« НазадПродовжити »
blazoned. In the niches are the statues of Music and Painting.” During the residence of George III and his family at Weymouth, in 1789, and following years, they frequently visited Mr. Weld here; and the present proprietor (who is a Catholic ecclesiastic, and has lately been appointed a Cardinal) has, in the course of the present year (1830) afforded an asylum within its walls to Charles X, the ex-King of France, and his followers, previously to their removal to Edinburgh; this circumstance has given a temporary celebrity to the building.
At a short distance from the Castle is a small but elegant Catholic Chapel, built about 30 years ago, for the convenience of the family and servants of Mr. Weld, and also used by the Catholics of the surrounding country. It is of a circular form, with projections forming a cross, and is surmounted by a dome and lantern. The interior contains a fine painting of the Transfiguration, and some others; a good organ; and a splendid altar piece, formed of the most beautiful foreign marbles, and other costly terials.
About a mile from the Castle, on the summit of a high hill, is an ancient Fortification, enclosing an area of about five acres, and called Flower's Barrow, which is conjectured to be a corruption of Florus’ Barrow, from the name of some Roman officer, under whose direction it might have been formed; by some antiquaries, however, it is believed to be of British origin. In 1791, Dr. Milner, of Winchester, and some other gentlemen, opened several Barrows in this vicinity, and the results of their investigation, as communicated to the Gentleman's Magazine, are very interesting: a great quantity of human bones, intermixed with those of animals; pieces of corroded metal, fragments of earthen urns, and other articles, were so mingled together in two of these Barrows, as to induce the conclusion that they had been previously opened. In a more sequestered erection of the same kind many similar articles were met with; but at the depth of about four feet from the surface, a skeleton was found, in perfect preservation, with a rudely-shaped urn placed on its breast; it was lying in a curved position, and was too much decayed to admit of being straitened, but its stature, when erect, áppeared to have been about six feet and a half. In a fourth Barrow five skeletons, each with an urn on its breast, were found; and in others the contents were nearly the same as in the first. From a minute investigation of these curious monuments, Dr. Mil. ner draws the conclusion that “ they are to be attributed to the Britons, the aborigines of this Island, rather than to the Romans, the Saxons, or any later people.”
About four miles from Lulworth Castle, are the ruins of Bindon Abbey, pleasantly situated in a sequestered valley, watered by the Frome. This Abbey was founded towards the close of the twelfth cen tury, for monks of the Cistercian order; but although it was patronised by many noble personages, and the Abbot was summoned to Parliament in the reign of Edward I, it does not appear to have acquired great opulence; as in 1536, when it was first suppressed, its revenues were under £200
per annum, In 1538 it was restored to the Abbot and monks, who were to hold it of the King,... during his pleasure;" in 1541, however, the capricious tyrant again seized and finally dissolved it, granting the site to Lord Poynings, who immediately demolished a great part of the buildings. The Church was spacious and magnificent, but scarcely a relic of it now exists; some monumental remains have been discovered among the ruips, the most remarkable of which is the statue of a child, in the dress of an Abbot, supposed to mark the interment of a boy, belonging to the Choir, who, having been chosen Abbot, as was the custom in some Cathedrals and Abbey Churches during the Feast of the Holy Innocents, died before the expiration of the festival, and is therefore represented with the ornaments appropriate to his temporary dignity, as is the case in the well-known monument of the Boy-Bishop, at Salisbury Cathedral. The ruins of this Abbey were kept in the best order, and preservation, by direction of the late Mr. Weld, the proprietor, who also fitted up a part of the conventual buildings, as an asylum for some monks of La Trappe, driven from France by the Revolution, and who here preserved the austere and rigid discipline of their order.' " At a short distance from West Lulworth, on the
coast, is Lulworth Cove, a kind of natural basin, into which the sea flows through a gap in the Cliff, sufficiently wide to admit vessels of 80 tons burthen. The rocks around rise to a great height, and those to the west have been undermined in a singular manner by the sea, forming immense caverns, through which the waves rush with a tremendous roar. The sea effects great alterations on this coast, and the depth of water is much increased within the memory of several persons
now living: About these Cliffs, the razor-bill and puffins lay their eggs, which are taken by the country-people, who run the most terrific risks in collecting them. One of the most remarkable of the perforated cliffs on this coast is called the Arched, or
which is about a mile from the Cove, and projects considerably into the sea; it has an opening, forming an arch, nearly twenty feet high, in the centre, through which, in stormy weather, the waves are beheld rolling and foaming with an awful and impressive grandeur.
