Land Nationalisation, Its Necessity and Its Aims: Being a Comparison of the System of Landlord and Tenant with that of Occupying Ownership in Their Influence on the Well-being of the People
W. Reeves, 1882 - 240 стор.
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abolished absolute acres actual agricultural labourers allotments amount become beneficial benefit Brodrick capital capitalists cause civilised clearances Commons Preservation Society condition cottages crofters cultivation despotic diminish district dwelling effect England English enormous estates eviction evidence evil results existing F. W. Newman facts farmers favour Free Trade garden give Government Highland houses Hugh Miller improvements income increase industry inhabitants injury interest Ireland Irish Jonathan Pim Knoydart labour landlord landowners lease less live lord ment millions misery nationalisation nature obtain occupying owner occupying ownership parish pauperism Peasant Proprietors permanent perpetual personal occupation poor population portion possession poverty present private property produce profits property in land purchase quit-rent remedy rent rural says Scotland secure Sir John Lubbock small farms social soil tenant-right tenants tenure things tion towns trade in land village villeins wages waste waste land wealth well-being whole writer
Сторінка ii - Ye friends to truth, ye statesmen who survey The rich man's joys increase, the poor's decay, 'Tis yours to judge, how wide the limits stand Between a splendid and a happy land.
Сторінка 43 - Peasant rents ought never to be arbitrary, never at the discretion of the landlord : either by custom or law, it is imperatively necessary that they should be fixed ; and where no mutually advantageous custom, such as the metayer system of Tuscany, has established itself, reason and experience recommend that they should be fixed by authority : thus changing the rent into a quit-rent, and the farmer into a peasant proprietor.
Сторінка 42 - Almost alone amongst mankind the cottier is in this condition, that he can scarcely be either better or worse off by any act of his own. If he were industrious or prudent, nobody but his landlord would gain ; if he is lazy or intemperate, it is at his landlord's expense.
Сторінка 140 - Wherever grass will grow, there it is ; wherever a rock will bear a blade, verdure is seen upon it ; wherever an ear of rye will ripen, there it is to be found. Barley and oats have also their appropriate spots ; and wherever it is possible to ripen a little patch of wheat, the cultivation of it is attempted. In no country in Europe will be found so few poor as in the Engadine. In the village of Suss, which contains about six hundred inhabitants, there is not a single individual who has not wherewithal...
Сторінка 144 - Moneng, and come presently to a scene which was so new to me in France, that I could hardly believe my own eyes. A succession of many wellbuilt, tight, and comfortable farming cottages built of stone and covered with tiles ; each having its little garden...
Сторінка 174 - ... must be applied for the supply of all his desires; for even the products of the sea cannot be taken, the light of the sun enjoyed, or any of the forces of nature utilized, without the use of land or its products.
Сторінка 144 - Give a man the secure possession of a bleak rock, and he will turn it into a garden ; give him * Arthur Young's Trtnelt m francl, ml. ip 88. « Ibid. p. 61. a nine years lease of a garden, and he will convert it into a desert.
Сторінка 8 - ... the reaping machine of the scythe, the threshing machine of the flail; could he have heard the throb of the engines that in obedience to human will, and for the satisfaction of human desire, exert a power greater than that of all the men and all the beasts of burden of the earth combined; could he have seen the forest tree transformed into finished lumber — into doors, sashes, blinds, boxes or barrels, with hardly the touch of a human hand; the great workshops where boots...
Сторінка 88 - ... together and exude from it.) Window-frame there is none. There is neither oven, nor copper, nor grate, nor shelf, nor fixture of any kind ; all these things he has to bring with him, besides his ordinary articles of furniture. Imagine the trouble, the inconvenience, and the expense which the poor fellow and his wife have to encounter before they can put this shell of a hut into anything like a habitable form.
Сторінка 141 - They plod on from day to day, and year to year — the most patient, untirable, and persevering of animals. The English peasant is so cut off from the idea of property, that he comes habitually to look upon it as a thing from which he is warned by the laws of the large proprietors, and becomes, in consequence, spiritless, purposeless.