in- of another day. pediment, so as to touch any of the four-andtwenty letters. Upon their separating from one another into distant countries, they agreed to withdraw themselves punctually into their clo
Wednesday, July 29, 1713, sets at a certain hour of the day, and to converse with one another by means of this their
-Nothing lovelier can be found
In woman, than to study bousehold good, invention. Accordingly, when they were some And good works in her husband to promote. hundred miles asunder, each of them shut him.
Milton, self up in his closet at the time appointed, and
A BIT FOR THE LION. immediately cast his eyes upon his dial-plate,
“SIR, -As soon as you have set up your uni. If he had a mind to write any thing to his corn, there is no question but the ladies will friend, he directed his needle to every letter that make him push very furiously at the men; for formed the words which he had occasion for, which reason I think it is good to be beforehand making a little pause at the end of every word with them, and make the lion roar aloud at fe. or sentence to avoid confusion. The friend, in male irregularities. Among these, I wonder the mean while, saw his own sympathetic needle how their gaming Was so long escaped your moving of itself to every letter which that of notice. You who converse with the sober fa. his correspondent pointed' at. By this means mily of the Lizards, are perhaps a stranger to they talked together across a whole continent, these viragos; but what would you say, should and conveyed their thoughts to one another in an you see the Sparkler shaking her elbow for a instant over cities or mountains, seas or deserts. whole night together, and thumping the table
The whole audience were pleased with the with a dice-box? Or how would you like to artifice of the poet who represented Lucretius, hear the good widow lady herself returning to observing very well how he had laid asleep her house at midnight, and alarming the whole their attention to the simplicity of his style in street with a most enormous rap, after having some verses, and to the want of harmony in sat up until that time at crimp or ombre ? Sir, others, by fixing their minds to the novelty of I am the husband of one of these female game. his subject, and to the experiment which he re-sters, and a great loser by it, both in my rest lated. Without such an artifice they were of and my pocket. As my wife reads your papers, opinion that nothing would have sounded more
one upon this subject might be of use both to harsh than Lucretius's diction and numbers. her and your humble servant.' But it was plain that the more learned part of the assembly were quite of another mind. I should ill deserve the name of Guardian, These allowed that it was peculiar to Lucre. did I not caution all my fair wards against á tius, above all other poets, to be always doing practice which, when it runs to excess, is the or teaching something, that no other style most shameful, but one, that the female world was so proper to teach in, or gave a greater can fall into. The ill consequences of it are pleasure to those who had a true relish for more than can be contained in this paper. the Roman tongue. They added further, that However, that I may proceed in method, I shall if Lucretius had not been embarrassed with consider them ; first, as they relate to the mind; the difficulty of his matter, and a little led away secondly, as they relate to the body. by an affectation of antiquity, there could not Could we look into the mind of a female have been any thing more perfect than his gamester, we should see it full of nothing but poem.
trumps and mattadores. Her slumbers are Claudian succeeded Lucretius, having chosen haunted with kings, queens, and knaves. The for his subject the famous contest between the day lies heavy upon her until the play season nightingale and the lutanist, which every one returns, when, for half a dozen hours together, is acquainted with, especially since Mr. Philips all her faculties are employed in shuffling, cuthas so finely improved that hint in one of his ting, dealing, and sorting out a pack of cards, pastorals,
and no ideas to be discovered in a soul which He had no sooner finished but the assembly calls itself rational, excepting little square rung with acclamations made in his praise. figures of painted and spotted paper. Was the His first beauty, which every one owned, was understanding, that divine part in our compo, the great clearness and perspicuity which ap- sition, given for such a use? Is it thus that peared in the plan of his poem. Others were we improve the greatest talent human nature is wonderfully charmed with the smoothness of endowed with ? What would a superior being his verse and the flowing of his numbers, in think were he shown this intellectual faculty in which there were none of those elisions and a female gamester, and at the same time told, cuttings off so frequent in the works of other that it was by this she was distinguished from poets. There were several, however, of a more brutes, and allied to angels ?
When our women thus fill their imagina- But there is still another case in which the tions with pips and counters, I cannot wonder body is more endangered than in the former. at the story I have lately heard of a new-born All play-debts must be paid in specie, or by an child that was marked with the five of clubs. equivalent. The man that plays beyond his
Their passions suffer no less by this practice income pawns his estate; the woman must find than their understandings and imaginations. out something else to mortgage when her pin. What hope and fear, joy and anger, sorrow and money is gone. The husband has his lands to discontent, break out all at once in a fair assem- dispose of, the wife her person. Now when bly upon so noble an occasion as that of turning the female body is once dipped, if the creditor up a card! Who can consider, without a secret be very importunate, I leave my reader to con. indignation that all those affections of the mind sider the consequences. which should be consecrated to their children, husbands, and parents, are thus vilely prosti. tuted and thrown away upon a hand at loo!
