The Theory of Moral Sentiments, Or, An Essay Towards an Analysis of the Principles by which Men Naturally Judge Concerning the Conduct and Character, First of Their Neighbors, and Afterwards of Themselves: To which is Added, a Dissertation on the Origin of Languages
J. Beatty and C. Jackson, 1777 - 426 стор.
While nominally a work of moral philosophy, this 18th-century work by philosopher and economist Adam Smith provided underpinnings for his later works, including The Wealth of Nations.
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according action admiration affections agreeable altogether appear approbation ariſe attention authors beauty becauſe become behaviour body called caſe cauſe character conceive concerning conduct conſider conſiſts contrary cuſtom deſerve deſire direct duty emotion enter entirely equally eſteem excite expreſs feel firſt founded friends give gratitude greater greateſt happineſs himſelf human idea imagination intereſt itſelf judge juſt juſtice kind language laws leſs live mankind manner means meaſure ment merit mind moral moſt motives muſt nature never objects obſerved occaſion original ourſelves pain particular paſſions perfect perhaps perſon pleaſure principle produce promote proper propriety puniſhment qualities reaſon regard relation render requires reſentment reſpect rules ſaid ſame ſay ſeems ſenſe ſentiments ſhould ſituation ſociety ſome ſpecies ſpectator ſtill ſuch ſufferer ſympathy ſyſtem themſelves theſe thing thoſe thought tion uſe vice virtue whole whoſe
Сторінка 242 - They are led by an invisible hand to make nearly the same distribution of the necessaries of life which would have been made had the earth been divided into equal portions among all its inhabitants; and thus, without intending it, without knowing it, advance the interest of the society, and afford means to the multiplication of the species.
Сторінка 361 - ... actions ; thirdly, we observe that his conduct has been agreeable to the general rules by which those two sympathies generally act ; and, last of all, when we consider such actions, as making a part of a system of behaviour which tends to promote the happiness either of the individual or of the society, they appear to derive a beauty from this utility, not unlike that which we ascribe to any well-contrived machine.
Сторінка 203 - THE regard to those general rules of conduct is what is properly called a sense of duty, a principle of the greatest consequence in human life, and the only principle by which the bulk of mankind are capable of directing their actions.
Сторінка 4 - We sympathize even with the dead, and overlooking what is of real importance in their situation, that awful futurity which awaits them, we are chiefly affected by those circumstances which strike our senses, but can have no influence upon their happiness.
Сторінка 421 - O how oft shall he On faith and changed Gods complain, and seas Rough with black winds, and storms Unwonted shall admire ! Who now enjoys thee credulous, all gold, Who always vacant, always amiable Hopes thee, of flattering gales Unmindful. Hapless they To whom thou untried seem'st fair. Me, in my vow'd Picture, the sacred wall declares to have hung My dank and dropping weeds To the stern God of sea.
Сторінка 220 - The sum of the ten commandments is, To love the Lord our God with all our heart, with all our soul, with all our strength, and with all our mind ; and our neighbour as ourselves.
Сторінка 363 - ... may be compared to the rules of grammar ; the rules of the other virtues to the rules which critics lay down for the attainment of what is sublime and elegant in composition.
Сторінка 24 - We are disgusted with that clamorous grief which, without any delicacy, calls upon our compassion with sighs and tears and importunate lamentations. But we reverence that reserved, that silent and majestic sorrow, which discovers itself only in the swelling of the eyes, in the quivering of the lips and cheeks, and in the distant, but affecting coldness of the whole behaviour.