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trude relied more on the Savior's grace than on the indulgences of the Church. Slips of this sort, as we said, are very rare. Substantially the work is Catholic in spirit, and it makes profitable and edifying reading. When completed it will be a valuable addition to hagiography. It is a slight blemish that Mother Augusta Theodosia Drane is referred to as Mrs. Drane.

The present volume * is a worthy ELIZABETH SETON. memorial of the centenary of ElizBy Sadlier.

abeth Seton's conversion to the

Catholic Faith. The life and work of this heroic and saintly woman are familiar, or should be familiar, to every Catholic in the land. From the beginning, absolute and unerring faithfulness to the will of God was the greatest and most constant desire of her soul. Even when she went much into society, she never neglected her rigorous examination of conscience. To know God's will—this was her hunger and her thirst. When that will led her, through a veritable crucifixion of spirit, to the Catholic Church, Elizabeth Seton followed it heroically, even though it cost her poverty, helplessness, and social ostracism, and persecution by her family. She saw nothing then of her wonderful after work, which we see and know now.

Widowed and left alone with her children, she started a school in New York City, but her pupils were taken away because she was a Catholic. Later she went to Baltimore and there laid the foundations of the community of the American Sisters of Charity, which afterwards, from Emmitsburg, was to establish houses throughout the entire United States. These early days were days of suffering, of distress, and doubt; but the struggle, the pain, and the sacrifice, the hunger, and the cold, are all to be blessed because, like the darkened background, they bring out in pure, strong light the soul of this wonderful, saintly woman, whose work has done so much for the inspiration of others, the welfare of country, the glory of the Church, and the glory of God.

The lessons of her exceptional life are manifold. A wife, a mother, a religious; faithful and devoted, she was watchful, tender, and resigned, she was self-denying, holy, and thoroughly

* Elizabeth Seton, Foundress of the American Sisters of Charity. Her Life and Work. By Agnes Sadlier. New York: D. & J. Sadlier & Co.

spiritual. To the reader her life is a personal inspiration; an inspiration, not only in the sense that he is moved to imitate the virtues which she displayed so continuously and so eminently, but an inspiration also in this, that in Mother Seton, in the bishops and priests of her day, the Church in America has a noble history, that God is with it in his holy purposes, obscure though they may be, and that the present generation, with the same spirit of complete sacrifice, the same abundance of hope, should take up and enrich the inheritance.

The author's work, though it forms but a small volume, is done quite thoroughly. It is evidently the fruit of much conscientious labor and of great love, for the spirit of exactness and enthusiasm characterizes it. The volume is a worthy tribute to a most worthy woman.

The author of this volume of poems" has not chosen high and lofty themes that might have led her into the obscure and the indefinite. The subjects of her poems are simple; and their treatment simple also ; yet their poetry is not trite nor commonplace. Her work is sweet and musical, and the author evidences a measure of poetic insight and of easy writing. And because of this the volume deserves a worthier title than the empty, alliterative one which has been given to it.

The Daily Review f is such an exceptional newspaper, and

puts forth such worthy aims, that we willingly give it here a word of praise and encouragement. This daily newspaper is a courageous movement in favor of white journalism. It prints in condensed form all the important news of the world that it is necessary or edifying for one to know ; and for the reader is a saving both of morals and of time. It excludes all unbecoming advertising, such as liquor, tobacco, or indecent and suggestive matter. The Daily Review is a distinct and hopeful departure and we wish it all success.

* Friendship's Fragrant Fancies. By Catherine Moriarty. New York: Dodge Publishing Company.

+ The Chicago Daily Review, 1322 Wabash Avenue, Chicago, Ill. $1 a year.

VOL. LXXXI –54

Foreign Periodicals.

The Tablet (15 July): The Rev. Herbert Thurston, S.J., treats

of the complicity of St Pius V. in the Ridolfi conspiracy. He challenges the unqualified statement of the late Lord Acton that “ Pius commissioned an assassin to take Queen Elizabeth's life.” Further, in dealing with Cardinal Wolsey, the divorce of Henry VIII., also in considering the question of the premeditation of St. Bartholomew's massacre, the writer differs from the opinion of Lord Acton. Father Thurston, while granting to the Cambridge professor an extremely wide knowledge of facts and acquaintance with the opinions of others, denies him the supreme requisite of the true historian, viz., an unbiased, judicial quality of mind.