No. 121.] For my own part, I cannot but be grieved when
Thursday, July 30, 1713. I see a fine woman fretting and bleeding in.
Hinc exaudiri gemitus, iræque leonum. wardly from such trivial motives; when I be.
Virg. Æn. vii. 15. hold the face of an angel agitated and discom
Hence to our ear the roar of lions came. posed by the heart of a fury. Our minds are of such a make, that they
ROARINGS OF THE LION. naturally give themselves up to every diversion which they are much accustomed to; and we OLD NESTOR,—Ever since the first notice always find that play, when followed with assi. you gave of the erection of that useful mono. duity, engrosses the whole woman. She quickly ment of yours in Button's coffee house, I have grows uneasy in her own family, takes but lit. had a restless ambition to imitate the renowned tle pleasure in all the domestic innocent endear, London prentice, and boldly venture my hand ments of life, and grows more fond of Pam, down the throat of your lion. The subject of than of her husband. My friend Theophrastus, this letter is a relation of a club whereof I am the best of husbands and of fathers, has often member, and which has made a considerable complained to me, with tears in his eyes, of the noise of late. I mean the Silent Club. The late hours he is forced to keep if he would enjoy year of our institution is 1694, the number of his wife's conversation. • When she returns to members twelve, and the place of our meeting me with joy in her face, it does not arise,' says is Dumb's-alley, in Holborn. We look upon he, from the sight of her husband, but from ourselves as the relics of the old Pythagoreans, the good luck she has had at cards. On the and have this maxim in common with them, contrary, says he, 'if she has been a loser, I which is the foundation of our design, that am doubly a sufferer by it. She comes home" Talking spoils company.! The president of out of humour, is angry with every body, dis- our society is one who was born deaf and dumb, pleased with all I can do or say, and in reality and owes that blessing to nature, which, in the for no other reason, but because she has been rest of us, is owing to industry alone. I find throwing away my estate.' What charming upon inquiry, that the greater part of us are bed-fellows and companions for life are men married men, and such whose wives are relikely to meet with, that choose their wives out markably loud at home. Hither we fly for reof such women of vogue and fashion! What a fuge, and enjoy at once the two greatest and race of worthies, what patriots, what heroes, most valuable blessings, company and retire. must we expect from mothers of this make! ment. When that eminent relation of yours,
I come in the next place to consider the ill the Spectator, published his weekly papers, and consequences which gaming has on the bodies gave us that remarkable account of his silence of our female adventurers. It is so ordered that (for you must know, though we do not read, yet almost every thing which corrupts the soul de. we inspect all such useful essays) we seemed cays the body. The beauties of the face and unanimous to invite him to partake our secrecy, mind are generally destroyed by the same but it was unluckily objected, that he had just means. This consideration should have a par- then published a discourse of his at his own ticular weight with the female world, who were club, and had not arrived to that happy inacti: designed to please the eye and attract the re-vity of the tongue, which we expected from a gards of the other half of the species. Now man of his understanding. You will wonder, there is nothing that wears out a fine face like perhaps, how we managed this debate ; but it the vigils of the card-table, and those cutting will be easily accounted for, when I tell you passions which naturally attend them. Hollow that our fingers are as nimble, and as infallible eyes, haggard looks, and pale complexions, are interpreters of our thoughts, as other men's the natural indications of a female gamester. tongues are; yet even this mechanic eloquence Her morning sleeps are not able to repair her is only allowed upon the weightiest occasions. midnight watchings. I have known a woman We admire the wise institutions of the Turks, carried off half dead from bassette; and have and other eastern nations, where all commands many a time grieved to see a person of quality are performed by officious mutes ; and we won. gliding by me in her chair at two o'clock in the der that the polite courts of Christendom should morning, and looking like a spectre amidst a come so far short of the majesty of barbarians. glare of flambeaux. In short, I never knew a Ben Jonson has gained an eternal reputation thorough-paced female gamester hold her beauty among us by his play called the Silent Woman. two winters together,
Every member here is another Morose while