LYME REGIS, A borough at the western extremity of the County, is 143 miles from London, and is situated on the
little river Lyme, which here falls into the sea; on the land side the town stands on the declivity of a rocky hill, while towards the sea it is so low that at spring tides the cellars of the houses are overflowed. Lyme had, in 1821, 2269 inhabitants, most of whom are engaged in maritime employments.
This town is first mentioned in 784, when it was granted by a King of Wessex to the monks of Sherborne; it does not appear, however, to have attained to any importance until the reign of Edward I, who granted to it the privileges of a borough and haven; it furnished Edward III with four ships and 62 mariners, to assist in the siege of Calais, and appears at that time to have been in a flourishing condition; its prosperity was, however, checked early in the following century, by the incursions of the French, by whom it was several times plundered, and reduced so low, that in the time of Elizabeth, Camden in. forms us, “ it was hardly reputed as a sea-port, being only inhabited by a few fishermen;” notwithstanding this statement, we find it receiving at that time a confirmation of some valuable privileges granted by Henry VIII, as well as a new Charter of Incorporation, all which were ratified and increased by James and Charles I. During the Civil War, in the seventeenth century, it was strongly fortified for the Parliament, and being attacked by a body of 4500 Royalists under Prince Maurice, was most gallantly defended by the garrison, consisting of about 1100 men, commanded by Colonel Ceely and Lieutenant Colonel Blake, (afterwards the celebrated Admiral), “ aided by the seditious harangues of 25 fanatical preachers," who boldly promised eternal salvation to those who should fall on their side in the contest; this had so much effect on the inhabitants, that even the women appeared on the walls, and by their example and encouragement inspired the soldiers (whom they supplied with ammunition and refreshments) with additional zeal and vigilance. They suffered much from want of provisions, but, says the Earl of Warwick, in a letter to the Parliament, "resolved to hold it out to the utmost, and when all failed, to make their way through the enemy with the sword.” At length, on the 14th of June, 1644, hearing that the Earl of Essex was advancing to its relief, the Prince
raised the siege, and marched to Exeter, having lost nearly 2000 men, whilst of the besieged it is stated that only about 120 were slain. The Parliament voted “ £1000 per annum, out of the Lord Pawlet's estate, to the town for its good service,” and pecuniary compensation to the inhabitants for their losses, during the siege.
In 1685, on the 11th of June, the Duke of Monmouth landed here, on bis ill-fated attempt against James II. Immediately upon his coming on shore his standard was hoisted on the Cobb, and a declaration of his motives and objects in the invasion was read in the market-place. Great numbers joined him the next day, and on the 15th, he left Lyme at the head of 4000 men. The progress and result of this illconducted enterprise are matters of history; it is merely to be observed here, that of the numerous victims to the barbarity of the King and his ipfamous satellites, Jeffreys and Kirk, twelve were executed at Lyme*
The Corporation of this town consists of a Mayor, a Recorder, a Town Clerk, and fifteen capital Burgesses.
Two Members have been sent to Parliament from hence ever since 1295; the right of elec
* Among all those who suffered for this insurrection, the fate of William and Benjamin Hewling perhaps demands the deepest commiseration. Their mother was the widow of a merchant of London; the eldest was 22, and the youngest but 19 years of age. Being educated in Dissenting principles, they had thought it their duty to join the army of the Duke, against the arbitrary bigot then on the throne, and had accordingly borne, respectively, the ranks of Captain and Lieutenant, at the battle of Sedgemoor. After this defeat they had succeeded in escaping on board a vessel, but were driven back by contrary winds, captured, tried, and executed, William at Taunton on the 13th, and Benjamin at Lyme on the 12th of September. Their sister presented a petition to the King in their behalf, but without effect; yet, when James was tottering on his throne, and had thought it prudent to attempt, by tardy concessions, to gain the love and confidence of his subjects, he sent among others for Mr. Kyffin, the grandfather of the young men, who was an eminent citizen, and requested his assistance and support in the city, to induce him to afford which he had inserted his name in the new Charter which he was about to grant to London. “ Sire," replied the venerable man, “ I am now very old, and have withdrawn myself from all business for some years past; Í am incapable of doing any service in such an affair to your Majesty or the City; besides, Sire," added he, (fixing his eyes steadfastly on the King, while a tear trickled down his cheek), “ the death of my grandsons gave a wound to my heart, which is still bleeding, and will never close, but in the grave.
The manner and the spirit of this unexpected rebuke confounded the heartless tyrant; he remained silent a minute or two; and then, saying hastily, “Mr. Kyffin, I shall find balsam for that sore,” turned about to one of his attendants, and spoke on soine other subject.