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action agricultural America army become bourgeois bourgeoisie called capital capitalist carried Central Central Executive Committee Communist complete comrades Conference Congress continued Council delegates demands democratic Department Deputies direct distribution economic elected elements entire establishment Executive Committee existence fact Federated fight force France French German give given groups hands immediate increased individual industrial institutions interests International issued Italy Labor Party land laws leaders live masses means meeting ment movement necessary Note officers organization peace peasants People's People's Commissars persons political possible present principles production proletariat propaganda question representatives result revolution revolutionary rules Russian Socialism Socialist Party society soldiers Soviet government Soviet Republic strike struggle Third tion trade unions trial unions United various vote wage earner whole workers York
Сторінка 58 - The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles. Freeman and slave, patrician and plebeian, lord and serf, guild-master and journeyman, in a word, oppressor and oppressed, stood in constant opposition to one another...
Сторінка 77 - When, in the course of development, class distinctions have disappeared, and all production has been concentrated in the hands of a: vast association of the whole nation, the public power will lose its political character. Political power, properly so called, is merely the organized power of one class for oppressing another.
Сторінка 61 - It has accomplished wonders far surpassing Egyptian pyramids, Roman aqueducts, and Gothic cathedrals ; it has conducted expeditions that put in the shade all former exoduses of nations and crusades. The bourgeoisie cannot exist without constantly revolutionizing the instruments of production, and thereby the relations of production, and with them the whole relations of society.
Сторінка 51 - That proposition is: that in every historical epoch, the prevailing mode of economic production and exchange, and the social organization necessarily following from it, form the basis upon which is built up, and from which alone can be explained, the political and intellectual history of that epoch...
Сторінка 64 - But every class struggle is a political struggle. And that union, to attain which the burghers of the Middle Ages, with their miserable highways, required centuries, the modern proletarians, thanks to railways, achieve in a few years. This organisation of the proletarians into a class, and consequently into a political party, is continually being upset again by the competition between the workers themselves.
Сторінка 64 - Unions) against the bourgeois; they club together in order to keep up the rate of wages; they found permanent associations in order to make provision beforehand for these occasional revolts. Here and there the contest breaks out into riots. Now and then the workers are victorious, but only for a time. The real fruit of their battles lies, not in the immediate result, but in the ever - expanding union of the workers.
Сторінка 60 - ... railways extended, in the same proportion the bourgeoisie developed, increased its capital, and pushed into the background every class handed down from the Middle Ages. We see, therefore, how the modern bourgeoisie is itself the product of a long course of development, of a series of revolutions in the modes of production and of exchange.
Сторінка 911 - The working class and the employing class have nothing in common. There can be no peace so long as hunger and want are found among millions of working people and the few, who make up the employing class, have all the good things of life.
Сторінка 63 - For many a decade past, the history of industry and commerce is but the history of the revolt of modern productive forces against modern conditions of production, against the property relations that are the conditions for the existence of the bourgeoisie and of its rule.