the club is sitting, but at home may talk as returning my thanks to you for the care you much and as fast as his family occasions require, take of us, having a friend who has promised without breach of statute. The advantages we me to give my letters to the lion, until we can find from this quaker-like assembly are many communicate our thoughts to you through our We consider, that the understanding of man is own proper vehicle. Now you must know, dear liable to mistakes, and his will fond of contra- sir, that if you do not take care to suppress this dictions; that disputes which are of no weight exorbitant growth of the female chest, all that in themselves, are often very considerable in is left of my waist must inevitably perish. It is their effects. The disuse of the tongue is the at this time reduced to the depth of four inches, only effectual remedy against these. All party by what I have already made over to my neck. concerns, all private scandal, all insults over But if the stripping design, mentioned by Mrs. another man's weaker reasons, must there be Figleaf yesterday, should take effect, sir, I dread lost where no disputes arise. Another advan- to think what it will come to. In short, there is tage which follows from the first (and which no help for it, my girdle and all must go. This is very rarely to be met with) is, that we are is the naked truth of the matter. Have pity on all upon the same level in conversation. A wag me then, my dear Guardian, and preserve me of my acquaintance used to add a third, viz: from being so inhumanly exposed. I do assure that if ever we do debate, we are sure to have you that I follow your precepts as much as a all our arguments at our fingers' ends. Of all young woman can, who will live in the world Longinus's remarks, we are most enamoured without being laughed at. I have no hooped with that excellent passage, where he men- petticoat, and when I am a matron will wear tions Ajax's silence as one of the noblest in- broad tuckers whether you succeed or no. If stances of the sublime; and (if you will allow the flying project takes, I intend to be the last me to be free with a namesake of yours) I in wings, being resolved in every thing to be. should think that the everlasting story-teller, have myself as becomes your most obedient Nestor, had he been likened to the ass instead / ward.' of our hero, he had suffered less by the comparison. 'I have already described the practice and
No. 122.] sentiments of this society, and shall but barely
Friday, July 31, 1713. mention the report of the neighbourhood, that
Nec magis expressi vultus per ahenea signa. we are not only as mute as fishes, but that we
Hor. Lib. 2. Ep. i. 24. drink like fishes too; that we are like the Welshman's owl, though we do not sing, we pay it off Not with such majesty, such bold relief, with thinking. Others take us for an assembly The forms august, of king, or conquiring chief,
Pops. of disaffected persons; nay, their zeal to the government has carried them so far as to send, last week, a party of constables to surprise us.
That I may get out of debt with the public You may easily imagine how exactly we repre.
as fast as I can, I shall here give them the resented the Roman senators of old, sitting with maining part of Strada's criticism on the Latin majestic silence, and undaunted at the approach work in the three papers numbered 115, 119,
heroic poets. My readers may see the whole of an army of Gauls
. If you approve of our un. 122. Those who are acquainted with the authors dertaking, you need not declare it to the world; themselves cannot but be pleased to see them so your silence shall be interpreted as consent given to the honourable body of mutes, and in parti- justly represented; and as for those who have cular to your humble servant, NED MUM.
never perused the originals, they may form a
judgment of them from such accurate and on. *P. S. We have had but one word spoken tertaining copies. The whole piece will show since the foundation, for which the member was
at least how a man of genius (and none else expelled by the old Roman custom of bending should call himself a critic) can make the driest back the thumb. He had just received the news
art a pleasing amusement. of the battle of Hochstet, and being too impatient to communicate his joy, was unfortunately
The Sequel of Strada's Prolusion. betrayed into a lapsus lingua. We acted on the principles of the Roman Manlius, and though
The poet who personated Ovid, gives an acwe approved of the cause of his error as just, which attracts gold, after the same manner as
count of the chryso-magnet, or of the loadstone we condemned the effect, as a manifest viola- the common loadstone attracts iron. The au. tion of his duty.'
thor, that he might express Ovid's way of I never could have thought a dumb man would thinking, derives this virtue to the chryso-mag have roared so well out of iny lion's mouth. My net from a poetical metamorphosis. next pretty correspondent, like Shakspeare's lion * As I was sitting by a well,' says he, when in Pyramus and Thisbe, roars as it were any I was a boy, my ring dropped into it, when im. nightingale.
mediately my father fastening a certain stone
to the end of a line, let it down into the well.
July 28, 1713. It no sooner touched the surface of the water, •MR. IRONSIDE,I was afraid at first you but the ring leaped up from the bottom, and were only in jest, and had a mind to expose our clung to it in such a manner, that he drew it nakedness for the diversion of the town; but out like a fish.' My father, seeing me wonder since I see that you are in good earnest, and at the experiment, gave me the following achave infallibility of your side, I cannot forbear count of it: When Deucalion and Pyrrha went
E'er swell'd on marble.