-Communication from Rome acquaints us with the death of the Rev. Mgr. Mooney, Rector of the Irish College. (22 July): Recently there were published in the Journal Official two decrees suppressing no fewer than 126 convents and schools belonging to the Ursulines, Christian Brothers, Sisters of Charity, and others.— The memorable controversy on Plainsong is closed in this number.— Three Biographies, each superlatively interesting, are now in course of preparation. They are the lives of Cardinals Newman, Manning, and Vaughan. (29 July): Rev. Father Thurston, S.J., endeavors to bring to light a further striking example of the extravagance of the late Lord Acton's anti. Roman bias. He offers a refutation of the latter's statement that St. Charles Borromeo, together with St. Pius V., sanctioned

the assassination of heretical rulers. The Month (Aug.): Rev. J. A. Pollen deplores the fact that

Catholic students of English history are so dependent on Protestant manuals, and that we are so behindhand in advanced histories, and in reference books. The remedy does not seem to be easy. For says the writer: To judge from our very slow progress in providing handbooks of Catholic Theology, of Scripture, of Church History, we may well say that the practical difficulties are very great.” Assuming, however, that the right men and the means can be secured, Fr. Pollen submits a plan for the compilation of a Dictionary of English History, supplementary to the ordinary text-books, and adapted to the use of Catholic teachers and advanced students. He favors a scheme of co-operation, the contributors taking up the subject one from another in such a way as to present a more or less continuous story. He, further, offers suggestions as to the nature of the work, as to the standard of scholarship to be maintained, and as to the list of topics. — In commenting on Professor Bury's Life of St. Patrick and His Place in History, J. S. Shepherd praises the author's genius for deep research and his spirit of impartiality. He disagrees, however, with some of the professor's conclusions; notably those regarding the saint's birthplace, the place of his captivity, and his destination after his es

cape from bondage. Le Correspondant (10 July): With fairness and reserve Mgr.

Batiffol praises the efforts of the Anglican clergy in biblical criticism. He cites the numerous endeavors of prominent scholars in that body for a clearer appreciation of the truths hidden in the Old and New Testaments. Among those whom he deems especially worthy of mention are Hastings, for his Dictionary of the Bible, and Cheyne, for his Encyclopædia Biblica. But the writer thinks that this criticism of the Bible has, in some cases, gone to extremes. For instance, he considers the efforts of Cheyne to explain the two verses of Samuel (xxvii. 10 and xxx. 29) mentioning the Jeramehelites, to be on the verge of falsehood. Not only are some of these High Church scholars hypercritical, but at times they are rather intemperate. Canon Henson, who was accused of denying the fact of the Resurrection; Rev. Mr. Beeby, censured for his denial of the Virginal Conception of our Lord; and Mr. Mallock, who defended them in the Nineteenth century of September, 1904, are scored for intemperance.- F. de Witt-Guizot describes the actual

situation of the laboring classes in the United States,
shows the relations of capital with these classes, and
finally the part played by the public in these relations.
(25 July): Now that the discussion over the separation
of Church and State has been .closed, many opinions are
given regarding the future welfare of the Church. Abbé
Sicard seems to have gloomy presentiments. When, from
1792 to 1807, the support of the clergy depended upon
the people, the Church in France, he says, was in sad
condition. Priests were poorly paid, some even dying
from want. The French peasant demanded a priest, but
because of his deep spirit of economy, not to say avarice,
he allowed the servant of God to die from hunger. In
1804 the State came to the clergy's aid, but only partly
relieved them. In 1807 the support of the Church again
passed into the hands of the government and the priests
were saved from hunger. Soon the State will cease to
pay the clergy. Will history repeat itself, or have the
French Catholics learned a lesson from fifteen years'
experience - F. Pascal considers it a bad sign when
patriotism is lacking in the primary schools. Such is
the case in France. The schools, he says, are being in-
vaded with socialistic and anarchical teachings, destroy-
ing both love of country and love of God. He suggests,
as a remedy, that a little more religious teaching be
tried. — France has lately witnessed the formation of
syndicates of farmers, and of syndicates having a purely
socialistic and revolutionary character. Max Turmann
explains their growth and their actual development, and
proposes remedies for the establishment of peace in the
troubled parts of the country. - Marc Hélys gives an
account of the origin, organization, and great results of

the Japanese Red Cross Society. La Revue Apologétique (16 July): Henry Mainde sketches the

life of Cardinal Wiseman.- C. de Kirwan writes a lengthy article in praise of Abbé Fontaine's book, Infil

trations Protestantes. Revue Bénédictine (July): D. Germain Morin presents a critical

study of some unedited fragments of ancient Gallican antiphonary which he thinks formed part of a liturgy in

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